M B Zimmermann

Summary

Affiliation: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Methods to assess iron and iodine status
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E 19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Br J Nutr 99:S2-9. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Assessment of iodine status using dried blood spot thyroglobulin: development of reference material and establishment of an international reference range in iodine-sufficient children
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, LFV E19, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:4881-7. 2006
  3. pmc Anemia in relation to body mass index and waist circumference among Chinese women
    Yu Qin
    Department of Chronic Disease Control, Jiangsu Province Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China
    Nutr J 12:10. 2013
  4. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation in iodine-deficient African children decreases thyrotropin stimulation of the thyroid and reduces the goiter rate
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1040-4. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Iodine deficiency in pregnancy and the effects of maternal iodine supplementation on the offspring: a review
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:668S-72S. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Iodine supplementation improves cognition in iodine-deficient schoolchildren in Albania: a randomized, controlled, double-blind study
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:108-14. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the efficacy of wheat-based snacks fortified with ferrous sulfate, electrolytic iron, or hydrogen-reduced elemental iron: randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in Thai women
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1276-82. 2005
  8. doi request reprint Iodine deficiency
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Endocr Rev 30:376-408. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Iodine treatment in children with subclinical hypothyroidism due to chronic iodine deficiency decreases thyrotropin and C-peptide concentrations and improves the lipid profile
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Thyroid 19:1099-104. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Increasing the iodine concentration in the Swiss iodized salt program markedly improved iodine status in pregnant women and children: a 5-y prospective national study
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:388-92. 2005

Detail Information

Publications105 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Methods to assess iron and iodine status
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E 19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Br J Nutr 99:S2-9. 2008
    ..In the absence of inflammation, a sensitive method to assess iron status is to combine the use of serum ferritin as a measure of iron stores and the serum transferrin receptor as a measure of tissue iron deficiency...
  2. ncbi request reprint Assessment of iodine status using dried blood spot thyroglobulin: development of reference material and establishment of an international reference range in iodine-sufficient children
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, LFV E19, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:4881-7. 2006
    ..Thyroglobulin (Tg) may be a valuable indicator of improving thyroid function in children after salt iodization. A recently developed Tg assay for use on dried whole blood spots (DBS) makes sampling practical, even in remote areas...
  3. pmc Anemia in relation to body mass index and waist circumference among Chinese women
    Yu Qin
    Department of Chronic Disease Control, Jiangsu Province Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China
    Nutr J 12:10. 2013
    ..Anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentration <  12 g/dl. Prevalence ratios (PRs) of the relationship between anemia and BMI or waist circumference were calculated using Poisson regression...
  4. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation in iodine-deficient African children decreases thyrotropin stimulation of the thyroid and reduces the goiter rate
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1040-4. 2007
    ..Vitamin A (VA) deficiency (VAD) and iodine deficiency (ID) often coexist in children in Africa. VAD may affect thyroid function and the response to iodine prophylaxis...
  5. doi request reprint Iodine deficiency in pregnancy and the effects of maternal iodine supplementation on the offspring: a review
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:668S-72S. 2009
    ..In countries or regions where <90% of households are using iodized salt and the median UI concentration in school-age children is <100 microg/L, the WHO recommends iodine supplementation in pregnancy and infancy...
  6. ncbi request reprint Iodine supplementation improves cognition in iodine-deficient schoolchildren in Albania: a randomized, controlled, double-blind study
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:108-14. 2006
    ..Although several randomized trials examined the effect of iodine supplementation on cognitive performance in schoolchildren, the results were equivocal...
  7. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the efficacy of wheat-based snacks fortified with ferrous sulfate, electrolytic iron, or hydrogen-reduced elemental iron: randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in Thai women
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1276-82. 2005
    ..Although elemental iron powders are widely used to fortify cereal products, little data exist on their efficacy in humans...
