A F Mannion

Summary

Affiliation: Schulthess Clinic
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. ncbi Fibre type characteristics of the lumbar paraspinal muscles in normal healthy subjects and in patients with low back pain
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Clinic, Universitat Zurich Irchel, Switzerland
    J Orthop Res 15:881-7. 1997
  2. ncbi [Increase in strength after active therapy in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients: muscular adaptations and clinical relevance]
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik Zurich, Schweiz
    Schmerz 15:468-73. 2001
  3. ncbi What is the value of physical therapies for back pain?
    Jennifer Klaber Moffett
    Institute of Rehabilitation, University of Hull, 215 Anlaby Road, Hull HU3 2PG, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 19:623-38. 2005
  4. ncbi Active therapy for chronic low back pain: part 3. Factors influencing self-rated disability and its change following therapy
    A F Mannion
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:920-9. 2001
  5. pmc A new skin-surface device for measuring the curvature and global and segmental ranges of motion of the spine: reliability of measurements and comparison with data reviewed from the literature
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 13:122-36. 2004
  6. ncbi Active therapy for chronic low back pain part 1. Effects on back muscle activation, fatigability, and strength
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:897-908. 2001
  7. pmc Influence of age and duration of symptoms on fibre type distribution and size of the back muscles in chronic low back pain patients
    A F Mannion
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 9:273-81. 2000
  8. pmc Range of global motion of the cervical spine: intraindividual reliability and the influence of measurement device
    A F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 9:379-85. 2000
  9. ncbi Sudden and unexpected loading generates high forces on the lumbar spine
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland, and the University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:842-52. 2000
  10. ncbi A randomized clinical trial of three active therapies for chronic low back pain
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:2435-48. 1999

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi Fibre type characteristics of the lumbar paraspinal muscles in normal healthy subjects and in patients with low back pain
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Clinic, Universitat Zurich Irchel, Switzerland
    J Orthop Res 15:881-7. 1997
    ..In conclusion, the paraspinal muscles of patients who have low back pain display a more glycolytic (faster) profile; this can be expected to render them less resistant to fatigue...
  2. ncbi [Increase in strength after active therapy in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients: muscular adaptations and clinical relevance]
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik Zurich, Schweiz
    Schmerz 15:468-73. 2001
    ....
  3. ncbi What is the value of physical therapies for back pain?
    Jennifer Klaber Moffett
    Institute of Rehabilitation, University of Hull, 215 Anlaby Road, Hull HU3 2PG, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 19:623-38. 2005
    ..This chapter reviews these positions through an exploration of the literature. It examines the evidence for the effectiveness of a range of commonly used physical therapies...
  4. ncbi Active therapy for chronic low back pain: part 3. Factors influencing self-rated disability and its change following therapy
    A F Mannion
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:920-9. 2001
    ..Cross-sectional analysis of the factors influencing self-rated disability associated with chronic low back pain and prospective study of the relationship between changes in each of these factors and in disability following active therapy...
  5. pmc A new skin-surface device for measuring the curvature and global and segmental ranges of motion of the spine: reliability of measurements and comparison with data reviewed from the literature
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 13:122-36. 2004
    ....
  6. ncbi Active therapy for chronic low back pain part 1. Effects on back muscle activation, fatigability, and strength
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:897-908. 2001
    ..Randomized prospective study of the effects of three types of active therapy on back muscle function in chronic low back pain patients...
  7. pmc Influence of age and duration of symptoms on fibre type distribution and size of the back muscles in chronic low back pain patients
    A F Mannion
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 9:273-81. 2000
    ..There is a strong case for the early implementation of active measures to attempt to offset the development of these changes in back pain patients...
  8. pmc Range of global motion of the cervical spine: intraindividual reliability and the influence of measurement device
    A F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 9:379-85. 2000
    ..Normal values for rotation in flexion or extension cannot be established until the source of the device-dependent difference is identified...
  9. ncbi Sudden and unexpected loading generates high forces on the lumbar spine
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland, and the University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:842-52. 2000
    ..A cross-sectional study of spinal loading in healthy volunteers...
  10. ncbi A randomized clinical trial of three active therapies for chronic low back pain
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:2435-48. 1999
    ..A randomized clinical trial...
  11. ncbi Fibre type characteristics and function of the human paraspinal muscles: normal values and changes in association with low back pain
    A F Mannion
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 9:363-77. 1999
    ..Finally, a number of outstanding issues in relation to the clinical significance of back muscle dysfunction are identified, leading to the proposal of areas for future research...
