Juan Merlo

Summary

Country: Sweden

Publications

  1. pmc Low adherence with antihypertensives in actual practice: the association with social participation--a multilevel analysis
    Kristina Johnell
    Centre for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 5:17. 2005
  2. ncbi [Equally good care of myocardial infarction in Sweden today. Geographic differences in mortality are without significance for the individual patient]
    Juan Merlo
    Samhällsmedicinska institutionen, Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmo
    Lakartidningen 102:20-3. 2005
  3. pmc A brief conceptual tutorial on multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: investigating contextual phenomena in different groups of people
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:729-36. 2005
  4. ncbi [Geographical differences in mortality after myocardial infarction? Coincidence claims many victims--small hospitals suffer most of all!]
    Juan Merlo
    Samhällsmedicinska institutionen, Lunds universitet, Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmo
    Lakartidningen 102:150-1. 2005
  5. ncbi [Better drug management can improve public health--a study of possible drug interactions by scrutinizing prescriptions dispensing by pharmacies]
    Juan Merlo
    Lunds universitet
    Lakartidningen 99:922-5. 2002
  6. pmc A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: using measures of clustering in multilevel logistic regression to investigate contextual phenomena
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Clinical Sciences Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:290-7. 2006
  7. ncbi [Multilevel analysis of regional disparities in survival after heart failure: differences between county health services affect little patients' prognosis]
    J Merlo
    Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmo
    Lakartidningen 98:4838-44. 2001
  8. pmc Diastolic blood pressure and area of residence: multilevel versus ecological analysis of social inequity
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:791-8. 2001
  9. ncbi Comparison of different procedures to identify probable cases of myocardial infarction and stroke in two Swedish prospective cohort studies using local and national routine registers
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund, University, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 16:235-43. 2000
  10. ncbi Self-administered questionnaire compared with a personal diary for assessment of current use of hormone therapy: an analysis of 16,060 women
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 152:788-92. 2000

Detail Information

Publications95

  1. pmc Low adherence with antihypertensives in actual practice: the association with social participation--a multilevel analysis
    Kristina Johnell
    Centre for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 5:17. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine whether low social participation is associated with low adherence with antihypertensive medication, and if this association is modified by the municipality of residence...
  2. ncbi [Equally good care of myocardial infarction in Sweden today. Geographic differences in mortality are without significance for the individual patient]
    Juan Merlo
    Samhällsmedicinska institutionen, Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmo
    Lakartidningen 102:20-3. 2005
    ....
  3. pmc A brief conceptual tutorial on multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: investigating contextual phenomena in different groups of people
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:729-36. 2005
    ..Design and..
  4. ncbi [Geographical differences in mortality after myocardial infarction? Coincidence claims many victims--small hospitals suffer most of all!]
    Juan Merlo
    Samhällsmedicinska institutionen, Lunds universitet, Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmo
    Lakartidningen 102:150-1. 2005
  5. ncbi [Better drug management can improve public health--a study of possible drug interactions by scrutinizing prescriptions dispensing by pharmacies]
    Juan Merlo
    Lunds universitet
    Lakartidningen 99:922-5. 2002
  6. pmc A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: using measures of clustering in multilevel logistic regression to investigate contextual phenomena
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Clinical Sciences Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:290-7. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to present measures of variation appropriate for the logistic case in a didactic rather than a mathematical way. Design and..
  7. ncbi [Multilevel analysis of regional disparities in survival after heart failure: differences between county health services affect little patients' prognosis]
    J Merlo
    Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmo
    Lakartidningen 98:4838-44. 2001
    ..The limited differences distinguishable at the county level may be explained in part by physician density: the more physicians in a county, the better an individual patient's prognosis...
  8. pmc Diastolic blood pressure and area of residence: multilevel versus ecological analysis of social inequity
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:791-8. 2001
    ..To compare the results of multilevel and ecological analyses...
  9. ncbi Comparison of different procedures to identify probable cases of myocardial infarction and stroke in two Swedish prospective cohort studies using local and national routine registers
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund, University, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 16:235-43. 2000
    ..Local registers were not completely covered by the national register, but the accessible combination of national inpatient and mortality registers was an efficient alternative...
