Tamas Szili-Torok

Summary

Affiliation: Erasmus MC
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. pmc Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography combined with semi-automated border detection offers advantages for assessment of resynchronization therapy
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Thoraxcentre, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 1:14. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Defibrillation efficacy testing: long-term follow-up and mortality
    Dominic A M J Theuns
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 7:509-15. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Concerns about the long-term outcome of transseptal cardiac resynchronization therapy: what we have learned from surgical experience
    Imre Kassai
    Europace 10:121-2; author reply 122-3. 2008
  4. pmc Safety and efficacy of the remote magnetic navigation for ablation of ventricular tachycardias--a systematic review
    Ferdi Akca
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 34:65-71. 2012
  5. pmc The magnetic navigation system allows safety and high efficacy for ablation of arrhythmias
    Tamas Bauernfeind
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Clinical Electrophysiology, Erasmus MC, Postbus 2040, s Gravendijkwal 230, Kamer BD416, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 13:1015-21. 2011
  6. pmc The impact of preoperative anxiety and education level on long-term mortality after cardiac surgery
    Zsuzsanna Cserép
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    J Cardiothorac Surg 7:86. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardias using remote magnetic navigation: a consecutive case-control study
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 23:948-54. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Remote magnetic navigation in atrial fibrillation
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Expert Rev Med Devices 9:249-55. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Outcomes of repeat catheter ablation using magnetic navigation or conventional ablation
    Ferdi Akca
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Postbus 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, s Gravendijkwal 230, Kamer BD416, The Netherlands
    Europace 15:1426-31. 2013
  10. doi request reprint The prevalence of early repolarization in patients with noncompaction cardiomyopathy presenting with malignant ventricular arrhythmias
    Kadir Caliskan
    Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 23:938-44. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. pmc Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography combined with semi-automated border detection offers advantages for assessment of resynchronization therapy
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Thoraxcentre, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 1:14. 2003
    ..Our initial results suggest that fast reconstruction of the LV is feasible for the selection of the optimal pacing site and allows identifying LV segments with dyssynchrony...
  2. ncbi request reprint Defibrillation efficacy testing: long-term follow-up and mortality
    Dominic A M J Theuns
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 7:509-15. 2005
    ..We assessed the lowest effective defibrillation (LED) level at implantation and before hospital discharge and related this to outcome...
  3. ncbi request reprint Concerns about the long-term outcome of transseptal cardiac resynchronization therapy: what we have learned from surgical experience
    Imre Kassai
    Europace 10:121-2; author reply 122-3. 2008
  4. pmc Safety and efficacy of the remote magnetic navigation for ablation of ventricular tachycardias--a systematic review
    Ferdi Akca
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 34:65-71. 2012
    ..Remote magnetic navigation (RMN) is considered to be a solution for mapping and ablation of several arrhythmias. In this systematic review we aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of RMN in ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT)...
  5. pmc The magnetic navigation system allows safety and high efficacy for ablation of arrhythmias
    Tamas Bauernfeind
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Clinical Electrophysiology, Erasmus MC, Postbus 2040, s Gravendijkwal 230, Kamer BD416, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 13:1015-21. 2011
    ..The MNS has the potential for improving safety and efficacy based on atraumatic catheter design and superior navigation capabilities...
  6. pmc The impact of preoperative anxiety and education level on long-term mortality after cardiac surgery
    Zsuzsanna Cserép
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    J Cardiothorac Surg 7:86. 2012
    ..Therefore, we investigated the relationship between depression, anxiety, education, social isolation and mortality 7.5 years after cardiac surgery...
  7. doi request reprint Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardias using remote magnetic navigation: a consecutive case-control study
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 23:948-54. 2012
    ..Remote Magnetic Navigation for VT Ablation...
  8. doi request reprint Remote magnetic navigation in atrial fibrillation
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Expert Rev Med Devices 9:249-55. 2012
    ..New developments are being made to allow fully remote ablation procedures in combination with the MNS. However, new technologies are still necessary to improve MNS ablation for AF...
  9. ncbi request reprint Outcomes of repeat catheter ablation using magnetic navigation or conventional ablation
    Ferdi Akca
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Postbus 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, s Gravendijkwal 230, Kamer BD416, The Netherlands
    Europace 15:1426-31. 2013
    ..After initial catheter ablation, repeat procedures could be necessary. This study evaluates the efficacy of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) in repeat catheter ablation as compared with manual conventional techniques (MANs)...