  8. doi request reprint Iodine deficiency
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Endocr Rev 30:376-408. 2009
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Iodine treatment in children with subclinical hypothyroidism due to chronic iodine deficiency decreases thyrotropin and C-peptide concentrations and improves the lipid profile
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Thyroid 19:1099-104. 2009
    ..Thus, the study aim was to determine if iodine treatment of children with elevated TSH concentrations due to ID would affect their lipid profile, insulin (C-peptide) levels, and/or subclinical inflammation...
  10. ncbi request reprint Increasing the iodine concentration in the Swiss iodized salt program markedly improved iodine status in pregnant women and children: a 5-y prospective national study
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:388-92. 2005
    ..In Switzerland, because of declining iodine intakes in children and pregnant women, the iodine concentration in table salt was increased from 15 to 20 mg/kg...
  11. ncbi request reprint High thyroid volume in children with excess dietary iodine intakes
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:840-4. 2005
    ..There are few data on the adverse effects of chronic exposure to high iodine intakes, particularly in children...
  12. ncbi request reprint Serum transferrin receptor and zinc protoporphyrin as indicators of iron status in African children
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:615-23. 2005
    ..Although transferrin receptor (TfR) and zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) are often used to define iron status in school-age children in developing countries, the diagnostic cutoffs for this age group are uncertain...
  13. ncbi request reprint The potential of encapsulated iron compounds in food fortification: a review
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 74:453-61. 2004
    ..Further research is needed to determine which encapsulation technologies are most effective in ensuring iron bioavailability from encapsulated compounds...
  14. ncbi request reprint Iron deficiency due to consumption of a habitual diet low in bioavailable iron: a longitudinal cohort study in Moroccan children
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:115-21. 2005
    ..In many developing countries, cereal and legume-based diets contain low amounts of bioavailable iron, which may increase the risk of iron deficiency...
  15. ncbi request reprint Triple fortification of salt with microcapsules of iodine, iron, and vitamin A
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory and the Food Process Engineering Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1283-90. 2004
    ..In many developing countries, children are at high risk of goiter, vitamin A deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia...
  16. ncbi request reprint The effects of vitamin A deficiency and vitamin A supplementation on thyroid function in goitrous children
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Seestrasse 72 Postfach 474, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:5441-7. 2004
    ..This effect could be due to decreased VA-mediated suppression of the pituitary TSHbeta gene. In IDD- and VAD-affected children receiving iodized salt, concurrent VA supplementation improves iodine efficacy...
  17. ncbi request reprint The influence of iron status on iodine utilization and thyroid function
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich CH 8092 Switzerland
    Annu Rev Nutr 26:367-89. 2006
    ..The dual fortification of salt with iodine and iron may prove to be an effective and sustainable method to accomplish these important goals...
  18. ncbi request reprint Iron fortification reduces blood lead levels in children in Bangalore, India
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Pediatrics 117:2014-21. 2006
    ..Our study objective was to determine if iron fortification reduces blood lead levels in urban, lead-exposed, iron-deficient children in Bangalore, India...
  19. ncbi request reprint The adverse effects of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy and childhood: a review
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Thyroid 17:829-35. 2007
    ....
  20. doi request reprint The impact of iodised salt or iodine supplements on iodine status during pregnancy, lactation and infancy
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, ETH Zentrum, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Public Health Nutr 10:1584-95. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Nutritional iron deficiency
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:511-20. 2007
    ..Selective plant breeding and genetic engineering are promising new approaches to improve dietary iron nutritional quality...
  22. ncbi request reprint Iron deficiency predicts poor maternal thyroid status during pregnancy
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E 19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3436-40. 2007
    ..Pregnant women are often iron deficient, and iron deficiency has adverse effects on thyroid metabolism. Impaired maternal thyroid function during pregnancy may cause neurodevelopmental delays in the offspring...
  23. ncbi request reprint Interactions of vitamin A and iodine deficiencies: effects on the pituitary-thyroid axis
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, LFV E19
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 77:236-40. 2007
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Adiposity in women and children from transition countries predicts decreased iron absorption, iron deficiency and a reduced response to iron fortification
    M B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1098-104. 2008
    ..Therefore, we investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and iron absorption, iron status and the response to iron fortification in populations from three transition countries (Thailand, Morocco and India)...
