G Kahlmeter

Summary

Affiliation: Central Hospital
Country: Sweden

Publications

  1. ncbi Statistical characterisation of bacterial wild-type MIC value distributions and the determination of epidemiological cut-off values
    J Turnidge
    Division of Laboratory Medicine, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia 5006, Australia
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:418-25. 2006
  2. ncbi An international survey of the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens from uncomplicated urinary tract infections: the ECO.SENS Project
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85 Växjö, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 51:69-76. 2003
  3. ncbi The ECO.SENS Project: a prospective, multinational, multicentre epidemiological survey of the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of urinary tract pathogens--interim report
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 46:15-22; discussion 63-5. 2000
  4. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli in urine samples from children and adults: a 12 year analysis
    K Abelson Storby
    Department of Paediatrics, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 93:487-91. 2004
  5. ncbi Non-hospital antimicrobial usage and resistance in community-acquired Escherichia coli urinary tract infection
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85 Växjö, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 52:1005-10. 2003
  6. ncbi Breakpoints for intravenously used cephalosporins in Enterobacteriaceae--EUCAST and CLSI breakpoints
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:169-74. 2008
  7. doi Associated antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes
    A Wimmerstedt
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:315-21. 2008
  8. doi Antimicrobial susceptibility in Escherichia coli of human and avian origin--a comparison of wild-type distributions
    M Sjolund
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 15:461-5. 2009
  9. ncbi Diversity among 2481 Escherichia coli from women with community-acquired lower urinary tract infections in 17 countries
    M Landgren
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85 Växjö, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 55:928-37. 2005
  10. ncbi Clonal spread among Swedish children of a Staphylococcus aureus strain resistant to fusidic acid
    A Osterlund
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:729-34. 2002