  10. ncbi Self-administered questionnaire compared with a personal diary for assessment of current use of hormone therapy: an analysis of 16,060 women
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 152:788-92. 2000
    ..Compared with a personal diary, a simple self-administered questionnaire is a valid method for assessing current use of hormone therapy...
  11. ncbi Mortality in elderly men with low psychosocial coping resources using anxiolytic-hypnotic drugs
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 28:294-7. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate if use of anxiolytic-hypnotic drugs counters the increased mortality observed in individuals lacking other coping strategies such as emotional support and social participation...
  12. pmc Survival after initial hospitalisation for heart failure: a multilevel analysis of patients in Swedish acute care hospitals
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:323-9. 2001
    ..This study, therefore, sought to disentangle patient determinants from institutional factors that might explain such variation...
  13. ncbi Association of outpatient utilisation of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hospitalised heart failure in the entire Swedish population
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 57:71-5. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi Utilization of cardiovascular drugs (blood pressure lowering drugs, lipid lowering drugs and nitrates) and mortality from ischaemic heart disease and stroke. An ecological analysis based on Sweden's municipalities
    J Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Medical Research Centre, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 55:69-76. 1999
    ....
  15. doi Socioeconomic position, comorbidity, and mortality in aortic aneurysms: a 13-year prospective cohort study
    Tomas Ohrlander
    Vascular Center Malmö Lund, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Ann Vasc Surg 26:312-21. 2012
    ..Identification of AA was based on hospital discharge diagnosis obtained from the Swedish Patient Register or from the information on death certificates from the Cause of Death Register...
  16. pmc Similar support for three different life course socioeconomic models on predicting premature cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality
    Maria Rosvall
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 6:203. 2006
    ..The purpose of the present study was to study the relation between socioeconomic position (SEP) and mortality using different conceptual models in the whole population of Scania...
  17. pmc The association between socioeconomic position, use of revascularization procedures and five-year survival after recovery from acute myocardial infarction
    Maria Rosvall
    Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 8:44. 2008
    ..In this Swedish nation-wide longitudinal study we wanted to evaluate long-term survival after AMI in relation to socioeconomic position (SEP) and use of revascularization...
  18. ncbi Social capital, the miniaturisation of community, traditionalism and first time acute myocardial infarction: a prospective cohort study in southern Sweden
    Sadiq M Ali
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 63:2204-17. 2006
    ..6 (1.0-2.6)...
  19. pmc Contribution of main causes of death to social inequalities in mortality in the whole population of Scania, Sweden
    Maria Rosvall
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 6:79. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine which causes of death contribute the most to social inequalities in mortality in each age group in the whole population of Scania, Sweden...
  20. pmc The role country of birth plays in receiving disability pensions in relation to patterns of health care utilisation and socioeconomic differences: a multilevel analysis of Malmo, Sweden
    Anders Beckman
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 6:71. 2006
    ..However, few studies have investigated the influence of a patient's country of birth in this context...
  21. doi Socioeconomic position and secondary preventive therapy after an AMI
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Faculty of Medicine, Social Epidemiology, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:358-66. 2010
    ....
  22. pmc A brief conceptual tutorial on multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: interpreting neighbourhood differences and the effect of neighbourhood characteristics on individual health
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine Section of Preventive Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Campus Malmö, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:1022-8. 2005
    ..Design and..
  23. ncbi Effect of neighborhood social participation on individual use of hormone replacement therapy and antihypertensive medication: a multilevel analysis
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 157:774-83. 2003
    ..68). The Malmö neighborhoods were homogeneous with regard to HRT and especially AHM use. However, differences in neighborhood social participation affected HRT use independently of individual characteristics...
  24. pmc Antibiotic use among 8-month-old children in Malmö, Sweden--in relation to child characteristics and parental sociodemographic, psychosocial and lifestyle factors
    Elisabeth Mangrio
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Epidemiology, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    BMC Pediatr 9:31. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and residential instability: effects on incidence of ischemic heart disease and survival after myocardial infarction
    Basile Chaix
    Community Medicine and Public Health, the Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Epidemiology 18:104-11. 2007
    ..Moreover, we investigated whether dissimilar contextual influences operate at different stages of the disease process, ie, on incidence, 1-day case-fatality, and long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction (MI)...
