B Nowack

Summary

Affiliation: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Potential scenarios for nanomaterial release and subsequent alteration in the environment
    Bernd Nowack
    Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Toxicol Chem 31:50-9. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Analysis of the occupational, consumer and environmental exposure to engineered nanomaterials used in 10 technology sectors
    Bernd Nowack
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Nanotoxicology 7:1152-6. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Potential release scenarios for carbon nanotubes used in composites
    Bernd Nowack
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Int 59:1-11. 2013
  4. doi request reprint 120 years of nanosilver history: implications for policy makers
    Bernd Nowack
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 45:1177-83. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Uptake of Zn and Fe by wheat (Triticum aestivum var. Greina) and transfer to the grains in the presence of chelating agents (ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid)
    B Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Agric Food Chem 56:4643-9. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Occurrence, behavior and effects of nanoparticles in the environment
    Bernd Nowack
    Technology and Society Laboratory, EMPA Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 150:5-22. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Critical assessment of chelant-enhanced metal phytoextraction
    Bernd Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 40:5225-32. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Metal fractionation in a contaminated soil after reforestation: temporal changes versus spatial variability
    Bernd Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 158:3272-8. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Migration of Ag- and TiO2-(Nano)particles from textiles into artificial sweat under physical stress: experiments and exposure modeling
    N von Goetz
    ETH Zurich, Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 47:9979-87. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Characterization of silver release from commercially available functional (nano)textiles
    C Lorenz
    Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Chemosphere 89:817-24. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. doi request reprint Potential scenarios for nanomaterial release and subsequent alteration in the environment
    Bernd Nowack
    Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Toxicol Chem 31:50-9. 2012
    ..The authors conclude that it is not possible to assess the risks associated with the use of ENM by investigating only the pristine form of the ENM, without considering alterations and transformation processes...
  2. doi request reprint Analysis of the occupational, consumer and environmental exposure to engineered nanomaterials used in 10 technology sectors
    Bernd Nowack
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Nanotoxicology 7:1152-6. 2013
    ..Toxicity and exposure are both important; however, the EHS impact of nanomaterials is always dependent on their particular use...
  3. doi request reprint Potential release scenarios for carbon nanotubes used in composites
    Bernd Nowack
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Int 59:1-11. 2013
    ..Actual exposure studies, which quantify the amount of material released should be conducted to provide further evidence for this conclusion. ..
  4. doi request reprint 120 years of nanosilver history: implications for policy makers
    Bernd Nowack
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 45:1177-83. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Uptake of Zn and Fe by wheat (Triticum aestivum var. Greina) and transfer to the grains in the presence of chelating agents (ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid)
    B Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Agric Food Chem 56:4643-9. 2008
    ..This indicates that there was little transfer of the chelates into the symplast and that the apoplastic pathway, which is important for the transport of chelants into the shoots, is efficiently blocked between shoots and seeds...
  6. ncbi request reprint Occurrence, behavior and effects of nanoparticles in the environment
    Bernd Nowack
    Technology and Society Laboratory, EMPA Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 150:5-22. 2007
    ..It is also important to notice that most NP in technical applications are functionalized and therefore studies using pristine NP may not be relevant for assessing the behavior of the NP actually used...
  7. ncbi request reprint Critical assessment of chelant-enhanced metal phytoextraction
    Bernd Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 40:5225-32. 2006
    ..Such a role warrants further investigations into the use of biodegradable chelants such as ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS)...
  8. doi request reprint Metal fractionation in a contaminated soil after reforestation: temporal changes versus spatial variability
    Bernd Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 158:3272-8. 2010
    ..This suggests that plant activity kept the metals in a more soluble form...
  9. doi request reprint Migration of Ag- and TiO2-(Nano)particles from textiles into artificial sweat under physical stress: experiments and exposure modeling
    N von Goetz
    ETH Zurich, Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 47:9979-87. 2013
    ..6 μg/kg body weight for total (mainly particulate) TiO2. In comparison with other human exposure pathways, dermal exposure to NOAA from textiles can be considered comparably minor for TiO2-NOAA, but not for Ag-NOAA. ..
