Miquel Ferrer

Summary

Country: Spain

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation during persistent weaning failure: a randomized controlled trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    UVIR, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:70-6. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Predictors of weaning after acute respiratory failure
    J Sellares
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Minerva Anestesiol 78:1046-53. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure caused by obesity hypoventilation syndrome and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Andres Carrillo
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital JM Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 186:1279-85. 2012
  4. doi request reprint The use of non-invasive ventilation during acute respiratory failure due to pneumonia
    Miquel Ferrer
    UVIIR, Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, CibeRes, CB06 06 0028 ISCiii, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Intern Med 23:420-8. 2012
  5. pmc Intensive care adult patients with severe respiratory failure caused by Influenza A (H1N1)v in Spain
    Jordi Rello
    Critical Care Department, Joan XXIII University Hospital, CIBERes Enfermedades Respiratorias, IISPV, Mallafre Guasch 4, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
    Crit Care 13:R148. 2009
  6. pmc Maintenance of tracheal tube cuff pressure: where are the limits?
    Miquel Ferrer
    Crit Care 12:106. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation after intubation and mechanical ventilation
    M Ferrer
    Respiratory Intensive Care Unit, Clinical Institute of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 19:959-65. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive ventilation in the weaning process
    M Ferrer
    Respiratory Intensive and Intermediate Care Unit, Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Villarroel, Barcelona, Spain
    Minerva Anestesiol 74:311-4. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Validation of the American Thoracic Society-Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia in the intensive care unit
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 50:945-52. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Early noninvasive ventilation averts extubation failure in patients at risk: a randomized trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, Institut Clinic del Torax, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:164-70. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation during persistent weaning failure: a randomized controlled trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    UVIR, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:70-6. 2003
    ..5; p = 0.018). Earlier extubation with NIV results in shorter mechanical ventilation and length of stay, less need for tracheotomy, lower incidence of complications, and improved survival in these patients...
  2. ncbi request reprint Predictors of weaning after acute respiratory failure
    J Sellares
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Minerva Anestesiol 78:1046-53. 2012
    ..New applications of weaning predictors must be clarified in future research, in order to progress in weaning in the context of new studies. Weaning is still a challenging period during mechanical ventilation...
  3. doi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure caused by obesity hypoventilation syndrome and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Andres Carrillo
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital JM Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 186:1279-85. 2012
    ..However, there is no evidence on the efficacy of NIV during similar episodes in obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). Objectives: To compare the efficacy of NIV in episodes of AHRF caused by OHS and COPD...
  4. doi request reprint The use of non-invasive ventilation during acute respiratory failure due to pneumonia
    Miquel Ferrer
    UVIIR, Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, CibeRes, CB06 06 0028 ISCiii, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Intern Med 23:420-8. 2012
    ..Conversely, there are no sufficient evidences on the efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure in immunocompetent patients with pneumonia and severe acute respiratory failure...
  5. pmc Intensive care adult patients with severe respiratory failure caused by Influenza A (H1N1)v in Spain
    Jordi Rello
    Critical Care Department, Joan XXIII University Hospital, CIBERes Enfermedades Respiratorias, IISPV, Mallafre Guasch 4, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
    Crit Care 13:R148. 2009
    ..We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of the first 32 persons reported to be admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) due to influenza A (H1N1)v infection in Spain...
  6. pmc Maintenance of tracheal tube cuff pressure: where are the limits?
    Miquel Ferrer
    Crit Care 12:106. 2008
    ..The periodic hyperinflation of the tube cuff used in both groups of this study may explain these results. This manoeuvre should be avoided in clinical practice...
  7. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation after intubation and mechanical ventilation
    M Ferrer
    Respiratory Intensive Care Unit, Clinical Institute of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 19:959-65. 2002
    ..The technique is, however, a useful addition to the therapeutic armamentarium for a group of patients who pose a significant clinical and economic challenge...
