L de Haan

Summary

Affiliation: Academic Medical Center
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. pmc A visual metaphor describing neural dynamics in schizophrenia
    Nico J M van Beveren
    Erasmus University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 3:e2577. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Presence of obsessive compulsive symptoms in first-episode schizophrenia or related disorders is associated with subjective well-being and quality of life
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Early Psychosis, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Early Interv Psychiatry 7:285-90. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint [Prevention of psychotic disorders; is the time ripe for intervention?]
    Lieuwe De Haan
    AMC, afd Psychiatrie, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 157:A5641. 2013
  4. pmc The 5-year course of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and obsessive-compulsive disorder in first-episode schizophrenia and related disorders
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Early Psychosis Section, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 5, 105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Schizophr Bull 39:151-60. 2013
  5. pmc The Amsterdam Studies of Acute Psychiatry I (ASAP-I); a prospective cohort study of determinants and outcome of coercive versus voluntary treatment interventions in a metropolitan area
    Louk van der Post
    JellinekMentrum Mental Health Care, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Psychiatry 8:35. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Subjective experience and dopamine D2 receptor occupancy in patients treated with antipsychotics: clinical implications
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Can J Psychiatry 49:290-6. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint [The optimal level of dopaminergic neurotransmission]
    L de Haan
    Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, locatie MFO Psychiatrie AMC De Meren, Adolescentenkliniek, Tafelbergweg 25, 1105 BC Amsterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:1721-2. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Obsessive-compulsive symptoms and positive, negative, and depressive symptoms in patients with recent-onset schizophrenic disorders
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Can J Psychiatry 50:519-24. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Occupancy of dopamine D2 receptors by antipsychotic drugs is related to nicotine addiction in young patients with schizophrenia
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 183:500-5. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale in schizophrenia patients
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Academic Medical Center, Depatment of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacol Bull 39:25-30. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc A visual metaphor describing neural dynamics in schizophrenia
    Nico J M van Beveren
    Erasmus University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 3:e2577. 2008
    ..In general, psychiatry seems to lack a conceptual framework with sufficient explanatory power to link the mental- and molecular-biological domains...
  2. doi request reprint Presence of obsessive compulsive symptoms in first-episode schizophrenia or related disorders is associated with subjective well-being and quality of life
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Early Psychosis, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Early Interv Psychiatry 7:285-90. 2013
    ..The study aims to evaluate whether the presence of obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS) in first-episode schizophrenia patients is associated with subjective well-being or quality of life...
  3. ncbi request reprint [Prevention of psychotic disorders; is the time ripe for intervention?]
    Lieuwe De Haan
    AMC, afd Psychiatrie, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 157:A5641. 2013
    ..The third case, an 18-year-old male, illustrates that specialized investigation into high-risk symptoms of psychosis are sometimes needed to reveal frank psychotic symptoms...
  4. pmc The 5-year course of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and obsessive-compulsive disorder in first-episode schizophrenia and related disorders
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Early Psychosis Section, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 5, 105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Schizophr Bull 39:151-60. 2013
    ..To determine the course of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in first-episode schizophrenia and related disorders and their relationship with clinical characteristics...
  5. pmc The Amsterdam Studies of Acute Psychiatry I (ASAP-I); a prospective cohort study of determinants and outcome of coercive versus voluntary treatment interventions in a metropolitan area
    Louk van der Post
    JellinekMentrum Mental Health Care, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Psychiatry 8:35. 2008
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Subjective experience and dopamine D2 receptor occupancy in patients treated with antipsychotics: clinical implications
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Can J Psychiatry 49:290-6. 2004
    ..This paper gives an overview of studies on the association between dopaminergic neurotransmission and the subjective experience of patients with schizophrenia...
  7. ncbi request reprint [The optimal level of dopaminergic neurotransmission]
    L de Haan
    Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, locatie MFO Psychiatrie AMC De Meren, Adolescentenkliniek, Tafelbergweg 25, 1105 BC Amsterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:1721-2. 2005
    ..Doses of antipsychotic drugs administered to such individuals often need to be lower than the commonly used levels, as these may induce drowsiness and lack of energy...
  8. ncbi request reprint Obsessive-compulsive symptoms and positive, negative, and depressive symptoms in patients with recent-onset schizophrenic disorders
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Can J Psychiatry 50:519-24. 2005
    ..To study the relation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and positive, negative, and depressive symptoms in patients with recent-onset schizophrenic disorders...
  9. ncbi request reprint Occupancy of dopamine D2 receptors by antipsychotic drugs is related to nicotine addiction in young patients with schizophrenia
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 183:500-5. 2006
    ..It has been suggested that a low availability of these receptors may increase the risk for addictive behavior...
