G Gmel

Summary

Affiliation: Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Help the helper-addiction research and the helper syndrome
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 99:154-5. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Measuring alcohol consumption: a comparison of graduated frequency, quantity frequency, and weekly recall diary methods in a general population survey
    Jean Luc Heeb
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Avenue de Ruchonnet 12, P O Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addict Behav 30:403-13. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Measuring alcohol consumption--should the 'graduated frequency' approach become the norm in survey research?
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 101:16-30. 2006
  4. doi request reprint Who drinks most of the total alcohol in young men--risky single occasion drinking as normative behaviour
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, CH 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol 43:692-7. 2008
  5. pmc Alcohol and cannabis use as risk factors for injury--a case-crossover analysis in a Swiss hospital emergency department
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 9:40. 2009
  6. pmc Determining the best population-level alcohol consumption model and its impact on estimates of alcohol-attributable harms
    Tara Kehoe
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, Toronto, Canada
    Popul Health Metr 10:6. 2012
  7. pmc Statistical modeling of volume of alcohol exposure for epidemiological studies of population health: the US example
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    Popul Health Metr 8:3. 2010
  8. pmc Estimating uncertainty of alcohol-attributable fractions for infectious and chronic diseases
    Gerrit Gmel
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:48. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Estimating regression to the mean and true effects of an intervention in a four-wave panel study
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Research Department, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 103:32-41. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint How stable is the risk curve between alcohol and all-cause mortality and what factors influence the shape? A precision-weighted hierarchical meta-analysis
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:631-42. 2003

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. ncbi request reprint Help the helper-addiction research and the helper syndrome
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 99:154-5. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Measuring alcohol consumption: a comparison of graduated frequency, quantity frequency, and weekly recall diary methods in a general population survey
    Jean Luc Heeb
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Avenue de Ruchonnet 12, P O Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addict Behav 30:403-13. 2005
    ..Another objective is to examine the consumption means, ranking order, and drinking classifications and to relate differences in consumption means and classification inconsistencies to social and drinking characteristics...
  3. ncbi request reprint Measuring alcohol consumption--should the 'graduated frequency' approach become the norm in survey research?
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 101:16-30. 2006
    ..To analyse whether recommendations for the graduated frequency (GF) approach to measure alcohol consumption are justified in a multi-cultural comparative study...
  4. doi request reprint Who drinks most of the total alcohol in young men--risky single occasion drinking as normative behaviour
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, CH 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol 43:692-7. 2008
    ..The objectives of this study were to analyse (a) the distribution of risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) among 19-year-old men in Switzerland and (b) to show the percentage of all alcohol consumption in the form of RSOD...
  5. pmc Alcohol and cannabis use as risk factors for injury--a case-crossover analysis in a Swiss hospital emergency department
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 9:40. 2009
    ....
  6. pmc Determining the best population-level alcohol consumption model and its impact on estimates of alcohol-attributable harms
    Tara Kehoe
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, Toronto, Canada
    Popul Health Metr 10:6. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  7. pmc Statistical modeling of volume of alcohol exposure for epidemiological studies of population health: the US example
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    Popul Health Metr 8:3. 2010
    ..As both sources have significant problems, this paper presents an approach that triangulates information from both sources into disaggregated estimates in line with the overall level of per capita consumption...
  8. pmc Estimating uncertainty of alcohol-attributable fractions for infectious and chronic diseases
    Gerrit Gmel
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:48. 2011
    ..This paper presents a systematic method to compute the 95% confidence intervals of alcohol-attributable fractions (AAFs) with exposure and risk relations stemming from different sources...
  9. ncbi request reprint Estimating regression to the mean and true effects of an intervention in a four-wave panel study
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Research Department, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 103:32-41. 2008
    ..Secondly, as the relationship between baseline values and post-intervention changes is confounded with regression to the mean (RTM) effects, to apply different approaches for estimating the RTM effect and true change...