  25. doi request reprint Iodine requirements and the risks and benefits of correcting iodine deficiency in populations
    Michael B Zimmermann
    The Human Nutrition Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    J Trace Elem Med Biol 22:81-92. 2008
    ..Although more data on the epidemiology of thyroid disorders caused by differences in iodine intake are needed, overall, the relatively small risks of iodine excess are far outweighed by the substantial risks of iodine deficiency...
  26. ncbi request reprint Treatment of iodine deficiency in school-age children increases insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding protein-3 concentrations and improves somatic growth
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, LFV E19, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:437-42. 2007
    ..Iodine deficiency in utero impairs fetal growth, but the relationship between iodine deficiency and postnatal growth is less clear...
  27. ncbi request reprint Iron metabolism in heterozygotes for hemoglobin E (HbE), alpha-thalassemia 1, or beta-thalassemia and in compound heterozygotes for HbE/beta-thalassemia
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1026-31. 2008
    ..Despite large populations carrying traits for thalassemia in countries implementing universal iron fortification, there are few data on the absorption and utilization of iron in these persons...
  28. ncbi request reprint Research on iodine deficiency and goiter in the 19th and early 20th centuries
    Michael B Zimmermann
    The Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 138:2060-3. 2008
    ..Switzerland's iodized salt program has been operating uninterrupted since 1922. Today, control of the iodine deficiency disorders is an integral part of most national nutrition strategies...
  29. doi request reprint Dietary determinants of subclinical inflammation, dyslipidemia and components of the metabolic syndrome in overweight children: a review
    M B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S11-8. 2008
    ..To review and summarize the dietary determinants of the metabolic syndrome, subclinical inflammation and dyslipidemia in overweight children...
  30. ncbi request reprint Overweight and obesity in 6-12 year old children in Switzerland
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 134:523-8. 2004
    ..Our aim was to estimate the national prevalence of overweight and obesity in Swiss primary schoolchildren and to determine if adiposity is increasing in this age group...
  31. doi request reprint Plasma hepcidin is a modest predictor of dietary iron bioavailability in humans, whereas oral iron loading, measured by stable-isotope appearance curves, increases plasma hepcidin
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1280-7. 2009
    ..Plasma hepcidin appears to be a major regulator of iron absorption and homeostasis, but there are few data in humans...
  32. doi request reprint Iron deficiency up-regulates iron absorption from ferrous sulphate but not ferric pyrophosphate and consequently food fortification with ferrous sulphate has relatively greater efficacy in iron-deficient individuals
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Br J Nutr 105:1245-50. 2011
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Iodine supplementation of pregnant women in Europe: a review and recommendations
    M Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Ruschlikon, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 58:979-84. 2004
    ..The objective of this review was to examine the iodine status of pregnant women in Europe and the potential need for iodine supplementation...
  34. doi request reprint Nanocompounds of iron and zinc: their potential in nutrition
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory of Human Nutrition, ETH Zurich, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nanoscale 3:2390-8. 2011
    ..Thus, these novel compounds show promise as food fortificants or supplements...
  35. ncbi request reprint Improving iron, zinc and vitamin A nutrition through plant biotechnology
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, PO Box 474, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 13:142-5. 2002
    ..Improving the micronutrient composition of plant foods may become a sustainable strategy to combat deficiencies in human populations, replacing or complementing other strategies such as food fortification or nutrient supplementation...
  36. doi request reprint Prevalence of iodine deficiency in Europe in 2010
    M B Zimmermann
    Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 72:164-6. 2011
    ..30% since 2003. This paper presents an estimate of the prevalence of iodine deficiency in Europe in 2010, based on a systematic review to update the WHO Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System (VMNIS) database...
  37. doi request reprint The role of iodine in human growth and development
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Semin Cell Dev Biol 22:645-52. 2011
    ..Iodine prophylaxis of deficient populations with periodic monitoring is an extremely cost effective approach to reduce the substantial adverse effects of iodine deficiency throughout the life cycle...
