Paul R Manger

Summary

Affiliation: University of the Witwatersrand
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The locus coeruleus complex of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Sleep Res 12:149-55. 2003
  2. pmc Is 21st century neuroscience too focussed on the rat/mouse model of brain function and dysfunction?
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Front Neuroanat 2:5. 2008
  3. doi request reprint The evolutions of large brain size in mammals: the 'over-700-gram club quartet'
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 82:68-78. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Questioning the interpretations of behavioral observations of cetaceans: is there really support for a special intellectual status for this mammalian order?
    P R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, South Africa Electronic address
    Neuroscience 250:664-96. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Quantitative analysis of neocortical gyrencephaly in African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and six species of cetaceans: comparison with other mammals
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Comp Neurol 520:2430-9. 2012
  6. doi request reprint The superior colliculus of the ferret: cortical afferents and efferent connections to dorsal thalamus
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Res 1353:74-85. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Collectibles and collections for comparative and evolutionary neurobiological research in Africa
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1225:E85-93. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Location, architecture, and retinotopy of the anteromedial lateral suprasylvian visual area (AMLS) of the ferret (Mustela putorius)
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Vis Neurosci 25:27-37. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Cross-sectional area of the elephant corpus callosum: comparison to other eutherian mammals
    P R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Neuroscience 167:815-24. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Acquisition of brains from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana): perfusion-fixation and dissection
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Neurosci Methods 179:16-21. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi request reprint The locus coeruleus complex of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    Paul R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Sleep Res 12:149-55. 2003
    ....
  2. pmc Is 21st century neuroscience too focussed on the rat/mouse model of brain function and dysfunction?
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Front Neuroanat 2:5. 2008
    ..We offer examples both from the historical and recent literature indicating the usefulness of comparative neurobiological investigation in elucidating both normal and abnormal structure and function of the brain...
  3. doi request reprint The evolutions of large brain size in mammals: the 'over-700-gram club quartet'
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 82:68-78. 2013
    ..This significantly diminishes the explanatory value of selection for greater cognitive capacities as a principal factor in the evolution of enlarged brain sizes above the 700-gram threshold...
  4. doi request reprint Questioning the interpretations of behavioral observations of cetaceans: is there really support for a special intellectual status for this mammalian order?
    P R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, South Africa Electronic address
    Neuroscience 250:664-96. 2013
    ..Sophisticated cognitive abilities appear to play no role in the evolution of large brain size in cetaceans, indicating that alternative theories of large brain size evolution in cetaceans should be considered in more detail. ..
  5. doi request reprint Quantitative analysis of neocortical gyrencephaly in African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and six species of cetaceans: comparison with other mammals
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Comp Neurol 520:2430-9. 2012
    ..The analysis suggests that cortical thickness and neuronal density are important factors in determining the extent of gyrencephaly across mammalian species...
  6. doi request reprint The superior colliculus of the ferret: cortical afferents and efferent connections to dorsal thalamus
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Res 1353:74-85. 2010
    ..For the most part these connections are similar to those seen in the cat and other mammals, however, specific comparisons appear to delineate potential evolutionary trends related to complexity of the visual system...
  7. doi request reprint Collectibles and collections for comparative and evolutionary neurobiological research in Africa
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1225:E85-93. 2011
    ..It is hoped that these brief descriptions will increase international scientific interest in the available collections...
  8. doi request reprint Location, architecture, and retinotopy of the anteromedial lateral suprasylvian visual area (AMLS) of the ferret (Mustela putorius)
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Vis Neurosci 25:27-37. 2008
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Cross-sectional area of the elephant corpus callosum: comparison to other eutherian mammals
    P R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Neuroscience 167:815-24. 2010
    ..If this observation is supported in future studies, the elephants will be the first non-primate species to show sexual dimorphism in this neural character. The results are discussed in both an evolutionary and functional context...
  10. doi request reprint Acquisition of brains from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana): perfusion-fixation and dissection
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Neurosci Methods 179:16-21. 2009
    ..This technique can be used on a variety of large mammals to obtain high quality material for comparative neuroanatomical studies...