  10. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale in schizophrenia patients
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Academic Medical Center, Depatment of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacol Bull 39:25-30. 2006
    ..The Y-BOCS showed good internal consistency and interrater reliability in this population; however, findings concerning the divergent validity against depressive and negative symptoms are inconsistent...
  11. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of psychotic disorders in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam
    CNS Spectr 14:415-7. 2009
    ..However, the rate of psychosis comorbidity in OCD patients has yet to be systematically evaluated...
  12. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for medication non-adherence in patients with first episode schizophrenia and related disorders; a prospective five year follow-up
    L de Haan
    AMC Academisch Psychiatrisch Centrum, Adolescentenkliniek, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pharmacopsychiatry 40:264-8. 2007
    ..The goal of this study is to assess, prospectively, the relative contribution of baseline variables to long-term medication adherence in patients with a first episode of schizophrenia...
  13. ncbi request reprint Opinions of mothers on the first psychotic episode and the start of treatment of their child
    L de Haan
    Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Postbox 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 19:226-9. 2004
    ..Given the reluctance of patients to accept treatment, these problems further complicate the initiating of treatment. Mothers emphasize that a more active approach by professional caregivers could reduce treatment delay...
  14. doi request reprint Improvement of subjective well-being and enduring symptomatic remission, a 5-year follow-up of first episode schizophrenia
    L de Haan
    AMC Academisch Psychiatrisch Centrum, Adolescentenkliniek, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pharmacopsychiatry 41:125-8. 2008
    ..The aim of this prospective study was to compare the predictive validity of early improvement of subjective experience and early improvement of rater assessed symptoms on enduring symptomatic remission (ESR) status during 5 years follow...
  15. ncbi request reprint Duration of untreated psychosis and outcome of schizophrenia: delay in intensive psychosocial treatment versus delay in treatment with antipsychotic medication
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Schizophr Bull 29:341-8. 2003
    ..DIPT may be a more important predictor of negative symptoms at outcome than is delay in starting antipsychotic medication alone...
  16. ncbi request reprint Attitudes of patients toward the first psychotic episode and the start of treatment
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, The Netherlands
    Schizophr Bull 28:431-42. 2002
    ..Some awareness of mental disorder at onset was related to a shorter duration of untreated psychosis (DUP). Delaying treatment until patients themselves become aware of the need for treatment may enlarge DUP...
  17. ncbi request reprint Subjective experience and D2 receptor occupancy in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia treated with low-dose olanzapine or haloperidol: a randomized, double-blind study
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam Department of Psychiatry, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 160:303-9. 2003
    ..In addition, they sought preliminary evidence on whether subjective experience is better with low-dose olanzapine than with low-dose haloperidol...
  18. ncbi request reprint Priorities and satisfaction on the help needed and provided in a first episode of psychosis. A survey in five European Family Associations
    L de Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Center de Meren, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Postbox 22700 1100 DE, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 17:425-33. 2002
    ..The agreement of these findings with findings from earlier studies underlines the importance of suggesting specific changes in the delivery of care...
  19. ncbi request reprint Obsessive-compulsive symptoms during treatment with olanzapine and risperidone: a prospective study of 113 patients with recent-onset schizophrenia or related disorders
    Lieuwe De Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Center, University ofAmsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 63:104-7. 2002
    ..To determine whether severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) differs during treatment with olanzapine or risperidone and to establish whether duration of antipsychotic treatment is related to severity of OCS...
  20. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Subjective Well-Being Under Neuroleptics scale and the Subjective Deficit Syndrome Scale
    L de Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Postbox 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 162:24-8. 2002
    ..Subjective experience of antipsychotic drugs is relevant for medication compliance and quality of life. There is, however, sparse knowledge about the assessment of subjective experience...
  21. doi request reprint Neurocognitive functioning before and after the first psychotic episode: does psychosis result in cognitive deterioration?
    H E Becker
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 40:1599-606. 2010
    ..The areas of cognitive functioning assessed include verbal memory and learning, visuospatial working memory, executive function, sustained attention and motor speed...
  22. doi request reprint The Strauss and Carpenter Prognostic Scale in subjects clinically at high risk of psychosis
    D H Nieman
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 127:53-61. 2013
    ..To investigate the predictive value of the Strauss and Carpenter Prognostic Scale (SCPS) for transition to a first psychotic episode in subjects clinically at high risk (CHR) of psychosis...
