Eleanor Gouws

Summary

Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. pmc Focusing the HIV response through estimating the major modes of HIV transmission: a multi-country analysis
    Eleanor Gouws
    Evidence, Policy and Innovation Department, UNAIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 88:i76-85. 2012
  2. doi request reprint The epidemiology of HIV infection among young people aged 15-24 years in southern Africa
    Eleanor Gouws
    Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 22:S5-16. 2008
  3. pmc Comparison of adult HIV prevalence from national population-based surveys and antenatal clinic surveillance in countries with generalised epidemics: implications for calibrating surveillance data
    E Gouws
    Epidemiology and Analysis Division, Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i17-i23. 2008
  4. pmc Short term estimates of adult HIV incidence by mode of transmission: Kenya and Thailand as examples
    E Gouws
    Department of Policy, Evidence and Partnership, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 82:iii51-55. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Measuring the quality of child health care at first-level facilities
    Eleanor Gouws
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 61:613-25. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and CD4+ cell count distributions in African populations
    Brian G Williams
    Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva 1211 CH 1211, Switzerland
    J Infect Dis 194:1450-8. 2006
  7. pmc Improving antimicrobial use among health workers in first-level facilities: results from the multi-country evaluation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness strategy
    Eleanor Gouws
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:509-15. 2004
  8. pmc Malaria attributable to the HIV-1 epidemic, sub-Saharan Africa
    Eline L Korenromp
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1410-9. 2005
  9. pmc The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Brian G Williams
    World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 3:e262. 2006
  10. doi request reprint How much does quality of child care vary between health workers with differing durations of training? An observational multicountry study
    Luis Huicho
    Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia and Instituto de Salud del Niño, Lima, Peru, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 372:910-6. 2008

