Paul R Manger

Summary

Affiliation: University of the Witwatersrand
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. ncbi Distribution and morphology of catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the highveld gerbil, Tatera brantsii
    Don Joon Moon
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:134-44. 2007
  2. ncbi An examination of cetacean brain structure with a novel hypothesis correlating thermogenesis to the evolution of a big brain
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:293-338. 2006
  3. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of catecholaminergic cells in the brain of monotremes as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:298-314. 2002
  4. ncbi Establishing order at the systems level in mammalian brain evolution
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Res Bull 66:282-9. 2005
  5. ncbi The anterior ectosylvian visual area of the ferret: a homologue for an enigmatic visual cortical area of the cat?
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Eur J Neurosci 22:706-14. 2005
  6. ncbi The locus coeruleus complex of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Sleep Res 12:149-55. 2003
  7. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of catecholaminergic cells in the diencephalon and midbrain of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 64:42-60. 2004
  8. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of cholinergic cells in the brain of monotremes as revealed by ChAT immunohistochemistry
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:275-97. 2002
  9. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of serotonergic cells in the brain of monotremes
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:315-32. 2002
  10. pmc Organization and number of orexinergic neurons in the hypothalamus of two species of Cetartiodactyla: a comparison of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)
    Leigh Anne Dell
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 44:98-109. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications68

  1. ncbi Distribution and morphology of catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the highveld gerbil, Tatera brantsii
    Don Joon Moon
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:134-44. 2007
    ..Thus, the evolution of nuclear parcellation in these systems appears to demonstrate a form of phylogenetic constraint related to the order Rodentia...
  2. ncbi An examination of cetacean brain structure with a novel hypothesis correlating thermogenesis to the evolution of a big brain
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:293-338. 2006
    ..These observations provide an alternative to the widely held belief of a correlation between brain size and intelligence in cetaceans...
  3. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of catecholaminergic cells in the brain of monotremes as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:298-314. 2002
    ..The similarity of this system across mammalian and amniote species underlines the evolutionary conservatism of the catecholaminergic system...
  4. ncbi Establishing order at the systems level in mammalian brain evolution
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Res Bull 66:282-9. 2005
    ..The conclusion reached is that the presented evolutionary pattern shows a far higher relative frequency of occurrence than do other potential evolutionary explanations of systems level evolution in the mammalian nervous system...
  5. ncbi The anterior ectosylvian visual area of the ferret: a homologue for an enigmatic visual cortical area of the cat?
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Eur J Neurosci 22:706-14. 2005
    ..Taken together these features suggest that the region described here as AEV in the ferret is indeed a direct homologue of the previously described cat AEV...
  6. ncbi The locus coeruleus complex of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Sleep Res 12:149-55. 2003
    ....
  7. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of catecholaminergic cells in the diencephalon and midbrain of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 64:42-60. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in relation to motor control, thermoregulation, unihemispheric sleep, and dolphin cognition...
  8. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of cholinergic cells in the brain of monotremes as revealed by ChAT immunohistochemistry
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:275-97. 2002
    ..This hiatus might be functionally related to the phenomenology of monotreme sleep and to the ontogeny of sleep in mammals, as juvenile placental mammals exhibit a similar combination of sleep elements to that found in adult monotremes...
  9. ncbi The distribution and morphological characteristics of serotonergic cells in the brain of monotremes
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:315-32. 2002
    ..The results of our study are compared in an evolutionary context with those reported for other mammals and reptiles...
  10. pmc Organization and number of orexinergic neurons in the hypothalamus of two species of Cetartiodactyla: a comparison of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)
    Leigh Anne Dell
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 44:98-109. 2012
    ..The higher number of both parvocellular and magnocellular orexinergic neurons in the harbour porpoise may relate to the unusual sleep mechanisms in the cetaceans...
  11. ncbi Nuclear organization and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis
    Nadine Gravett
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 38:57-74. 2009
    ..These differences are discussed in both a functional and phylogenetic perspective...
