- The inflammatory reflex and risk for rheumatoid arthritis: a case-control study of human vagotomyCecilia Carlens
Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital and Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Ann Rheum Dis 66:414-6. 2007..21, 95% 1.11 to 1.33). Vagotomy has no specific effect on the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in humans. Gastroduodenal ulcers occur more often than expected even before the occurrence of rheumatoid arthritis...
- Perinatal characteristics, early life infections and later risk of rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile idiopathic arthritisC Carlens
Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital and Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Ann Rheum Dis 68:1159-64. 2009..To investigate the importance of birth characteristics and early life infections on the risk of later rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)...
- Smoking, use of moist snuff, and risk of chronic inflammatory diseasesCecilia Carlens
Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset Solna, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 181:1217-22. 2010..Nicotine is a powerful modifier of the inflammatory response. By comparing risks associated with tobacco smoking and with smokeless tobacco, the role of nicotine in the development of chronic inflammation may be evaluated...