  38. ncbi request reprint Addition of microencapsulated iron to iodized salt improves the efficacy of iodine in goitrous, iron-deficient children: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
    Michael B Zimmermann
    The Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Seestrasse 72 PO Box 474, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Eur J Endocrinol 147:747-53. 2002
    ..The study aim was to determine if co-fortification of iodized salt with Fe would improve efficacy of the iodine in goitrous children with a high prevalence of anemia...
  39. ncbi request reprint Toward a consensus on reference values for thyroid volume in iodine-replete schoolchildren: results of a workshop on inter-observer and inter-equipment variation in sonographic measurement of thyroid volume
    M B Zimmermann
    The Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Endocrinol 144:213-20. 2001
    ..Our objective was to determine if inter-observer and/or inter-equipment variability contributes to the disagreement in sonographic T(vol) in children reported from iodine-sufficient areas...
  40. ncbi request reprint Thyroid ultrasound compared with World Health Organization 1960 and 1994 palpation criteria for determination of goiter prevalence in regions of mild and severe iodine deficiency
    M Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Endocrinol 143:727-31. 2000
    ..To address these two issues, we compared WHO 1960 and 1994 criteria with thyroid ultrasound for determination of goiter prevalence in areas of mild and severe IDD in Morocco...
  41. ncbi request reprint Low dose oral iodized oil for control of iodine deficiency in children
    M Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Br J Nutr 84:139-41. 2000
    ..In this group of goitrous children, an oral dose of 200 mg I as Lipiodol (Guerbert, Roissy CdG Cedex, France) was safe and effective for treating goitre and maintaining normal I status for at least 1 year...
  42. ncbi request reprint A national study of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 6-12 y-old Swiss children: body mass index, body-weight perceptions and goals
    M B Zimmermann
    The Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute for Food Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 54:568-72. 2000
    ..To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Swiss children and to obtain information on weight perceptions and weight control practices in this population...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effect of oral iodized oil on thyroid size and thyroid hormone metabolism in children with concurrent selenium and iodine deficiency
    M B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 54:209-13. 2000
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Iron supplementation in goitrous, iron-deficient children improves their response to oral iodized oil
    M Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Endocrinol 142:217-23. 2000
    ..Because iron deficiency may impair thyroid metabolism, the aim of this study was to determine if iron supplementation improves the response to oral iodine in goitrous, iron-deficient anemic children...
  45. ncbi request reprint Dual fortification of salt with iodine and microencapsulated iron: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in Moroccan schoolchildren
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Instituts of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:425-32. 2003
    ..In many developing countries, children are at high risk of both goiter and iron deficiency anemia...
  46. ncbi request reprint Thyroid size and goiter prevalence after introduction of iodized salt: a 5-y prospective study in schoolchildren in Côte d'Ivoire
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:663-7. 2003
    ..Normalization of the goiter rate probably indicates disappearance of iodine deficiency disorders as a public health problem. However, thyroid size may not return to normal for months or years after correction of iodine deficiency...
  47. doi request reprint Iodine: it's important in patients that require parenteral nutrition
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Gastroenterology 137:S36-46. 2009
    ..Adults may be less vulnerable because thyroidal iodine stores may be able to support thyroid hormone production for several months. More studies to clarify this issue would be valuable...
  48. ncbi request reprint Assessing iodine status and monitoring progress of iodized salt programs
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    J Nutr 134:1673-7. 2004
    ..A recent cohort study demonstrated the vulnerability of children in IDD-affected areas to even short-term lapses in iodized salt programs...
  49. doi request reprint Symposium on 'Geographical and geological influences on nutrition': Iodine deficiency in industrialised countries
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV E19, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Nutr Soc 69:133-43. 2010
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Detection of overweight and obesity in a national sample of 6-12-y-old Swiss children: accuracy and validity of reference values for body mass index from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the International Obesity Task Force
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, PO Box 474, Seestrasse 72, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:838-43. 2004
    ..However, these 2 sets of reference criteria differ, and their accuracy in classifying adiposity has not yet been validated in most countries...
