Marc Walter

Summary

Affiliation: Psychiatric University Clinics
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Acute effects of intravenous heroin on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response: a controlled trial
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 33:193-8. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects of psychoactive substances in schizophrenia -- findings of structural and functional neuroimaging
    M Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Basel, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, CH 4012 Basel, Switzerland
    Curr Top Med Chem 12:2426-33. 2012
  3. pmc New onsets of substance use disorders in borderline personality disorder over 7 years of follow-ups: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Marc Walter
    Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA, USA
    Addiction 104:97-103. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint [Psychosocial stress and alcohol consumption: interrelations, consequences and interventions]
    M Walter
    Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Schweiz
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 73:517-25. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial situation of living donors: moods, complaints, and self-image before and after liver transplantation
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric University Clinic, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Med Sci Monit 11:CR503-9. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint The lack of negative affects as an indicator for identity disturbance in borderline personality disorder: a preliminary report
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychopathology 42:399-404. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Cortisol concentrations, stress-coping styles after withdrawal and long-term abstinence in alcohol dependence
    Marc Walter
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Addict Biol 11:157-62. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Impaired psychosocial outcome of donors after living donor liver transplantation: a qualitative case study
    Marc Walter
    Department of Internal Medicine Psychosomatics, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, and Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Otto von Guericke University Hospital, Madgeburg, Germany
    Clin Transplant 20:410-5. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Humour therapy in patients with late-life depression or Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric University Clinics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 22:77-83. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Controlled study on the combined effect of alcohol and tobacco smoking on testosterone in alcohol-dependent men
    Marc Walter
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Clinics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol 42:19-23. 2007

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. doi request reprint Acute effects of intravenous heroin on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response: a controlled trial
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 33:193-8. 2013
    ..These findings indicate that regular opioid administration protects addicts from stress and underscore the clinical significance of heroin-assisted treatment for heroin-dependent patients...
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects of psychoactive substances in schizophrenia -- findings of structural and functional neuroimaging
    M Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Basel, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, CH 4012 Basel, Switzerland
    Curr Top Med Chem 12:2426-33. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc New onsets of substance use disorders in borderline personality disorder over 7 years of follow-ups: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Marc Walter
    Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA, USA
    Addiction 104:97-103. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have a higher rate of new onsets of substance use disorders (SUD) than do patients with other personality disorders (OPD)...
  4. ncbi request reprint [Psychosocial stress and alcohol consumption: interrelations, consequences and interventions]
    M Walter
    Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Schweiz
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 73:517-25. 2005
    ..Psychosocial stress can not only be considered as a result of chronic alcohol abuse, but also as a cause of high alcohol consumption and it maintains as a distress syndrome the subsequent course of the alcohol use disorder...
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial situation of living donors: moods, complaints, and self-image before and after liver transplantation
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric University Clinic, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Med Sci Monit 11:CR503-9. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the course of donors' moods, physical complaints, and self-image in the preoperative decision process and six months after surgery...
  6. ncbi request reprint The lack of negative affects as an indicator for identity disturbance in borderline personality disorder: a preliminary report
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychopathology 42:399-404. 2009
    ..The purpose of the study was to investigate negative affects and identity disturbance in patients with BPD and in patients without personality disorder using questionnaire data and interview data...
  7. ncbi request reprint Cortisol concentrations, stress-coping styles after withdrawal and long-term abstinence in alcohol dependence
    Marc Walter
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Addict Biol 11:157-62. 2006
    ..The lower cortisol concentration in CSF as an indicator for HPA axis functioning is associated with long-term abstinence in detoxified alcoholics...
  8. ncbi request reprint Impaired psychosocial outcome of donors after living donor liver transplantation: a qualitative case study
    Marc Walter
    Department of Internal Medicine Psychosomatics, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, and Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Otto von Guericke University Hospital, Madgeburg, Germany
    Clin Transplant 20:410-5. 2006
    ..Adequate medical and psychological treatment opportunities for these donors should be provided...