  12. ncbi A comparison of two motion analysis devices used in the measurement of lumbar spinal mobility
    A Mannion
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 14:612-9. 1999
    ..OBJECTIVE. The aim of the study was to compare lumbar range of motion determined using two computerised dynamic motion analysis devices...
  13. pmc Paraspinal muscle fibre type alterations associated with scoliosis: an old problem revisited with new evidence
    A F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 7:289-93. 1998
    ..Less marked changes, in the same direction, are also evident on the convex side; these may be the result of general disuse of the paraspinal muscles associated with the spinal deformity...
  14. pmc The bothersomeness of patient self-rated "complications" reported 1 year after spine surgery
    A F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:1625-32. 2012
    ..This study sought to quantify the incidence and bothersomeness of patient-rated complications 1 year after surgery...
  15. pmc Development of a German version of the Oswestry Disability Index. Part 1: cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 15:55-65. 2006
    ..It should represent a valuable tool for use in future patient-orientated outcome studies in German-speaking lands...
  16. ncbi Active therapy for chronic low back pain: part 2. Effects on paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area, fiber type size, and distribution
    L Kaser
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:909-19. 2001
    ..Randomized prospective study to compare the effects of three types of active therapy on the back muscle structure of chronic low back pain patients...
  17. doi A prospective, cohort study comparing translaminar screw fixation with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and pedicle screw fixation for fusion of the degenerative lumbar spine
    D Grob
    Spine Center Division, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 91:1347-53. 2009
    ..Extensive three-point stabilisation is not always required to achieve satisfactory patient-orientated results at two years...
  18. pmc Ultrasound assessment of transversus abdominis muscle contraction ratio during abdominal hollowing: a useful tool to distinguish between patients with chronic low back pain and healthy controls?
    N Pulkovski
    Department of Rheumatology and Institute of Physical Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:S750-9. 2012
    ..We conclude that the TrA-CR during abdominal hollowing does not distinguish well between patients with chronic low back pain and healthy controls...
  19. pmc The quality of spine surgery from the patient's perspective: part 2. Minimal clinically important difference for improvement and deterioration as measured with the Core Outcome Measures Index
    A F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 18:374-9. 2009
    ..This needs further investigation in even larger patient groups. The MCIDs provide essential information for both the planning (sample size) and interpretation of the results (clinical relevance) of future clinical studies using the COMI...
  20. pmc Spine stabilisation exercises in the treatment of chronic low back pain: a good clinical outcome is not associated with improved abdominal muscle function
    A F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:1301-10. 2012
    ....
  21. pmc The outcome of decompression surgery for lumbar herniated disc is influenced by the level of concomitant preoperative low back pain
    F S Kleinstueck
    Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 20:1166-73. 2011
    ..Consideration of the severity of concomitant LBP in LDH may assist in establishing realistic patient expectations before the surgery...
  22. doi The early outcome of surgical treatment for femoroacetabular impingement: success depends on how you measure it
    F M Impellizzeri
    Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 20:638-45. 2012
    ....
  23. pmc To fuse or not to fuse in lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis: do baseline symptoms help provide the answer?
    F S Kleinstueck
    Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:268-75. 2012
    ..We examined whether the outcome of surgery for LDS varied depending on the predominant baseline symptom and the treatment administered [decompression with fusion (D&F) or decompression alone (D)]...
  24. doi Fulfilment of patient-rated expectations predicts the outcome of surgery for femoroacetabular impingement
    A F Mannion
    Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 21:44-50. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to explore the role of expectations in relation to patient-rated global treatment outcome in patients undergoing hip preservation surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)...
  25. pmc Validity and responsiveness of the Core Outcome Measures Index (COMI) for the neck
    C D Fankhauser
    Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:101-14. 2012
    ..The present study examined the validity and responsiveness of the Core Outcome Measurement Index for neck pain (COMI-neck), a short, multidimensional outcome instrument...
  26. doi The 12-item Oxford Knee Score: cross-cultural adaptation into German and assessment of its psychometric properties in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee
    F D Naal
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 17:49-52. 2009
    ..To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) for use in German-speaking patients with osteoarthritis of the knee...
  27. pmc Abdominal muscle size and symmetry at rest and during abdominal hollowing exercises in healthy control subjects
    A F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Anat 213:173-82. 2008
    ..Asymmetries observed in patients should be interpreted with caution, as they are also common in healthy subjects...
  28. pmc Trapped in the neutral zone: another symptom of whiplash-associated disorder?