  51. ncbi request reprint Rapid relapse of thyroid dysfunction and goiter in school-age children after discontinuation of salt iodization
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:642-5. 2004
    ..In programs to control iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), sustainability is a major concern. IDD has recently recurred in countries where salt iodization programs have lapsed...
  52. ncbi request reprint New reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound in iodine-sufficient schoolchildren: a World Health Organization/Nutrition for Health and Development Iodine Deficiency Study Group Report
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:231-7. 2004
    ..In areas of mild-to-moderate IDDs, measurement of thyroid volume (Tvol) by ultrasound is preferable to palpation for grading goiter, but interpretation requires reference criteria from iodine-sufficient children...
  53. ncbi request reprint Severe iodine deficiency in southern Albania
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 73:347-50. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that regional distribution of oral iodized oil capsules is indicated to control IDD in vulnerable groups until salt iodization is implemented...
  54. ncbi request reprint Persistence of goiter despite oral iodine supplementation in goitrous children with iron deficiency anemia in Côte d'Ivoire
    M Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:88-93. 2000
    ..Because iron deficiency can have adverse effects on thyroid metabolism, iron deficiency may influence the response to supplemental iodine in areas of endemic goiter...
  55. doi request reprint Nonheme-iron absorption in first-degree relatives is highly correlated: a stable-isotope study in mother-child pairs
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:802-7. 2010
    ..Iron absorption in humans is highly variable even after iron status and dietary components that influence iron absorption are controlled for. Inherited factors may help explain this variance...
  56. doi request reprint Iodine in enteral and parenteral nutrition
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 24:143-58. 2010
    ..Infants may be particularly vulnerable to ID because of their small thyroidal iodine store. In this review, we describe three recent patients (an infant, a child and an adult) who developed ID and thyroid hypofunction during PN...
  57. doi request reprint The effects of iron fortification on the gut microbiota in African children: a randomized controlled trial in Cote d'Ivoire
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1406-15. 2010
    ..Thus, increasing colonic iron could select gut microbiota for humans that are unfavorable to the host...
  58. ncbi request reprint Dietary intakes of fat and antioxidant vitamins are predictors of subclinical inflammation in overweight Swiss children
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:748-55. 2006
    ..Dietary factors, such as fatty acids and antioxidants, potentially modulate the association between adiposity and subclinical inflammation, but few data are available in children...
  59. ncbi request reprint Monitoring the adequacy of salt iodization in Switzerland: a national study of school children and pregnant women
    S Y Hess
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Food Science Institute, , Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:162-6. 2001
    ..This approach could serve as a model for countries struggling to maintain dietary iodine intake in the face of shifting dietary habits and changes in the food supply...
  60. ncbi request reprint Iron status influences the efficacy of iodine prophylaxis in goitrous children in Côte d'Ivoire
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Food Science Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Seestrasse 72 P O Box 474, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 72:19-25. 2002
    ..The data suggest that a high prevalence of IDA among children in areas of endemic goiter may reduce the effectiveness of iodine prophylaxis...
  61. doi request reprint Overweight children have higher circulating hepcidin concentrations and lower iron status but have dietary iron intakes and bioavailability comparable with normal weight children
    I Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:1111-7. 2009
    ..Alternatively, obesity-related inflammation may increase hepcidin concentrations and reduce iron availability. Circulating hepcidin levels have not been compared in normal weight vs overweight individuals...
  62. doi request reprint A comparison of the bioavailability of ferrous fumarate and ferrous sulfate in non-anemic Mexican women and children consuming a sweetened maize and milk drink
    M Harrington
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:20-5. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to compare iron absorption from ferrous fumarate and ferrous sulfate in infants, young children and mothers...
  63. doi request reprint Efficacy of wheat-based biscuits fortified with microcapsules containing ferrous sulfate and potassium iodate or a new hydrogen-reduced elemental iron: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial in Kuwaiti women
    Ralf Biebinger
    The Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Br J Nutr 102:1362-9. 2009
    ..01). NutraFine RS added at double the amount of Fe as FeSO4 was not efficacious in improving Fe status. The newly developed microcapsules were highly efficacious in improving both Fe stores and iodine status...