  11. pmc Organization and number of orexinergic neurons in the hypothalamus of two species of Cetartiodactyla: a comparison of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)
    Leigh Anne Dell
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 44:98-109. 2012
    ..The higher number of both parvocellular and magnocellular orexinergic neurons in the harbour porpoise may relate to the unusual sleep mechanisms in the cetaceans...
  12. doi request reprint Nuclear organization and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brains of two species of African mole-rat
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng 2193, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 35:371-87. 2008
    ..We conclude that changes in the nuclear organization of the systems studied appear to demonstrate a form of constraint related to the phylogenetic level of the order...
  13. ncbi request reprint Nuclear organization and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis
    Nadine Gravett
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 38:57-74. 2009
    ..These differences are discussed in both a functional and phylogenetic perspective...
  14. doi request reprint Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic, serotonergic and orexinergic systems in the brain of the African pygmy mouse (Mus minutoides): organizational complexity is preserved in small brains
    Jean Leigh Kruger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 44:45-56. 2012
    ..Thus, species belonging to the same order generally have the same number and complement of the subdivisions, or nuclei, of specific neural systems despite differences in brain size, phenotype or time since evolutionary divergence...
  15. ncbi request reprint Distribution and morphology of putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the greater canerat, Thryonomys swinderianus
    Sarika Dwarika
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 35:108-22. 2008
    ..Thus, changes in the nuclear organization of these systems appears to demonstrate a form of constraint related to the phylogenetic level of the order...
  16. doi request reprint Distribution of orexin-A immunoreactive neurons and their terminal networks in the brain of the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis
    Nadine Gravett
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 41:86-96. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Nuclear organization and morphology of serotonergic neurons in the brain of the Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus
    Stacey Lee Rodrigues
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 35:133-45. 2008
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Order-specific quantitative patterns of cortical gyrification
    Praneshri Pillay
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Eur J Neurosci 25:2705-12. 2007
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Distribution of parvalbumin, calbindin and calretinin containing neurons and terminal networks in relation to sleep associated nuclei in the brain of the giant Zambian mole-rat (Fukomys mechowii)
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 52:69-79. 2013
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Distribution and morphology of catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the highveld gerbil, Tatera brantsii
    Don Joon Moon
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:134-44. 2007
    ..Thus, the evolution of nuclear parcellation in these systems appears to demonstrate a form of phylogenetic constraint related to the order Rodentia...
  21. doi request reprint Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic systems in the brains of two megachiropteran species
    Leigh Anne Dell
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 40:177-95. 2010
    ..Thus a diphyletic origin of Chiroptera is supported by the present neural findings...
  22. doi request reprint The Continuously Growing Central Nervous System of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)
    Ayanda Ngwenya
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 296:C1. 2013
    ..Anat Rec, 296:1489-1500, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  23. doi request reprint Organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic nuclei in the diencephalon, midbrain and pons of sub-adult male giraffes
    Faiza Bux
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 39:189-203. 2010
    ..These observations in the giraffe demonstrate that despite significant changes in life history, phenotype, brain size and time of divergence, species within the same order show the same nuclear organization of the systems investigated...
  24. doi request reprint Sleep in the rock hyrax, Procavia capensis
    Nadine Gravett
    School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 79:155-69. 2012
    ..Thus, prior classification of the rock hyrax as strongly diurnal does not appear to hold under controlled laboratory conditions...
  25. ncbi request reprint The anterior ectosylvian visual area of the ferret: a homologue for an enigmatic visual cortical area of the cat?
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Eur J Neurosci 22:706-14. 2005
    ..Taken together these features suggest that the region described here as AEV in the ferret is indeed a direct homologue of the previously described cat AEV...
  26. ncbi request reprint Distribution and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the Egyptian rousette flying fox, Rousettus aegyptiacus
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:108-27. 2007
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Choline acetyltransferase immunoreactive cortical interneurons do not occur in all rodents: a study of the phylogenetic occurrence of this neural characteristic
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 32:208-16. 2006
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Cellular location and major terminal networks of the orexinergic system in the brain of two megachiropterans
    Leigh Anne Dell
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 53:64-71. 2013
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Volumetric analysis of the African elephant ventricular system
    Busisiwe C Maskeo
    School of Anatomical Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 294:1412-7. 2011
    ..The current study provides context for one aspect of the elephant brain in the broader picture of mammalian brain evolution...
