Ramon A Juste

Summary

Affiliation: Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development
Country: Spain

Publications

  1. pmc Effects of vaccination against paratuberculosis on tuberculosis in goats: diagnostic interferences and cross-protection
    Bernat Pérez de Val
    Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal CReSA, UAB IRTA, Campus de la Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Edifici CReSA, 08193, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 8:191. 2012
  2. pmc Inter- and intra-subtype genotypic differences that differentiate Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis strains
    Franck Biet
    INRA, UMR1282, Infectiologie Santé Publique ISP 311, Nouzilly F 37380, France
    BMC Microbiol 12:264. 2012
  3. pmc Coexistence of protease sensitive and resistant prion protein in 129VV homozygous sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: a case report
    Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga 1, Derio, Bizkaia, 48160, Spain
    J Med Case Rep 6:348. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Current strategies for eradication of paratuberculosis and issues in public health
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Vizcaya, Spain
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 148:16-22. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Slow infection control by vaccination: paratuberculosis
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 148:190-6. 2012
  6. pmc Lactase persistence, NOD2 status and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection associations to Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    Natalia Elguezabal
    Animal Health Department, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga, Derio, Bizkaia, 1, 48160, Spain
    Gut Pathog 4:6. 2012
  7. pmc First case of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus in Spain
    M Barral
    Department of Production and Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 4:50. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Crohn's disease and ruminant farming. Got lactase?
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Med Hypotheses 75:7-13. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Association between Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis DNA in blood and cellular and humoral immune response in inflammatory bowel disease patients and controls
    Ramon A Juste
    Departamento de Producción y Sanidad Animal, Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Int J Infect Dis 13:247-54. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Control of paratuberculosis in sheep and goats
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 27:127-38. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. pmc Effects of vaccination against paratuberculosis on tuberculosis in goats: diagnostic interferences and cross-protection
    Bernat Pérez de Val
    Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal CReSA, UAB IRTA, Campus de la Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Edifici CReSA, 08193, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 8:191. 2012
    ..To address this issue, goat kids previously vaccinated against PTB were experimentally infected with TB...
  2. pmc Inter- and intra-subtype genotypic differences that differentiate Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis strains
    Franck Biet
    INRA, UMR1282, Infectiologie Santé Publique ISP 311, Nouzilly F 37380, France
    BMC Microbiol 12:264. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Coexistence of protease sensitive and resistant prion protein in 129VV homozygous sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: a case report
    Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga 1, Derio, Bizkaia, 48160, Spain
    J Med Case Rep 6:348. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  4. doi request reprint Current strategies for eradication of paratuberculosis and issues in public health
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Vizcaya, Spain
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 148:16-22. 2012
    ..This puts ruminant farming under suspicion and causes a difficult balance between Public Health precaution and practical control measures...
  5. doi request reprint Slow infection control by vaccination: paratuberculosis
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 148:190-6. 2012
    ....
  6. pmc Lactase persistence, NOD2 status and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection associations to Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    Natalia Elguezabal
    Animal Health Department, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga, Derio, Bizkaia, 1, 48160, Spain
    Gut Pathog 4:6. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  7. pmc First case of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus in Spain
    M Barral
    Department of Production and Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 4:50. 2008
    ..The Basque Country avian influenza surveillance program began sample collection and processing the fall of 2005...
  8. doi request reprint Crohn's disease and ruminant farming. Got lactase?
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Med Hypotheses 75:7-13. 2010
    ..Either confirmation or rejection of the hypothesis presented here should create new knowledge that will bring closer the eradication of a cause of human and animal suffering...
  9. doi request reprint Association between Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis DNA in blood and cellular and humoral immune response in inflammatory bowel disease patients and controls
    Ramon A Juste
    Departamento de Producción y Sanidad Animal, Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Int J Infect Dis 13:247-54. 2009
    ..Similarities between human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and ruminant paratuberculosis have fueled a heated discussion on the role of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in the etiology of IBD...
  10. doi request reprint Control of paratuberculosis in sheep and goats
    Ramon A Juste
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 27:127-38. 2011
    ..Other control strategies have failed, because of either high costs or lack of efficacy on a large scale...