  64. ncbi request reprint Treatment of iron deficiency in goitrous children improves the efficacy of iodized salt in Côte d'Ivoire
    Sonja Y Hess
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:743-8. 2002
    ..In many developing countries, children are at high risk of both goiter and iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency adversely affects thyroid metabolism and may reduce the efficacy of iodine prophylaxis in areas of endemic goiter...
  65. ncbi request reprint Extruded rice fortified with micronized ground ferric pyrophosphate reduces iron deficiency in Indian schoolchildren: a double-blind randomized controlled trial
    Diego Moretti
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:822-9. 2006
    ..Iron fortification of rice could be an effective strategy for reducing iron deficiency anemia in South Asia...
  66. doi request reprint A composite score combining waist circumference and body mass index more accurately predicts body fat percentage in 6- to 13-year-old children
    I Aeberli
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, Human Nutrition Laboratory, ETH Zurich, LFV D22, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Nutr 52:247-53. 2013
    ..However, both measures have limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a combination of WC and BMI would more accurately predict %BF than either alone...
  67. doi request reprint Development and optimization of iron- and zinc-containing nanostructured powders for nutritional applications
    F M Hilty
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Nanotechnology 20:475101. 2009
    ..Thus, these powders are promising for food fortification and other nutritional applications...
  68. doi request reprint Iron excess in recreational marathon runners
    S Mettler
    Physiology and Behavior Group, Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:490-4. 2010
    ..Iron deficiency and anemia may impair athletic performance, and iron supplements are commonly consumed by athletes. However, iron overload should be avoided because of the possible long-term adverse health effects...
  69. ncbi request reprint A national survey of iron and folate status in pregnant women in Switzerland
    S Y Hess
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 71:268-73. 2001
    ..01). Our findings indicate that iron and folate status appears to be adequate in the majority of pregnant women in Switzerland, and that use of iron and folate supplements may have a positive impact on status...
  70. doi request reprint The increase of fatty acid-binding protein aP2 in overweight and obese children: interactions with dietary fat and impact on measures of subclinical inflammation
    I Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1513-20. 2008
    ..In adults, circulating aP2 may link obesity, inflammation and the metabolic syndrome, but there are few data in children. Experimental models support that dietary factors, particularly dietary fat, may be major determinants of phenotype...
  71. doi request reprint Iodine-deficiency disorders
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Lancet 372:1251-62. 2008
    ..International efforts to control iodine-deficiency disorders are slowing, and reaching the third of the worldwide population that remains deficient poses major challenges...
  72. ncbi request reprint Dietary magnesium intake in type 2 diabetes
    M K Wälti
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:409-14. 2002
    ..Magnesium deficiency is common in type 2 diabetes and may have a negative impact on glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance, as well as on the evolution of complications such as retinopathy, thrombosis and hypertension...
  73. doi request reprint Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio percentiles in a nationally representative sample of 6-13 year old children in Switzerland
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 141:w13227. 2011
    ..The aim of this study therefore was to develop WC and WHtR percentiles from a nationally representative sample of Swiss children...
  74. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A repletion in rats with concurrent vitamin A and iodine deficiency affects pituitary TSHbeta gene expression and reduces thyroid hyperstimulation and thyroid size
    Ralf Biebinger
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 137:573-7. 2007
    ..In concurrent VAD and ID, VAS, independent of iodine repletion, reduces thyroid hyperstimulation and size, an effect likely mediated through the effects of VA on pituitary TSHbeta gene expression...
  75. ncbi request reprint Introduction of iodized salt to severely iodine-deficient children does not provoke thyroid autoimmunity: a one-year prospective trial in northern Morocco
    Michael B Zimmermann
    The Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Thyroid 13:199-203. 2003
    ..Rapid introduction of iodized salt does not provoke significant thyroid autoimmunity in severely iodine-deficient children followed for 1 year...