  10. ncbi request reprint How stable is the risk curve between alcohol and all-cause mortality and what factors influence the shape? A precision-weighted hierarchical meta-analysis
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:631-42. 2003
    ..To determine the influence of six determining variables on the shape of the risk curve between alcohol and all-cause mortality...
  11. ncbi request reprint Alcohol-attributable injuries in admissions to a swiss emergency room--an analysis of the link between volume of drinking, drinking patterns, and preattendance drinking
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:501-9. 2006
    ..This study explores which of 11 specified groups of drinkers (a) are at high risk and (b) contribute most to alcohol-attributable injuries...
  12. ncbi request reprint Drinking patterns and traffic casualties in Switzerland: matching survey data and police records to design preventive action
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Avenue de Ruchonnet 14, CH 1003 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Public Health 119:426-36. 2005
    ..To examine the association between drinking patterns and alcohol-related traffic casualties...
  13. doi request reprint Measuring alcohol-related consequences in school surveys: alcohol-attributable consequences or consequences with students' alcohol attribution
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, P O Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Am J Epidemiol 171:93-104. 2010
    ..Therefore, the extent of alcohol-related adverse consequences among adolescents may be underestimated when using self-attributed consequences, because of differential attribution processes, especially among infrequent drinkers...
  14. ncbi request reprint The effect of mode of data collection and of non-response on reported alcohol consumption: a split-sample study in Switzerland
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 95:123-34. 2000
    ..To examine (a) effects of different modes of data collection on the reporting of alcohol consumption and non-response rate, and (b) differences in reported consumption between respondents and non-respondents...
  15. ncbi request reprint Imputation of missing values in the case of a multiple item instrument measuring alcohol consumption
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, P O Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Stat Med 20:2369-81. 2001
    ..Hot-deck imputation is shown to have certain advantages, but even single-value imputation (for example, median imputation) results in values that are comparable to those of the other three imputation methods...
  16. ncbi request reprint Dimensions of alcohol-related social and health consequences in survey research
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, 1001 P O Box 870, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Subst Abuse 12:113-38. 2000
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Revising the preventive paradox: the Swiss case
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, PO Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 96:273-84. 2001
    ..Stage-of-change membership was used to further distinguish low-risk drinkers who might have changed their drinking patterns from those who had not...
  18. ncbi request reprint Methodological approaches to conducting pooled cross-sectional time series analysis: the example of the association between all-cause mortality and per capita alcohol consumption for men in 15 European states
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 7:128-37. 2001
    ..To compare different statistical models in order to estimate the association of alcohol consumption and total mortality when time series data stem from different regions...
  19. ncbi request reprint [Prevalence of tobacco use in Switzerland in the 1990's--estimation of consumption trends based on 2 methods]
    G Gmel
    Soz Praventivmed 45:64-72. 2000
    ..Except for this youngest age-group, differences between the methods remained within standard statistical norms. There is no doubt, however, that smoking in adolescents increased between 1992/93 and 1997...
  20. ncbi request reprint Is frequency of drinking an indicator of problem drinking? A psychometric analysis of a modified version of the alcohol use disorders identification test in Switzerland
    G Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and other Drug Problems SIPA, Av de Ruchonnet 14, 1003, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Drug Alcohol Depend 64:151-63. 2001
    ..To study the psychometric properties of a modified Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test in the multilingual context of Switzerland...
  21. pmc Alcohol-related adverse consequences: cross-cultural variations in attribution process among young adults
    Hervé Kuendig
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur J Public Health 18:386-91. 2008
    ..It also considers differences across consequences that might explain which type of consequences (mainly acute or mainly chronic) are most affected by an attribution process...
  22. pmc The influence of drinking pattern, at individual and aggregate levels, on alcohol-related negative consequences
    M Astudillo
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 16:115-23. 2010
    ..To determine the extent drinking patterns (at the individual and country level) are associated with alcohol-related consequences over and above the total alcohol the person consumes...
  23. ncbi request reprint Alcohol outlet density, perceived availability and adolescent alcohol use: a multilevel structural equation model
    E Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Research Department, PO Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:811-6. 2008
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Spreading or concentrating drinking occasions--who is most at risk?
