Ernst Fehr

Summary

Affiliation: Institute for Empirical Research in Economics
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Diminishing reciprocal fairness by disrupting the right prefrontal cortex
    Daria Knoch
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 314:829-32. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Social neuroeconomics: the neural circuitry of social preferences
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Zurich, CH 8006, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:419-27. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Egalitarianism in young children
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 454:1079-83. 2008
  4. doi request reprint The neural circuitry of a broken promise
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuron 64:756-70. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Dorsolateral and ventromedial prefrontal cortex orchestrate normative choice
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Department of Economics, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 14:1468-74. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Human altruism: economic, neural, and evolutionary perspectives
    Ernst Fehr
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Bluemlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zuerich, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:784-90. 2004
  7. doi request reprint Oxytocin shapes the neural circuitry of trust and trust adaptation in humans
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Center for the Study of Social and Neural Systems, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuron 58:639-50. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint The neural basis of altruistic punishment
    Dominique J F de Quervain
    Division of Psychiatry Research, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 305:1254-8. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Studying the neurobiology of social interaction with transcranial direct current stimulation--the example of punishing unfairness
    Daria Knoch
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 18:1987-90. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 422:137-40. 2003

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint Diminishing reciprocal fairness by disrupting the right prefrontal cortex
    Daria Knoch
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 314:829-32. 2006
    ..Importantly, however, subjects still judge such offers as very unfair, which indicates that the right DLPFC plays a key role in the implementation of fairness-related behaviors...
  2. ncbi request reprint Social neuroeconomics: the neural circuitry of social preferences
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Zurich, CH 8006, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:419-27. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Egalitarianism in young children
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 454:1079-83. 2008
    ....
  4. doi request reprint The neural circuitry of a broken promise
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuron 64:756-70. 2009
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Dorsolateral and ventromedial prefrontal cortex orchestrate normative choice
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Department of Economics, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 14:1468-74. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that a parsimonious prefrontal network, the activation of right DLPFC and pVMPFC, and the connectivity between them, facilitates subjects' willingness to incur the cost of normative decisions...
  6. ncbi request reprint Human altruism: economic, neural, and evolutionary perspectives
    Ernst Fehr
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Bluemlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zuerich, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:784-90. 2004
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Oxytocin shapes the neural circuitry of trust and trust adaptation in humans
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Center for the Study of Social and Neural Systems, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuron 58:639-50. 2008
    ..These findings may help to develop deeper insights into mental disorders such as social phobia and autism, which are characterized by persistent fear or avoidance of social interactions...
  8. ncbi request reprint The neural basis of altruistic punishment
    Dominique J F de Quervain
    Division of Psychiatry Research, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 305:1254-8. 2004
    ..Our findings support the hypothesis that people derive satisfaction from punishing norm violations and that the activation in the dorsal striatum reflects the anticipated satisfaction from punishing defectors...
  9. ncbi request reprint Studying the neurobiology of social interaction with transcranial direct current stimulation--the example of punishing unfairness
    Daria Knoch
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 18:1987-90. 2008
    ..Here we show that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can overcome these limits. We apply right prefrontal cathodal tDCS and show that subjects' propensity to punish unfair behavior is reduced significantly...
  10. ncbi request reprint Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 422:137-40. 2003
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Resisting the power of temptations: the right prefrontal cortex and self-control
    Daria Knoch
    Institute of Empirircal Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1104:123-34. 2007
    ..Based on the results of these studies, we dare to claim that the capacity to resist temptation depends on the activity level of the right prefrontal cortex (PFC)...
  12. doi request reprint Tonic activity level in the right prefrontal cortex predicts individuals' risk taking
    Lorena R R Gianotti
    The KEY Institute for Brain Mind Research, University Hospital of Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Psychol Sci 20:33-8. 2009
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Parochial altruism in humans
    Helen Bernhard
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 442:912-5. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint The nature of human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 425:785-91. 2003