  10. doi request reprint The prevalence of early repolarization in patients with noncompaction cardiomyopathy presenting with malignant ventricular arrhythmias
    Kadir Caliskan
    Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 23:938-44. 2012
    ..Early Repolarization in Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy. ..
  11. ncbi request reprint Interatrial septum pacing guided by three-dimensional intracardiac echocardiography
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Am Coll Cardiol 40:2139-43. 2002
    ..Currently, the interatrial septum (IAS) pacing site is indirectly selected by fluoroscopy and P-wave analysis. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel approach for IAS pacing using intracardiac echocardiography (ICE)...
  12. doi request reprint Acute and long-term outcomes of catheter ablation using remote magnetic navigation in patients with congenital heart disease
    Ferdi Akca
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Cardiol 110:409-14. 2012
    ..The use of the magnetic navigation system offers advantages in complex anatomic situations...
  13. ncbi request reprint Flutter ablation with remote magnetic navigation: comparison between the 8-mm tip, the irrigated tip and a manual approach
    Wim Anne
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Cardiol 66:287-92. 2011
    ..In this study we compared remote magnetic navigation (RMN), using non-irrigated and irrigated tip catheters, to manual radiofrequency ablation for ablating typical atrial flutter...
  14. doi request reprint Clinical characteristics and acute results of catheter ablation for outflow tract ventricular tachycardia or premature beats
    Suzanne D A Valk
    Department of Clinical Electrophysiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 35:301-9; discussion 309. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, the acute procedure success rate, and the long-term survival of patients who underwent an ablation procedure for OTT or VPBs...
  15. ncbi request reprint One-year follow-up in a prospective, randomized study comparing radiofrequency and cryoablation of arrhythmias in Koch's triangle: clinical symptoms and event recording
    Geert Jan P Kimman
    Department of Cardiology, Medical Centre Alkmaar, Wilhelminalaan 12, 1815 JD Alkmaar, The Netherlands
    Europace 8:592-5. 2006
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint The presence of contractile reserve has no predictive value for the evolution of left ventricular function following atrio-ventricular node ablation in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Echocardiogr 6:344-50. 2005
    ..We aimed to determine whether the absence of contractile reserve assessed by low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDDSE) could identify those patients whose left ventricular (LV) function deteriorates after AV node ablation...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effects of septal pacing on P wave characteristics: the value of three-dimensional echocardiography
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 26:253-6. 2003
    ..Three-dimensional intracardiac echocardiography can be used to guide IAS pacing. SF pacing was associated with a greater decrease in P wave duration, suggesting that it is a preferable location to decrease interatrial conduction delay...
  18. pmc Long-term follow-up after catheter ablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia: a comparison of cryothermal and radiofrequency energy in a large series of patients
    Bruno Schwagten
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 30:55-61. 2011
    ..Cryoablation (cryo) has the potential to assess the safety of a site before the energy is applied...
  19. ncbi request reprint Safety and feasibility of single-catheter ablation using remote magnetic navigation for treatment of slow-fast atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia compared to conventional ablation strategies
    Ferdi Akca
    Dept of Clinical Electrophysiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Cardiol 68:559-67. 2013
    ..This study assessed the safety and efficacy of a highly simplified approach using the magnetic navigation system (MNS) compared to CE and manual RF ablation (MAN)...
  20. pmc Ablation lesions in Koch's triangle assessed by three-dimensional myocardial contrast echocardiography
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 2:27. 2004
    ..Aim: To test whether MCE allows visualization of RF and cryo ablation lesions in the human right atrium using three-dimensional echocardiography...
  21. ncbi request reprint Bradycardiomyopathy: the case for a causative relationship between severe sinus bradycardia and heart failure
    Kadir Caliskan
    Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 21:822-4. 2010
    ..After implantation of an AAI pacemaker, his symptoms and signs of cardiomyopathy were fully recovered...
  22. pmc One year follow-up after cryoballoon isolation of the pulmonary veins in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
    Yves Van Belle
    Department of Cardiology, Clinical Electrophysiology Unit, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 10:1271-6. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to provide insight in the success rate and the incidence of recurrences...
  23. doi request reprint A randomized comparison of transseptal and transaortic approaches for magnetically guided ablation of left-sided accessory pathways
    Bruno Schwagten
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 33:1298-303. 2010
    ..When performed manually, these techniques are equally effective. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare these approaches using a magnetic navigation system (MNS) (Niobe, Stereotaxis, St. Louis, MO, USA)...
