Hoosen Coovadia

Summary

Affiliation: University of KwaZulu-Natal
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. pmc Preliminary outcomes of a paediatric highly active antiretroviral therapy cohort from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Anand Reddi
    Sinikithemba HIV AIDS Clinic, McCord Hospital, Durban, South Africa
    BMC Pediatr 7:13. 2007
  2. ncbi Breastfeeding to prevent HIV transmission in infants: balancing pros and cons
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, South Africa
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:11-5. 2008
  3. ncbi Preserving breastfeeding practice through the HIV pandemic
    H M Coovadia
    Centre for HIV AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1116-33. 2007
  4. ncbi HIV, infant feeding, and survival: old wine in new bottles, but brimming with promise
    Hoosen M Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, 719 Umbilo Road, Congella 4013, South Africa
    AIDS 21:1837-40. 2007
  5. doi From Alma-Ata to Agincourt: primary health care in AIDS
    Hoosen Coovadia
    University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, Kwazulu Natal 4013, South Africa
    Lancet 372:866-8. 2008
  6. doi Current issues in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, 719 Umbilo Road, Congella, South Africa 4013, South Africa
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 4:319-24. 2009
  7. doi Science and society: the HIV epidemic and South African political responses
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Adv Exp Med Biol 609:16-28. 2008
  8. pmc Impact of HLA in mother and child on disease progression of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection
    Christina F Thobakgale
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Virol 83:10234-44. 2009
  9. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus-specific CD8+ T-cell activity is detectable from birth in the majority of in utero-infected infants
    Christina F Thobakgale
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Virol 81:12775-84. 2007
  10. pmc Efficacy and safety of an extended nevirapine regimen in infants of breastfeeding mothers with HIV-1 infection for prevention of HIV-1 transmission (HPTN 046): 18-month results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Mary Glenn Fowler
    Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Maternal Adolescent and Child Health, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa Makerere University, Johns Hopkins University, Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Department of Pediatrics, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC Division of HIV AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD and Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:366-74. 2014

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. pmc Preliminary outcomes of a paediatric highly active antiretroviral therapy cohort from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Anand Reddi
    Sinikithemba HIV AIDS Clinic, McCord Hospital, Durban, South Africa
    BMC Pediatr 7:13. 2007
    ..Few studies address the use of paediatric highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Africa...
  2. ncbi Breastfeeding to prevent HIV transmission in infants: balancing pros and cons
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, South Africa
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:11-5. 2008
    ..We assesses breastfeeding is a rational and viable option for HIV-infected women in poor environments...
  3. ncbi Preserving breastfeeding practice through the HIV pandemic
    H M Coovadia
    Centre for HIV AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1116-33. 2007
    ..This review provides recent key findings and opinions around making breastfeeding safer for HIV-positive women, and argues for preservation of breastfeeding, as opposed to complete avoidance of breastfeeding for all HIV-positive women...
  4. ncbi HIV, infant feeding, and survival: old wine in new bottles, but brimming with promise
    Hoosen M Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, 719 Umbilo Road, Congella 4013, South Africa
    AIDS 21:1837-40. 2007
  5. doi From Alma-Ata to Agincourt: primary health care in AIDS
    Hoosen Coovadia
    University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, Kwazulu Natal 4013, South Africa
    Lancet 372:866-8. 2008
  6. doi Current issues in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, 719 Umbilo Road, Congella, South Africa 4013, South Africa
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 4:319-24. 2009
    ..To review new evidence in prevention of mother-to-child-transmission of HIV-1, which establishes, in principle, the feasibility of greatly improved effectiveness in developing countries...
  7. doi Science and society: the HIV epidemic and South African political responses
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Adv Exp Med Biol 609:16-28. 2008
  8. pmc Impact of HLA in mother and child on disease progression of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection
    Christina F Thobakgale
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Virol 83:10234-44. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus-specific CD8+ T-cell activity is detectable from birth in the majority of in utero-infected infants
    Christina F Thobakgale
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Virol 81:12775-84. 2007
    ..Moreover, the detection of virus-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in the first days of life in most in utero-infected infants is encouraging for HIV vaccine interventions in infants...
