Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
- Focusing the HIV response through estimating the major modes of HIV transmission: a multi-country analysisEleanor Gouws
Evidence, Policy and Innovation Department, UNAIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
Sex Transm Infect 88:i76-85. 2012..We compare results from studies conducted between 2008 and 2012 and discuss their use for planning and responding to the HIV epidemic...
- The epidemiology of HIV infection among young people aged 15-24 years in southern AfricaEleanor Gouws
Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
AIDS 22:S5-16. 2008..To investigate epidemiological patterns and trends of HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young people aged 15-24 years in the nine countries in southern Africa most affected by the HIV epidemic...
- Comparison of adult HIV prevalence from national population-based surveys and antenatal clinic surveillance in countries with generalised epidemics: implications for calibrating surveillance dataE Gouws
Epidemiology and Analysis Division, Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
Sex Transm Infect 84:i17-i23. 2008..We compare adult HIV prevalence estimates from antenatal clinic surveillance to those from national population-based surveys to assess the implications for calibrating surveillance data...
- Short term estimates of adult HIV incidence by mode of transmission: Kenya and Thailand as examplesE Gouws
Department of Policy, Evidence and Partnership, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
Sex Transm Infect 82:iii51-55. 2006..In order to adapt prevention strategies to changing patterns of risk, we need to understand the behaviours that put people at risk of infection and how new infections are distributed among risk groups...
- Measuring the quality of child health care at first-level facilitiesEleanor Gouws
Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Soc Sci Med 61:613-25. 2005..Child survival policymakers, program planners and implementers can use these tools to improve their monitoring and so increase the health impact of investments in health facility care...
- Improving antimicrobial use among health workers in first-level facilities: results from the multi-country evaluation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness strategyEleanor Gouws
Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 82:509-15. 2004..Prescribing these drugs only when necessary and ensuring that those who receive them complete the full course can slow the development of antimicrobial resistance...
- HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and CD4+ cell count distributions in African populationsBrian G Williams
Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva 1211 CH 1211, Switzerland
J Infect Dis 194:1450-8. 2006....
- Malaria attributable to the HIV-1 epidemic, sub-Saharan AfricaEline L Korenromp
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1410-9. 2005..These effects were due to high HIV-1 prevalence in rural areas and the locally unstable nature of malaria transmission that results in a high proportion of adult cases...
- The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan AfricaBrian G Williams
World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland
PLoS Med 3:e262. 2006..We explore the implications of this finding for the promotion of MC as a public health intervention to control HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
- How much does quality of child care vary between health workers with differing durations of training? An observational multicountry studyLuis Huicho
Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia and Instituto de Salud del Niño, Lima, Peru, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 372:910-6. 2008..We compared the performance of different categories of health workers who are trained in Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)...
- Measurement of trends in childhood malaria mortality in Africa: an assessment of progress toward targets based on verbal autopsyEline L Korenromp
Malaria Control Department of WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet Infect Dis 3:349-58. 2003....
- Global and regional distribution of HIV-1 genetic subtypes and recombinants in 2004Joris Hemelaar
WHO/UNAIDS HIV Vaccine Initiative, Geneva, Switzerland
AIDS 20:W13-23. 2006..The results could serve as an important resource for HIV scientists, public health officials and HIV vaccine developers...
- Towards an improved investment approach for an effective response to HIV/AIDSBernhard Schwartlander
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 377:2031-41. 2011..The framework is cost effective at $1060 per life-year gained, and the additional investment proposed would be largely offset from savings in treatment costs alone...
- Estimates of world-wide distribution of child deaths from acute respiratory infectionsBrian G Williams
World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 27, CH 1211, Switzerland
Lancet Infect Dis 2:25-32. 2002..This analysis suggests that throughout the world 1.9 million (95% CI 1.6-2.2 million) children died from ARI in 2000, 70% of them in Africa and southeast Asia...
