Jose Villar

Summary

Affiliation: World Health Organization
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Methodological and technical issues related to the diagnosis, screening, prevention, and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia
    J Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 85:S28-41. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of randomized controlled trials included in systematic reviews of nutritional interventions reporting maternal morbidity, mortality, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction and small for gestational age and birth weight outcomes
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, WHO, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Nutr 133:1632S-1639S. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Heterogeneity of perinatal outcomes in the preterm delivery syndrome
    Jose Villar
    World Health Organization World Bank Special Program of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Obstet Gynecol 104:78-87. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Nutritional interventions during pregnancy for the prevention or treatment of maternal morbidity and preterm delivery: an overview of randomized controlled trials
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, WHO, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Nutr 133:1606S-1625S. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Strategies to prevent and treat preeclampsia: evidence from randomized controlled trials
    Jose Villar
    Special Programme of Research in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Semin Nephrol 24:607-15. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint World Health Organization randomized trial of calcium supplementation among low calcium intake pregnant women
    Jose Villar
    Development Programme United Nations Population Fund World Health Organization World Bank Special Programme of Research, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:639-49. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Preeclampsia, gestational hypertension and intrauterine growth restriction, related or independent conditions?
    Jose Villar
    United Nations Development Programme United Nations Population Fund World Health Organization World Bank Special Program of Research, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:921-31. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:1819-29. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint WHO antenatal care randomised trial for the evaluation of a new model of routine antenatal care
    J Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 357:1551-64. 2001
  10. pmc Maternal near miss and maternal death in the World Health Organization's 2005 global survey on maternal and perinatal health
    Joao Paulo Souza
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 88:113-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. ncbi request reprint Methodological and technical issues related to the diagnosis, screening, prevention, and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia
    J Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 85:S28-41. 2004
    ..They conclude that the mystery of this disease must be resolved to achieve primary prevention of it...
  2. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of randomized controlled trials included in systematic reviews of nutritional interventions reporting maternal morbidity, mortality, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction and small for gestational age and birth weight outcomes
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, WHO, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Nutr 133:1632S-1639S. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Heterogeneity of perinatal outcomes in the preterm delivery syndrome
    Jose Villar
    World Health Organization World Bank Special Program of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Obstet Gynecol 104:78-87. 2004
    ..Our aim was to document the differential neonatal morbidity and intrapartum and neonatal mortality of subgroups of preterm delivery...
  4. ncbi request reprint Nutritional interventions during pregnancy for the prevention or treatment of maternal morbidity and preterm delivery: an overview of randomized controlled trials
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, WHO, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Nutr 133:1606S-1625S. 2003
    ..Until then, women and their families should receive support to improve their diets as a general health rule, which is a basic human right...
  5. ncbi request reprint Strategies to prevent and treat preeclampsia: evidence from randomized controlled trials
    Jose Villar
    Special Programme of Research in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Semin Nephrol 24:607-15. 2004
    ..Finally, our review focuses on the quality of data reviewed, suggesting the need for better evidence, and discusses the use of systematic reviews as a strategy to focus future research on this important area of reproductive medicine...
  6. ncbi request reprint World Health Organization randomized trial of calcium supplementation among low calcium intake pregnant women
    Jose Villar
    Development Programme United Nations Population Fund World Health Organization World Bank Special Programme of Research, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:639-49. 2006
    ..The purpose of this trial was to determine whether calcium supplementation of pregnant women with low calcium intake reduces preeclampsia and preterm delivery...
  7. ncbi request reprint Preeclampsia, gestational hypertension and intrauterine growth restriction, related or independent conditions?
    Jose Villar
    United Nations Development Programme United Nations Population Fund World Health Organization World Bank Special Program of Research, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:921-31. 2006
    ..In this study, we compared determinants and perinatal outcomes associated with these obstetric conditions...
  8. ncbi request reprint Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:1819-29. 2006
    ..Our aim was to assess the association between caesarean delivery and pregnancy outcome at the institutional level, adjusting for the pregnant population and institutional characteristics...
  9. ncbi request reprint WHO antenatal care randomised trial for the evaluation of a new model of routine antenatal care
    J Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 357:1551-64. 2001
    ..We undertook a multicentre randomised controlled trial that compared the standard model of antenatal care with a new model that emphasises actions known to be effective in improving maternal or neonatal outcomes and has fewer clinic visits...