    ..Current gene-based evolutionary theories cannot explain important patterns of human altruism, pointing towards the importance of both theories of cultural evolution as well as gene-culture co-evolution...
  15. pmc Eyes are on us, but nobody cares: are eye cues relevant for strong reciprocity?
    Ernst Fehr
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, BlĂĽmlisalpstrasse, Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Biol Sci 277:1315-23. 2010
    ..These results cast doubt on hypotheses suggesting that strong reciprocity is easily malleable by implicit reputation cues not backed by explicit reputation incentives...
  16. ncbi request reprint Dopamine receptor D4 polymorphism predicts the effect of L-DOPA on gambling behavior
    Christoph Eisenegger
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Biol Psychiatry 67:702-6. 2010
    ..Using a pharmacogenetic approach, we investigated how variation in this gene modulates the impact of dopaminergic stimulation on gambling behavior in healthy subjects...
  17. doi request reprint The coevolution of cultural groups and ingroup favoritism
    Charles Efferson
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 321:1844-9. 2008
    ..Our results support the prominent evolutionary hypothesis that cultural processes can reshape the selective pressures facing individuals and so favor the evolution of behavioral traits not previously advantaged...
  18. pmc Wrath of God: religious primes and punishment
    Ryan McKay
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Biol Sci 278:1858-63. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Oxytocin increases trust in humans
    Michael Kosfeld
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 435:673-6. 2005
    ..These results concur with animal research suggesting an essential role for oxytocin as a biological basis of prosocial approach behaviour...
  20. ncbi request reprint Social norms and human cooperation
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:185-90. 2004
    ..Moreover, the explicit study of sanctioning behavior provides instruments for measuring social norms and has also led to deeper insights into the proximate and ultimate forces behind human cooperation...
  21. ncbi request reprint Altruistic punishment in humans
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 415:137-40. 2002
    ..These results suggest that future study of the evolution of human cooperation should include a strong focus on explaining altruistic punishment...
  22. ncbi request reprint On the psychology of poverty
    Johannes Haushofer
    Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 30 Wadsworth Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA Program in Economics, History, and Politics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, Zurich 8006, Switzerland Department of Psychology and Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 344:862-7. 2014
    ..We conclude by pointing toward specific gaps in our knowledge and outlining poverty alleviation programs that this mechanism suggests. ..
  23. doi request reprint Linking brain structure and activation in temporoparietal junction to explain the neurobiology of human altruism
    Yosuke Morishima
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuron 75:73-9. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint You shouldn't have: your brain on others' crimes
    Johannes Haushofer
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zurich
    Neuron 60:738-40. 2008
    ..This finding sheds light on the neural mechanisms underlying moral judgment from a third-party perspective...
  25. pmc Other-regarding preferences in a non-human primate: common marmosets provision food altruistically
    Judith M Burkart
    Anthropological Institute, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19762-6. 2007
    ..Because humans and marmosets are cooperative breeders and the only two primate taxa in which such unsolicited prosociality has been found, we conclude that these prosocial predispositions may emanate from cooperative breeding...
  26. ncbi request reprint The productivity of failures
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 428:701. 2004
  27. ncbi request reprint The neurobiology of rewards and values in social decision making
    Christian C Ruff
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Bluemlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nat Rev Neurosci 15:549-62. 2014
    ..In this Review, we outline a theoretical framework that may help to identify possible overlaps and differences between the neural processes that guide social and non-social decision making. ..
  28. pmc No effects of psychosocial stress on intertemporal choice
    Johannes Haushofer
    Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e78597. 2013
    ..Together, we did not find support for the hypothesis that psychosocial laboratory stressors affect intertemporal choice. ..
  29. doi request reprint The mentalizing network orchestrates the impact of parochial altruism on social norm enforcement
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Department of Psychology, Laboratory for Social and Affective Neuroscience, University of Basel, Switzerland
    Hum Brain Mapp 33:1452-69. 2012
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint The neural signature of social norm compliance
    Manfred Spitzer
    University of Ulm, University Hospital for Psychiatry, Psychiatry III, Leimgrubenweg 1214, 89075, Ulm, Germany
    Neuron 56:185-96. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint When does "economic man" dominate social behavior?
    Colin F Camerer
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Science 311:47-52. 2006
    ..Recently developed theories of other-regarding preferences and bounded rationality explain these findings and provide better predictions of actual aggregate behavior than does traditional economic theory...
  32. ncbi request reprint "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 28:795-815; discussion 815-55. 2005
    ..Fifth, in many cases experimental play appears to reflect the common interactional patterns of everyday life...
  33. ncbi request reprint Human behaviour: don't lose your reputation
    Ernst Fehr
    Nature 432:449-50. 2004
  34. ncbi request reprint The economics of impatience
    Ernst Fehr
    Nature 415:269-72. 2002
  35. pmc An incentive solution to the peer review problem
    Marc Hauser
    PLoS Biol 5:e107. 2007