  10. pmc Efficacy and safety of an extended nevirapine regimen in infants of breastfeeding mothers with HIV-1 infection for prevention of HIV-1 transmission (HPTN 046): 18-month results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Mary Glenn Fowler
    Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Maternal Adolescent and Child Health, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa Makerere University, Johns Hopkins University, Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Department of Pediatrics, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC Division of HIV AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD and Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:366-74. 2014
    ..HPTN 046 compared the efficacy and safety of infant nevirapine (NVP) among HIV-exposed breastfed infants randomized at 6 weeks to 6 months to t NVP or placebo to prevent postnatal infection: we report final 18-month outcomes...
  11. ncbi Women's morbidity and mortality in the first 2 years after delivery according to HIV status
    Anna Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS 24:2859-66. 2010
    ..Better knowledge of the impact of HIV status on morbidity and mortality patterns of women after delivery is important to improve clinical and policy recommendations...
  12. ncbi Short communication: CD4 counts of HIV-infected pregnant women and their infected children--implications for PMTCT and treatment programmes
    Ankie Lebon
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1472-4. 2007
    ..The antenatal-postnatal divide needs to be bridged with respect to the follow-up of both HIV-infected women and their exposed infants...
  13. pmc HIV disease progression in the first year after delivery among African women followed in the HPTN 046 clinical trial
    D Heather Watts
    Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA University of Zimbabwe College of Medicine, Harare, Zimbabwe Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa Makerere University Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, Chapel Hill, NC Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, Baltimore, MD National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD Maternal Adolescent and Child Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, and Statistical Center for HIV AIDS Research and Prevention SCHARP, Seattle, WA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 64:299-306. 2013
    ..We evaluated disease progression among HIV-infected women not on ART with CD4⁺ lymphocyte counts above 200 cells per microliter at delivery...
  14. ncbi CD8+ T-cell responses to different HIV proteins have discordant associations with viral load
    Photini Kiepiela
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Nat Med 13:46-53. 2007
    ..These population-based data, suggesting the existence of both effective immune responses and responses lacking demonstrable biological impact in chronic HIV infection, are of relevance to HIV vaccine design and evaluation...
  15. ncbi Breastfeeding, HIV status and weights in South African children: a comparison of HIV-exposed and unexposed children
    Deven Patel
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal 3935, South Africa
    AIDS 24:437-45. 2010
    ..To examine growth of children by maternal and infant HIV status allowing for infant feeding mode...
  16. pmc Impact of HIV-1 infection in South Africa
    K Pillay
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Arch Dis Child 85:50-1. 2001
    ..This impact may be alleviated by appropriate primary and secondary level health care...
  17. pmc Failure of standard antimicrobial therapy in children aged 3-59 months with mild or asymptomatic HIV infection and severe pneumonia
    Prakash Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, King Edward Hospital, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 84:269-75. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Prevention of transmission of HIV-1 from mothers to infants in Africa
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Centre for HIV and AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Congella, Durban, South Africa
    Adv Exp Med Biol 582:201-20. 2006
  19. ncbi Safety and efficacy of zinc supplementation for children with HIV-1 infection in South Africa: a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial
    Raziya Bobat
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 366:1862-7. 2005
    ..However, in children with HIV-1 infection, the safety of zinc supplementation is uncertain. We aimed to assess the role of zinc in HIV-1 replication before mass zinc supplementation is recommended in regions of high HIV-1 prevalence...
  20. ncbi Morbidity in children born to women infected with human immunodeficiency virus in South Africa: does mode of feeding matter?
    A Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 92:890-5. 2003
    ..To examine infant morbidity risks associated with refraining from breastfeeding where it is used in an attempt to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  21. ncbi Increasing incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma in black South Africans in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (1983-2006)
    A Mosam
    Department of Dermatology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal
    Int J STD AIDS 20:553-6. 2009
    ..These data reinforce the need for comprehensive national access to and roll-out of antiretroviral drugs, given their success in prevention and treatment of KS in first-world settings...
