A Ohman

Summary

Affiliation: Karolinska Institutet
Country: Sweden

Publications

  1. ncbi The role of the amygdala in human fear: automatic detection of threat
    Arne Ohman
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:953-8. 2005
  2. ncbi Psychology. Conditioned fear of a face: a prelude to ethnic enmity?
    Arne Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
    Science 309:711-3. 2005
  3. ncbi Fears, phobias, and preparedness: toward an evolved module of fear and fear learning
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychol Rev 108:483-522. 2001
  4. ncbi Emotion drives attention: detecting the snake in the grass
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:466-78. 2001
  5. ncbi On the unconscious subcortical origin of human fear
    Arne Ohman
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Physiol Behav 92:180-5. 2007
  6. ncbi Skin conductance responses to masked conditioned stimuli: phylogenetic/ontogenetic factors versus direction of threat?
    Anders Flykt
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 74:328-36. 2007
  7. doi Of snakes and faces: an evolutionary perspective on the psychology of fear
    Arne Ohman
    Section of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Psychol 50:543-52. 2009
  8. pmc Amygdala-dependent fear conditioning in humans is modulated by the BDNFval66met polymorphism
    Tina B Lonsdorf
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology Section, Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institutet
    Behav Neurosci 124:9-15. 2010
  9. ncbi Unawareness is more than a chance event: comment on Lovibond and Shanks (2002)
    Stefan Wiens
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:27-31. 2002
  10. ncbi Predictability modulates the affective and sensory-discriminative neural processing of pain
    Katrina Carlsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, MRC N8, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden, and F C Donders Center, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 32:1804-14. 2006

