- Awareness during anaesthesia: a prospective case studyR H Sandin
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Lanssjukhuset, Kalmar, Sweden
Lancet 355:707-11. 2000..Knowledge about the effectiveness of current protective measures is scarce, as is our understanding of patients' responses to this complication. We did a prospective case study to assess conscious awareness during anaesthesia...
- Outcome after awareness with explicit recallR Sandin
Department for Pharmacology and Physiology, Section for Anesthesiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Anaesthesiol Belg 57:429-32. 2006..The majority of available studies on suffering due to awareness are retrospective, and potential selection bias in the studied cohorts should be considered when the likelihood for negative experiences of awareness are discussed...
- Reduction in the incidence of awareness using BIS monitoringA Ekman
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Regional Hospital, Kalmar, and the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:20-6. 2004..2% of patients given general anaesthesia including muscle relaxants. This prospective study was performed to evaluate if cerebral monitoring using BIS to guide the conduction of anaesthesia could reduce this incidence significantly...
- A comparison of bispectral index and rapidly extracted auditory evoked potentials index responses to noxious stimulation during sevoflurane anesthesiaA Ekman
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Regional Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden
Anesth Analg 99:1141-6, table of contents. 2004....
- Pharyngeal function and airway protection during subhypnotic concentrations of propofol, isoflurane, and sevoflurane: volunteers examined by pharyngeal videoradiography and simultaneous manometryE Sundman
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Karolinska Hospital and Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Anesthesiology 95:1125-32. 2001..This study was performed to evaluate pharyngeal function during subhypnotic concentrations of propofol, isoflurane, and sevoflurane and to compare the drugs for possible differences in this respect...
- Victims of awarenessC Lennmarken
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Vrinnevisjukhuset, Norrkoping, Sweden
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 46:229-31. 2002..However, the average risk for developing mental sequelae after awareness, and the average severity and the duration of symptoms has not previously been illustrated in a consecutive series of awareness cases...
- Relax, be aware, and know what you are doingR Sandin
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 46:343-4. 2002