  22. doi Characteristics of HIV-1-associated Kaposi's sarcoma among women and men in South Africa
    A Mosam
    Department of Dermatology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Int J STD AIDS 19:400-5. 2008
    ..7 vs. 43.3%). In conclusion, HIV-associated KS in South Africans has an equal female-to-male ratio. Females are younger and have more severe disease than males...
  23. ncbi Free formula milk for infants of HIV-infected women: blessing or curse?
    A Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Health Policy Plan 17:154-60. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi Routinely available cotrimoxazole prophylaxis and occurrence of respiratory and diarrhoeal morbidity in infants born to HIV-infected mothers in South Africa
    A Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    S Afr Med J 95:339-45. 2005
    ..To examine the influence of cotrimoxazole (CTM) prophylaxis on incidence of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and diarrhoea...
  25. ncbi Lymph node biopsies in HIV-infected and non-infected children with persistent lung disease
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:139-46. 2000
    ..Lymphadenopathy is a frequent associated clinical finding among these children. We evaluated the usefulness of excision lymph node biopsies in determining an aetiological diagnosis in HIV-infected and non-infected children with PLD...
  26. ncbi Lymphadenopathy, pneumonia, and HIV--a common trio, an uncommon outcome
    A Mosam
    Department of Dermatology, Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Lancet 365:266. 2005
  27. pmc Impact of HIV-1 status on the radiological presentation and clinical outcome of children with WHO defined community-acquired severe pneumonia
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, Durban, South Africa
    Arch Dis Child 92:976-9. 2007
    ..We compared the radiological features and outcome of WHO defined severe pneumonia among HIV infected and exposed uninfected children randomised to receive penicillin or oral amoxicillin in Durban, South Africa...
  28. doi The health and health system of South Africa: historical roots of current public health challenges
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:817-34. 2009
    ..The HIV epidemic has contributed to and accelerated these challenges. All of these factors need to be addressed by the new government if health is to be improved and the Millennium Development Goals achieved in South Africa...
  29. ncbi A multicenter randomized controlled trial of nevirapine versus a combination of zidovudine and lamivudine to reduce intrapartum and early postpartum mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, KwaZulu Natal, Congella 4013, South Africa
    J Infect Dis 187:725-35. 2003
    ..3%; Zdv/3TC group, 26.3%) and respiratory for infants (Nvp group, 16.1%; Zdv/3TC group, 17.0%). This study further confirms the efficacy and safety of short-course ARV regimens in reducing MTCT rates in developing countries...
  30. pmc Infant feeding counselling for HIV-infected and uninfected women: appropriateness of choice and practice
    R M Bland
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 85:289-96. 2007
    ..To examine infant feeding intentions of HIV-infected and uninfected women and the appropriateness of their choices according to their home resources; and to determine their adherence to their intentions in the first postnatal week...
  31. ncbi Impact of HIV-1 co-infection on presentation and hospital-related mortality in children with culture proven pulmonary tuberculosis in Durban, South Africa
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:672-8. 2002
    ..Most studies from developing countries have included subjects in whom the diagnosis of TB is suspected but not proven. We therefore compare the findings in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected children with culture-proven TB...
  32. ncbi Method of feeding and transmission of HIV-1 from mothers to children by 15 months of age: prospective cohort study from Durban, South Africa
    A Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 15:379-87. 2001
    ..To determine the risk of HIV transmission by infant feeding modality...
  33. pmc Drug resistance and coreceptor usage in HIV type 1 subtype C-infected children initiating or failing highly active antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
    Taryn N Green
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:324-32. 2012
    ..Enhanced genotypic prediction tools are needed as current tools are not sensitive enough for predicting CXCR4 usage...
  34. ncbi Differential immunogenicity of HIV-1 clade C proteins in eliciting CD8+ and CD4+ cell responses
    Danni Ramduth
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Infect Dis 192:1588-96. 2005
    ..The relative immunogenicity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proteins for CD8+ and CD4+ cell responses has not been defined...