  24. ncbi request reprint Guiding and optimization of resynchronization therapy with dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography and segmental volume--time curves: a feasibility study
    Boudewijn J Krenning
    Erasmus Medical Center, Thoraxcenter, Room H536, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Heart Fail 6:619-25. 2004
    ..To assess a new approach for guiding and hemodynamic optimization of resynchronization therapy, using three-dimensional (3D) transthoracic echocardiography...
  25. pmc Clinical experience with a novel subcutaneous implantable defibrillator system in a single center
    Lara Dabiri Abkenari
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Res Cardiol 100:737-44. 2011
    ..A totally subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) system has been developed. We report the initial clinical experience of the first 31 patients implanted at our hospital...
  26. ncbi request reprint Indications and outcome of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators for primary and secondary prophylaxis in patients with noncompaction cardiomyopathy
    Kadir Caliskan
    Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 22:898-904. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate ICD indications and outcomes in NCCM patients...
  27. ncbi request reprint Initial experience with catheter ablation using remote magnetic navigation in adults with complex congenital heart disease and in small children
    Bruno Schwagten
    Department of Electrophysiology Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 32:S198-201. 2009
    ..Tools specifically designed for intracardiac diagnosis and therapy in anatomically complex and/or small hearts remain scarce...
  28. ncbi request reprint Ice mapping during cryothermal ablation of accessory pathways in WPW: the role of the temperature time constant
    Dominic A M J Theuns
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 6:116-22. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the temperature during ice mapping of accessory pathways...
  29. doi request reprint Effect of magnetic navigation system on procedure times and radiation risk in children undergoing catheter ablation
    Bruno Schwagten
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Cardiol 106:69-72. 2010
    ..01 and p = 0.04). In conclusion, our data have strongly suggested that using the MNS for treating young children is advantageous, because it significantly reduced the procedure and fluoroscopy times without compromising efficacy...
  30. ncbi request reprint The presence of extensive atrial scars hinders the differential diagnosis of focal or macroreentrant atrial tachycardias in patients with complex congenital heart disease
    Ferdi Akca
    Clinical Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 16:893-8. 2014
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the effects of extensive atrial scar formation on the total atrial activation time (TAAT) and its relation to the tachycardia cycle length (CL) to classify AT...
  31. ncbi request reprint Double intra-atrial connections in a patient late after orthotopic heart transplantation
    Tamas Bauernfeind
    Department of Clinical Electrophysiology, Thoraxcenter Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Heart Lung Transplant 29:700-3. 2010
    ..After the ablation of both intra-atrial connections, we also ablated the index arrhythmia in the recipient remnant atrium. This case presentation draws attention to the possibility of the presence of multiple intra-atrial connections...
  32. doi request reprint Long-term outcome of ablative therapy of post-operative atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients with tetralogy of Fallot: a European multi-centre study
    Natasja M S de Groot
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Europace 14:522-7. 2012
    ..Effective treatment is therefore essential. The aim of the study is to evaluate long-term outcome of ablative therapy of AT in ToF patients and to study characteristics of AT recurrences...
  33. doi request reprint Prognostic role of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and B-type natriuretic peptide in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients
    Dominic A M J Theuns
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 35:275-82. 2012
    ..Little data are available regarding the prognostic value of hs-CRP and BNP serum levels and future ventricular arrhythmic events triggering implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy...
  34. doi request reprint Electro-anatomical mapping of the left atrium before and after cryothermal balloon isolation of the pulmonary veins
    Yves Van Belle
    Clinical Electrophysiology Unit, Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus Medical Centre, s Gravendijkwal 230, 3015 CE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 25:59-65. 2009
    ..The 28 mm cryoballoon catheter is a device used for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of the ablation in the antral regions of the left atrium...
  35. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency ablation at low irrigation flow rates using a novel 12-hole gold open-irrigation catheter
    Ferdi Akca
    Department of Electrophysiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 36:1373-81. 2013
    ..High irrigation rates during radiofrequency (RF) ablation may cause fluid overload and limit lesion size. This in vivo animal study assessed the safety and efficacy of RF ablation at low irrigation rates using a novel 12-hole gold catheter...
  36. ncbi request reprint Single-catheter approach for ablation of the slow pathway in a patient with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia using a magnetic navigation system
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Clinical Electrophysiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Cardiol 63:647-50. 2008
    ..Transcatheter ablation procedure of the AVNRT was undertaken using the MNS, with a non-traumatic single floppy catheter and the capability of advanced navigation...
  37. doi request reprint A transoesophageal echocardiographic image acquisition protocol for wide-view fusion of three-dimensional datasets to support atrial fibrillation catheter ablation
    Ben Ren
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 37:21-6. 2013
    ....