  26. ncbi Gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age strata: a population-based study in southern Sweden
    Sadiq M Ali
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 37:146-52. 2009
    ..To investigate gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age groups in southern Sweden...
  27. doi Social capital externalities and mortality in Sweden
    M Kamrul Islam
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo, Lund University, Sweden
    Econ Hum Biol 6:19-42. 2008
    ..134) and deaths due to "suicide" (p=0.186) or "other external causes" (p=0.055). Similar associations were observed for the crime rate variable. The findings were robust to alternative specifications examined in the sensitivity analysis...
  28. ncbi Income change at retirement, neighbourhood-based social support, and ischaemic heart disease: results from the prospective cohort study "Men born in 1914"
    Basile Chaix
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 64:818-29. 2007
    ..This socioeconomic gradient was partly mediated by the protective effect of neighbourhood-based social support, which may be particularly important among the elderly in compensating for social disruptions related to retirement...
  29. ncbi Recent increase of neighborhood socioeconomic effects on ischemic heart disease mortality: a multilevel survival analysis of two large Swedish cohorts
    Basile Chaix
    Community Medicine and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 165:22-6. 2007
    ..This increase in the contribution of neighborhood factors to the socioeconomic gradient in ischemic heart disease urges investigation into the exact mechanisms between the residential context and coronary health...
  30. ncbi Use of calcium channel blockers as antihypertensives in relation to mortality and cancer incidence: a population-based observational study
    Gunnar Lindberg
    NEPI Foundation, Medical Research Centre, Malmo University Hospital, SE 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:493-7. 2002
    ..The current investigation aimed to compare mortality and cancer incidence in hypertensive patients treated with calcium channel blockers (CCB) or with other antihypertensive drugs (AHD)...
  31. pmc A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: linking the statistical concept of clustering to the idea of contextual phenomenon
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Clinical Sciences Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Campus Malmö, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:443-9. 2005
    ..A link is provided, which will be comprehensible to epidemiologists, between MLRA and social epidemiological concepts, particularly between the statistical idea of clustering and the concept of contextual phenomenon...
  32. doi Does it really matter where you live? A panel data multilevel analysis of Swedish municipality-level social capital on individual health-related quality of life
    M Kamrul Islam
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo, Lund University, Sweden
    Health Econ Policy Law 1:209-35. 2006
    ....
  33. doi Auditing patient registration in the Swedish quality register for acute coronary syndrome
    Maria Rosvall
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Epidemiology, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 38:533-40. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi Individual self-reported health, social participation and neighbourhood: a multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Medicine, University Hospital MAS, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Prev Med 39:135-41. 2004
    ..The influence of neighbourhood and individual factors on self-reported health was investigated...
  35. ncbi [Is Denmark a Swedish health risk? Analysis of alcohol-related hospitalization in Scania]
    Johan Jarl
    Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Malmo, Lunds universitet
    Lakartidningen 104:1783-6. 2007
  36. doi Revisiting causal neighborhood effects on individual ischemic heart disease risk: a quasi-experimental multilevel analysis among Swedish siblings
    Juan Merlo
    Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Jan Waldenströms Street 35, 20502 Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 76:39-46. 2013
    ..In contrast the high family level VPC = 20.1% confirms the relevance of the family context for understanding IHD risk...
  37. ncbi Acculturation and celiac disease risk in second-generation immigrants: a nationwide cohort study in Sweden
    Carl Johan Wingren
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Gastroenterol 47:1174-80. 2012
    ..If environmental factors are relevant, CD risk in second-generation immigrant children should be related to maternal length of stay in Sweden before delivery...
  38. ncbi Survival in patients with hypertension treated in primary care. A population-based follow-up study in the Skaraborg Hypertension and Diabetes Project
    Erik Bøg-Hansen
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 22:222-7. 2004
    ..To explore risk factors for all-cause mortality in patients with hypertension...
  39. ncbi Disentangling contextual effects on cause-specific mortality in a longitudinal 23-year follow-up study: impact of population density or socioeconomic environment?
    Basile Chaix
    Community Medicine and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmo, Malmo University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 35:633-43. 2006
    ..Almost no studies have attempted to disentangle effects of population density and socioeconomic environment on mortality, beyond the effects of individual characteristics...