  23. doi request reprint Motivational interviewing and interaction skills training for parents to change cannabis use in young adults with recent-onset schizophrenia: a randomized controlled trial
    M Smeerdijk
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 42:1627-36. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Subjective experience and striatal dopamine D(2) receptor occupancy in patients with schizophrenia stabilized by olanzapine or risperidone
    L de Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1019-20. 2000
    ..The authors' goal was to study the relationship between subjective experience during treatment with olanzapine or risperidone and dopamine D(2) receptor occupancy in stabilized patients with schizophrenia...
  25. doi request reprint White-matter markers for psychosis in a prospective ultra-high-risk cohort
    O J N Bloemen
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 40:1297-304. 2010
    ..Hence, we investigated a prospective cohort of UHR subjects comparing whole brain fractional anisotropy (FA) of those later developing psychosis (UHR-P) to those who did not (UHR-NP)...
  26. doi request reprint Striatal D₂ receptor binding in 22q11 deletion syndrome: an [¹²³I]IBZM SPECT study
    E Boot
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Ipse de Bruggen, Centre for People with Intellectual Disability, Zwammerdam, The Netherlands
    J Psychopharmacol 24:1525-31. 2010
    ..However, the disturbed relationship between D₂R BP(ND) and pPRL values suggests DAergic dysfunction at a different level. Further studies on DAergic function in extra-striatal brain regions and under challenged conditions are needed...
  27. doi request reprint Age at onset of non-affective psychosis in relation to cannabis use, other drug use and gender
    N Dekker
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 42:1903-11. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine whether this association is confounded by gender or other substance use in a large cohort of patients with a non-affective psychotic disorder...
  28. doi request reprint Implicit and explicit affective associations towards cannabis use in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia and healthy controls
    N Dekker
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 40:1325-36. 2010
    ..The present study is the first known to compare implicit and explicit cannabis associations in individuals with and without psychotic disorder...
  29. ncbi request reprint Preferences for treatment during a first psychotic episode
    L de Haan
    Adolescent Clinic, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Postbox 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 16:83-9. 2001
    ..However, we found important differences between groups of respondents. The results suggest that in psychiatric services great attention should be given to psycho-education and early outpatient intervention...
  30. doi request reprint Verbal fluency as a possible predictor for psychosis
    H E Becker
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 25:105-10. 2010
    ..Neurocognitive abnormalities are prevalent in both first episode schizophrenia patients and in ultra high risk (UHR) patients...
  31. doi request reprint Cannabis use and age at onset of symptoms in subjects at clinical high risk for psychosis
    S Dragt
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 125:45-53. 2012
    ..The study focused on investigating the relationship between cannabis use and early and high-risk symptoms in subjects at clinical high risk for psychosis...
  32. doi request reprint Fewer symptoms vs. more side-effects in schizophrenia? Opposing pathways between antipsychotic medication compliance and quality of life
    A B P Staring
    Erasmus University Medical Center, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Schizophr Res 113:27-33. 2009
    ..By simultaneously reducing symptoms and increasing side-effects, compliance with antipsychotics may have opposing effects on a patient's perceived quality of life...
  33. ncbi request reprint Social functioning and the course of early-onset schizophrenia: five-year follow-up of a psychosocial intervention
    M E Lenior
    Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, MFO Psychiatrie AMC/de Meren, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 179:53-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Family intervention has helped parents to support their children, thereby diminishing institutional care...
  34. doi request reprint Three-year course of clinical symptomatology in young people at ultra high risk for transition to psychosis
    E Velthorst
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 123:36-42. 2011
    ..The investigation into the course of ultra high risk (UHR) symptomatology of those patients who eventually do not meet the psychosis-threshold criteria within the 3-year timeframe of the study...
  35. doi request reprint Increased saccadic rate during smooth pursuit eye movements in patients at Ultra High Risk for developing a psychosis
    M J van Tricht
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Cogn 73:215-21. 2010
    ..The saccadic rate was related to positive UHR symptoms. Our findings indicate that abnormalities in SPEM are already present in UHR patients, prior to a first psychotic episode. These abnormalities occur only in the saccadic system...
  36. doi request reprint Ethnicity and baseline symptomatology in patients with an At Risk Mental State for psychosis
    E Velthorst
    Department of Early Psychosis, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 42:247-56. 2012
    ..No studies so far have examined the effect of ethnicity on symptoms in people with an At Risk Mental State (ARMS)...
  37. doi request reprint Priorities, satisfaction and treatment goals in psychosis patients: an online consumer's survey
    B Sterk
    Department of Psychiatry, Early Psychosis Section, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pharmacopsychiatry 46:88-93. 2013
    ..An insight into preferences, satisfaction and treatment goals of patients is important for reaching treatment alliance and may increase the success of initiated treatment...