    Sandra Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Drug and Alcohol Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 14:71-81. 2008
    ..b) To investigate whether these associations are cross-culturally stable...
  25. ncbi request reprint Bullying and fighting among adolescents--do drinking motives and alcohol use matter?
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, PO Box 870, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addict Behav 32:3131-5. 2007
    ..To conclude, drinking motives have a bearing on other problem behaviors besides excessive drinking, and may be useful for early identification and intervention for students who are likely to experience a variety of problems...
  26. doi request reprint How to screen for problematic cannabis use in population surveys: an evaluation of the Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test (CUDIT) in a Swiss sample of adolescents and young adults
    B Annaheim
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 14:190-7. 2008
    ..The Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test (CUDIT) is a 10-item questionnaire used for screening cannabis abuse and dependency. The present study evaluated that screening instrument...
  27. ncbi request reprint Interviewers' and respondents' effects on self-reported alcohol consumption in a Swiss health survey
    J L Heeb
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, Causanne
    J Stud Alcohol 62:434-42. 2001
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint [Method determines results: indirect economic costs of alcohol abuse and alcoholism in Switzerland]
    E Gutjahr
    Schweizerische Fachstelle für Alkohol und andere Drogenprobleme, Lausanne Schweiz, Switzerland
    Psychiatr Prax 28:S45-54. 2001
    ..The present contribution aims at illustrating the methodological problems that may arise from investigating the indirect social costs of alcohol consumption...
  29. ncbi request reprint Replication and validation of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R, Cooper, 1994) among adolescents in Switzerland
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 12:161-8. 2006
    ..In sum, the results demonstrate the robustness of the DMQ-R and its usefulness for assessing drinking motives among European adolescents from different cultural backgrounds...
  30. ncbi request reprint 'I drink spirits to get drunk and block out my problems...' beverage preference, drinking motives and alcohol use in adolescence
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, PO Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol 41:566-73. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Brief alcohol intervention and alcohol assessment do not influence alcohol use in injured patients treated in the emergency department: a randomized controlled clinical trial
    Jean Bernard Daeppen
    Emergency Department, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 102:1224-33. 2007
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Exploring daily variations of drinking in the Swiss general population. A growth curve analysis
    Jean Luc Heeb
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 17:1-11. 2008
    ..Prevention efforts which are targeted to this subgroup should take its specific drinking pattern into account...
  33. ncbi request reprint [Quitting hash. The readiness for behaviour change among cannabis users in Switzerland]
    Beatrice Annaheim
    Schweizerische Fachstelle für Alkohol und andere Drogenprobleme SFA, Lausanne
    Int J Public Health 52:233-41. 2007
    ..It is hypothesized that frequency of use, cannabis-related problems and age of onset are associated with their willingness to change...
  34. ncbi request reprint Disentangling gender and age effects on risky single occasion drinking during adolescence
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Research Department, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur J Public Health 16:670-5. 2006
    ..To determine the association between adolescent risky single occasion drinking (RSOD) and gender, age, and the relative age position of students within their class...
  35. ncbi request reprint Injury and repeated injury - what is the link with acute consumption, binge drinking and chronic heavy alcohol use?
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alchol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 137:642-8. 2007
    ..First, to test whether current injury is more closely related to acute intake than to usual consumption patterns, and second, to test whether repeated injury is more closely related to general consumption patterns than to acute intake...
  36. ncbi request reprint At-risk drinking and drug use among patients seeking care in an emergency department
    Elizabeth A Fleming
    Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, Rue du Bugnon 46, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:28-35. 2007
    ..This study reports the frequency of alcohol use and associated tobacco and drug use among emergency department (ED) patients, in order to increase physician awareness and treatment of women and men seeking care in ED settings...
  37. ncbi request reprint Drinking motives as mediators of the link between alcohol expectancies and alcohol use among adolescents
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Post Office Box 870, CH 1001, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:76-85. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to test whether the link between alcohol expectancies and alcohol use (drinking frequency, usual quantity, five-plus drinking) is mediated by drinking motives...