  40. doi Therapeutic traditions, patient socioeconomic characteristics and physicians' early new drug prescribing--a multilevel analysis of rosuvastatin prescription in south Sweden
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmo, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:141-50. 2009
    ..To investigate the role that both patient and outpatient factors related to health care practice (HCP) play in physicians' early adoption of rosuvastatin...
  41. ncbi Overweight and all-cause mortality in a Swedish rural population: Skaraborg Hypertension and Diabetes Project
    Maria Nyholm
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 33:478-86. 2005
    ..To explore the prevalence of overweight in men and women in a Swedish rural community and to examine its associations with all-cause mortality...
  42. pmc Adolescents' utilisation of psychiatric care, neighbourhoods and neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation: a multilevel analysis
    Anna Karin Ivert
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 8:e81127. 2013
    ..However, since geographical, social or cultural contexts may be important for our understanding of adolescent mental health further research is needed to identify such contexts...
  43. ncbi Representativity of a postal public health questionnaire survey in Sweden, with special reference to ethnic differences in participation
    Frida Carlsson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 34:132-9. 2006
    ..The survey, which was based on an 18- to 80-year-old population sample, had a 58% response rate (n = 13 604)...
  44. ncbi Increasing prevalence of overweight, obesity and physical inactivity: two population-based studies 1986 and 1994
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Medicine, University Hospital MAS, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 13:306-12. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the 1986-1994 trend in obesity, overweight and sedentary leisure-time physical activity status, and the educational gradient in overweight and obesity in the city of Malmö, Sweden...
  45. ncbi Individual and neighbourhood determinants of social participation and social capital: a multilevel analysis of the city of Malmö, Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Health, University Hospital MAS, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 54:1779-91. 2002
    ..Our study supports Putnam's notion that social capital, which is suggested to be an important factor for population health and possibly for health equity, is an aspect that is partly contextual in its nature...
  46. pmc Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmö, Sweden, in 2001
    Basile Chaix
    Community Medicine and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:427-35. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Is physician adherence to prescription guidelines a general trait of health care practices or dependent on drug type?--a multilevel logistic regression analysis in South Sweden
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 18:682-90. 2009
    ..Our goal was to determine whether adherence to prescription guidelines is a common trait of HCPs or dependent on drug type...
  48. pmc Testing the association between social capital and health over time: a family-based design
    Giuseppe N Giordano
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University Region Skåne, Malmo, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 13:665. 2013
    ..However, this association could be confounded by unmeasured factors, such as the shared environment. Currently, there is a distinct lack of social capital research that takes into account such residual confounding...
  49. doi Sex differences in coeliac disease risk: a Swedish sibling design study
    Carl Johan Wingren
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Dig Liver Dis 44:909-13. 2012
    ..However, the observed association might be confounded, since maternal coeliac disease is associated with both an increased risk of the disease in first-degree relatives as well as an increased ratio of girls to boys in offspring...
  50. ncbi Psychotropic drugs and accidents in Scania, Sweden
    Birgit Modén
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmo, Social Medicine and Health Politics, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, and CRC, Scania University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 22:726-32. 2012
    ..e. falling accidents and transportation accidents, respectively, in the whole population aged≥18 years in the county of Scania, Sweden...
  51. doi Revisiting the risk of celiac disease in children born small for gestational age: a sibling design perspective
    Carl Johan Wingren
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Unit for Social Epidemiology, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Gastroenterol 47:632-9. 2012
    ..We investigate whether SGA is causally associated with CD before age six years by applying both conventional population-based regression models and sibling analysis that investigates the association in siblings discordant for SGA...
  52. pmc Health care utilisation and attitudes towards health care in subjects reporting environmental annoyance from electricity and chemicals
    Frida Eek
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    J Environ Public Health 2009:106389. 2009
    ..This may partly depend on negative attitudes towards the health care in this group...
  53. ncbi Social capital and administrative contextual determinants of lack of access to a regular doctor: a multilevel analysis in southern Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Health Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Health Policy 79:153-64. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of contextual (social capital and administrative/neo-materialist) and individual factors on lack of access to a regular doctor...