    G N Klein
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 10:141-8. 2001
    ..The whiplash patients appeared either unable or unwilling to drive the cervical spine into this region of high muscle activity, possibly because they were restricted by existing pain or fear of pain...
  29. ncbi Comparison of three active therapies for chronic low back pain: results of a randomized clinical trial with one-year follow-up
    A F Mannion
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Clinic, , Switzerland
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 40:772-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of low-impact aerobic exercise programmes for patients with chronic low back pain may reduce the enormous costs associated with its treatment...
  30. pmc Reliability and validity of the cross-culturally adapted Italian version of the Core Outcome Measures Index
    A F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:S737-49. 2012
    ..The Italian COMI represents a practical, reliable, and valid tool for use with Italian-speaking patients and will be of value for international studies and surgical registries...
  31. pmc How well do observed functional limitations explain the variance in Roland Morris scores in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain undergoing physiotherapy?
    F Caporaso
    Division of Rheumatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:S187-95. 2012
    ..We examined the relationship between a battery of such tests and self-reported activity limitations, before and in response to physiotherapy, and the influence of psychological factors on the relationship...
  32. pmc Development of a German version of the Oswestry Disability Index. Part 2: sensitivity to change after spinal surgery
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 15:66-73. 2006
    ..This figure can be used as a reliable guide for the determination of sample size in future clinical trials of spinal surgery...
  33. doi [Schulthess Hip Score (5 items) for assessing disability in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. Development and validation]
    F D Naal
    Gelenkzentrum Untere Extremitäten, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, CH 8008, Zurich, Schweiz
    Orthopade 39:834-41. 2010
    ..We developed and validated a five-item self-report questionnaire for assessing disability as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health conceptual model in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA)...
  34. pmc Is a positive clinical outcome after exercise therapy for chronic non-specific low back pain contingent upon a corresponding improvement in the targeted aspect(s) of performance? A systematic review
    F Steiger
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 21:575-98. 2012
    ....
  35. ncbi Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability and validity of the German Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI)
    F Angst
    Department of Upper Extremity and Hand Surgery, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:87-92. 2007
    ..To cross-culturally adapt the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) from English into German, and to test the reliability and validity of the German version...
  36. doi A new method for the noninvasive determination of abdominal muscle feedforward activity based on tissue velocity information from tissue Doppler imaging
    A F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Appl Physiol 104:1192-201. 2008
    ..The method can be used to assess muscle dysfunction in large groups of back-pain patients and may also be suitable for the noninvasive analysis of other deep-lying or small/thin muscles...
  37. pmc The association between cervical spine curvature and neck pain
    D Grob
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 16:669-78. 2007
    ..e. not necessarily indicative of the cause of pain. This should be given due consideration in the differential diagnosis of patients with neck pain...
  38. pmc Predictors of multidimensional outcome after spinal surgery
    A F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 16:777-86. 2007
    ..This substantiates the recommendation for its further use in registry systems, quality management projects, and clinical trials...
  39. ncbi [Questionnaires for patients with back pain. Diagnosis and outcome assessment]
    A Junge
    Schulthess Klinik Zurich
    Orthopade 33:545-52. 2004
    ..In everyday clinical routine, a short standardised documentation of the most important dimensions is recommended...
  40. pmc Microdiscectomy compared with standard discectomy: an old problem revisited with new outcome measures within the framework of a spine surgical registry
    F Porchet
    Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 18:360-6. 2009
    ..There was no clinically relevant difference in outcome after lumbar disc excision dependent on the use of the microscope. The decision to use the microscope should rest with the surgeon...
  41. pmc Should smoking habit dictate the fusion technique?
    A Luca
    Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 20:629-34. 2011
    ....
  42. ncbi Reliability of a new, hand-held device for assessing skeletal muscle stiffness
    Mario Bizzini
    Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Schulthess Klinik Lengghalde 2, Zurich 8008, Switzerland
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 18:459-61. 2003
    ..The aim of the study was to examine the test-retest reliability of the Myoton-2 myometer for measuring skeletal muscle viscoelastic stiffness...
  43. pmc Longitudinal validation of the fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire (FABQ) in a Swiss-German sample of low back pain patients
    Ralph Staerkle
    Center for Spinal Surgery, University of Zurich, Balgrist, Forchstrasse 340, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 13:332-40. 2004
    ..The inclusion of fear-avoidance beliefs as predictor variables in studies of low back pain is highly recommended, as they appear to have unique predictive power in analyses of disability and work loss...
