Affiliation: Erasmus University Rotterdam
Country: The Netherlands
- Conscious thought beats deliberation without attention in diagnostic decision-making: at least when you are an expertSilvia Mamede
Department of Psychology T13 33, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Psychol Res 74:586-92. 2010..In contrast, deliberation-without-attention improved novices' decisions, but only in simple problems. Experts benefit from consciously thinking about complex problems; for novices thinking does not help in those cases...
- Effect of availability bias and reflective reasoning on diagnostic accuracy among internal medicine residentsSilvia Mamede
Department of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, Rotterdam, 3062 PA, The Netherlands
JAMA 304:1198-203. 2010..Diagnostic errors have been associated with bias in clinical reasoning. Empirical evidence on the cognitive mechanisms underlying biases and effectiveness of educational strategies to counteract them is lacking...
- To observe or not to observe peers when learning physical examination skills; that is the questionBernard Martineau
Universite de Sherbrooke, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, 3001 12ème avenue nord Sherbrooke, Quebec J1H 5N4, Canada
BMC Med Educ 13:55. 2013..The present study, conducted in a naturalistic setting, investigated the effects of peer observation on mastering psychomotor skills necessary for physical examination...
- Reflection as a strategy to foster medical students' acquisition of diagnostic competenceSilvia Mamede
Department of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Med Educ 46:464-72. 2012..The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of structured reflection compared with the generation of immediate or differential diagnosis while practising with clinical cases on learning clinical diagnosis...
- Exploring the role of salient distracting clinical features in the emergence of diagnostic errors and the mechanisms through which reflection counteracts mistakesSilvia Mamede
Department of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, T13 33, 3062 PA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
BMJ Qual Saf 21:295-300. 2012..Deliberate reflection has been shown to improve diagnoses. The sources of faulty reasoning and how reflection counteracts them remain largely unknown...
- Accepting diagnostic suggestions by residents: a potential cause of diagnostic error in medicineKees van den Berge
Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Teach Learn Med 24:149-54. 2012..Psychological research has shown that people tend toward accepting rather than refuting hypotheses. Diagnostic suggestions may evoke such confirmatory tendencies in physicians, which may lead to diagnostic errors...
- Influence of perceived difficulty of cases on physicians' diagnostic reasoningSilvia Mamede
Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Acad Med 83:1210-6. 2008..The conditions inducing doctors to reflect are largely unknown. The authors investigated whether a shift to reflection occurs when physicians perceive a case as problematic, and its effects on diagnostic accuracy...
- Effects of reflective practice on the accuracy of medical diagnosesSilvia Mamede
Department of Psychology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Med Educ 42:468-75. 2008..Empirical evidence supporting this suggestion, however, is absent. This paper reports on an experiment conducted to study the effects of reflective practice on diagnostic accuracy...