  11. pmc Paratuberculosis control: a review with a focus on vaccination
    Felix Bastida
    NEIKER Tecnalia, Department of Animal Health, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    J Immune Based Ther Vaccines 9:8. 2011
    ..However, the majority of MAP vaccines were very similar and rudimentary and thus there is room for improvement in vaccine types and formulations...
  12. pmc On the prevalence of M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis DNA in the blood of healthy individuals and patients with inflammatory bowel disease
    Ramon A Juste
    Departamento de Producción y Sanidad Animal, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER TECNALIA, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 3:e2537. 2008
    ..We herein evaluate the prevalence of MAP DNA in healthy individuals and compare them with IBD patients on antiMAP antibiotics...
  13. ncbi request reprint Comparison of blood polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in cattle and sheep
    Ramon A Juste
    Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER, Berreaga, 1, Derio 48160, Bizkaia, Spain
    J Vet Diagn Invest 17:354-9. 2005
    ..These results suggest that blood PCR testing might be a potentially useful new approach in paratuberculosis diagnosis, especially in young animals...
  14. ncbi request reprint Identification, genetic diversity and prevalence of Theileria and Babesia species in a sheep population from Northern Spain
    Daniel Nagore
    Department of Animal Health, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 34:1059-67. 2004
    ..The widespread distribution of Theileria spp. in the studied sheep population suggests that the parasites involved are of relatively low pathogenicity, in contrast to what has been reported for Theileria sp. China 1 in other countries...
  15. pmc Seroepidemiological study of Q fever in domestic ruminants in semi-extensive grazing systems
    Francisco Ruiz-Fons
    NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Department of Animal Health, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 6:3. 2010
    ..Serum antibodies were analysed by ELISA and positive samples were retested by Complement Fixation test (CFT) to detect recent infections...
  16. doi request reprint Evaluation of the efficacy of oxytetracycline treatment followed by vaccination against Q fever in a highly infected sheep flock
    Ianire Astobiza
    NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Department of Animal Health, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet J 196:81-5. 2013
    ..Vaccination was repeated for the following two seasons, and the percentage of animal shedders was reduced to minimal levels highlighting the importance of vaccination over the longer term...
  17. doi request reprint Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis isolates from sheep and goats show reduced persistence in bovine macrophages than cattle, bison, deer and wild boar strains regardless of genotype
    Naiara Abendaño
    Department of Animal Health, Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, NEIKER Tecnalia, Technological Park of Bizkaia, Berreaga 1, Derio, E 48160 Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Microbiol 163:325-34. 2013
    ..Our results indicated that the survival of the tested Map isolates within bovine macrophages is associated with the specific host from which the isolates were initially isolated...
  18. ncbi request reprint Detection and identification of equine Theileria and Babesia species by reverse line blotting: epidemiological survey and phylogenetic analysis
    Daniel Nagore
    Department of Animal Health, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER Berreaga 1, Derio, 48160 Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 123:41-54. 2004
    ..4% similarity, were identified. The biologic meaning of such genotypes is discussed in terms of their phylogenetic relationships and potential pathogenicity...
  19. pmc Four-year evaluation of the effect of vaccination against Coxiella burnetii on reduction of animal infection and environmental contamination in a naturally infected dairy sheep flock
    Ianire Astobiza
    NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:7405-7. 2011
    ..burnetii infection. Shedding was not detected in ewes and yearlings in the last 2 years, but C. burnetii still persisted in the environment...
  20. pmc Faecal shedding and strain diversity of Listeria monocytogenes in healthy ruminants and swine in Northern Spain
    Jon I Esteban
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 5:2. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and strain diversity of L. monocytogenes in healthy ruminants and swine herds...
  21. pmc Detection and quantification of pestivirus in experimentally infected pregnant ewes and their progeny
    Ana Hurtado
    NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Department of Animal Health, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Virol J 6:189. 2009
    ..qRT-PCR results were compared with those obtained by conventional RT-PCR and used to predict persistent infections...
  22. doi request reprint Seasonal dynamics of Ixodes ricinus in a 3-year period in northern Spain: first survey on the presence of tick-borne encephalitis virus
    Jesus F Barandika
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:1027-35. 2010
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from muscle tissue of naturally infected cattle
    Marta Alonso-Hearn
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:513-8. 2009
    ..The results of this study demonstrated that MAP can be detected and cultured from muscle of MAP-infected cattle destined for human consumption and suggest a possible risk of exposure of humans to MAP via contaminated meat...