  8. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive ventilation in the weaning process
    M Ferrer
    Respiratory Intensive and Intermediate Care Unit, Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Villarroel, Barcelona, Spain
    Minerva Anestesiol 74:311-4. 2008
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Validation of the American Thoracic Society-Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia in the intensive care unit
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 50:945-52. 2010
    ..We assessed the microbial prediction and validated the adequacy of these guidelines for antibiotic strategy...
  10. ncbi request reprint Early noninvasive ventilation averts extubation failure in patients at risk: a randomized trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, Institut Clinic del Torax, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:164-70. 2006
    ..Respiratory failure after extubation and reintubation is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
  11. ncbi request reprint Microbial airway colonization is associated with noninvasive ventilation failure in exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 33:2003-9. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that patients undergoing NIV would have lower rates of colonization than patients undergoing IMV. The aim of the study was to assess the microbial airway colonization in patients with exacerbated COPD needing NIV and IMV...
  12. ncbi request reprint Pulmonary gas exchange response to weaning with pressure-support ventilation in exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia i Al lèrgia Respiratoria, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 28:1595-9. 2002
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation in severe hypoxemic respiratory failure: a randomized clinical trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Unitat de Vigilància Intensiva Respiratòria, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:1438-44. 2003
    ..39; p=0.017). The use of noninvasive ventilation prevented intubation, reduced the incidence of septic shock, and improved survival in these patients compared with high-concentration oxygen therapy...
  14. doi request reprint Non-invasive ventilation after extubation in hypercapnic patients with chronic respiratory disorders: randomised controlled trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 374:1082-8. 2009
    ..We aimed to assess prospectively the effectiveness of non-invasive ventilation after extubation in patients with hypercapnia and as rescue therapy when respiratory failure develops...
  15. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive ventilation as a weaning tool
    M Ferrer
    Respiratory Intensive and Intermediate Care Unit, Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain
    Minerva Anestesiol 71:243-7. 2005
    ..The technique is however a usual addition to the therapeutic armamentarium for a group of patients who pose a significant clinical and economic challenge...
  16. doi request reprint Validation of predictors of adverse outcomes in hospital-acquired pneumonia in the ICU
    Mariano Esperatti
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:2151-61. 2013
    ..To validate a set of predictors of adverse outcomes in patients with ICU-acquired pneumonia in relation to clinically relevant assessment at 28 days...
  17. ncbi request reprint Association between systemic corticosteroids and outcomes of intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia
    Otavio Tavares Ranzani
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:2552-61. 2012
    ..We assessed patients' characteristics, microbial etiology, inflammatory response, and outcomes of previous corticosteroid use in patients with intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia...
  18. doi request reprint Thrombocytosis is a marker of poor outcome in community-acquired pneumonia
    Elena Prina
    Servei de Pneumologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 143:767-75. 2013
    ..We assessed the characteristics and outcomes of patients with CAP and thrombocytosis (platelet count ≥ 4 × 105/mm3) compared with thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 105/mm3) and normal platelet count...
  19. doi request reprint Effects of manual rib cage compressions on expiratory flow and mucus clearance during mechanical ventilation
    Joan Daniel Marti
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Animal Experimentation Division, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:850-6. 2013
    ..We investigated the effects of two different types of manual rib cage compression on expiratory flow and mucus clearance during prolonged mechanical ventilation in pigs...
  20. doi request reprint Linezolid limits burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in biofilm of tracheal tubes
    Laia Fernández-Barat
    Ciberes Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias, 06 06 0028, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:2385-9. 2012
    ..To evaluate the effects of systemic treatment with linezolid compared with vancomycin on biofilm formation in mechanically ventilated pigs with severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-induced pneumonia...
  21. ncbi request reprint Causes and predictors of nonresponse to treatment of intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia
    Malina Ioanas
    Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 32:938-45. 2004
    ..To prospectively evaluate the predictive factors for the nonresponse to empirical antibiotic treatment and mortality in patients with intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia...