  38. doi request reprint The magnetic navigation system allows avoidance of puncturing a baffle during ablation of a postincisional macroreentrant tachycardia
    Bruno Schwagten
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Cardiol Young 19:216-9. 2009
    ..It then proved possible to ablate successfully the tachycardia in the left atrium thanks to the unique capabilities of the magnetic navigation system...
  39. ncbi request reprint Transthoracic defibrillation of short-lasting ventricular fibrillation: a randomised trial for comparison of the efficacy of low-energy biphasic rectilinear and monophasic damped sine shocks
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre, Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Cardiol 57:329-34. 2002
    ..The second aim of the study was to analyse the influence of patch positions on the efficacy of defibrillation...
  40. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the need of elective implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator replacement in primary prevention patients without prior appropriate ICD therapy
    Sing Chien Yap
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Heart 100:1188-92. 2014
    ..This study evaluated the incidence and predictors of appropriate ICD therapy after device replacement in this specific population...
  41. doi request reprint Comparison of the efficacy of two surgical alternatives for cardiac resynchronization therapy: trans-apical versus epicardial left ventricular pacing
    Attila Mihalcz
    Department of Electrophysiology, Gottsegen Gyorgy Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, Hungary
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 35:124-30. 2012
    ..The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare the outcome of patients undergoing either trans-apical endocardial or epicardial LV pacing...
  42. pmc Mid-term echocardiographic follow up of left ventricular function with permanent right ventricular pacing in pediatric patients with and without structural heart disease
    Tchavdar Nikolov Shalganov
    Department of Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, Gottsegen Gyorgy National Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, Hungary
    Cardiovasc Ultrasound 5:13. 2007
    ..Chronic right ventricular apical pacing may have detrimental effect on left ventricular function and may promote to heart failure in adult patients with left ventricular dysfunction...
  43. ncbi request reprint A cool ablation
    Geert Jan P Kimman
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 13:839; author reply 839-40. 2002
  44. ncbi request reprint The 'Happy Ending Problem' of cardiac pacing? Cardiac resynchronization therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure after atrioventricular junction ablation
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Europace 10:779-81. 2008
  45. ncbi request reprint New method for cardiac resynchronization therapy: transapical endocardial lead implantation for left ventricular free wall pacing
    Imre Kassai
    Gottsegen Gyorgy Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Haller utca 29, 1096 Budapest, Hungary
    Europace 10:882-3. 2008
    ..In conclusion, this is the very first report showing feasibility of transapical LV lead implantation...
  46. ncbi request reprint An "atypical" case of "typical" AVNRT?
    Tamas Szili-Torok
    Dept of Clinical Electrophysiology Thoraxcenter, Rotterdam, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 26:630-1. 2003
  47. ncbi request reprint Ice mapping during tachycardia in close proximity to the AV node is safe and offers advantages for transcatheter ablation procedures
    Attila Kardos
    Gottsegen Gyorgy Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, Hungary
    Acta Cardiol 62:587-91. 2007
    ..The aim of the study is to test the feasibility of ice mapping during tachycardias involving arrhythmia substrate located in close proximity to the AV node...
  48. ncbi request reprint Slow and wide QRS complex tachycardia as a unique complication following radiofrequency catheter ablation of a left-sided accessory pathway in a child
    Radu Vatasescu
    Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, Hungary
    Cardiol Young 15:315-8. 2005
    ..The focus of the tachycardia was identical to the ventricular site of insertion of the eliminated accessory pathway...
  49. ncbi request reprint Evolution of left ventricular function in paediatric patients with permanent right ventricular pacing for isolated congenital heart block: a medium term follow-up
    Radu Vatasescu
    Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Haller u 29, 1096 H, Budapest, Hungary
    Europace 9:228-32. 2007
    ..Right ventricular apical pacing can be detrimental to LV function in a significant number of adults. Effects in children are still controversial...
  50. ncbi request reprint Right diaphragmatic paralysis following endocardial cryothermal ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia
    Radu Vatasescu
    Gottsegen Gyorgy Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Haller utca 29, H 1096 Budapest, Hungary
    Europace 8:904-6. 2006
    ..This is the first report, we believe, of successful SN modification for IST by endocardial cryoablation, although this case also demonstrates the considerable risk of right phrenic nerve paralysis even with this ablation energy...
  51. ncbi request reprint Tachyarrhythmias in Koch's triangle: to be burned out or to be cool?
    G P Kimman
    Europace 9:906-8. 2007