  38. ncbi request reprint Recall bias for seven-day recall measurement of alcohol consumption among emergency department patients: implications for case-crossover designs
    Gerhard Gmel
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital, CH 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:303-10. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate biases in recalling alcohol consumption over short periods...
  39. ncbi request reprint Changes in adolescents' reasons for drinking in Switzerland and associations with alcohol use from 1994 to 2002
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Adolesc Health 39:705-11. 2006
    ..To determine changes in the prevalence of reasons for drinking and their associations with alcohol use among adolescents in Switzerland from 1994 to 2002...
  40. ncbi request reprint Who drinks and why? A review of socio-demographic, personality, and contextual issues behind the drinking motives in young people
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, PO Box 870, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addict Behav 31:1844-57. 2006
    ..Findings on personality indicate that it would be useful to focus on extraverted, sensation-seeking boys who drink for enhancement motives and neurotic, anxious girls who drink for coping motives...
  41. ncbi request reprint Beyond drinking: differential effects of demographic and socioeconomic factors on alcohol-related adverse consequences across European countries
    Hervé Kuendig
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 14:150-60. 2008
    ..Using data from seven European countries, this study assesses the association between demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and six adverse consequences...
  42. doi request reprint Same wording, distinct concepts? Testing differences between expectancies and motives in a mediation model of alcohol outcomes
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 18:436-44. 2010
    ..Consequently, the effectiveness of interventions, particularly those aimed at coping drinkers, should be improved through a shift in focus from expectancies to drinking motives...
  43. doi request reprint Revising the Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test (CUDIT) by means of Item Response Theory
    Beatrice Annaheim
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 19:142-55. 2010
    ..However, improvements were limited to cannabis users with a high problem score. For epidemiological purposes, any further revision of CUDIT should therefore include a greater number of 'easier' items...
  44. doi request reprint A step beyond--the relevance of depressed mood and mastery in the interplay between the number of social roles and alcohol use
    Sandra Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Av Ruchonnet 14, P O B 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addict Behav 35:1013-20. 2010
    ..The present study examines whether depressed mood and external control mediate or moderate the relationship between the number of social roles and alcohol use...
  45. doi request reprint Drinking at European universities? A review of students' alcohol use
    Matthias Wicki
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Research Department, PO Box 870, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addict Behav 35:913-24. 2010
    ..The vast majority of these studies are based on US and Canadian samples...
  46. ncbi request reprint Changes in alcohol consumption following a reduction in the price of spirits: a natural experiment in Switzerland
    Jean Luc Heeb
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 98:1433-46. 2003
    ..To discover what changes in alcohol consumption had occurred in subgroups defined by age, sex, volume of drinking and drinking occasions, following a reduction in the price of spirits in Switzerland in July 1999...
  47. ncbi request reprint Emotional wellbeing and violence among social and solitary risky single occasion drinkers in adolescence
    Emmanuel N Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Research Department, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 99:331-9. 2004
    ....
  48. doi request reprint The role of drunken older siblings and drunken peers in the alcohol-violence nexus
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur J Public Health 19:394-9. 2009
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Social roles and alcohol consumption: a study of 10 industrialised countries
    Sandra Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Avenue Ruchonnet 14, 1003 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 68:1263-70. 2009
    ..Despite some variability in the association between paid labour and heavy drinking or RSOD among women, in almost all countries the greater the number of roles a person held, the lower their risk of this type of alcohol use was...
  50. ncbi request reprint Spreading interviews over time in health surveys: do temporal variations of self-reported alcohol consumption affect measurement?
    Jean Luc Heeb
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Avenue de Ruchonnet 14, CH 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1015-33. 2005
    ..The investigations include temporal clustering effects, prediction of alcohol consumption and variations across days by characteristics of respondents and interviewing period, and sensitivity to variations of measurements instruments...