  22. doi request reprint ICU-acquired pneumonia with or without etiologic diagnosis: a comparison of outcomes
    Valeria Giunta
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:2133-43. 2013
    ..We compared the clinical characteristics, inflammatory response, and outcomes between patients with and without microbiologically confirmed ICU-acquired pneumonia...
  23. doi request reprint Systemic corticosteroids for community-acquired pneumonia: reasons for use and lack of benefit on outcome
    Eva Polverino
    Respiratory Disease Department, Hospital Clinic i Provincial de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Respirology 18:263-71. 2013
    ..We described the frequency of this practice, patients' characteristics and its clinical impact...
  24. doi request reprint Influence of previous use of inhaled corticoids on the development of pleural effusion in community-acquired pneumonia
    Jacobo Sellares
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 187:1241-8. 2013
    ..However, ICS have been associated with fewer pneumonia complications and decreased risk of pneumonia-related mortality...
  25. doi request reprint An in vitro study to assess determinant features associated with fluid sealing in the design of endotracheal tube cuffs and exerted tracheal pressures
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:518-26. 2013
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Community-acquired pneumonia in outpatients: aetiology and outcomes
    Catia Cillóniz
    Dept of Pneumology, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 40:931-8. 2012
    ..Treatment failures and re-admissions are rare and may be reduced by increased attention to patients requiring short-term observation in the emergency care unit and in the presence of pleural effusion and comorbidities...
  27. ncbi request reprint Automatic control of tracheal tube cuff pressure in ventilated patients in semirecumbent position: a randomized trial
    Mauricio Valencia
    Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 35:1543-9. 2007
    ..We assessed the efficacy of an automatic, validated device for the continuous regulation of tracheal tube cuff pressure in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia...
  28. doi request reprint Assessment of Severity of ICU-Acquired Pneumonia and Association With Etiology
    Marta Di Pasquale
    1Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 2Centro de Investigación Biomedica En Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Bunyola, Spain 3Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Universita degli Studi di Milano, IRCCS Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Cà Granda, Milano, Italy 4Department of Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Ospedale Villa Pineta, Pavullo nel Frignano, Modena, Italy 5Department of Medicine, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY
    Crit Care Med 42:303-12. 2014
    ..We evaluated the association between severity of illness and microbial etiology of ICU-acquired pneumonia to define if severity should be used to guide empiric antibiotic choices...
  29. doi request reprint Bacterial co-infection with H1N1 infection in patients admitted with community acquired pneumonia
    Catia Cillóniz
    Department of Pneumology, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    J Infect 65:223-30. 2012
    ..Bacterial co-infection is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality during influenza pandemics .We investigated the incidence, risk factors and outcome of patients with influenza A H1N1 pneumonia and bacterial co-infection...
  30. pmc Community-acquired polymicrobial pneumonia in the intensive care unit: aetiology and prognosis
    Catia Cillóniz
    Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona SGR 911 Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Crit Care 15:R209. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of severe CAP of polymicrobial aetiology in patients admitted to the ICU...
  31. doi request reprint Severe community-acquired pneumonia: validation of the Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society guidelines to predict an intensive care unit admission
    Adamantia Liapikou
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, Instiut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 48:377-85. 2009
    ..We clinically validated this rule...
  32. doi request reprint Predictors of prolonged weaning and survival during ventilator weaning in a respiratory ICU
    Jacobo Sellares
    Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 37:775-84. 2011
    ..The aims of the study were: (1) to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients from the three weaning groups in a respiratory ICU; and (2) to assess predictors for prolonged weaning and survival...
  33. doi request reprint Nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit acquired by mechanically ventilated versus nonventilated patients
    Mariano Esperatti
    Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:1533-9. 2010
    ..Most current information on hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is extrapolated from patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). No studies have evaluated HAP in the intensive care unit (ICU) in nonventilated patients...