  76. pmc Afebrile Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia decreases absorption of fortification iron but does not affect systemic iron utilization: a double stable-isotope study in young Beninese women
    Colin I Cercamondi
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1385-92. 2010
    ..Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) affects many young women in sub-Saharan Africa. Its etiology is multifactorial, but the major cause is low dietary iron bioavailability exacerbated by parasitic infections such as malaria...
  77. doi request reprint Diet determines features of the metabolic syndrome in 6- to 14-year-old children
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 79:14-23. 2009
    ..Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate dietary determinants of IR, BP, resistin, adiponectin, and leptin concentrations, as well as the interrelationship among these variables, in normal and overweight children...
  78. ncbi request reprint Development of a dried whole-blood spot thyroglobulin assay and its evaluation as an indicator of thyroid status in goitrous children receiving iodized salt
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1453-8. 2003
    ..Serum thyroglobulin appears to be a sensitive marker of thyroid dysfunction in endemic goiter. However, its value as an indicator of thyroid status in children after the introduction of iodized salt has not been tested...
  79. ncbi request reprint Serum retinol-binding protein 4 concentration and its ratio to serum retinol are associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome components in children
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:4359-65. 2007
    ..There are few published data on RBP4 levels in overweight children, and most previous studies did not control for vitamin A (VA) status and/or subclinical inflammation...
  80. ncbi request reprint Particle size reduction and encapsulation affect the bioavailability of ferric pyrophosphate in rats
    Rita Wegmüller
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Institute of Animal Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 134:3301-4. 2004
    ..Encapsulation of FePP with hydrogenated palm oil at a capsule:substrate ratio of 60:40 decreased RBV. Particle size reduction increases the RBV of FePP and may make this compound more useful for food fortification...
  81. ncbi request reprint Low plasma magnesium in type 2 diabetes
    Monika K Wälti
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 133:289-92. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to compare plasma magnesium concentrations of type 2 diabetics and healthy controls in Switzerland...
  82. ncbi request reprint Mild riboflavin deficiency is highly prevalent in school-age children but does not increase risk for anaemia in Côte d'Ivoire
    Fabian Rohner
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, 8092 Ziirich, Switzerland
    Br J Nutr 97:970-6. 2007
    ..Riboflavin deficiency did not predict Hb and/or anaemia, but did predict iron deficiency among children free of malaria...
  83. doi request reprint Decrease in the prevalence of paediatric adiposity in Switzerland from 2002 to 2007
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Public Health Nutr 13:806-11. 2010
    ..Since then, many programmes have been introduced in an attempt to control the problem. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of childhood overweight in Switzerland five years later...
  84. ncbi request reprint Dietary intake and physical activity of normal weight and overweight 6 to 14 year old Swiss children
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 137:424-30. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was therefore to compare nutrient intake, dietary patterns and physical activity in overweight and normal weight children in Switzerland...
  85. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplementation in children with poor vitamin A and iron status increases erythropoietin and hemoglobin concentrations without changing total body iron
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland, and The Ministry of Health, Rabat, Morocco
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:580-6. 2006
    ..The mechanism of these effects is unclear. In vitro and in animal models, vitamin A treatment increases the production of erythropoietin (EPO), a stimulant of erythropoiesis...
  86. doi request reprint Optimization of a phytase-containing micronutrient powder with low amounts of highly bioavailable iron for in-home fortification of complementary foods
    Barbara Troesch
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:539-44. 2009
    ..However, low iron doses have little nutritional effect, unless iron absorption is high...
  87. ncbi request reprint Effect of concurrent vitamin A and iodine deficiencies on the thyroid-pituitary axis in rats
    Ralf Biebinger
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Thyroid 16:961-5. 2006
    ..Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) may adversely affect thyroid metabolism. The study aim was to investigate the effects of concurrent vitamin A and iodine deficiencies on the thyroid-pituitary axis in rats...
  88. doi request reprint Baseline leptin and leptin reduction predict improvements in metabolic variables and long-term fat loss in obese children and adolescents: a prospective study of an inpatient weight-loss program
    Stefanie B Murer
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:695-702. 2011
    ..Moreover, whether changes in leptin predict metabolic improvements during weight loss is uncertain...