  10. doi request reprint Characterization of silver release from commercially available functional (nano)textiles
    C Lorenz
    Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Chemosphere 89:817-24. 2012
    ..The results show that different silver textiles release different forms of silver during washing and that among the textiles investigated AgCl was the most frequently observed chemical form in the washwater...
  11. doi request reprint The behavior of silver nanotextiles during washing
    L Geranio
    Technology and Society Laboratory, and Laboratory of Advanced Fibers, EMPA Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 43:8113-8. 2009
    ....
  12. doi request reprint The importance of life cycle concepts for the development of safe nanoproducts
    Claudia Som
    Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Toxicology 269:160-9. 2010
    ..The combination of different life cycle concepts with the evolving knowledge from toxicology and risk assessment can mitigate uncertainties and can provide an early basis for informed decision making by the industry and regulators...
  13. doi request reprint Possibilities and limitations of modeling environmental exposure to engineered nanomaterials by probabilistic material flow analysis
    Fadri Gottschalk
    EMPA Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstr 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Toxicol Chem 29:1036-48. 2010
    ..g., water, sediments, soils). We conclude that probabilistic modeling is very useful for predicting environmental concentrations of ENMs given the current lack of substantiated data...
  14. doi request reprint Engineered nanomaterials in rivers--exposure scenarios for Switzerland at high spatial and temporal resolution
    F Gottschalk
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 159:3439-45. 2011
    ..Nano-TiO(2) median PECs ranged from 11 to 1'623 ng L(-1) (conservative scenario) and from 2 to 1'618 ng L(-1) (optimistic scenario). The equivalent values for nano-ZnO and nano-Ag were by factors of 14 and 240 smaller...
  15. doi request reprint Release of titanium dioxide from textiles during washing
    L Windler
    Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 46:8181-8. 2012
    ..The results indicate that functional textiles release some TiO(2) particles, but that the amounts are relatively low and mostly not in the nanoparticulate range...
  16. ncbi request reprint Metal solubility and speciation in the rhizosphere of Lupinus albus cluster roots
    J Dessureault-Rompré
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems ITES, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 42:7146-51. 2008
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Uptake of metals during chelant-assisted phytoextraction with EDDS related to the solubilized metal concentration
    Susan Tandy
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 40:2753-8. 2006
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Suitability of using diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) to study metal bioavailability in mine tailings: possibilities and constraints
    Héctor Miguel Conesa
    Soil Protection Group, Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 17:657-64. 2010
    ..In addition some experiments were performed in order to determine the effect of acidic pH and dissolved ions on the binding properties of the chelating resin...
  19. doi request reprint Modeled environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials (TiO(2), ZnO, Ag, CNT, Fullerenes) for different regions
    Fadri Gottschalk
    Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 43:9216-22. 2009
    ..For the other environmental compartments for which ecotoxicological data were available, no risks to organisms are presently expected...
  20. doi request reprint The release of engineered nanomaterials to the environment
    Fadri Gottschalk
    Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    J Environ Monit 13:1145-55. 2011
    ..First results show that much of the ENM released from products is present in matrix-bound form, but that also some fraction is released as single, dispersed nanoparticles...
  21. ncbi request reprint In situ transformations of fine lead oxide particles in different soils
    Andreas Birkefeld
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 145:554-61. 2007
    ..The use of experimental in situ methods is thus giving new information on contaminant mineral behavior under field conditions...
  22. ncbi request reprint Growth of Lygeum spartum in acid mine tailings: response of plants developed from seedlings, rhizomes and at field conditions
    Héctor M Conesa
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 145:700-7. 2007
    ..These differences may be due to the higher moisture content and homogeneous nature of the soils used in the pot experiment...
  23. doi request reprint Decrease of labile Zn and Cd in the rhizosphere of hyperaccumulating Thlaspi caerulescens with time
    Jacynthe Dessureault-Rompré
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems ITES, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 158:1955-62. 2010
    ..caerulescens ecotypes, postulated earlier...
