- Intraperitoneal sub-diaphragmatic instillation of bupivacaine plus morphine for reducing postoperative shoulder pain after gynecologic endoscopyPavit Sutchritpongsa
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 96:513-8. 2013..However 15 to 30% of the patients experienced moderate or severe postoperative shoulder pain. Methods to minimize postoperative shoulder pain after gynecologic endoscopy are essential to maximize the quality of life of the patients...