  30. doi request reprint Cellular location and major terminal networks of the orexinergic system in the brains of five microchiropteran species
    Jean Leigh Kruger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 40:256-62. 2010
    ..Thus, apart from the lack of neurons in the ventrolateral hypothalamus, the orexinergic system of the microchiropterans appears typically mammalian...
  31. doi request reprint Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic nuclei in the brain of the eastern rock elephant shrew, Elephantulus myurus
    Raymond P Pieters
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 39:175-88. 2010
    ..These neurons may then function to increase attention to this type of acoustic signal termed foot drumming...
  32. ncbi request reprint Architectural organization of the african elephant diencephalon and brainstem
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 82:83-128. 2013
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Qualitative and quantitative aspects of the microanatomy of the African elephant cerebellar cortex
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 81:40-55. 2013
    ..This quantitatively larger and more complex cerebellar cortex likely represents part of the neural machinery required to control the complex motor patterns involved in movement of the trunk and the production of infrasonic vocalizations...
  34. doi request reprint Elephants have relatively the largest cerebellum size of mammals
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 295:661-72. 2012
    ..These volumetric observations are related to life-histories and anatomies of the species investigated. The current study provides context for one aspect of the elephant brain in the broader picture of mammalian brain evolution...
  35. doi request reprint Sleep and wake in rhythmic versus arrhythmic chronotypes of a microphthalmic species of African mole rat (Fukomys mechowii)
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 78:162-83. 2011
    ..The time spent in rapid eye movement (REM) and the average duration of an REM episode were similar between the chronotypes...
  36. doi request reprint Nuclear organization and morphology of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of the Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis): increased brain size does not lead to increased organizational complexity
    Aude marie Limacher
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 36:33-52. 2008
    ....
  37. doi request reprint Distribution of orexinergic neurons and their terminal networks in the brains of two species of African mole rats
    Adhil Bhagwandin
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 41:32-42. 2011
    ..The terminal networks, while remaining similar between the species, are more strongly expressed in the Cape-dune mole rat than in the highveld mole rat...
  38. ncbi request reprint The continuously growing central nervous system of the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)
    Ayanda Ngwenya
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 296:1489-500. 2013
    ....
  39. doi request reprint Nuclear organisation of some immunohistochemically identifiable neural systems in three Afrotherian species--Potomogale velox, Amblysomus hottentotus and Petrodromus tetradactylus
    Tanya Calvey
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 50:48-65. 2013
    ..The golden mole also exhibited an unusual foreshortening of the brain, such that a major (mesencephalic?) flexure in the brainstem was evident...
  40. ncbi request reprint The use of cranial variables for the estimation of body mass in fossil hominins
    Muhammad A Spocter
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Am J Phys Anthropol 134:92-105. 2007
    ..It is proposed that regression equations derived for the order primates are used to estimate body mass for archaic hominins, while hominoid based equations are most suited for Homo...
  41. ncbi request reprint Organization and chemical neuroanatomy of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) hippocampus
    Nina Patzke
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, 2193, South Africa
    Brain Struct Funct . 2013
    ..Thus, the elephant exhibits, for the most part, what might be considered a typically mammalian hippocampus in terms of both size and architecture...
  42. ncbi request reprint Distribution and morphology of cholinergic, catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the brain of Schreiber's long-fingered bat, Miniopterus schreibersii
    Busisiwe C Maseko
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:80-94. 2007
    ..This data is discussed in terms of the phylogenetic relationships of the chiropterans...
  43. ncbi request reprint Distribution and morphology of putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the medulla oblongata of a sub-adult giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis
    N Ludo Badlangana
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 34:69-79. 2007
    ..We interpret these findings in terms of a growing literature detailing order specific phylogenetic constraints in the evolution of these neuromodulatory systems...
  44. ncbi request reprint An examination of cetacean brain structure with a novel hypothesis correlating thermogenesis to the evolution of a big brain
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:293-338. 2006
    ..These observations provide an alternative to the widely held belief of a correlation between brain size and intelligence in cetaceans...
  45. doi request reprint Nuclear organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic systems in the brains of five microchiropteran species
    Jean Leigh Kruger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 40:210-22. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint The distribution and morphological characteristics of catecholaminergic cells in the diencephalon and midbrain of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Behav Evol 64:42-60. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in relation to motor control, thermoregulation, unihemispheric sleep, and dolphin cognition...