  9. ncbi request reprint Humour therapy in patients with late-life depression or Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric University Clinics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 22:77-83. 2007
    ..Therefore non-pharmacological treatment strategies are of great importance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of humour therapy on quality of life in patients with depression or AD...
  10. ncbi request reprint Controlled study on the combined effect of alcohol and tobacco smoking on testosterone in alcohol-dependent men
    Marc Walter
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Clinics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Alcohol Alcohol 42:19-23. 2007
    ..The present study examined the association between pre-treatment drinking and smoking parameters and plasma testosterone levels before and after alcohol withdrawal...
  11. ncbi request reprint Social factors but not stress-coping styles predict relapse in detoxified alcoholics
    Marc Walter
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, University Psychiatric Clinics, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 54:100-6. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that a partnership is more relevant for the risk of relapse than stress coping styles...
  12. doi request reprint [Pharmacotherapy of substance dependence and withdrawal syndromes]
    Marc Walter
    Bereich Abhängigkeitserkrankungen, Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Basel
    Ther Umsch 66:449-57. 2009
    ..For opioid dependence, methadone or buphrenorphine treatment is the pharmacotherapy of first choice. Nicotine replacement therapy, Bupropion and Vareniclin are efficacious in smoking cessation...
  13. pmc Cortisol response to interpersonal stress in young adults with borderline personality disorder: a pilot study
    Marc Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Basel, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, CH 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    Eur Psychiatry 23:201-4. 2008
    ..BPD subjects showed a delayed cortisol response after psychosocial stress...
  14. ncbi request reprint [Psychological and somatic aspects of living liver donors: preoperative assessment and postoperative course]
    M Walter
    Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Psychosomatik, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Mitte und Campus Virchow Klinikum, Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 130:1749-55. 2005
    ..Thus far, only few empirical studies have been published on the situation of donors who are faced with the risk of medical complications after resection of the right hepatic lobe...
  15. doi request reprint Heroin reduces startle and cortisol response in opioid-maintained heroin-dependent patients
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Switzerland
    Addict Biol 16:145-51. 2011
    ..Acute DAM administration may suppress cortisol levels, and DAM maintenance treatment may represent an effective alternative to methadone in stress-sensitive, heroin-dependent patients...
  16. doi request reprint Criminal recidivism in offenders with personality disorders and substance use disorders over 8 years of time at risk
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychiatry Res 186:443-5. 2011
    ..Recidivism of 379 offenders was assessed at 8 years of follow-up. Sixty-nine percent of PD+SUD, 45% of SUD- and 33% of PD- subjects showed any recidivism. However, violent recidivism was highest in the PD- group...
  17. doi request reprint Psychobiological responses to drug cues before and after methadone intake in heroin-dependent patients: a pilot study
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric University Clinics, Division of Substance Use Disorders, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 18:390-3. 2008
    ..Patients displayed blunted cortisol response after post-methadone drug cues (t[15]=3.05, p=0.008) suggesting dissociated craving and cortisol reactivity after methadone intake of possible clinical relevance...
  18. doi request reprint Affective reactivity in heroin-dependent patients with antisocial personality disorder
    Marc Walter
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, University of Basel, Switzerland
    Psychiatry Res 187:210-3. 2011
    ..These findings indicate a normally modulated affective reactivity in heroin-dependent patients with ASPD...
  19. ncbi request reprint Acute effects of heroin on emotions in heroin-dependent patients
    Julia Blum
    Psychiatric Hospital, Division of Substance Use Disorders, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Am J Addict 22:598-604. 2013
    ..However, affective disturbances and disorders are common in heroin dependence. The present study examined the acute effects of heroin on emotions in heroin-dependent patients...