  24. pmc Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile homogeneity of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis isolates from cattle and heterogeneity of those from sheep and goats
    Iker Sevilla
    Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER, Berreaga, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Microbiol 7:18. 2007
    ..Two-hundred and sixty-nine isolates were further characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using SnaBI and SpeI endonucleases. Differences in strain isolation upon various media conditions were also studied...
  25. doi request reprint Prevalence of tick-borne zoonotic bacteria in questing adult ticks from northern Spain
    Jesus F Barandika
    Department of Animal Health and Production, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 8:829-35. 2008
    ..reticulatus analyzed. Mixed infections were not found in any of the analyzed ticks. These results are compared and discussed with data obtained in previous studies carried out in the same and other regions...
  26. pmc Atypical/Nor98 scrapie in the Basque Country: a case report of eight outbreaks
    Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 6:17. 2010
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Detection of Border disease virus in fetuses, stillbirths, and newborn lambs from natural and experimental infections
    Ana L Garcia-Perez
    NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Department of Animal Health, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio Bizkaia, Spain
    J Vet Diagn Invest 21:331-7. 2009
    ..Antigen ELISA is therefore recommended for fetuses with advanced autolysis that can adversely affect RNA integrity...
  28. doi request reprint Kinetics of Coxiella burnetii excretion in a commercial dairy sheep flock after treatment with oxytetracycline
    Ianire Astobiza
    NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Department of Animal Health, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet J 184:172-5. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Anaplasma phagocytophila as an abortifacient agent in sheep farms from northern Spain
    Ana L Garcia-Perez
    NEIKER, Departamento Sanidad Animal, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:429-32. 2003
  30. pmc Paratuberculosis vaccination causes only limited cross-reactivity in the skin test for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis
    Joseba M Garrido
    NEIKER Tecnalia, Animal Health Department, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 8:e80985. 2013
    ..In conclusion, comparative intradermal test can be a useful tool to differentiate paratuberculosis vaccine cross-reactions from specific bovine tuberculosis reactions according to the European and Spanish legislation. ..
  31. ncbi request reprint Extensive rearing hinders Maedi-Visna Virus (MVV) infection in sheep
    Iratxe Leginagoikoa
    Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Vet Res 37:767-78. 2006
    ..Moreover, it indicates that MVV-control in extensive and semi-intensive flocks can be simple and inexpensive...
  32. pmc Quantification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis strains representing distinct genotypes and isolated from domestic and wildlife animal species by use of an automatic liquid culture system
    Naiara Abendaño
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, Berreaga 1, Derio Bizkaia, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 50:2609-17. 2012
    ..avium subsp. paratuberculosis strains. Correlations between the estimated log(10) CFU and M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis DNA copy numbers were very high for all the tested strains (R ≥ 0.9)...
  33. pmc Comparative analysis of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis isolates from cattle, sheep and goats by short sequence repeat and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing
    Iker Sevilla
    Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Microbiol 8:204. 2008
    ....
  34. pmc A novel form of human disease with a protease-sensitive prion protein and heterozygosity methionine/valine at codon 129: Case report
    Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Neurol 10:99. 2010
    ..This disease shows a distinct clinical and neuropathological phenotype and it is associated to an abnormal prion protein more sensitive to protease digestion...
  35. ncbi request reprint A survey on Anaplasma phagocytophila in wild small mammals and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Northern Spain
    Beatriz Oporto
    NEIKER, Departamento Sanidad Animal, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:98-102. 2003
  36. pmc Specific antibody and interferon-gamma responses associated with immunopathological forms of bovine paratuberculosis in slaughtered Friesian cattle
    Patricia Vazquez
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 8:e64568. 2013
    ..In terms of diagnosis, the antibody test was a good indicator of advanced tissue damage (diffuse forms), but the IGRA did not associate well with more delimited forms or with MAP detection...
  37. ncbi request reprint Differential gene expression in central nervous system tissues of sheep with natural scrapie
    David Garcia-Crespo
    Department of Animal Health, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER Berreaga, 1 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Brain Res 1073:88-92. 2006
    ..This differential gene expression might reflect a spatial-temporal and tissue-specific molecular pathogenesis of scrapie...