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. pmc Focusing the HIV response through estimating the major modes of HIV transmission: a multi-country analysis
    Eleanor Gouws
    Evidence, Policy and Innovation Department, UNAIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 88:i76-85. 2012
    ..We compare results from studies conducted between 2008 and 2012 and discuss their use for planning and responding to the HIV epidemic...
  2. doi request reprint The epidemiology of HIV infection among young people aged 15-24 years in southern Africa
    Eleanor Gouws
    Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 22:S5-16. 2008
    ..To investigate epidemiological patterns and trends of HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young people aged 15-24 years in the nine countries in southern Africa most affected by the HIV epidemic...
  3. pmc Comparison of adult HIV prevalence from national population-based surveys and antenatal clinic surveillance in countries with generalised epidemics: implications for calibrating surveillance data
    E Gouws
    Epidemiology and Analysis Division, Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i17-i23. 2008
    ..We compare adult HIV prevalence estimates from antenatal clinic surveillance to those from national population-based surveys to assess the implications for calibrating surveillance data...
  4. pmc Short term estimates of adult HIV incidence by mode of transmission: Kenya and Thailand as examples
    E Gouws
    Department of Policy, Evidence and Partnership, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 82:iii51-55. 2006
    ..In order to adapt prevention strategies to changing patterns of risk, we need to understand the behaviours that put people at risk of infection and how new infections are distributed among risk groups...
  5. ncbi request reprint Measuring the quality of child health care at first-level facilities
    Eleanor Gouws
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 61:613-25. 2005
    ..Child survival policymakers, program planners and implementers can use these tools to improve their monitoring and so increase the health impact of investments in health facility care...
  6. ncbi request reprint HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and CD4+ cell count distributions in African populations
    Brian G Williams
    Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva 1211 CH 1211, Switzerland
    J Infect Dis 194:1450-8. 2006
    ....
  7. pmc Improving antimicrobial use among health workers in first-level facilities: results from the multi-country evaluation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness strategy
    Eleanor Gouws
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:509-15. 2004
    ..Prescribing these drugs only when necessary and ensuring that those who receive them complete the full course can slow the development of antimicrobial resistance...
  8. pmc Malaria attributable to the HIV-1 epidemic, sub-Saharan Africa
    Eline L Korenromp
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1410-9. 2005
    ..These effects were due to high HIV-1 prevalence in rural areas and the locally unstable nature of malaria transmission that results in a high proportion of adult cases...
  9. pmc The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Brian G Williams
    World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 3:e262. 2006
    ..We explore the implications of this finding for the promotion of MC as a public health intervention to control HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
  10. doi request reprint How much does quality of child care vary between health workers with differing durations of training? An observational multicountry study
    Luis Huicho
    Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia and Instituto de Salud del Niño, Lima, Peru, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 372:910-6. 2008
    ..We compared the performance of different categories of health workers who are trained in Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Measurement of trends in childhood malaria mortality in Africa: an assessment of progress toward targets based on verbal autopsy
    Eline L Korenromp
    Malaria Control Department of WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:349-58. 2003
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Global and regional distribution of HIV-1 genetic subtypes and recombinants in 2004
    Joris Hemelaar
    WHO UNAIDS HIV Vaccine Initiative, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 20:W13-23. 2006
    ..To estimate the global and regional distribution of HIV-1 subtypes and recombinants in 2004...
  13. doi request reprint Towards an improved investment approach for an effective response to HIV/AIDS
    Bernhard Schwartlander
    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 377:2031-41. 2011
    ..The framework is cost effective at $1060 per life-year gained, and the additional investment proposed would be largely offset from savings in treatment costs alone...
  14. ncbi request reprint Estimates of world-wide distribution of child deaths from acute respiratory infections
    Brian G Williams
    World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 27, CH 1211, Switzerland
    Lancet Infect Dis 2:25-32. 2002
    ..This analysis suggests that throughout the world 1.9 million (95% CI 1.6-2.2 million) children died from ARI in 2000, 70% of them in Africa and southeast Asia...
  15. ncbi request reprint Changing patterns of knowledge, reported behaviour and sexually transmitted infections in a South African gold mining community
    Brian G Williams
    16 rue de la Canonniere, Geneva 1202, Switzerland
    AIDS 17:2099-107. 2003
    ..This included community-based peer education, condom distribution, syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections (STI), and presumptive STI treatment for sex workers...
  16. ncbi request reprint High incidence of HIV-1 in South Africa using a standardized algorithm for recent HIV seroconversion
    Eleanor Gouws
    Medical Research Council, Congella, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:531-5. 2002
    ..The HIV-1 incidence rates provide valuable additional information indicating that new infections are continuing unabated and that the HIV-1 epidemic is still growing in rural South Africa...
  17. ncbi request reprint Integrated Management of Childhood Illness: efficiency of primary health in Northeast Brazil
    Débora G Amorim
    Núcleo de Ensino, Assistência e Pesquisa da Infância Cesar Victora, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:183-90. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the strategy on the quality of child health care provided at primary facilities...
  18. ncbi request reprint Response to Brown et al., 'Incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus type 2 infection increases risk of HIV acquisition among women in Uganda and Zimbabwe'
    Brian G Williams
    AIDS 21:2356-7. 2007
  19. ncbi request reprint The global impact of scaling up HIV/AIDS prevention programs in low- and middle-income countries
    John Stover
    Futures Group Constella, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
    Science 311:1474-6. 2006
    ..Thus, greater spending on prevention now would not only prevent more than half the new infections that would occur from 2005 to 2015 but would actually produce a net financial saving as future costs for treatment and care are averted...
  20. ncbi request reprint Global epidemiology of HIV-AIDS
    Salim S Abdool Karim
    Centre for the AIDS Program of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, 4013 Durban, South Africa
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 21:1-17, vii. 2007
    ..This article describes the modes of HIV transmission, geographic distribution of the evolving AIDS pandemic, and case studies of each of the three types of HIV epidemics, and presents global trends in AIDS and mortality...
  21. ncbi request reprint Effect of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) on health worker performance in Northeast-Brazil
    Joao Amaral
    Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:S209-19. 2004
    ..We conclude that while there is room for further improvement, IMCI case management training significantly improves health worker performance, and that parts of Brazil that have not yet introduced IMCI should be encouraged to do so...
  22. ncbi request reprint GB virus type C coinfection in HIV-infected African mothers and their infants, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Mahomed A Sathar
    Department of Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Natal, Congella, Durban, South Africa
    Clin Infect Dis 38:405-9. 2004
    ..The immunological indices measured tend to suggest an association with protection and or delayed progression of HIV disease in GBV-C-infected mothers...
  23. ncbi request reprint The impact of incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus-2 infection on the incidence of HIV-1 infection among commercial sex workers in South Africa
    Gita Ramjee
    HIV 1 Prevention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:333-9. 2005
    ..Drawing on other recent studies these data suggest that incident HSV-2 infection increases the risk of HIV-1 infection; the effect wanes with time since infection; and the effect is significantly greater for men than it is for women...
  24. pmc Diabetes and other disorders of glycemia in a rural South African community: prevalence and associated risk factors
    Ayesha A Motala
    Department of Endocrinology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Diabetes Care 31:1783-8. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), impaired fasting glycemia (IFG), and associated risk factors in a rural South African black community...
  25. ncbi request reprint Improving quality and efficiency of facility-based child health care through Integrated Management of Childhood Illness in Tanzania
    Jennifer Bryce
    2081 Danby Road, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Health Policy Plan 20:i69-i76. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Representative sampling and analysis in HIV molecular epidemiology studies
    Joris Hemelaar
    AIDS 22:322-3. 2008
  27. ncbi request reprint Improving facility-based care for sick children in Uganda: training is not enough
    George W Pariyo
    Department of Health Policy Planning and Management, Makerere University Institute of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Health Policy Plan 20:i58-i68. 2005
    ..Other factors including training quality, effective supervision, availability of essential drugs, vaccines and equipment, and the policy context are also important and must be included in child survival policies and plans...
  28. ncbi request reprint Pediatric mortality in Africa: plasmodium falciparum malaria as a cause or risk?
    Robert W Snow
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:16-24. 2004
    ..In conclusion, the disability and death burden due to malaria in African children could be higher than that detectable from cause-specific DALY estimations...