  20. ncbi request reprint [Living donor liver transplantation from the perspective of the donor: results of a psychosomatic investigation]
    Marc Walter
    Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Psychosomatik der Charité, Berlin, Germany
    Z Psychosom Med Psychother 51:331-45. 2005
    ..The aims were to describe the clinical problems before and after transplantation and to contribute to the discussion of ethical issues based on empirical findings...
  21. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial outcome of living donors after living donor liver transplantation: a pilot study
    Marc Walter
    Clinic for Internal Medicine, Psychosomatics Psychotherapy, Charite, Campus Mitte, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Transplant 16:339-44. 2002
    ..The pronounced complaints appears to indicate psychological tension and distress in some donors following donation...
  22. ncbi request reprint A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the monoamine oxidase A gene is associated with the cigarette smoking quantity in alcohol-dependent heavy smokers
    Gerhard A Wiesbeck
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland gerhard wiesbeck upkbs ch
    Neuropsychobiology 53:181-5. 2006
    ..Taken together, in alcohol-dependent heavily smoking men there is evidence for a MAO-A gene-associated effect on the quantity that is smoked as reflected by the daily number of cigarettes consumed...
  23. doi request reprint Associations between identity diffusion, Axis II disorder, and psychopathology in inpatients with borderline personality disorder
    Daniel Sollberger
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychopathology 45:15-21. 2012
    ..However, the associations between these dimensions are not clear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between identity diffusion and psychopathology in BPD...
  24. ncbi request reprint The self-image in borderline personality disorder: an in-depth qualitative research study
    Gerhard Dammann
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Pers Disord 25:517-27. 2011
    ..Aggressive tendencies were only seen in other persons. Our findings support the concept of a self and relationship disturbance in BPD which is highly relevant for psychotherapy treatment...
  25. pmc Reduction in cerebral perfusion after heroin administration: a resting state arterial spin labeling study
    Niklaus Denier
    University Hospital of Psychiatry, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 8:e71461. 2013
    ..Analysis of extracted perfusion values indicate strong effect sizes and no gender related differences. Reduced perfusion in these brain areas may indicate self- and emotional regulation effects of heroin in maintenance treatment. ..
  26. doi request reprint The impact of diacetylmorphine on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and heroin craving in heroin dependence
    Hana Gerber
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland hana gerber upkbs ch
    Eur Addict Res 18:116-23. 2012
    ..The present randomized controlled study examined whether DAM administration differs from placebo (saline) administration with regard to HPA axis response and heroin craving...
  27. pmc Gender differences in interpersonal problems of alcohol-dependent patients and healthy controls
    Sandra E Mueller
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:3010-22. 2009
    ..Our findings indicate that alcohol-dependent women may profit more from a gender-specific treatment approach aimed at improving treatment outcome than alcohol-dependent men...
  28. ncbi request reprint Psychosomatic interrelations following liver transplantation
    Marc Walter
    Clinic for Internal Medicine, Psychosomatics Psychotherapy, Charite, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Transplant 16:301-5. 2002
    ..The treatment offered by an essentially biologically based medicine may promote the manifestation of this depression as a somatization disorder...
  29. doi request reprint Prolonged use of benzodiazepines is associated with childhood trauma in opioid-maintained patients
    Marc Vogel
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Drug Alcohol Depend 119:93-8. 2011
    ..Benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse in opioid-maintained patients is widespread and has been related to poorer treatment success. Associated factors, in particular, traumatic childhood experiences, have not been investigated extensively...
  30. doi request reprint Association between leptin levels and doses of clomethiazole during alcohol withdrawal: a pilot study
    Gerhard Dammann
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 18:12-5. 2012
    ..The main hypothesis was that higher doses of the strong GABA-mimetic clomethiazole are positively correlated with higher leptin levels...