  35. ncbi A health and nutritional profile of rural school children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    C C Jinabhai
    Department of Community Health, School of Family and Public Health Medicine, University of Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella 4013, Durban, South Africa
    Ann Trop Paediatr 21:50-8. 2001
    ..Micronutrient supplementation and de-worming provide opportunities for school-based health promotion and primary health care interventions, and might produce significant health and educational benefits...
  36. pmc Rapid testing may not improve uptake of HIV testing and same day results in a rural South African community: a cohort study of 12,000 women
    Ntombizodumo B Mkwanazi
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3501. 2008
    ..We report on the acceptability of HIV counselling and testing, and uptake of results, before and after the introduction of rapid testing in this area...
  37. ncbi Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor in vaginal fluids and perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission
    K Pillay
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella, 4013, Republic of South Africa
    J Infect Dis 183:653-6. 2001
    ..174 virions/mL; P=.09). Increased concentrations of selected innate mucosal immune factors, such as SLPI, seem to be associated with reduced rates of perinatal HIV-1 transmission and may contribute to natural antiretroviral defense...
  38. ncbi HIV in pregnancy: strategies for management
    H M Coovadia
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Congella, 4013, South Africa
    Semin Neonatol 5:181-8. 2000
    ..Strategies suitable and inappropriate for developing countries, and operational difficulties, are discussed...
  39. pmc Challenges in the provision of ICU services to HIV infected children in resource poor settings: a South African case study
    P M Jeena
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Med Ethics 31:226-30. 2005
    ....
  40. pmc Molecular characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C viruses from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: implications for vaccine and antiretroviral control strategies
    M Gordon
    HIV 1 Molecular Virology and Bioinformatics Laboratories, Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies and the Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella 4013, Durban, South Africa
    J Virol 77:2587-99. 2003
    ..This work forms a baseline for future studies aimed at understanding the impact of genetic diversity on vaccine efficacy and on natural susceptibility to antiretroviral drugs...
  41. ncbi Admission patterns and outcomes in a paediatric intensive care unit in South Africa over a 25-year period (1971-1995)
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Intensive Care Med 25:88-94. 1999
    ....
  42. ncbi Tuberculous meningitis and co-infection with HIV
    J M Topley
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Ann Trop Paediatr 18:261-6. 1998
    ..Co-existing HIV encephalopathy and diminished immune competence undoubtedly contributed to the more severe clinical and neuro-radiological features...
  43. ncbi Messages about dual contraception in areas of high HIV prevalence are not heeded
    N Ngubane
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban
    S Afr Med J 98:209-12. 2008
    ..It is critical for HIV-negative women to prevent seroconversion and HIV transmission to their infants during pregnancy and breastfeeding...
  44. ncbi Colloquium report: improving the health of school age children in an era of HIV/AIDS in Durban, South Africa
    J D Kvalsvig
    Child, Youth and Family, Human Sciences Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    J Trop Pediatr 50:251-4. 2004
    ..In the discussions that followed four critical issues emerged: intersectoral collaboration, accountability, retraining middle management, and a more comprehensive strategy to support pupils and teachers infected and affected by HIV/AIDS...
  45. ncbi Effects of the human immunodeficiency virus on tuberculosis in children
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Tuber Lung Dis 77:437-43. 1996
    ..In children however, unlike in adults, very little has been documented about the interaction between the two diseases...
  46. doi HIV/AIDS in children: a disaster in the making
    H M Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, Congella 4013, Natal, South Africa
    Lancet 372:271-3. 2008
  47. pmc Lack of efficacy of the standard potency Edmonston-Zagreb live, attenuated measles vaccine in African infants
    P Kiepiela
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 69:221-7. 1991
    ....
  48. pmc The impact of human immunodeficency virus 1 on largyngeal airway obstruction in children
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Arch Dis Child 87:212-4. 2002
    ..6% v 31.3%), while oropharyngeal/laryngeal candidiasis (26.3%), tuberculosis (15.8%), and benign lymphoid hyperplasia (15.8%) were commonly seen in the HIV infected group...