  12. doi Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic, serotonergic and orexinergic systems in the brain of the African pygmy mouse (Mus minutoides): organizational complexity is preserved in small brains
    Jean Leigh Kruger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 44:45-56. 2012
    ..Thus, species belonging to the same order generally have the same number and complement of the subdivisions, or nuclei, of specific neural systems despite differences in brain size, phenotype or time since evolutionary divergence...
  13. doi Distribution of orexin-A immunoreactive neurons and their terminal networks in the brain of the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis
    Nadine Gravett
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 41:86-96. 2011
    ....
  14. ncbi Distribution and morphology of putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the greater canerat, Thryonomys swinderianus
    Sarika Dwarika
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 35:108-22. 2008
    ..Thus, changes in the nuclear organization of these systems appears to demonstrate a form of constraint related to the phylogenetic level of the order...
  15. doi Nuclear organization and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brains of two species of African mole-rat
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng 2193, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 35:371-87. 2008
    ..We conclude that changes in the nuclear organization of the systems studied appear to demonstrate a form of constraint related to the phylogenetic level of the order...
  16. ncbi Nuclear organization and morphology of serotonergic neurons in the brain of the Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus
    Stacey Lee Rodrigues
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 35:133-45. 2008
    ....
  17. doi Quantitative analysis of neocortical gyrencephaly in African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and six species of cetaceans: comparison with other mammals
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Comp Neurol 520:2430-9. 2012
    ..The analysis suggests that cortical thickness and neuronal density are important factors in determining the extent of gyrencephaly across mammalian species...
  18. doi Distribution of parvalbumin, calbindin and calretinin containing neurons and terminal networks in relation to sleep associated nuclei in the brain of the giant Zambian mole-rat (Fukomys mechowii)
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 52:69-79. 2013
    ....
  19. doi Organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic nuclei in the diencephalon, midbrain and pons of sub-adult male giraffes
    Faiza Bux
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 39:189-203. 2010
    ..These observations in the giraffe demonstrate that despite significant changes in life history, phenotype, brain size and time of divergence, species within the same order show the same nuclear organization of the systems investigated...
  20. doi Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic systems in the brains of two megachiropteran species
    Leigh Anne Dell
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 40:177-95. 2010
    ..Thus a diphyletic origin of Chiroptera is supported by the present neural findings...
  21. ncbi Nuclear parcellation of certain immunohistochemically identifiable neuronal systems in the midbrain and pons of the Highveld molerat (Cryptomys hottentotus)
    Jessica N Da Silva
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 31:37-50. 2006
    ..The fact that we could identify all nuclear groupings from three systems in this species is suggestive of an evolutionary constraint acting at the level of the organization of the neural system...
  22. doi The Continuously Growing Central Nervous System of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)
    Ayanda Ngwenya
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 296:C1. 2013
    ..Anat Rec, 296:1489-1500, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  23. doi Sleep in the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis
    Nadine Gravett
    School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 79:155-69. 2012
    ..Thus, prior classification of the rock hyrax as strongly diurnal does not appear to hold under controlled laboratory conditions...
  24. doi Sleep and wake in rhythmic versus arrhythmic chronotypes of a microphthalmic species of African mole rat (Fukomys mechowii)
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 78:162-83. 2011
    ..The time spent in rapid eye movement (REM) and the average duration of an REM episode were similar between the chronotypes...
  25. doi Cetacean sleep: an unusual form of mammalian sleep
    Oleg I Lyamin
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, 16111 Plummer Street, North Hills, CA 91343, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:1451-84. 2008
    ..Aspects such as sentinel functions and breathing are likely to be proximate evolutionary phenomenon of this form of sleep...
  26. doi Location, architecture, and retinotopy of the anteromedial lateral suprasylvian visual area (AMLS) of the ferret (Mustela putorius)
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Vis Neurosci 25:27-37. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi Distribution and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the Egyptian rousette flying fox, Rousettus aegyptiacus
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:108-27. 2007
    ....