  38. ncbi request reprint [Schizophrenia and the 22q11 deletion syndrome]
    Y Guzelcan
    Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, MFO Psychiatrie AMC De Meren, Adolescentenkliniek, Tafelbergweg 25, 1105 BC Amsterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 146:2019-21. 2002
    ..The presence of 22q11DS represents one of the highest risk factors for the development of schizophrenia. The study of 22q11DS offers a unique opportunity to increase the understanding of the pathogenesis of schizophrenia...
  39. doi request reprint Interventions to improve adherence to antipsychotic medication in patients with schizophrenia--a review of the past decade
    E Barkhof
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Meibergdreef 5, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 27:9-18. 2012
    ..This review seeks to determine the interventions that were examined in the past decade to improve adherence rates...
  40. ncbi request reprint Effects of a functional COMT polymorphism on brain anatomy and cognitive function in adults with velo-cardio-facial syndrome
    T van Amelsvoort
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 38:89-100. 2008
    ..Here, we investigated the effect of COMT Val158Met polymorphism on brain anatomy and cognition in adults with VCFS...
  41. doi request reprint Childhood bullying and the association with psychosis in non-clinical and clinical samples: a review and meta-analysis
    D S van Dam
    Department of Psychiatry, Early Psychosis Section, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 42:2463-74. 2012
    ..It has been argued that continuous exposure to stress is related to the development of psychotic symptoms. The current study sought to investigate whether being bullied in childhood is related to the development of psychotic symptoms...
  42. ncbi request reprint Polyunsaturated fatty acids and brain white matter anisotropy in recent-onset schizophrenia: a preliminary study
    B D Peters
    Adolescent Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 5, Postbus 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:61-3. 2009
    ..503, P=0.048). Unsaturated fatty acids may be necessary for the myelinating activity of oligodendrocytes or for myelin maintenance. These results warrant further investigation...
  43. ncbi request reprint [25 years antipsychotics: back to the future?]
    D Denys
    Afdeling Psychiatrie, Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 50:105-9. 2008
    ..Although some patients have undoubtedly benefited from these new atypical antipsychotics, the drugs have not lived up to our expectations...
  44. ncbi request reprint Reasons for cannabis use and effects of cannabis use as reported by patients with psychotic disorders
    N Dekker
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychopathology 42:350-60. 2009
    ..Identifying reasons for cannabis use and subjective effects in patients with psychotic disorders can provide insight into the functions of cannabis use, and this may lead to targeted interventions...
  45. doi request reprint Association of treatment delay, migration and urbanicity in psychosis
    N Boonstra
    Friesland Mental Health Care Service, Department of Education and Research, PO Box 932, 8901 Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
    Eur Psychiatry 27:500-5. 2012
    ..In order to find the most effective interventions to reduce DUP, it is important to know what factors in these pathways to care contribute to DUP...
  46. ncbi request reprint [The subclinical course of a paracetamol intoxication: pitfall for patient and clinician]
    W A van Leeuwen
    Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 54:555-9. 2012
    ..If there is no intervention, severe hepatic damage can develop within three days. Even after a few days have passed it is still advisable to start treating the patient with acetylcysteine...
  47. ncbi request reprint Risperidone may induce mania
    Y Guzelcan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, P O Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netrherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 162:85-6. 2002
  48. ncbi request reprint Overview of neuropathological theories of schizophrenia: from degeneration to progressive developmental disorder
    L de Haan
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The
    Psychopathology 37:1-7. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint [Residual neuropsychological, structural and functional brain abnormalities after long-term cannabis use]
    M R Weeda
    VU Medisch Centrum Amsterdam
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 48:185-93. 2006
    ..An important question that arises in policy discussions concerning the use of cannabis is whether the possible harmful effects of cannabis are reversible...
  50. ncbi request reprint [Adolescence, schizophrenia and drug abuse: interactive vulnerability. A hypothesis]
    L van Nimwegen
    Erasmus MC, Afdeling Psychiatrie, Postbus, CA, Rotterdam
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 49:169-78. 2007
    ..aim To discuss neurobiological and psychosocial developmental factors in adolescence and early adulthood which may contribute to this co-occurrence...
  51. ncbi request reprint [Every day questions and knowledge]
    L de Haan
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 49:785-8. 2007
  52. ncbi request reprint [Prevention and treatment of somatic complications arising from the use of antipsychotics]
    W Cahn
    Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 50:579-91. 2008
    ..These complications fall into various categories: metabolic, cardiovascular, neurobiological, haematological, gastro-intestinal and urogenital...