  31. pmc Inferior frontal cortex modulation with an acute dose of heroin during cognitive control
    Andre Schmidt
    1 Department of Psychiatry UPK, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland 2 Medical Image Analysis Center MIAC, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychopharmacology 38:2231-9. 2013
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint A three-axes approach of subtyping the alcohol dependence syndrome
    Gerhard A Wiesbeck
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Hospital, CH 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    Psychopathology 38:91-6. 2005
    ..The result emphasizes the usefulness of multidimensional approaches integrating personality, clinical and neurobiological characteristics...
  33. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial data of potential living donors before living donor liver transplantation
    Marc Walter
    Clinic for Internal Medicine Psychosomatics Psychotherapy, Charite, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Transplant 16:55-9. 2002
    ..For the latter, both the clinical evaluation interview and the psychometric diagnostics used revealed clear-cut feelings of anxiety and ambivalence towards transplantation...
  34. ncbi request reprint Donor evaluation, donor risks, donor outcome, and donor quality of life in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation
    Andreas Pascher
    Department of General, Visceral, and Transplantation Surgery, Charite, Campus Virchow, Medizinische Fakultat der Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Liver Transpl 8:829-37. 2002
    ..The donor selection process plays a pivotal role in preventing complications. The discussion of potential risks, especially potential life-threatening risks, must be an integral part of informed consent...
  35. doi request reprint Decision-making and risk-assessment in living liver donation: how informed is the informed consent of donors? A qualitative study
    Christina Papachristou
    Medical Clinic for Psychosomatics, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Luisenstr 13a, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Psychosomatics 51:312-9. 2010
    ..The practice of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has been increasing over the past 20 years. In LDLT, a healthy individual offers a substantial part of his or her liver (up to 60%) for the benefit of a terminally-ill recipient...
  36. ncbi request reprint Evidence for an agitated-aggressive syndrome predating the onset of psychosis
    Christian G Huber
    Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Wilhelm Klein Str 27, CH 4012 Basel, Switzerland Electronic address
    Schizophr Res 157:26-32. 2014
    ..However, it is unclear if an agitated-aggressive syndrome as measured with the BPRS-EC is already present in at-risk mental state (ARMS)...
  37. doi request reprint Comorbid atypical depression in borderline personality disorder is common and correlated with anxiety-related psychopathology
    Daniela Gremaud-Heitz
    Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Psychiatric Hospital, Munsterlingen, Switzerland Electronic address
    Compr Psychiatry 55:650-6. 2014
    ..The purpose of the study was to investigate the comorbidity of atypical depression in borderline patients regarding anxiety-related psychopathology and interpersonal problems...
  38. ncbi request reprint Autodestructive syndromes
    Rüya Daniela Kocalevent
    Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Psychosomatik, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland
    Psychother Psychosom 74:202-11. 2005
    ..Starting out with a conceptual overview, the paper goes on to look into the epidemiology of autodestructive behaviour and the forms in which it manifests itself...
  39. ncbi request reprint Abnormal effective connectivity and psychopathological symptoms in the psychosis high-risk state
    Andre Schmidt
    Department of Psychiatry UPK, University of Basel, Petersgraben, and the Medical Image Analysis Centre, University Hospital Basel, Schanzenstrasse, Basel, Switzerland
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 39:239-48. 2014
    ....
  40. doi request reprint [Psychotherapy of borderline personality disorder: similarities and differences in evidence-based disorder-specific treatment approaches]
    D Sollberger
    Spezielle Psychotherapie, Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, Basel, Switzerland
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 78:698-708. 2010
    ..After the current considerable progress in disorder-specific treatments for BPS, the development of differential indication criteria for the various treatments could lead to an additional improvement of BPD therapy in the future...
  41. ncbi request reprint Reduction of seclusion on a hospital-wide level: successful implementation of a less restrictive policy
    Hermann Alexander Jungfer
    Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Wilhelm Klein Str 27, CH 4012 Basel, Switzerland Universitätsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr 52, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 54:94-9. 2014
    ..The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of the change from closed to open wards on the frequency of seclusion and forced medication in a hospital-wide setting...