  54. ncbi Social capital and sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood: a population-based multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Medicine, University Hospital MAS, Lund University, S 205 02, Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 56:1111-20. 2003
    ..This study suggests that social capital, measured as electoral participation, may partly explain the individual's sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood...
  55. ncbi Female advantage in AMI mortality is reversed in patients with type 2 diabetes in the Skaraborg Project
    Charlotte A Larsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Diabetes Care 28:2246-8. 2005
  56. ncbi Individual and contextual determinants of self-reported poor psychological health: a population-based multilevel analysis in southern Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 34:397-405. 2006
    ..To investigate the influence of contextual and individual factors on self-reported psychological health...
  57. ncbi Social capital and neo-materialist contextual determinants of sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood: a multilevel analysis in Southern Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Health Place 12:479-89. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of contextual (social capital and neo-materialist) and individual factors on sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood...
  58. ncbi Population effects on individual systolic blood pressure: a multilevel analysis of the World Health Organization MONICA Project
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Community Medicine, Section of Preventive Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1168-79. 2004
    ..This empirical evidence of a population effect on individual SBP emphasizes the importance of developing population-wide strategies to reduce individual risk of hypertension...
  59. pmc Multilevel analysis of systolic blood pressure and ACE gene I/D polymorphism in 438 Swedish families--a public health perspective
    Juan Merlo
    Department of Health and Health Care Management Epidemiology, Region Skåne, Lund, Sweden
    BMC Med Genet 7:14. 2006
    ..We aimed to combine genetic epidemiology with public health ideas concerning life-course and multilevel epidemiology in order to understand the role of familial factors regarding individual SBP...
  60. pmc Revisiting the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring birthweight: a quasi-experimental sibling analysis in Sweden
    Sol Pía Juárez
    Centre for Economic Demography, Unit for Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 8:e61734. 2013
    ..Besides, further analyses are needed in order to explain the mechanisms through which smoking reduces birthweight and to identify other maternal characteristics that are common causes of both birthweight reduction and maternal smoking...
  61. pmc Questioning the causal link between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring use of psychotropic medication: a sibling design analysis
    Lovisa Söderström
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 8:e63420. 2013
    ..22; 95% confidence interval 1.08, 1.38). Preventing smoking is of major public health importance. However, SDP per se appears to have less influence on offspring psychotropic drug use than previously suggested...
  62. doi Congenital anomalies and childhood celiac disease in Sweden
    Carl Johan Wingren
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Unit for Social Epidemiology, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 55:736-9. 2012
    ..We observed that anomalies of face, neck, ear, heart, digestive tract, or chromosomes were associated with CD...
  63. doi Coeliac disease in children: a social epidemiological study in Sweden
    Carl Johan Wingren
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 101:185-91. 2012
    ..Little is known on the possible existence of socioeconomic and geographical differences in early coeliac disease (CD) risk. Therefore, we investigated these aspects in children before age two...
  64. doi Place effects for areas defined by administrative boundaries: a life course analysis of mortality and cause specific morbidity in Scania, Sweden
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Social Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, SUS, CRC, Ing 72, 20502 Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 73:1145-51. 2011
    ..Valuable information for planning public health interventions might be obtained by considering measures of variance and clustering from specific contexts before implementing strategic programs...
  65. ncbi The Danish effect on Swedish alcohol costs. An analysis based on hospitalization data from southern Sweden
    Johan Jarl
    Department of Clinical Science, Malmo, Lund University, Sweden
    Eur J Health Econ 7:46-54. 2006
    ..We also found indications that the increase in import quotas lead to a higher cost increase for heavy consumers than for low consumers...
  66. ncbi Is there an interaction between self-rated health and medication with analgesics and hypnotics in the prediction of disability pension?
    Nils Ove Månsson
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 30:267-73. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the possible interaction between SRH and use of analgesics and hypnotics and its ability to predict disability pension...
  67. ncbi Research methods courses as a means of developing academic general practice. Fifteen years' experience from Sweden and Denmark
    Anders Hakansson
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö General Practice Family Medicine, Lund University, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 23:132-6. 2005
    ..The authors have thus succeeded in their goal of giving basic scientific schooling to many physicians and recruiting some for further research...
