W Schultz

Summary

Affiliation: University of Fribourg
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. ncbi A neural substrate of prediction and reward
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 275:1593-9. 1997
  2. ncbi Multiple reward signals in the brain
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Nat Rev Neurosci 1:199-207. 2000
  3. ncbi Reward signaling by dopamine neurons
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    Neuroscientist 7:293-302. 2001
  4. ncbi Neuronal coding of prediction errors
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:473-500. 2000
  5. ncbi Reward processing in primate orbitofrontal cortex and basal ganglia
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 10:272-84. 2000
  6. ncbi Reward prediction in primate basal ganglia and frontal cortex
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    Neuropharmacology 37:421-9. 1998
  7. ncbi Dopamine neurons and their role in reward mechanisms
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 7:191-7. 1997
  8. ncbi Involvement of basal ganglia and orbitofrontal cortex in goal-directed behavior
    J R Hollerman
    Institute of Physiology, Universite de Fribourg, Switzerland
    Prog Brain Res 126:193-215. 2000
  9. ncbi Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory
    P Waelti
    Institute of Physiology and Programme in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Nature 412:43-8. 2001
  10. ncbi Temporal difference model reproduces anticipatory neural activity
    R E Suri
    Institut de Physiologie, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Neural Comput 13:841-62. 2001

Detail Information

Publications11

  1. ncbi A neural substrate of prediction and reward
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 275:1593-9. 1997
    ..Taken together, these findings can be understood through quantitative theories of adaptive optimizing control...
  2. ncbi Multiple reward signals in the brain
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Nat Rev Neurosci 1:199-207. 2000
    ..This research provides the first step towards an understanding of how rewards influence behaviour before they are received and how the brain might use reward information to control learning and goal-directed behaviour...
  3. ncbi Reward signaling by dopamine neurons
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    Neuroscientist 7:293-302. 2001
    ..The dopamine reward prediction error signal may cooperate with these reward perception signals during the learning and performance of behavioral reactions to motivating environmental stimuli...
  4. ncbi Neuronal coding of prediction errors
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:473-500. 2000
    ..The coding of prediction errors may represent a basic mode of brain function that may also contribute to the processing of sensory information and the short-term control of behavior...
  5. ncbi Reward processing in primate orbitofrontal cortex and basal ganglia
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 10:272-84. 2000
    ..The processing of reward expectations suggests an access to central representations of rewards which may be used for the neuronal control of goaldirected behavior...
  6. ncbi Reward prediction in primate basal ganglia and frontal cortex
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    Neuropharmacology 37:421-9. 1998
    ..These reward signals need to cooperate in order for reward information to be used for learning and maintaining approach behavior...
  7. ncbi Dopamine neurons and their role in reward mechanisms
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 7:191-7. 1997
    ..These reward-related responses correspond formally to concepts of behavioral and computational learning theories and may thus constitute teaching signals for appetitive learning...
  8. ncbi Involvement of basal ganglia and orbitofrontal cortex in goal-directed behavior
    J R Hollerman
    Institute of Physiology, Universite de Fribourg, Switzerland
    Prog Brain Res 126:193-215. 2000
    ..These activations would serve a function similar to those striatal neurons that encode exclusively reward-related information in situations in which only a single outcome is obtainable. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)..
  9. ncbi Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory
    P Waelti
    Institute of Physiology and Programme in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Nature 412:43-8. 2001
    ..Our data indicate that the use of analytical tests derived from formal behavioural learning theory provides a powerful approach for studying the role of single neurons in learning...
  10. ncbi Temporal difference model reproduces anticipatory neural activity
    R E Suri
    Institut de Physiologie, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Neural Comput 13:841-62. 2001
    ..This finding suggests that tonic anticipatory activities may reflect prediction signals that are involved in the processing of dopamine neuron activity...
  11. ncbi Influence of expectation of different rewards on behavior-related neuronal activity in the striatum
    O K Hassani
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    J Neurophysiol 85:2477-89. 2001
    ..The results of this study are in general agreement with an account of goal-directed behavior according to which the outcome should be represented already at the time at which the behavior toward the outcome is performed...