  51. ncbi request reprint Why do young people drink? A review of drinking motives
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, PO Box 870, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:841-61. 2005
    ..Future studies should therefore use well-defined, theoretically based, homogenous instruments to disentangle cultural from measurement differences across surveys...
  52. ncbi request reprint The smoking epidemic in Switzerland--an empirical examination of the theory of diffusion of innovations
    Sandra Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Soz Praventivmed 50:344-54. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Gender and cultural differences in the association between family roles, social stratification, and alcohol use: a European cross-cultural analysis
    Sandra Kuntsche
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 41:i37-46. 2006
    ..Second, it seeks to explain country differences in the associations of social stratification and family roles with alcohol consumption by societal level variables...
  54. ncbi request reprint Relation between average alcohol consumption and disease: an overview
    E Gutjahr
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 7:117-27. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Future research on alcohol-related health consequences should focus on standardization of exposure measures and take into consideration both average volume of consumption and patterns of drinking...
  55. ncbi request reprint Harmful alcohol use
    Gerhard Gmel
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Res Health 27:52-62. 2003
    ..Use of better design and statistical methodology is necessary in order to clarify the relationship between drinking and the harmful consequences it is believed to cause...
  56. doi request reprint Counsellor behaviours and patient language during brief motivational interventions: a sequential analysis of speech
    Jacques Gaume
    Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, Mont Paisible, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Addiction 103:1793-800. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe
    E Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, PO Box 870, Lausanne 1001, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 59:113-27. 2004
    ..More research in Europe is urgently needed, as results from other cultural backgrounds are difficult to generalize...
  58. ncbi request reprint Defining alcohol-related fatal medical conditions for social-cost studies in western societies: an update of the epidemiological evidence
    E Gutjahr
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, Lausanne
    J Subst Abuse 13:239-64. 2001
    ..A further investigation is needed, however, to reestimate relative risks by meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating new epidemiological evidence regularly is necessary for the purpose of up-to-date social-cost studies...
  59. ncbi request reprint Counselor skill influences outcomes of brief motivational interventions
    Jacques Gaume
    Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Subst Abuse Treat 37:151-9. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Brief alcohol interventions: do counsellors' and patients' communication characteristics predict change?
    Jacques Gaume
    Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol 43:62-9. 2008
    ..To identify communication characteristics of patients and counsellors during brief alcohol intervention (BAI) which predict changes in alcohol consumption 12 months later...
  61. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption in late adolescence and early adulthood--where is the problem?
    Emmanuel Kuntsche
    Sucht Schweiz, Research Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 143:w13826. 2013
    ..Effective prevention strategies should include attempts to reduce opportunities to engage in heavy drinking as well as strategies to reduce its harmful consequences. ..
  62. doi request reprint Alcohol drinking, the metabolic syndrome and diabetes in a population with high mean alcohol consumption
    O Clerc
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Rue du Bugnon 44, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Diabet Med 27:1241-9. 2010
    ..To investigate the relationship of alcohol consumption with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes in a population-based study with high mean alcohol consumption. Few data exist on these conditions in high-risk drinkers...
  63. ncbi request reprint Association of alcohol consumption to mortality and person-years of life lost in Switzerland--measuring the impact of some methodological options
    Elisabeth Gutjahr
    Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems SIPA, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur J Epidemiol 20:37-47. 2005
    ..The underlying question was: how many deaths and person-years of life lost would be avoided if all individuals were: (1) non-drinkers, (2) low drinkers only or (3) both (either abstainers or low level drinkers)?..
  64. doi request reprint Counselor motivational interviewing skills and young adult change talk articulation during brief motivational interventions
    Jacques Gaume
    Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Subst Abuse Treat 39:272-81. 2010
    ..Additional analyses showed that among MICO behaviors, reflective listening may be a particularly powerful technique to elicit CT...