  38. pmc Anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic responses to infection: a common denominator of human and bovine macrophages infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
    Naiara Abendaño
    Department of Animal Health, Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, NEIKER Tecnalia, Technological Park of Bizkaia, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Biomed Res Int 2013:908348. 2013
    ..Overexpression of IL-10 could be responsible for the Map-associated reduction in the expression of the proapoptotic TNF-α gene observed in bovine and human macrophages...
  39. pmc Development and evaluation of a real-time PCR assay for the quantitative detection of Theileria annulata in cattle
    Amaia Ros-García
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, Derio, Bizkaia 48160, Spain
    Parasit Vectors 5:171. 2012
    ..Real-time PCR is widely used for the detection of piroplasms but quantification is not commonly considered...
  40. doi request reprint A highly sensitive DNA bead-based suspension array for the detection and species identification of bovine piroplasms
    Amaia Ros-García
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Int J Parasitol 42:207-14. 2012
    ..The method described herein can substantially improve the detection of piroplasm carriers and thus better protect livestock trade and facilitate preventive control programs...
  41. pmc Protection against tuberculosis in Eurasian wild boar vaccinated with heat-inactivated Mycobacterium bovis
    Joseba M Garrido
    NEIKER Tecnalia, Animal Health Department, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e24905. 2011
    ..These results suggest that vaccine studies in free-living wild boar are now possible to reveal the full potential of protecting against TB using oral M. bovis inactivated and BCG vaccines...
  42. pmc Estimation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis growth parameters: strain characterization and comparison of methods
    Natalia Elguezabal
    Animal Health Department, NEIKER Tecnalia, Berreaga, 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:8615-24. 2011
    ..avium subsp. paratuberculosis cells, we conclude that qPCR of a single-copy gene may be used reliably for rapid estimation of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis bacterial numbers in a sample...
  43. doi request reprint A survey of food-borne pathogens in free-range poultry farms
    Jon I Esteban
    Department of Animal Health and Production, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 123:177-82. 2008
    ..The findings of the present study suggest that the free-range rearing conditions described herein might have an advantageous effect on diminishing Salmonella but not on Campylobacter or L. monocytogenes flock contamination...
  44. pmc Molecular diagnosis of Theileria and Babesia species infecting cattle in Northern Spain using reverse line blot macroarrays
    Josune García-Sanmartín
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 2:16. 2006
    ..Microscopy examination of blood smears and haematology were also performed whenever possible to identify animals with parasitaemia...
  45. ncbi request reprint Molecular identification of a new pestivirus associated with increased mortality in the Pyrenean Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica) in Spain
    Ana Hurtado
    Department of Animal Health, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y De sarrollo Agrario Neiker, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    J Wildl Dis 40:796-800. 2004
    ..1% to 88.1%. It will be important to investigate the association of this pestivirus with disease in Pyrenean chamois...
  46. pmc Development and validation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibodies against Mycobacterium bovis in European wild boar
    Olaia Aurtenetxe
    Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario NEIKER TECNALIA, Berreaga 1, 48160 Derio, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 4:43. 2008
    ..Fast and simple detection methods would be critical for assessing infection prevalence, study the mechanisms of pathogen transmission and monitoring the effects of TB control measures...
  47. pmc Bluetongue virus serotype 1 outbreak in the Basque Country (Northern Spain) 2007-2008. Data support a primary vector windborne transport
    Rodrigo García-Lastra
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Tecnalia, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 7:e34421. 2012
    ....
  48. pmc Phenotypic and Genotypic Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Cattle, Sheep, and Free-Range Poultry Faeces
    Beatriz Oporto
    Department of Animal Health, NEIKER Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Berreaga 1, Bizkaia, 48160 Derio, Spain
    Int J Microbiol 2009:456573. 2009
    ..The analysis of a further set of 88 isolates by real-time PCR confirmed the absence of macrolide resistance and demonstrated the reproducibility and processability of the assay...
  49. ncbi request reprint Distribution of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks from the Basque Country, Spain
    Marta Barral
    NEIKER, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Bizkaia, Spain
    J Med Entomol 39:177-84. 2002
    ..valaisiana, and B. lusitaniae). The results indicate that some areas of Spain have a potential risk for Lyme disease agent exposure and that B. borgdorferi appears to have an increasing occurrence in ticks in the Basque Country...