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. ncbi Statistical characterisation of bacterial wild-type MIC value distributions and the determination of epidemiological cut-off values
    J Turnidge
    Division of Laboratory Medicine, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia 5006, Australia
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:418-25. 2006
    ..5% of MIC values fall within the cut-off value range. Non-linear regression fitting to a cumulative log-normal distribution is a novel and effective method for modelling MIC distributions and quantifying wild-type MIC ranges...
  2. ncbi An international survey of the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens from uncomplicated urinary tract infections: the ECO.SENS Project
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85 Växjö, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 51:69-76. 2003
    ..6%), nitrofurantoin (40.2%) and fosfomycin (15.6%). In Staphylococcus saprophyticus resistance development was rare. Overall, antimicrobial resistance was lowest in the Nordic countries and Austria and highest in Portugal and Spain...
  3. ncbi The ECO.SENS Project: a prospective, multinational, multicentre epidemiological survey of the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of urinary tract pathogens--interim report
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 46:15-22; discussion 63-5. 2000
    ..The seemingly rapid increase in quinolone resistance among community-acquired E. coli in some of the countries gives cause for concern...
  4. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli in urine samples from children and adults: a 12 year analysis
    K Abelson Storby
    Department of Paediatrics, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 93:487-91. 2004
    ..To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance in urinary tract pathogens, primarily Escherichia coli, in two age groups, children < or = 2 y and adults 18-50 y, over a period of 12 y...
  5. ncbi Non-hospital antimicrobial usage and resistance in community-acquired Escherichia coli urinary tract infection
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85 Växjö, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 52:1005-10. 2003
    ..To investigate the correlation between non-hospital antimicrobial consumption and resistance...
  6. ncbi Breakpoints for intravenously used cephalosporins in Enterobacteriaceae--EUCAST and CLSI breakpoints
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:169-74. 2008
    ..As Enterobacteriaceae are becoming increasingly resistant, a less 'diehard' interpretation of the relationship among MICs, ESBLs and clinical outcome may provide therapeutic alternatives in difficult situations...
  7. doi Associated antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes
    A Wimmerstedt
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:315-21. 2008
    ....
  8. doi Antimicrobial susceptibility in Escherichia coli of human and avian origin--a comparison of wild-type distributions
    M Sjolund
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 15:461-5. 2009
    ..The wild-type distributions were defined by the normalized resistance interpretation method. It is shown that the avian and clinical inhibition zone diameter distributions of wild-type E. coli are indistinguishable...
  9. ncbi Diversity among 2481 Escherichia coli from women with community-acquired lower urinary tract infections in 17 countries
    M Landgren
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85 Växjö, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 55:928-37. 2005
    ..SENS survey, the antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli from urinary tract infections in women in 16 European countries and Canada was investigated. This study reports the diversity among these E. coli...
  10. ncbi Clonal spread among Swedish children of a Staphylococcus aureus strain resistant to fusidic acid
    A Osterlund
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:729-34. 2002
    ..There was, however, no statistically significant correlation between sales of fusidic acid ointments and resistance among S. aureus strains to fusidic acid...
  11. doi Staphylococcus lugdunensis in several niches of the normal skin flora
    L Bieber
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 16:385-8. 2010
    ..aureus. The predominant niches of S. lugdunensis explain why the bacterium is an uncommon contaminant of blood cultures...
  12. ncbi Little evidence for reversibility of trimethoprim resistance after a drastic reduction in trimethoprim use
    M Sundqvist
    Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Infectious Diseases, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala University, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:350-60. 2010
    ..Resistance may thus be reversible if antibiotic use is discontinued or reduced. To examine this concept, we performed a 24 month voluntary restriction on the use of trimethoprim-containing drugs in Kronoberg County, Sweden...
  13. ncbi European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) Technical Notes on antimicrobial susceptibility testing
    G Kahlmeter
    Klinisk mikrobiologi, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:501-3. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens in uncomplicated cystitis in Europe. The ECO.SENS study
    G Kahlmeter
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, SE 351 85, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 22:49-52. 2003
    ..The 4-fold difference in antibiotic consumption within Europe and the correlation to resistance emphasises the importance of controlling antibiotic usage...
  15. ncbi Validation of EUCAST zone diameter breakpoints against reference broth microdilution
    S Bengtsson
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 20:O353-60. 2014
    ..Minor discrepancies were mainly observed in Gram-negatives and were related to different antimicrobial agents and species. ..
  16. doi Wild-type distributions of seven oral second-line drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    T Schön
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:502-9. 2011
    ..To determine wild-type minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) distributions for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as the background data for defining susceptibility breakpoints are limited...
  17. ncbi Methods for identifying methicillin resistancein Staphylococcus aureus
    R W Smyth
    Department of Microbiology, Central Hospital, Vaxjo, SE 351 85, Sweden
    J Hosp Infect 48:103-7. 2001
    ..Ltd., Japan) and Evigene MRSA Detection Kit (State Serum Institute, Denmark) tests were in complete agreement with results obtained with polymerase chain reaction assays amplifying mecA and nuc gene sequences...
  18. ncbi Staphylococcus aureus resistant to fusidic acid among Swedish children: a follow-up study
    A Osterlund
    Department of Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Landstingshuset, Lulea, Sweden
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:334-4. 2006
    ..Furthermore, we show that the fusidic acid resistant clone which dominated in 2001 is still the most prevalent fusidic acid resistant S. aureus in the population. The epidemic which reached its peak in 2002 is now clearly declining...
  19. pmc Phenotypic detection of methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus by disk diffusion testing and Etest on Mueller-Hinton agar
    R Skov
    National Center for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, 5 Artillerivej, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Clin Microbiol 44:4395-9. 2006
    ..These criteria resulted in only one mecA-positive isolate being misclassified as susceptible...
  20. ncbi European recommendations for antimicrobial resistance surveillance
    G Cornaglia
    Department of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Clin Microbiol Infect 10:349-83. 2004
    ..Any type of surveillance study should conclude, where appropriate, with a proposal for intervention based on the data obtained...
  21. ncbi Antibiotic prescription practices, consumption and bacterial resistance in a cross section of Swedish intensive care units
    S M Walther
    Departments of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Clinical Microbiology and Hygiene and the Pharmacy at Universitetssjukhuset, Linkoping, Sweden
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 46:1075-81. 2002
    ..The purpose of this work was to study usage of antibiotics, its possible determinants, and patterns of bacterial resistance in Swedish intensive care units (ICUs)...
  22. ncbi A new method for normalized interpretation of antimicrobial resistance from disk test results for comparative purposes
    G Kronvall
    Department of Microbiology and Tumor Biology, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 9:120-32. 2003
    ..To evaluate a calibration method for disk diffusion antibiotic susceptibility tests, using zone diameter values generated in the individual laboratory as the internal calibrator for combinations of antibiotic and bacterial species...
  23. ncbi Evaluation of a cefoxitin 30 microg disc on Iso-Sensitest agar for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    R Skov
    National Center for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Antimicrob Chemother 52:204-7. 2003
    ..To evaluate the performance of a cefoxitin 30 microg disc on Iso-Sensitest agar, using a semi-confluent inoculum and overnight incubation at 35-36 degrees C, for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
  24. ncbi Standard and real-time multiplex PCR methods for detection of trimethoprim resistance dfr genes in large collections of bacteria
    M Grape
    Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology MTC, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Clin Microbiol Infect 13:1112-8. 2007
    ....
  25. pmc Genetic basis of resistance to fusidic acid in staphylococci
    F McLaws
    Antimicrobial Research Centre and Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:1737-40. 2007
    ..Fusidic acid-resistant strains of S. lugdunensis harbored fusB. Thus, resistance to fusidic acid in clinical isolates of S. aureus and other staphylococcal species frequently results from expression of FusB-type proteins...
  26. ncbi Evaluation of cefoxitin 5 and 10 microg discs for the detection of methicillin resistance in staphylococci
    R Skov
    National Center for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Antimicrob Chemother 55:157-61. 2005
    ..To evaluate cefoxitin 5 and 10 microg discs for detection of methicillin resistance in staphylococci...