  47. ncbi request reprint The distribution and morphological characteristics of cholinergic cells in the brain of monotremes as revealed by ChAT immunohistochemistry
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:275-97. 2002
    ..This hiatus might be functionally related to the phenomenology of monotreme sleep and to the ontogeny of sleep in mammals, as juvenile placental mammals exhibit a similar combination of sleep elements to that found in adult monotremes...
  48. ncbi request reprint The distribution and morphological characteristics of catecholaminergic cells in the brain of monotremes as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:298-314. 2002
    ..The similarity of this system across mammalian and amniote species underlines the evolutionary conservatism of the catecholaminergic system...
  49. ncbi request reprint The distribution and morphological characteristics of serotonergic cells in the brain of monotremes
    P R Manger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, Neurobiology Research 151A3, Sepulveda VAMC, North Hills, Calif, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:315-32. 2002
    ..The results of our study are compared in an evolutionary context with those reported for other mammals and reptiles...
  50. doi request reprint Organisation and chemical neuroanatomy of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) olfactory bulb
    Ayanda Ngwenya
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg 2193, South Africa
    Brain Struct Funct 216:403-16. 2011
    ..Based on the general anatomy and the immunohistochemical observations, it is evident that the morphology of the African elephant MOB is, for the most part, similar to that of all mammals, although very large in absolute size...
  51. ncbi request reprint Establishing order at the systems level in mammalian brain evolution
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Brain Res Bull 66:282-9. 2005
    ..The conclusion reached is that the presented evolutionary pattern shows a far higher relative frequency of occurrence than do other potential evolutionary explanations of systems level evolution in the mammalian nervous system...
  52. ncbi request reprint Nuclear parcellation of certain immunohistochemically identifiable neuronal systems in the midbrain and pons of the Highveld molerat (Cryptomys hottentotus)
    Jessica N Da Silva
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Chem Neuroanat 31:37-50. 2006
    ..The fact that we could identify all nuclear groupings from three systems in this species is suggestive of an evolutionary constraint acting at the level of the organization of the neural system...
  53. doi request reprint A comparative assessment of the size of the frontal air sinus in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)
    N Ludo Badlangana
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 294:931-40. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that the volume of the frontal sinus in the giraffe is likely to be unique among artiodactyls, and the potential function and evolution we consider in light of several previously articulated hypotheses...
  54. ncbi request reprint Visual subdivisions of the dorsal ventricular ridge of the iguana (Iguana iguana) as determined by electrophysiologic mapping
    Paul R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Comp Neurol 453:226-46. 2002
    ..Comparisons to the ADVR of other reptiles are made, homologies to ectostriatial regions of the bird are proposed, and the findings are discussed in relation to telencephalic organization of other vertebrates...
  55. ncbi request reprint Testing thermogenesis as the basis for the evolution of cetacean sleep phenomenology
    Praneshri Pillay
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Sleep Res 13:353-8. 2004
    ..This result suggests that the need to compensate for heat loss can provide an evolutionary rationale for the appearance of extant cetacean sleep physiology...
  56. doi request reprint Variations in the thickness and composition of the skin of the giraffe
    Farzana Sathar
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 293:1615-27. 2010
    ..The analyses performed could not add any new data regarding the thermoregulatory role already described for giraffe skin...
  57. ncbi request reprint Visual thalamocortical projections in the flying fox: parallel pathways to striate and extrastriate areas
    P R Manger
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Neuroscience 130:497-511. 2005
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint Predominance of clockwise swimming during rest in Southern Hemisphere dolphins
    Guinevere M Stafne
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Physiol Behav 82:919-26. 2004
    ..It is hypothesized that this 40-s period may represent the possible attention span of the sleeping bottlenose dolphin...
  59. ncbi request reprint Observations on the giraffe central nervous system related to the corticospinal tract, motor cortex and spinal cord: what difference does a long neck make?
    N L Badlangana
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Neuroscience 148:522-34. 2007
    ..Our results, at least at the level of organization investigated herein, show that the corticospinal tract of the giraffe resembled that of a typical ungulate...