  24. doi request reprint Cu and Zn mobilization in soil columns percolated by different irrigation solutions
    Lu Y L Zhao
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 157:823-33. 2009
    ..Our study shows that agricultural activities involving nitrogen fertilization can have a strong influence on metal leaching and speciation...
  25. ncbi request reprint Exposure modeling of engineered nanoparticles in the environment
    Nicole C Mueller
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH 9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 42:4447-53. 2008
    ..The results of this study make it possible for the first time to carry out a quantitative risk assessment of nanoparticles in the environment and suggest further detailed studies of nano-TiO2...
  26. ncbi request reprint The influence of EDDS on the uptake of heavy metals in hydroponically grown sunflowers
    Susan Tandy
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Universitatstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Chemosphere 62:1454-63. 2006
    ..This shows that synthetic chelating agents do not necessarily increase uptake of heavy metals, when soluble concentrations are equal in the presence and absence of chelates...
  27. ncbi request reprint Column extraction of heavy metals from soils using the biodegradable chelating agent EDDS
    Lukas Hauser
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology ITO, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 39:6819-24. 2005
    ..Our results prove that heap leaching using EDDS is a promising approach to reduce the heavy metal content of polluted soils...
  28. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of immobilized metal-ion affinity chromatography for the fractionation of natural Cu complexing ligands
    Irena Paunovic
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Chromatogr A 1100:176-84. 2005
    ..The results show that IMAC is an effective tool for the fractionation of copper complexing ligands that are capable of forming ternary complexes...
  29. ncbi request reprint Biodegradation and speciation of residual SS-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS) in soil solution left after soil washing
    Susan Tandy
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Universitatstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 142:191-9. 2006
    ..Dissolved organic matter is important for metal speciation at low EDDS concentrations. Our results show that even in polluted soils EDDS is degraded from a level of several hundred micromoles to below 1 microM within 50 days...
  30. ncbi request reprint The effects of plants on the mobilization of Cu and Zn in soil columns
    Lu Y L Zhao
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 41:2770-5. 2007
    ..Plant uptake reduced the dissolved Zn concentration and transpiration reduced Cu and Zn leaching...
  31. ncbi request reprint Determination of [S,S']-ethylenediamine disuccinic acid (EDDS) by high performance liquid chromatography after derivatization with FMOC
    Susan Tandy
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Grabenstrasse 3, CH 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland
    J Chromatogr A 1077:37-43. 2005
    ..The detection limit is 0.01 microM. The method is applicable to the determination of the compound in water, soil solution and plant material at trace levels...
  32. ncbi request reprint A new in situ method to analyze mineral particle reactions in soils
    Andreas Birkefeld
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology ITO, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich ETH, Grabenstrasse 3, CH 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 39:3302-7. 2005
    ..The new method has the potential to be used in other environmental media such as sediments or water to study the reactions of a variety of particles larger than 20 microm...
  33. ncbi request reprint Use of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) in undisturbed field soils
    Bernd Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Grabenstrasse 3, CH 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 38:1133-8. 2004
    ..g. light, temperature, water, and nutrients. To some degree, such indetermination has to be expected as an inherent feature of the system and the concept of bioavailability...
  34. ncbi request reprint Extraction of heavy metals from soils using biodegradable chelating agents
    Susan Tandy
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich ETH, Grabenstrasse 3, CH 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 38:937-44. 2004
    ..We conclude that the extraction with EDDS at pH 7 showed the best compromise between extraction efficiency for Cu, Zn, and Pb and loss of Ca and Fe from the soil...
  35. ncbi request reprint Environmental chemistry of aminopolycarboxylate chelating agents
    Bernd Nowack
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology ITO, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich ETH, CH 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 36:4009-16. 2002
    ..The discussion of the influence of chelates on metal availability and fate also has to include the potential presence of other aminopolycarboxylate chelating agents besides the well-known EDTA and NTA...