Bala Swaminathan

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of human listeriosis
    Bala Swaminathan
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Microbes Infect 9:1236-43. 2007
  2. pmc Short-term genome evolution of Listeria monocytogenes in a non-controlled environment
    Renato H Orsi
    Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    BMC Genomics 9:539. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Interpretation of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns in foodborne disease investigations and surveillance
    Timothy J Barrett
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30033, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:20-31. 2006
  4. pmc Probing genomic diversity and evolution of Escherichia coli O157 by single nucleotide polymorphisms
    Wei Zhang
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Genome Res 16:757-67. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Building PulseNet International: an interconnected system of laboratory networks to facilitate timely public health recognition and response to foodborne disease outbreaks and emerging foodborne diseases
    Bala Swaminathan
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30033, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:36-50. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:220-1. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Second generation subtyping: a proposed PulseNet protocol for multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 (STEC O157)
    Eija Hyytia-Trees
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:118-31. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Surveillance for human Salmonella infections in the United States
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J AOAC Int 89:553-9. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Focus on Salmonella
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:154-6. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:316-8. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications15

  1. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of human listeriosis
    Bala Swaminathan
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Microbes Infect 9:1236-43. 2007
    ..Efforts by food processors and food regulatory agencies to aggressively control L. monocytogenes in the high risk foods have resulted in significant decreases in the incidence of sporadic listeriosis...
  2. pmc Short-term genome evolution of Listeria monocytogenes in a non-controlled environment
    Renato H Orsi
    Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    BMC Genomics 9:539. 2008
    ..While a genome sequence for the 1988 food isolate has been reported, we sequenced the genomes of the 1988 human isolate as well as a human and a food isolate from the 2000 outbreak to allow for comparative genome analyses...
  3. ncbi request reprint Interpretation of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns in foodborne disease investigations and surveillance
    Timothy J Barrett
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30033, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:20-31. 2006
    ..If epidemiological information is sufficiently strong, isolates with markedly different PFGE patterns may be included in an outbreak...
  4. pmc Probing genomic diversity and evolution of Escherichia coli O157 by single nucleotide polymorphisms
    Wei Zhang
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Genome Res 16:757-67. 2006
    ..Functional characterization of nucleotide polymorphisms should shed new insights on the evolution, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of STEC O157 and related pathogens...
  5. ncbi request reprint Building PulseNet International: an interconnected system of laboratory networks to facilitate timely public health recognition and response to foodborne disease outbreaks and emerging foodborne diseases
    Bala Swaminathan
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30033, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:36-50. 2006
    ..Routine communication between the various international PulseNet networks will provide early warning on foodborne disease outbreaks to participating public health institutions and countries...
  6. ncbi request reprint Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:220-1. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Second generation subtyping: a proposed PulseNet protocol for multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 (STEC O157)
    Eija Hyytia-Trees
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:118-31. 2006
    ..An additional more extensive multi-laboratory validation of the MLVA protocol is in progress in order to address critical issues such as establishing epidemiologically relevant interpretation guidelines for the MLVA data...
  8. ncbi request reprint Surveillance for human Salmonella infections in the United States
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J AOAC Int 89:553-9. 2006
    ..Efforts are underway to electronically link all of the Salmonella surveillance systems at CDC to facilitate optimum use of available data and minimize duplication...
  9. ncbi request reprint Focus on Salmonella
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:154-6. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:316-8. 2006
  11. ncbi request reprint Molecular surveillance of shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 by PulseNet USA
    Peter Gerner-Smidt
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Food Prot 68:1926-31. 2005
    ..Ten food isolates submitted without suspicion of an association to human disease matched human isolates in the database, and an epidemiologic link to human cases was established for six of them...
  12. ncbi request reprint Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:190-1. 2005
  13. ncbi request reprint Comparison of media and sampling locations for isolation of Listeria monocytogenes in queso fresco cheese
    Chia Min Lin
    Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Georgia 30223 1797, USA
    J Food Prot 69:2151-6. 2006
    ..Higher counts of L. monocytogenes were obtained from surface and interior samples of cheese than from the exudate of the cheese during storage. In addition, pH may be a useful indicator of improperly stored queso fresco cheese...
  14. ncbi request reprint Foodborne disease trends and reports
    Bala Swaminathan
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:285-6. 2005
  15. pmc Genetic markers unique to Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b differentiate epidemic clone II (hot dog outbreak strains) from other lineages
    Matthew R Evans
    Department of Food Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:2383-90. 2004
    ..Although the mechanisms that drive this divergence remain to be identified, DNA-based tools from this region can facilitate the detection and further characterization of strains belonging to this lineage...