  65. doi request reprint Alcohol drinking and cardiovascular risk in a population with high mean alcohol consumption
    Maryline Foerster
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Am J Cardiol 103:361-8. 2009
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Communication during brief intervention, intention to change, and outcome
    Jean Bernard Daeppen
    Alcohol Treatment Center, Department of Community Medicine and Health, Lausanne University Hospital, Mont Paisible 16, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Subst Abus 28:43-51. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality
    Jurgen Rehm
    Addiction Research Institute, Zurich, Switzerland
    Alcohol Res Health 27:39-51. 2003
    ..Broad summary measures that reflect alcohol's possible effects on morbidity, mortality, and disability may be more useful than measures of any one outcome alone...
  68. ncbi request reprint [Changes in the age of onset of cannabis use: results of the 2nd Swiss Health Survey 1997]
    Sandra Muller
    Schweizerische Fachstelle für Alkohol und andere Drogenprobleme, Lausanne
    Soz Praventivmed 47:14-23. 2002
    ..Based on data from the second Swiss Health Survey conducted in 1997, the present study investigates changes in the onset of cannabis use and associated consequences...
  69. ncbi request reprint Decreased taxation, spirits consumption and alcohol-related problems in Switzerland
    Meichun Mohler-Kuo
    Addiction Research Institute ISF, Konradstrasse 32, Postfach 8031 Zürich, Switzerland
    J Stud Alcohol 65:266-73. 2004
    ..Further correlates of alcohol-related problems were also explored...
  70. ncbi request reprint Comments on Rossow & Romelsjo (2006). The prevention paradox
    Gerhard Gmel
    Addiction 101:295-6; author reply 296-7. 2006
  71. ncbi request reprint Average volume of alcohol consumption, patterns of drinking and mortality among young Europeans in 1999
    Jurgen Rehm
    Addiction 97:105-9. 2002
  72. ncbi request reprint The relationship of average volume of alcohol consumption and patterns of drinking to burden of disease: an overview
    Jurgen Rehm
    Addiction Research Institute, Zurich, Switzerland
    Addiction 98:1209-28. 2003
    ..AAFs were estimated as a function of prevalence of exposure and relative risk, or from combining the aggregate multi-level analyses with prevalence data...
  73. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and total mortality/morbidity-definitions and methodological implications
    Jurgen Rehm
    Addiction Research Institute Zurich, Switzerland
    Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 17:497-505. 2003
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Does price matter? The effect of decreased price on spirits consumption in Switzerland
    Meichun Kuo
    Addiction Research Institute, Zurich University, Switzerland
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:720-5. 2003
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint International comparisons of alcohol consumption
    Kim Bloomfield
    Department of Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
    Alcohol Res Health 27:95-109. 2003
    ..Some problems associated with international research, however, such as issues of comparability of surveys, still need to be resolved...
  76. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol consumption and the gastrointestinal tract
    Benjamin Taylor
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Dig Dis 23:170-6. 2005
    ..A high alcohol intake is significantly associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but less is known about the effects of moderate consumption, specifically moderate average volume of alcohol consumption...
  77. ncbi request reprint [Alcohol-related injuries--an emergency department study in the Lausanne University Hospital]
    Gerhard Gmel
    Centre de traitement en alcoologie, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne
    Rev Med Suisse 3:1964-7. 2007
    ..Leisure time related injuries were most likely to be alcohol attributable. Most of the alcohol-related injuries occurred at already small ethanol quantities ingested...
  78. ncbi request reprint Avoidable burden of disease: conceptual and methodological issues in substance abuse epidemiology
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 15:181-91. 2006
    ..The impetus to begin refining methods to obtain better starting points for estimating avoidable burden of disease is obvious and should be carried through in order to see real changes through evidence-based policy and intervention...
  79. ncbi request reprint Drinking patterns and their gender differences in Europe
    Pia Makela
    National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health STAKES, Alcohol and Drug Research Group, Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 41:i8-18. 2006
    ..To compare drinking habits and to examine differences between drinking cultures in different regions and countries in Europe; to examine gender differences in drinking habits and to compare them over countries...