  89. doi request reprint Random serial sampling to evaluate efficacy of iron fortification: a randomized controlled trial of margarine fortification with ferric pyrophosphate or sodium iron edetate
    Maria Andersson
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1094-104. 2010
    ..Random serial sampling is widely used in population pharmacokinetic studies and may have advantages compared with conventional fixed time-point evaluation of iron fortification...
  90. ncbi request reprint Fructose intake is a predictor of LDL particle size in overweight schoolchildren
    Isabelle Aeberli
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1174-8. 2007
    ..Childhood adiposity is associated with smaller LDL particle size, but the dietary predictors of LDL size in overweight children have not been studied...
  91. ncbi request reprint The impact of iron and selenium deficiencies on iodine and thyroid metabolism: biochemistry and relevance to public health
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Thyroid 12:867-78. 2002
    ....
  92. ncbi request reprint Enhancing the absorption of fortification iron. A SUSTAIN Task Force report
    Richard F Hurrell
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 74:387-401. 2004
    ..An approach to the calculation of cost using a conservative estimate of the enhancing effects of the innovative technologies discussed in the supplement is given in the final section...
  93. ncbi request reprint Measurement of magnesium absorption and retention in type 2 diabetic patients with the use of stable isotopes
    Monika K Wälti
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:448-53. 2003
    ..The etiology of magnesium depletion in diabetes is unclear. Animal studies suggest that diabetes may impair magnesium absorption; however, there are no published data on magnesium absorption in humans with diabetes...
  94. ncbi request reprint Urinary excretion of an intravenous 26Mg dose as an indicator of marginal magnesium deficiency in adults
    M K Wälti
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:147-54. 2006
    ..Measurement of magnesium (Mg) status is problematic because tissue Mg deficiency can be present without low serum Mg concentrations...
  95. doi request reprint The Swiss iodized salt program provides adequate iodine for school children and pregnant women, but weaning infants not receiving iodine-containing complementary foods as well as their mothers are iodine deficient
    Maria Andersson
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:5217-24. 2010
    ..To fill this gap, iodine fortification of infant formula milk (IFM) and complementary foods (CF) is likely important...
  96. ncbi request reprint Salt dual-fortified with iodine and micronized ground ferric pyrophosphate affects iron status but not hemoglobin in children in Cote d'Ivoire
    Rita Wegmüller
    Programme National de Nutrition, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
    J Nutr 136:1814-20. 2006
    ..Iron utilization may have been impaired by the high prevalence of malaria and concurrent nutrient deficiencies...
  97. ncbi request reprint Iron status and food matrix strongly affect the relative bioavailability of ferric pyrophosphate in humans
    Diego Moretti
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:632-8. 2006
    ..Although ferric pyrophosphate is a promising compound for iron fortification of foods, few data are available on the effect of food matrices, processing, and ascorbic acid on its bioavailability...
  98. ncbi request reprint Synthesis, characterization, and bioavailability in rats of ferric phosphate nanoparticles
    Fabian Rohner
    Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 137:614-9. 2007
    ..In conclusion, nanoparticles of FePO(4) have a solubility and RBV not significantly different from FeSO(4). Reducing poorly soluble Fe compounds to nanoscale may increase their value for human nutrition...
  99. ncbi request reprint Comparison of manual and automated ELISA methods for serum ferritin analysis
    Fabian Rohner
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Lab Anal 19:196-8. 2005
    ..We conclude that the automated assay has several potential advantages compared to the manual method, including better precision, less operator dependence, and faster sample through-put...
  100. ncbi request reprint Dual fortification of salt with iodine and micronized ferric pyrophosphate: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:952-9. 2004
    ..In areas of subsistence farming in rural Africa, salt is one of the few regularly purchased food items and could be a good fortification vehicle for iodine and iron, provided that a stable yet bioavailable iron fortificant is used...
  101. ncbi request reprint The effect of micronutrient deficiencies on iodine nutrition and thyroid metabolism
    Sonja Y Hess
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Seestrasse 72, PO Box 474, CH 8803 Ruschlikon, Switzerland
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 74:103-15. 2004