- Changing patterns of knowledge, reported behaviour and sexually transmitted infections in a South African gold mining communityBrian G Williams
16 rue de la Canonniere, Geneva 1202, Switzerland
AIDS 17:2099-107. 2003..This included community-based peer education, condom distribution, syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections (STI), and presumptive STI treatment for sex workers...
- High incidence of HIV-1 in South Africa using a standardized algorithm for recent HIV seroconversionEleanor Gouws
Medical Research Council, Congella, South Africa
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:531-5. 2002..The HIV-1 incidence rates provide valuable additional information indicating that new infections are continuing unabated and that the HIV-1 epidemic is still growing in rural South Africa...
- Integrated Management of Childhood Illness: efficiency of primary health in Northeast BrazilDébora G Amorim
Núcleo de Ensino, Assistência e Pesquisa da Infância Cesar Victora, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
Rev Saude Publica 42:183-90. 2008..The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the strategy on the quality of child health care provided at primary facilities...
- Response to Brown et al., 'Incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus type 2 infection increases risk of HIV acquisition among women in Uganda and Zimbabwe'Brian G Williams
AIDS 21:2356-7. 2007
- The global impact of scaling up HIV/AIDS prevention programs in low- and middle-income countriesJohn Stover
Futures Group/Constella, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
Science 311:1474-6. 2006..Thus, greater spending on prevention now would not only prevent more than half the new infections that would occur from 2005 to 2015 but would actually produce a net financial saving as future costs for treatment and care are averted...
- Global epidemiology of HIV-AIDSSalim S Abdool Karim
Centre for the AIDS Program of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, 4013 Durban, South Africa
Infect Dis Clin North Am 21:1-17, vii. 2007..This article describes the modes of HIV transmission, geographic distribution of the evolving AIDS pandemic, and case studies of each of the three types of HIV epidemics, and presents global trends in AIDS and mortality...
- Effect of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) on health worker performance in Northeast-BrazilJoao Amaral
Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil
Cad Saude Publica 20:S209-19. 2004..We conclude that while there is room for further improvement, IMCI case management training significantly improves health worker performance, and that parts of Brazil that have not yet introduced IMCI should be encouraged to do so...
- GB virus type C coinfection in HIV-infected African mothers and their infants, KwaZulu Natal, South AfricaMahomed A Sathar
Department of Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Natal, Congella, Durban, South Africa
Clin Infect Dis 38:405-9. 2004..The immunological indices measured tend to suggest an association with protection and or delayed progression of HIV disease in GBV-C-infected mothers...
- The impact of incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus-2 infection on the incidence of HIV-1 infection among commercial sex workers in South AfricaGita Ramjee
HIV-1 Prevention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:333-9. 2005..Drawing on other recent studies these data suggest that incident HSV-2 infection increases the risk of HIV-1 infection; the effect wanes with time since infection; and the effect is significantly greater for men than it is for women...
- Diabetes and other disorders of glycemia in a rural South African community: prevalence and associated risk factorsAyesha A Motala
Department of Endocrinology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
Diabetes Care 31:1783-8. 2008..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), impaired fasting glycemia (IFG), and associated risk factors in a rural South African black community...
- Improving quality and efficiency of facility-based child health care through Integrated Management of Childhood Illness in TanzaniaJennifer Bryce
2081 Danby Road, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
Health Policy Plan 20:i69-i76. 2005....
- Representative sampling and analysis in HIV molecular epidemiology studiesJoris Hemelaar
AIDS 22:322-3. 2008
- Improving facility-based care for sick children in Uganda: training is not enoughGeorge W Pariyo
Department of Health Policy Planning and Management, Makerere University Institute of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
Health Policy Plan 20:i58-i68. 2005..Other factors including training quality, effective supervision, availability of essential drugs, vaccines and equipment, and the policy context are also important and must be included in child survival policies and plans...
- Pediatric mortality in Africa: plasmodium falciparum malaria as a cause or risk?Robert W Snow
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Nairobi, Kenya
Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:16-24. 2004..In conclusion, the disability and death burden due to malaria in African children could be higher than that detectable from cause-specific DALY estimations...