  28. doi Distribution of orexinergic neurons and their terminal networks in the brains of two species of African mole rats
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 41:32-42. 2011
    ..The terminal networks, while remaining similar between the species, are more strongly expressed in the Cape-dune mole rat than in the highveld mole rat...
  29. doi Cellular location and major terminal networks of the orexinergic system in the brain of two megachiropterans
    Leigh Anne Dell
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 53:64-71. 2013
    ....
  30. doi Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic nuclei in the brain of the eastern rock elephant shrew, Elephantulus myurus
    Raymond P Pieters
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 39:175-88. 2010
    ..These neurons may then function to increase attention to this type of acoustic signal termed foot drumming...
  31. ncbi Distribution and morphology of putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the medulla oblongata of a sub-adult giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis
    N Ludo Badlangana
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:69-79. 2007
    ..We interpret these findings in terms of a growing literature detailing order specific phylogenetic constraints in the evolution of these neuromodulatory systems...
  32. doi Cellular location and major terminal networks of the orexinergic system in the brains of five microchiropteran species
    Jean Leigh Kruger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 40:256-62. 2010
    ..Thus, apart from the lack of neurons in the ventrolateral hypothalamus, the orexinergic system of the microchiropterans appears typically mammalian...
  33. ncbi Choline acetyltransferase immunoreactive cortical interneurons do not occur in all rodents: a study of the phylogenetic occurrence of this neural characteristic
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 32:208-16. 2006
    ....
  34. ncbi Architectural organization of the african elephant diencephalon and brainstem
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 82:83-128. 2013
    ....
  35. doi Qualitative and quantitative aspects of the microanatomy of the African elephant cerebellar cortex
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 81:40-55. 2013
    ..This quantitatively larger and more complex cerebellar cortex likely represents part of the neural machinery required to control the complex motor patterns involved in movement of the trunk and the production of infrasonic vocalizations...
  36. doi Elephants have relatively the largest cerebellum size of mammals
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 295:661-72. 2012
    ..These volumetric observations are related to life-histories and anatomies of the species investigated. The current study provides context for one aspect of the elephant brain in the broader picture of mammalian brain evolution...
  37. ncbi Order-specific quantitative patterns of cortical gyrification
    Praneshri Pillay
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Eur J Neurosci 25:2705-12. 2007
    ....
  38. doi Volumetric analysis of the African elephant ventricular system
    Busisiwe C Maskeo
    School of Anatomical Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 294:1412-7. 2011
    ..The current study provides context for one aspect of the elephant brain in the broader picture of mammalian brain evolution...
  39. doi Nuclear organization and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis): increased brain size does not lead to increased organizational complexity
    Aude marie Limacher
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 36:33-52. 2008
    ....
  40. ncbi The continuously growing central nervous system of the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)
    Ayanda Ngwenya
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 296:1489-500. 2013
    ....
  41. doi The evolutions of large brain size in mammals: the 'over-700-gram club quartet'
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 82:68-78. 2013
    ..This significantly diminishes the explanatory value of selection for greater cognitive capacities as a principal factor in the evolution of enlarged brain sizes above the 700-gram threshold...
  42. doi Nuclear organisation of some immunohistochemically identifiable neural systems in three Afrotherian species--Potomogale velox, Amblysomus hottentotus and Petrodromus tetradactylus
    Tanya Calvey
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 50:48-65. 2013
    ..The golden mole also exhibited an unusual foreshortening of the brain, such that a major (mesencephalic?) flexure in the brainstem was evident...
  43. ncbi Organization and chemical neuroanatomy of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) hippocampus
    Nina Patzke
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, 2193, South Africa
    Brain Struct Funct . 2013
    ..Thus, the elephant exhibits, for the most part, what might be considered a typically mammalian hippocampus in terms of both size and architecture...