  34. ncbi request reprint Pneumonia severity index class v patients with community-acquired pneumonia: characteristics, outcomes, and value of severity scores
    Mauricio Valencia
    Servei de Pneumologia, ICT, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, C Villarroel 170, Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 132:515-22. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize CAP patients in PSI-V to determine the risk factors for ICU admission and mortality, and to assess the performance of CAP severity scores in this population...
  35. doi request reprint Treatment guidelines and outcomes of hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Antoni Torres
    Pneumology Department, Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 51:S48-53. 2010
    ..More clinical studies to validate the influence of guidelines on outcome are warranted...
  36. doi request reprint Risk factors of postoperative nosocomial pneumonia after resection of bronchogenic carcinoma
    Vanessa Díaz-Ravetllat
    Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Villarroel Street 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Med 106:1463-71. 2012
    ..The objective of this study is to determine the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics and the risk factors of postoperative pneumonia in patients undergoing resection of bronchogenic carcinoma in a third-level university hospital...
  37. ncbi request reprint Risk and prognostic factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients
    Manuela Cavalcanti
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 34:1067-72. 2006
    ..To assess the risk and prognostic factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients, with an emphasis on the inflammatory response...
  38. ncbi request reprint Disposition of instilled versus nebulized tobramycin and imipenem in ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients
    Joan R Badia
    UVIR Institut Clínic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toràcica, Barcelona, Spain
    J Antimicrob Chemother 54:508-14. 2004
    ..Delivery of antibiotics to the lower respiratory tract could potentially achieve antimicrobial bronchial drug concentrations without toxicity...
  39. doi request reprint Direct analysis of bacterial viability in endotracheal tube biofilm from a pig model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia following antimicrobial therapy
    Laia Fernández-Barat
    Pneumology Department, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 65:309-17. 2012
    ..Systemic treatment with linezolid is associated with a higher proportion of dead bacteria in the ETT biofilm of animals with MRSA pneumonia. Biofilm clusters not necessarily attach to the ETT surface...
  40. ncbi request reprint Bronchial colonization and postoperative respiratory infections in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery
    Jose Belda
    Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, and Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 128:1571-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate the risk factors associated with postoperative respiratory infection in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery, with special emphasis on the perioperative pattern of airway colonization...
  41. doi request reprint Impact of chronic liver disease in intensive care unit acquired pneumonia: a prospective study
    Marta Di Pasquale
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 39:1776-84. 2013
    ..To assess the impact of chronic liver disease (CLD) on ICU-acquired pneumonia...
  42. doi request reprint Effects of duty cycle and positive end-expiratory pressure on mucus clearance during mechanical ventilation*
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Pneumology Department, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:895-902. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of duty cycles and positive end-expiratory pressure on mucus clearance in pigs using mechanical ventilation, and to assess their safety...
  43. doi request reprint The impact of guidelines on the outcomes of community-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel, Spain
    Clin Chest Med 32:491-505. 2011
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint A multicenter trial of prolonged prone ventilation in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Jordi Mancebo
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine and Epidemiology, Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:1233-9. 2006
    ..Whether it is beneficial to administer prone ventilation early, and for longer periods of time, is unknown...
  45. doi request reprint Community-acquired respiratory coinfection in critically ill patients with pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus
    Ignacio Martin-Loeches
    Critical Care Department, Joan XXIII University Hospital, University Rovira i Virgili, CibeRes, Mallafre Guasch 4, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
    Chest 139:555-62. 2011
    ..Little is known about the impact of community-acquired respiratory coinfection in patients with pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus infection...
  46. ncbi request reprint Prevention measures for ventilator-associated pneumonia: a new focus on the endotracheal tube
    Paula Ramirez
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 20:190-7. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is to analyze the aspects related to the endotracheal tube which may influence the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia and to review the possible measures of prevention...