  49. ncbi Epidemiology of helminth infections: implications for parasite control programmes, a South African perspective
    C C Jinabhai
    Department of Community Health, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, Congella, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 4:1211-9. 2001
    ..To assess the South African government's parasite control policy...
  50. pmc Safety of the intradermal Copenhagen 1331 BCG vaccine in neonates in Durban, South Africa
    P M Jeena
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, 4013, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 79:337-43. 2001
    ..To evaluate the safety of the intradermal Copenhagen BCG vaccine in neonates at different levels of delivery and neonatal units of the Durban Functional Region and surrounding regions...
  51. ncbi Mortality of infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers in Africa: a pooled analysis
    Marie Louise Newell
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 364:1236-43. 2004
    ..With individual data from seven randomised mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) intervention trials, we estimate mortality in African children born to HIV-infected mothers and analyse selected risk factors...
  52. ncbi Top stories of 2004. Perinatal transmission interventions: the benefits come with resistance
    Hoosen Coovadia
    AIDS Clin Care 17:2. 2005
  53. ncbi Breast-milk shedding of drug-resistant HIV-1 subtype C in women exposed to single-dose nevirapine
    Esther J Lee
    Center for AIDS Research, Division of Infectious Disease, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:1260-4. 2005
    ..In 20 paired BM and plasma samples, 65% of BM and 50% of plasma RT sequences had NNRTI-resistance mutations, with divergent mutation patterns...
  54. ncbi The evidence for using conjugate vaccines to protect HIV-infected children against pneumococcal disease
    Sandra J Bliss
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:67-80. 2008
    ..PCV should be considered as an important intervention for improving the lives of HIV-infected children...
  55. pmc Role of traditional birth attendants in preventing perinatal transmission of HIV
    Marc Bulterys
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    BMJ 324:222-4. 2002
  56. ncbi Use of antiretroviral drugs to prevent HIV-1 transmission through breast-feeding: from animal studies to randomized clinical trials
    Philippe Gaillard
    World Health Organization, Reproductive Health and Research, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:178-87. 2004
    ..Laboratory studies nested within several of these trials will provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis of postnatal HIV transmission and its potential prevention using antiretroviral drugs...
  57. pmc Broad and Gag-biased HIV-1 epitope repertoires are associated with lower viral loads
    Morgane Rolland
    Department of Microbiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1424. 2008
    ..e., the intrinsic ability to present fewer, more or specific viral epitopes, could affect clinical markers of disease progression...
  58. ncbi The versatile lymphocyte count
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Lancet 363:574. 2004
  59. ncbi Antiretroviral agents--how best to protect infants from HIV and save their mothers from AIDS
    Hoosen Coovadia
    N Engl J Med 351:289-92. 2004
  60. pmc HLA class I-driven evolution of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype c proteome: immune escape and viral load
    Christine M Rousseau
    Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 358070, Seattle, WA 98195 8070, USA
    J Virol 82:6434-46. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi Vertical HIV transmission in South Africa: translating research into policy and practice
    Salim Abdool Karim
    University of Natal, 4041, South Africa
    Lancet 359:992-3. 2002
  62. pmc Central role of reverting mutations in HLA associations with human immunodeficiency virus set point
    Philippa C Matthews
    Department of Paediatrics, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, United Kingdom
    J Virol 82:8548-59. 2008
    ..The significance of these results is in highlighting the rationale for an HIV vaccine that can induce these broad responses...
  63. ncbi Is there a difference in the efficacy of peripartum antiretroviral regimens in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Africa?
    Valeriane Leroy
    INSERM U 593, Institut d Epidémiologie, Santé Publique et Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    AIDS 19:1865-75. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi Roundtable. Revisiting the role of single-dose nevirapine for preventing perinatal HIV transmission
    Hoosen Coovadia
    AIDS Clin Care 17:61-4. 2005