  80. ncbi request reprint Introduction to special issue 'Gender, Culture and Alcohol Problems: a Multi-national Study'
    Kim Bloomfield
    Unit of Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark
    Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 41:i3-7. 2006
    ..In most analyses the smallest gender differences in drinking behaviour were found in Nordic countries, followed by western and central European countries, with the largest gender differences in countries with developing economies...
  81. ncbi request reprint [Volume and profile of alcohol consumption among students and classmates as predictors of aggression and victimization: a multilevel analysis among Swiss adolescents]
    Jean Sebastien Fallu
    Institut de Recherche sur les Addictions, Zurich, Suisse
    Soz Praventivmed 51:363-72. 2006
    ..BJECTIVE: To test the effects of the volume of alcohol consumption and drinking patterns on alcohol-related aggression and victimization, both at the individual and class levels...
  82. ncbi request reprint Acute alcohol consumption and injury: risk associations and attributable fractions for different injury mechanisms
    Hervé Kuendig
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 9, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:218-26. 2008
    ..Most studies on alcohol as a risk factor for injuries have been mechanism specific, and few have considered several mechanisms simultaneously or reported alcohol-attributable fractions (AAFs)-which was the aim of the current study...
  83. ncbi request reprint Social inequalities in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in the study countries of the EU concerted action 'Gender, Culture and Alcohol Problems: a Multi-national Study'
    Kim Bloomfield
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg
    Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 41:i26-36. 2006
    ....
  84. doi request reprint Alcohol and nonlethal injuries: a Swiss emergency department study on the risk relationship between acute alcohol consumption and type of injury
    Hervé Kuendig
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Trauma 65:203-11. 2008
    ..The present study aims to improve the knowledge of the importance of alcohol consumption as an injury determinant with regards to two dimensions of the type of injury, namely the nature and the body region involved...
  85. ncbi request reprint Is alcopop consumption in Switzerland associated with riskier drinking patterns and more alcohol-related problems?
    Matthias Wicki
    Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Switzerland
    Addiction 101:522-33. 2006
    ....
  86. ncbi request reprint Alcohol as a risk factor for global burden of disease
    Jurgen Rehm
    Addiction Research Institute, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 9:157-64. 2003
    ..To make quantitative estimates of the burden of disease attributable to alcohol in the year 2000 on a global basis...
  87. ncbi request reprint Surrogate alcohol: what do we know and where do we go?
    Dirk W Lachenmeier
    Chemisches und Veterinaruntersuchungsamt CVUA Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:1613-24. 2007
    ..e., nonbeverage alcohols and illegally produced alcohols) was shown to impact on different causes of death, not only poisoning or liver disease, and appears to be a major public health problem in Russia and elsewhere...
  88. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and public health in Russia
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada M51 2S1
    Lancet 369:1975-6. 2007
  89. ncbi request reprint Problems with the graduated frequency approach to measuring alcohol consumption: results from a pilot study in Toronto, Canada
    Kathryn Graham
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, London, Ontario, Canada
    Alcohol Alcohol 39:455-62. 2004
    ..e. 12 or more drinks, at least eight drinks but less than 12, etc.)...
  90. ncbi request reprint The influence of societal level factors on men's and women's alcohol consumption and alcohol problems
    Giora Rahav
    Department of Sociology, Tel Aviv University
    Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 41:i47-55. 2006
    ..To identify the pattern of gender differences in drinking across societies, and to its association with other societal characteristics...
  91. ncbi request reprint The economic impact of a smoke-free bylaw on restaurant and bar sales in Ottawa, Canada
    Rita Luk
    Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, University of Toronto, Canada
    Addiction 101:738-45. 2006
    ..Restaurant and bar sales were subtracted from total retail sales in the denominator of these measures...
  92. ncbi request reprint The global distribution of average volume of alcohol consumption and patterns of drinking
    Jurgen Rehm
    Addiction Research Institute, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 9:147-56. 2003
    ..To make quantitative estimates on a global basis of exposure of disease-relevant dimensions of alcohol consumption, i.e. average volume of alcohol consumption and patterns of drinking...