  44. pmc Titanium mesh cages (TMC) in spine surgery
    Dieter Grob
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Clinic, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 14:211-21. 2005
    ..Implant subsidence, pseudarthrosis and implant loosening are the complications typically encountered with use of TMCs. The versatility of the implant permits its use in unusual surgical situations...
  45. ncbi Comprehensive assessment of clinical outcome and quality of life after total shoulder arthroplasty: usefulness and validity of subjective outcome measures
    Felix Angst
    Schulthess Klinik, Zurich
    Arthritis Rheum 51:819-28. 2004
    ..To explore the physiometric and psychometric properties of clinical, generic, and condition-specific assessment instruments. To describe patients' outcome after total shoulder arthroplasty...
  46. doi The Neck Pain and Disability Scale: cross-cultural adaptation into German and evaluation of its psychometric properties in chronic neck pain and C1-2 fusion patients
    Friedrich H Bremerich
    Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:1018-27. 2008
    ..Cross-cultural adaptation of an outcome questionnaire...
  47. ncbi Comprehensive assessment of clinical outcome and quality of life after total elbow arthroplasty
    Felix Angst
    Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Arthritis Rheum 53:73-82. 2005
    ..To assess quantitatively the outcome and to explore the physiometric and psychometric properties of clinical, generic, and condition-specific instruments after total elbow arthroplasty...
  48. ncbi Outcome assessment in low back pain: how low can you go?
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 14:1014-26. 2005
    ....
  49. pmc Transarticular screw fixation for osteoarthritis of the atlanto axial segment
    Dieter Grob
    Schulthess Klinik, Spine Unit, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 15:283-91. 2006
    ..In conclusion, in a group of patients with a painful and debilitating degenerative disorder of C1-2, posterior transarticular atlantoaxial fusion proved to be an effective treatment with a low rate of serious complications...
  50. pmc Predictors of surgical outcome and their assessment
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 15:S93-108. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi Clinical experience with the Dynesys semirigid fixation system for the lumbar spine: surgical and patient-oriented outcome in 50 cases after an average of 2 years
    Dieter Grob
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:324-31. 2005
    ..Retrospective study on a consecutive series of patients...
  52. ncbi Clinical update: low back pain
    Federico Balagué
    Department of Rheumatology, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cantonal Hospital, 1708 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Lancet 369:726-8. 2007
  53. pmc A randomised controlled trial of post-operative rehabilitation after surgical decompression of the lumbar spine
    Anne F Mannion
    Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 16:1101-17. 2007
    ..Advising patients to keep active by carrying out the type of physical activities that they most enjoy appears to be just as good as administering a supervised rehabilitation program, and at no cost to the health-care provider...
  54. ncbi Pain measurement in patients with low back pain
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Center, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 3:610-8. 2007
    ....
  55. ncbi Are "structural abnormalities" on magnetic resonance imaging a contraindication to the successful conservative treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain?
    Frank Kleinstück
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2250-7. 2006
    ..Prospective study...
  56. pmc Muscle thickness changes during abdominal hollowing: an assessment of between-day measurement error in controls and patients with chronic low back pain
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Center Division, Department of Research and Development, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 17:494-501. 2008
    ..The TrA preferential activation ratio is too imprecise to be of clinical use. Knowledge of the SEM for these indices is essential for interpreting the clinical relevance of any changes observed following physiotherapy...
  57. doi Lessons learned during the cross-cultural adaptation of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder form into German
    Jörg Goldhahn
    Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 17:248-54. 2008
    ..The instability domain does not provide any additional clinical information...
  58. doi Tissue Doppler imaging for detecting onset of muscle activity
    Natascha Pulkovski
    Department of Rheumatology and Institute of Physical Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Muscle Nerve 37:638-49. 2008
    ..TDI represents a viable method for measuring the onset of muscle activity; it may offer a non-invasive alternative to fine-wire EMG for use with small or deep muscles...
  59. pmc A prospective study of the interrelationship between subjective and objective measures of disability before and 2 months after lumbar decompression surgery for disc herniation
    Anne F Mannion
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 14:454-65. 2005
    ....
  60. ncbi Reliability and minimal detectable change for the figure-of-eight-20 method of, measurement of ankle edema
    Manuela Rohner-Spengler
    Department of Rheumatology, Department of Physiotherapy, Kantonsspital Luzern, Luzern, Switzerland
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 37:199-205. 2007
    ..Single-session, repeated-measures design, with 3 raters...