  44. ncbi Testing thermogenesis as the basis for the evolution of cetacean sleep phenomenology
    Praneshri Pillay
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Sleep Res 13:353-8. 2004
    ..This result suggests that the need to compensate for heat loss can provide an evolutionary rationale for the appearance of extant cetacean sleep physiology...
  45. ncbi Distribution and morphology of cholinergic, catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of Schreiber's long-fingered bat, Miniopterus schreibersii
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:80-94. 2007
    ..This data is discussed in terms of the phylogenetic relationships of the chiropterans...
  46. doi Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic systems in the brains of five microchiropteran species
    Jean Leigh Kruger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 40:210-22. 2010
    ....
  47. doi Acquisition of brains from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana): perfusion-fixation and dissection
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Neurosci Methods 179:16-21. 2009
    ..This technique can be used on a variety of large mammals to obtain high quality material for comparative neuroanatomical studies...
  48. doi The superior colliculus of the ferret: cortical afferents and efferent connections to dorsal thalamus
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Res 1353:74-85. 2010
    ..For the most part these connections are similar to those seen in the cat and other mammals, however, specific comparisons appear to delineate potential evolutionary trends related to complexity of the visual system...
  49. doi A comparative assessment of the size of the frontal air sinus in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)
    N Ludo Badlangana
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 294:931-40. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that the volume of the frontal sinus in the giraffe is likely to be unique among artiodactyls, and the potential function and evolution we consider in light of several previously articulated hypotheses...
  50. ncbi The use of cranial variables for the estimation of body mass in fossil hominins
    Muhammad A Spocter
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Am J Phys Anthropol 134:92-105. 2007
    ..It is proposed that regression equations derived for the order primates are used to estimate body mass for archaic hominins, while hominoid based equations are most suited for Homo...
  51. doi Organisation and chemical neuroanatomy of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) olfactory bulb
    Ayanda Ngwenya
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg 2193, South Africa
    Brain Struct Funct 216:403-16. 2011
    ..Based on the general anatomy and the immunohistochemical observations, it is evident that the morphology of the African elephant MOB is, for the most part, similar to that of all mammals, although very large in absolute size...
  52. ncbi Visual subdivisions of the dorsal ventricular ridge of the iguana (Iguana iguana) as determined by electrophysiologic mapping
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Comp Neurol 453:226-46. 2002
    ..Comparisons to the ADVR of other reptiles are made, homologies to ectostriatial regions of the bird are proposed, and the findings are discussed in relation to telencephalic organization of other vertebrates...
  53. ncbi Predominance of clockwise swimming during rest in Southern Hemisphere dolphins
    Guinevere M Stafne
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Physiol Behav 82:919-26. 2004
    ..It is hypothesized that this 40-s period may represent the possible attention span of the sleeping bottlenose dolphin...
  54. doi Collectibles and collections for comparative and evolutionary neurobiological research in Africa
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1225:E85-93. 2011
    ..It is hoped that these brief descriptions will increase international scientific interest in the available collections...
  55. pmc The thalamus of the monotremes: cyto- and myeloarchitecture and chemical neuroanatomy
    Shawn Mikula
    Centre for Neuroscience, University of California, 1544 Newton Court, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:2415-40. 2008
    ..GABA cells are present in the ventral and dorsal thalamic nuclei, and in the ventral thalamus form a remarkable continuum with GABA cells of the two segments of the globus pallidus and pars reticulata of the substantia nigra...
  56. pmc Is 21st century neuroscience too focussed on the rat/mouse model of brain function and dysfunction?
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Front Neuroanat 2:5. 2008
    ..We offer examples both from the historical and recent literature indicating the usefulness of comparative neurobiological investigation in elucidating both normal and abnormal structure and function of the brain...
  57. doi Variations in the thickness and composition of the skin of the giraffe
    Farzana Sathar
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 293:1615-27. 2010
    ..The analyses performed could not add any new data regarding the thermoregulatory role already described for giraffe skin...