  10. pmc Maternal near miss and maternal death in the World Health Organization's 2005 global survey on maternal and perinatal health
    Joao Paulo Souza
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 88:113-9. 2010
    ..To develop an indicator of maternal near miss as a proxy for maternal death and to study its association with maternal factors and perinatal outcomes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Nutritional interventions during pregnancy for the prevention or treatment of impaired fetal growth: an overview of randomized controlled trials
    Mario Merialdi
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Nutr 133:1626S-1631S. 2003
    ..In addition, the public health relevance of these outcomes and their relation to morbidity need to be evaluated...
  12. pmc Methodological considerations in implementing the WHO Global Survey for Monitoring Maternal and Perinatal Health
    Archana Shah
    Department of Making Pregnancy Safer, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 86:126-31. 2008
    ..To set up a global system for monitoring maternal and perinatal health in 54 countries worldwide...
  13. pmc The reporting of methods for reducing and detecting bias: an example from the WHO Misoprostol Third Stage of Labour equivalence randomised controlled trial
    Gilda Piaggio
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:19. 2003
    ....
  14. pmc WHO systematic review of maternal mortality and morbidity: methodological issues and challenges
    A Metin Gulmezoglu
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1211 Switzerland
    BMC Med Res Methodol 4:16. 2004
    ..In order to contribute to mapping the global burden of reproductive ill-health, we are conducting a systematic review of incidence and prevalence of maternal mortality and morbidity...
  15. pmc Cluster randomized trial of an active, multifaceted information dissemination intervention based on The WHO Reproductive health library to change obstetric practices: methods and design issues [ISRCTN14055385]
    A Metin Gulmezoglu
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme on Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction HRP, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Med Res Methodol 4:2. 2004
    ..We are conducting a trial to evaluate the improvement in obstetric practices using an active dissemination strategy to promote uptake of recommendations in The WHO Reproductive Health Library (RHL)...
  16. ncbi request reprint Cluster randomised trial of an active, multifaceted educational intervention based on the WHO Reproductive Health Library to improve obstetric practices
    A M Gulmezoglu
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme on Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BJOG 114:16-23. 2007
    ..We conducted a trial to evaluate the effect of an active, multifaceted educational strategy to promote the use of the WHO Reproductive Health Library (RHL) on obstetric practices...
  17. pmc Ecological study of effect of breast feeding on infant mortality in Latin America
    A P Betran
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMJ 323:303-6. 2001
    ..To estimate the effect of exclusive breast feeding and partial breast feeding on infant mortality from diarrhoeal disease and acute respiratory infections in Latin America...
  18. ncbi request reprint Mapping the theories of preeclampsia: the need for systematic reviews of mechanisms of the disease
    Luciano E Mignini
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:317-21. 2006
    ..The systematic review approach helps to determine where research should be focused, to prioritize the use of resources, to understand, and then hopefully to conquer a disease that still kills mothers and infants each year, worldwide...
  19. ncbi request reprint Methodological considerations on the design and analysis of an equivalence stratified cluster randomization trial
    G Piaggio
    Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Stat Med 20:401-16. 2001
    ..The choice of the clustered Woolf estimator and the generalized estimating equations (GEE) as the methods of analysis applied is discussed...
  20. ncbi request reprint Large trials or meta-analysis? That is not the question
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank, Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 19:27-35. 2005
    ..Heterogeneity of trial results should be evaluated, interactions and specific populations identified for the planning of the new large trial...
  21. ncbi request reprint The gap between evidence and practice in maternal healthcare
    J Villar
    UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 75:S47-54. 2001
    ..These gaps are in clinical care, implementation of effective practices and in selecting research priorities. We present examples from our own research and the literature to illustrate these points...
  22. ncbi request reprint Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage
    J Villar
    United Nations Development Programme United Nations Population Fund World Health Organization World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Obstet Gynecol 100:1301-12. 2002
    ..To assess the effects of prophylactic misoprostol use in the third stage of labor compared with injectable uterotonics or placebo or no treatment...
  23. ncbi request reprint Meta-analyses in systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials in perinatal medicine: comparison of fixed and random effects models
    J Villar
    UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Stat Med 20:3635-47. 2001
    ....