  68. ncbi Action control and situational risks in the prevention of HIV and STIs: individual, dyadic, and social influences on consistent condom use in a university population
    Gary R Svenson
    Department of Community Hospital, Lund University, Sweden
    AIDS Educ Prev 14:515-31. 2002
    ..The results contribute new knowledge on action control in predicting sexual risk behaviors and lends support to the conceptualization and analysis of HIV/sexually transmitted infection prevention at multiple levels of influence...
  69. ncbi Hospital level of care and neonatal mortality in low- and high-risk deliveries: reassessing the question in Sweden by multilevel analysis
    Juan Merlo
    Community Medicine, Department of Clinical Science, Malmo University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Med Care 43:1092-100. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate both the relevance of regionalization and the concentration of neonatal resources as determinants of mortality in low- and high-risk deliveries in Sweden...
  70. ncbi Is the physician's adherence to prescription guidelines associated with the patient's socio-economic position? An analysis of statin prescription in South Sweden
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:678-83. 2010
    ..We therefore investigated the association between patient and healthcare practice (HCP) characteristics on the one hand, and adherence to guidelines for statin prescription on the other, with a focus on social and economic conditions...
  71. pmc Children's exposure to nitrogen dioxide in Sweden: investigating environmental injustice in an egalitarian country
    Basile Chaix
    Community Medicine and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:234-41. 2006
    ....
  72. ncbi Validity of self-reported information on cancer: determinants of under- and over-reporting
    Jonas Manjer
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:239-47. 2004
    ..We conclude that there was a considerable disagreement between self-reported information and cancer registry data...
  73. ncbi Social participation, social capital and daily tobacco smoking: a population-based multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden
    Martin Lindstrom
    Department of Community Medicine, University Hospital MAS, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 31:444-50. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of contextual and individual factors on daily tobacco smoking...
  74. pmc Understanding the effects of a decentralized budget on physicians' compliance with guidelines for statin prescription--a multilevel methodological approach
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Social Epidemiology and HE, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmo, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:68. 2007
    ..Focusing on lipid-lowering drugs (i.e., statins), we evaluated the effect of this intervention across a 25-month period. We expected that increased local economic responsibility would promote prescribing of recommended statins...
  75. ncbi Incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer and death in postmenopausal women affirming use of hormone replacement therapy
    Bo Hedblad
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 30:12-9. 2002
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate the incidence of myocardial infarction, cancer and death in relation to use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)...
  76. ncbi Utilisation of antibiotics in young children: opposite relationships to adult educational levels in Danish and Swedish counties
    Eva Melander
    Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Lund University Hospital, 221 85, Lund, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 59:331-5. 2003
    ....
  77. pmc Area-aggregated assessments of perceived environmental attributes may overcome single-source bias in studies of green environments and health: results from a cross-sectional survey in southern Sweden
    Kim de Jong
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Environ Health 10:4. 2011
    ..In this study we demonstrate how self-assessments of green neighborhood environments aggregated to narrow area units may serve as an appealing compromise between objective measures and individual self-assessments...
  78. doi Performance evaluations and league tables: do they capture variation between organizational units? An analysis of 5 Swedish pharmacological performance indicators
    Henrik Ohlsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Epidemiology, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Med Care 49:327-31. 2011
    ..However, few studies have attempted to assess quality by quantifying the variability across the organizational units or attempted to investigate whether the units are the correct context that really influences the outcome under study...
  79. ncbi Changing analytical approaches in European epidemiology -- a short comment on a recent article
    Juan Merlo
    Eur J Epidemiol 20:737; author reply 738. 2005
    ..Multilevel analysis should be applied as the standard methodology for hospital comparisons. A greater awareness of this question in future Journal articles may be in order...
  80. ncbi Neighborhood social participation, use of anxiolytic-hypnotic drugs, and women's propensity for disability pension: a multilevel analysis
    Kristina Johnell
    Centre for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 34:41-8. 2006
    ....
  81. ncbi Anxiolytic-hypnotic drug use associated with trust, social participation, and the miniaturization of community: a multilevel analysis
    Kristina Johnell
    Center for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 62:1205-14. 2006
    ..The concept of miniaturization of community may be an extension of the classic concept of social capital and may increase our understanding of contextual effects on health...