  58. ncbi The representation of the visual field in three extrastriate areas of the ferret (Mustela putorius) and the relationship of retinotopy and field boundaries to callosal connectivity
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Neuroscience, Division of Neuroanatomy and Brain Development, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius vag 8, S 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Cereb Cortex 12:423-37. 2002
    ..The results are discussed in relation to callosal connectivity and retinotopy in extrastriate visual cortex and to proposed homologies of carnivore and primate visual cortex...
  59. ncbi Visual areas in the lateral temporal cortex of the ferret (Mustela putorius)
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cereb Cortex 14:676-89. 2004
    ..These areas are probably homologous to the homonymous areas of the cat and might be indicative of a Bauplan from which the temporal areas of primates may have evolved...
  60. ncbi Immature cortex lesions alter retinotopic maps and interhemispheric connections
    C Ernesto Restrepo
    Division of Neuroanatomy and Brain Development, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Ann Neurol 54:51-65. 2003
    ..The findings might be relevant for understanding the consequences of early-onset visual cortical lesions in humans...
  61. ncbi Retinofugal projections following early lesions of the visual cortex in the ferret
    C Ernesto Restrepo
    Division of Neuroanatomy and Brain Development, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, S 17177, Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur J Neurosci 16:1713-9. 2002
    ..Comparisons with other mammalian species point to several common features in the developmental plasticity of retinofugal pathway...
  62. ncbi Multiple maps and activity-dependent representational plasticity in the anterior Wulst of the adult barn owl (Tyto alba)
    Paul R Manger
    Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia
    Eur J Neurosci 16:743-50. 2002
    ..The mutability and multiple representations indicates that the Wulst provides the owl with sensory processing capabilities analogous to those in mammals...
  63. ncbi Areal organization of the posterior parietal cortex of the ferret (Mustela putorius)
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Neuroscience, B2 2, Division of Neuroanatomy and Brain Development, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius väg 3, S 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Cereb Cortex 12:1280-97. 2002
    ..The organization of the parietal areas in the ferret resembles that of the flying fox and might unveil a common organizational plan from which the primate posterior parietal cortex evolved...
  64. ncbi Apparent absence of claustrum in monotremes: implications for forebrain evolution in amniotes
    Ann B Butler
    Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study and Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:230-40. 2002
    ..Nonetheless, its absence as a cytoarchitectonically discrete and identifiable structure in monotremes fails to support homology of the claustrum of therian mammals with any single part of the sauropsid pallium...
  65. ncbi Architecture and callosal connections of visual areas 17, 18, 19 and 21 in the ferret (Mustela putorius)
    Giorgio M Innocenti
    Division of Neuroanatomy and Brain Development, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, S 17177 Stockholm
    Cereb Cortex 12:411-22. 2002
    ..The distribution of callosal connections predicts the existence of vertical meridian representations corresponding to each of the bands and of non-isotropic representations of the visual field within the bridges and islands...
  66. ncbi Clarifying homologies in the mammalian cerebral cortex: the case of the third visual area (V3)
    Marcello G P Rosa
    Department of Physiology, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 32:327-39. 2005
    ..The redefined V3, which includes the 'ventral posterior area' and parts of the dorsolateral complex proposed by earlier studies, is very similar to V3 (area 19) of other species in terms of structure and function...
  67. ncbi Evolution of the neural basis of consciousness: a bird-mammal comparison
    Ann B Butler
    Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study, Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
    Bioessays 27:923-36. 2005
    ..An equally important point is that consciousness cannot be ruled out in the absence of complex cognition; it may in fact be the case that consciousness is a necessary prerequisite for complex cognition...
  68. doi Retinal ganglion cell density of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis): calculating visual resolution
    John D Pettigrew
    Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, Australia
    Vis Neurosci 25:215-20. 2008
    ..We calculate that the black rhinoceros could readily distinguish a 30 cm wide human at a distance of around 200 m given the appropriate visual background...