  42. ncbi request reprint No association of dopamine receptor sensitivity in vivo with genetic predisposition for alcoholism and DRD2/DRD3 gene polymorphisms in alcohol dependence
    Gerhard A Wiesbeck
    Division of Substance Use Disorders, Psychiatric University Hospital Basel, Switzerland
    Addict Biol 11:72-5. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial stress of living donors after living donor liver transplantation
    M Walter
    Clinic for Internal Medicine Psychosomatics Psychotherapy, Charite Campus Mitte, Charite Campus Virchow, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Transplant Proc 34:3291-2. 2002
  44. ncbi request reprint Living donor liver transplantation and its effect on the donor-recipient relationship--a qualitative interview study with donors
    C Papachristou
    Medical Clinic for Psychosomatics, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Transplant 23:382-91. 2009
    ..A thorough preoperative evaluation of the donor-recipient relationship is particularly important to assess the donors' suitability and clarify conflicts and unrealistic expectations...
  45. ncbi request reprint A model of risk and protective factors influencing the postoperative course of living liver donors
    C Papachristou
    Clinic for Internal Medicine and Psychosomatics, Charite, University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Transplant Proc 41:1682-6. 2009
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Evidence of psychosocial influences on acute rejection after liver transplantation
    M Walter
    Clinic for Internal Medicine Psychosomatics, Charite, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Transplant Proc 34:3298-301. 2002
  47. pmc Willingness to donate: an interview study before liver transplantation
    M Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Basel, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, CH 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    J Med Ethics 30:544-50. 2004
    ..Operation related risks, as well as dependencies in the family structure, generate considerable pressure on potential donors. The aim of the study was to reconstruct the determinants of willingness to donate before transplantation...
  48. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial prediction of abstinence from ethanol in alcoholic recipients following liver transplantation
    M Walter
    Clinic for Internal Medicine Psychosomatics Psychotherapy, Charite, Campus Virchow, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Transplant Proc 34:1239-41. 2002
  49. pmc On the theory of individual health
    G Danzer
    Clinic for Internal Medicine Psychosomatics Psychotherapy Charité, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Med Ethics 28:17-9. 2002
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Quality of life of living donors before and after living donor liver transplantation
    M Walter
    Psychiatric University Clinic, Willhelm Klein Strasse 27, CH 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    Transplant Proc 35:2961-3. 2003
    ..Additional psychosocial studies will be necessary to disclose predictors for an unfavorable psychosocial outcome following LDLT...
  51. ncbi request reprint Motivation for living-donor liver transplantation from the donor's perspective: an in-depth qualitative research study
    Christina Papachristou
    Clinic for Internal Medicine Psychosomatics, Charite, University Medicine Berlin, Luisentr 13A, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Transplantation 78:1506-14. 2004
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint [Personality and donor-recipient relationships of potential donors before living donor liver transplantation--diagnostics with the repertory-grid technique]
    Marc Walter
    Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie, Charite Campus Mitte, Medizinische Fakultat der Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 53:275-80. 2003
    ..In highly motivated donors we expected a positive description of the recipient and a similarity in the characterisation of the donor and recipient...
  53. ncbi request reprint Evidence of psychosomatic influences in compensated and decompensated tinnitus
    Corinna Stobik
    Westerwaldklinik Waldbreitbach, Clinic for Neurology and Neurological Psychosomatics, Germany
    Int J Audiol 44:370-8. 2005
    ..As a consequence, in the psychosomatic tinnitus therapy, greater attention should be given to the treatment of the somatic complaints in addition to psychological and psychosocial aspects...
  54. ncbi request reprint [Differential diagnosis of psychotic symptoms in adolescents and young adults with borderline personality disorder]
    Gerhard Dammann
    Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik Basel, Schweiz
    Psychiatr Prax 30:304-11. 2003
    ..This paper reviews findings and problems of differential diagnosis between Borderline personality disorders and schizophrenic illness in adolescents and young adults with psychotic symptoms...