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. ncbi The role of the amygdala in human fear: automatic detection of threat
    Arne Ohman
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:953-8. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi Psychology. Conditioned fear of a face: a prelude to ethnic enmity?
    Arne Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
    Science 309:711-3. 2005
  3. ncbi Fears, phobias, and preparedness: toward an evolved module of fear and fear learning
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychol Rev 108:483-522. 2001
    ..The fear module is assumed to mediate an emotional level of fear learning that is relatively independent and dissociable from cognitive learning of stimulus relationships...
  4. ncbi Emotion drives attention: detecting the snake in the grass
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:466-78. 2001
    ..Thus, evolutionary relevant threatening stimuli were effective in capturing attention, and this effect was further facilitated if the stimulus was emotionally provocative...
  5. ncbi On the unconscious subcortical origin of human fear
    Arne Ohman
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Physiol Behav 92:180-5. 2007
    ..These data are consistent with an evolutionary argument, focusing of the role of snakes as a predator on primates...
  6. ncbi Skin conductance responses to masked conditioned stimuli: phylogenetic/ontogenetic factors versus direction of threat?
    Anders Flykt
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 74:328-36. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to the previous finding by Ohman and co-workers and in relation to imminence of threat...
  7. doi Of snakes and faces: an evolutionary perspective on the psychology of fear
    Arne Ohman
    Section of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Psychol 50:543-52. 2009
    ..Human brain-imaging data show that these effects are mediated by an extensive fear-network centering on the amygdala...
  8. pmc Amygdala-dependent fear conditioning in humans is modulated by the BDNFval66met polymorphism
    Tina B Lonsdorf
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology Section, Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institutet
    Behav Neurosci 124:9-15. 2010
    ..We suggest that the BDNF met-allele may have a protective effect for the development of affective pathologies that may be mediated via reduced synaptic plasticity induced by negative experience...
  9. ncbi Unawareness is more than a chance event: comment on Lovibond and Shanks (2002)
    Stefan Wiens
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:27-31. 2002
    ..These findings question the validity of Lovibond and Shanks' concept of awareness and their suggestion of a close association between conditioning and awareness...
  10. ncbi Predictability modulates the affective and sensory-discriminative neural processing of pain
    Katrina Carlsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, MRC N8, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden, and F C Donders Center, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 32:1804-14. 2006
    ..This context also prompted increased activity in the posterior parietal cortex and lateral prefrontal cortex that we attribute to enhanced alertness and sustained attention during unpredictability...
  11. ncbi Effects of trial order and differential conditioning on acquisition of differential shock expectancy and skin conductance conditioning to masked stimuli
    Stefan Wiens
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychophysiology 40:989-97. 2003
    ..However, because effects were observed even for participants who reported unawareness of the contingency from trial order, results are consistent with the notion of hunches or gut feelings...
  12. ncbi Keeping it short: a comparison of methods for brief picture presentation
    Stefan Wiens
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychol Sci 15:282-5. 2004
    ..However, our results may not generally apply to all displays, so we advise researchers to validate the presentation parameters of their displays. The procedure described here may be useful for that purpose...
  13. ncbi The face in the crowd revisited: a threat advantage with schematic stimuli
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Pers Soc Psychol 80:381-96. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi Fear and the amygdala: manipulation of awareness generates differential cerebral responses to phobic and fear-relevant (but nonfeared) stimuli
    Katrina Carlsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Emotion 4:340-53. 2004
    ..Thus, a shift from top-down control to an affectively driven system optimized for speed was observed in phobic relative to fear-relevant aware processing...
  15. ncbi Social interaction, cardiovascular activation and the Type A behavior pattern
    T Palm
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Sweden
    Int J Psychophysiol 13:101-10. 1992
    ..There were no main effects of Type A vs. Type B, but dyads composed of two Type As showed larger increase in diastolic blood pressure during the conflict phase of the task compared to dyads composed of Type Bs...
  16. pmc Has evolution primed humans to "beware the beast"?
    Arne Ohman
    Section of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:16396-7. 2007
  17. ncbi Looking for foes and friends: perceptual and emotional factors when finding a face in the crowd
    Pernilla Juth
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology Section, Stockholm, Sweden
    Emotion 5:379-95. 2005
    ..This angry advantage was most obvious for highly socially anxious individuals when their social fear was experimentally enhanced...
  18. ncbi Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli: expectancies for aversive outcomes following nonrecognized fear-relevant stimuli
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Insitute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Gen 127:69-82. 1998
    ..However, expectancy ratings were not related to the conditioned autonomic response...
  19. doi Genetic gating of human fear learning and extinction: possible implications for gene-environment interaction in anxiety disorder
    Tina B Lonsdorf
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology Section, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychol Sci 20:198-206. 2009
    ..These results may have interesting implications for understanding gene-environment interactions in the development and treatment of anxiety disorders...
  20. doi Emotionally controlled decision-making and a gene variant related to serotonin synthesis in women with borderline personality disorder
    Liselotte Maurex
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Psychol 50:5-10. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that impaired decision-making as determined by the IGT is a feature of BPD and may be (i) associated with serotonin dysfunction, and (ii) possibly relevant for suicidal behavior...
  21. doi Social problem solving, autobiographical memory, trauma, and depression in women with borderline personality disorder and a history of suicide attempts
    Liselotte Maurex
    Section of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Br J Clin Psychol 49:327-42. 2010
    ..Additionally, the relationships between autobiographical memory, social problem-solving skills, and various clinical characteristics were examined in the BPD group...
  22. ncbi Phobias and preparedness: the selective, automatic, and encapsulated nature of fear
    Susan Mineka
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 2710, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:927-37. 2002
    ..Finally, we propose that there are two levels of fear conditioning, with an emotional level that is relatively independent of the cognitive contingency level, each mediated by different brain areas...
  23. ncbi Neural systems supporting interoceptive awareness
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, and Autonomic Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals, UK
    Nat Neurosci 7:189-95. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that right anterior insula supports a representation of visceral responses accessible to awareness, providing a substrate for subjective feeling states...
  24. ncbi Born to fear: non-associative vs associative factors in the etiology of phobias
    Susan Mineka
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Behav Res Ther 40:173-84. 2002
    ..Overall, we call for major methodological improvements in this area, in the context of theoretical developments pointing to interacting vulnerability and invulnerability factors...
  25. ncbi The facilitated processing of threatening faces: an ERP analysis
    Harald T Schupp
    Department of Psychology, University of of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Emotion 4:189-200. 2004
    ..Taken together, these data demonstrate the facilitated perceptual processing of threatening faces. Results are discussed within the context of an evolved module of fear (A. Ohman & S. Mineka, 2001)...
  26. ncbi Visual masking in magnetic resonance imaging
    Stefan Wiens
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden
    Neuroimage 27:465-7. 2005
    ..Our findings and arguments recommend the use of mechanical shutters in front of LCD/TFT projectors in imaging studies of visual masking...