Affiliation: World Health Organization
- [Emergent pathogens, international surveillance and international health regulations (2005)]P Formenty
World Health Organization, Department of Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Response CDS CSR, Alert and Response Operations Office ARO, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Geneva, Switzerland
Med Mal Infect 36:9-15. 2006..Lastly, a special effort is being made at the international level to modernize the International Health Regulations, now obsolete, and to support all the countries in the reinforcement of their outbreak alert and response capacity...
- No evidence for transmission of SIVwrc from western red colobus monkeys (Piliocolobus badius badius) to wild West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) despite high exposure through huntingSiv Aina J Leendertz
Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, Berlin, Germany
BMC Microbiol 11:24. 2011....
- [Outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in the Republic of the Congo, 2003: a new strategy?]P Formenty
Département des Maladies transmissibles, Surveillance et Action, Organisation mondiale de la Sante, Geneve, Suisse
Med Trop (Mars) 63:291-5. 2003..On June 5, the Minister of Health and Population of the Congo Republic officially declared that the outbreak of EHF was over in the Cuvette Ouest Region. The last case was recorded on April 22 in the small village of Ndjoukou...
- Human monkeypox outbreak caused by novel virus belonging to Congo Basin clade, Sudan, 2005Pierre Formenty
World Health Organization Global Alert and Response, Geneva, Switzerland
Emerg Infect Dis 16:1539-45. 2010..Our results indicate that MPXV should be considered endemic to the wetland areas of Unity State. This finding will enhance understanding of the ecologic niche for this virus...
- Detection of Ebola virus in oral fluid specimens during outbreaks of Ebola virus hemorrhagic fever in the Republic of CongoPierre Formenty
World Health Organization, Department of Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Response, Geneva, Switzerland
Clin Infect Dis 42:1521-6. 2006..During the 2 EVHF outbreaks in the Republic of Congo in 2003, we assessed the use of oral fluid specimens versus serum samples for laboratory confirmation of cases of EVHF...
- Lessons learned during active epidemiological surveillance of Ebola and Marburg viral hemorrhagic fever epidemics in AfricaYokouide Allaranga
WHO, Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
East Afr J Public Health 7:30-6. 2010..Overall, 26 hemorrhagic epidemic outbreaks have been registered in 12 countries; 18 caused by the Ebola virus and eight by the Marburg virus. About 2551 cases have been reported, among which 268 were health workers (9,3%)...
- Conflict and emerging infectious diseasesMichelle Gayer
Disease Control in Humanitarian Emerfencies, Health Security and Environmental Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1625-31. 2007..This article outlines factors that potentiate emergence and transmission of infectious diseases in conflict situations and highlights several priority actions for their containment and control...
- [Major pulmonary plague outbreak in a mining camp in the Democratic Republic of Congo: brutal awakening of an old scourge]E Bertherat
Department Surveillance et Action, OMS, Geneve, Suisse
Med Trop (Mars) 65:511-4. 2005
- Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlifeEric M Leroy
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
Science 303:387-90. 2004..Surveillance of animal mortality may help to predict and prevent human Ebola outbreaks...
- Development of an immunofiltration-based antigen-detection assay for rapid diagnosis of Ebola virus infectionAndreas Lucht
Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany
J Infect Dis 196:S184-92. 2007..The assay represents a first-generation rapid field test for the detection of EBOV antigen that can be performed in 30 min without electrical power or expensive or sensitive equipment...
- Laboratory diagnosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever during an outbreak in Yambio, Sudan, 2004Clayton O Onyango
World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Arbovirus and Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Nairobi, Kenya
J Infect Dis 196:S193-8. 2007..In response, case management, social mobilization, and follow-up of contacts were set up as means of surveillance. The outbreak was declared to be over on 7 August 2004...
- Studies of reservoir hosts for Marburg virusRobert Swanepoel
National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Sandringham, Republic of South Africa
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1847-51. 2007..6% of 2 species of insectivorous bat and 1 species of fruit bat. We found antibody to the virus in the serum of 9.7% of 1 of the insectivorous species and in 20.5% of the fruit bat species, but attempts to isolate virus were unsuccessful...
- Pandemic human viruses cause decline of endangered great apesSophie Köndgen
Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
Curr Biol 18:260-4. 2008..These observations illustrate the challenge of maximizing the benefit of research and tourism to great apes while minimizing the negative side effects...
- Endemic human monkeypox, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2001-2004Anne W Rimoin
University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:934-7. 2007..PCR demonstrated chickenpox in 61 patients. Coinfection with both viruses was found in 1 additional patient...
- Panmicrobial oligonucleotide array for diagnosis of infectious diseasesGustavo Palacios
Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:73-81. 2007....
- Marburg hemorrhagic fever associated with multiple genetic lineages of virusDaniel G Bausch
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
N Engl J Med 355:909-19. 2006..An outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever was first observed in a gold-mining village in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in October 1998...
- Extended interhuman transmission of monkeypox in a hospital community in the Republic of the Congo, 2003Lynne A Learned
School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:428-34. 2005..The pattern of sustained human-to-human transmission observed during this outbreak may influence our current perception of the capacity for this zoonotic virus to adapt to humans...
- Trigger events: enviroclimatic coupling of Ebola hemorrhagic fever outbreaksJorge E Pinzon
Biospheric Sciences Branch, Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:664-74. 2004..These findings suggest specific directions to help understand the sylvatic cycle of the virus and may provide early warning tools to detect possible future outbreaks of this enigmatic disease...
- Outbreaks of disease suspected of being due to human monkeypox virus infection in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2001Hermann Meyer
Institute of Microbiology, German Armed Forces Medical Academy, Munich, Switzerland
J Clin Microbiol 40:2919-21. 2002..In one outbreak, no evidence for either monkeypox or chickenpox was found (two cases, with no deaths)...