  82. pmc Individual characteristics, area social participation, and primary non-concordance with medication: a multilevel analysis
    Kristina Johnell
    Centre for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 6:52. 2006
    ..Our second aim is to investigate whether people living in the same area have similar probability of primary non-concordance with medication, that relates to area social participation...
  83. ncbi Comparison of a spatial perspective with the multilevel analytical approach in neighborhood studies: the case of mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use in Malmo, Sweden, 2001
    Basile Chaix
    Research Unit in Epidemiology, Information Systems, and Modelisation INSERM U707, National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Paris, France
    Am J Epidemiol 162:171-82. 2005
    ..In neighborhood studies, building notions of space into analytical procedures may yield more comprehensive information than heretofore has been gathered on the spatial distribution of outcomes...
  84. pmc Assessment of the magnitude of geographical variations and socioeconomic contextual effects on ischaemic heart disease mortality: a multilevel survival analysis of a large Swedish cohort
    Basile Chaix
    UMR S 707 Inserm Université Pierre et Marie Curie Parise Faculté de Médecine Saint Antoine, 27 rue Chaligny, 75012 Paris 6, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:349-55. 2007
    ..In a public health perspective, it is of interest to assess the magnitude of geographical variations in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality and quantify the strength of contextual effects on IHD...
  85. pmc Perceived discrimination, socioeconomic disadvantage and refraining from seeking medical treatment in Sweden
    Sarah Wamala
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:409-15. 2007
    ..To analyse the association between perceived discrimination and refraining from seeking required medical treatment and the contribution of socioeconomic disadvantage...
  86. ncbi Socioeconomic disadvantage and primary non-adherence with medication in Sweden
    Sarah Wamala
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Qual Health Care 19:134-40. 2007
    ..To analyse the association between socioeconomic disadvantage and primary non-adherence with medication, and to explore possible mediating effects of trust in health care and lifestyle profile...
  87. ncbi Appropriate assessment of neighborhood effects on individual health: integrating random and fixed effects in multilevel logistic regression
    Klaus Larsen
    Clinical Research Unit, Hvidovre University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 161:81-8. 2005
    ....
  88. pmc Comparison of a spatial approach with the multilevel approach for investigating place effects on health: the example of healthcare utilisation in France
    Basile Chaix
    Research Team on Social Determinants of Health and Healthcare INSERM U707, National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Faculte de Medecine Saint Antoine, 27 rue Chaligny, 75571 Paris Cedex 12, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:517-26. 2005
    ..Healthcare utilisation in France was taken as an illustrative example in comparing the spatial approach with the multilevel approach...
  89. ncbi The validity of obesity based on self-reported weight and height: Implications for population studies
    Maria Nyholm
    Skaraborg Institute, Skovde, Sweden
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:197-208. 2007
    ..To validate self-reported information on weight and height in an adult population and to find a useful algorithm to assess the prevalence of obesity based on self-reported information...
  90. pmc Inequity in access to dental care services explains current socioeconomic disparities in oral health: the Swedish National Surveys of Public Health 2004-2005
    Sarah Wamala
    National Institute of Public Health, Olof Palmes gata 17, 103 52 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1027-33. 2006
    ..A socioeconomic disadvantage index (SDI) was developed, consisting of social welfare beneficiary, being unemployed, financial crisis and lack of cash reserves...
  91. ncbi Prostate cancer--prevalence-based healthcare costs
    Anders Norlund
    Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care, PO Box 5650, SE 114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Urol Nephrol 37:371-5. 2003
    ..The cost analysis includes costs incurred during the first year of diagnosis, a longitudinal 3-year analysis and the incremental cost of prostate cancer during the first year of diagnosis...
  92. ncbi Re: "Detecting patterns of occupational illness clustering with alternating logistic regressions applied to longitudinal data"
    Basile Chaix
    Am J Epidemiol 160:505-6; author reply 506-7. 2004
  93. ncbi Meta-analysis of the relationship of Factor V Leiden and intrauterine growth restriction--based on solid evidence?
    Pelle G Lindqvist
    Thromb Haemost 94:230-1; author reply 231-2. 2005
  94. ncbi Neighbourhood effects and the real world beyond randomized community trials: a reply to Michael J Oakes
    Juan Merlo
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1361-3. 2006