Jonathan K Burns

Summary

Affiliation: University of KwaZulu-Natal
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Poverty, inequality and the treated incidence of first-episode psychosis: an ecological study from South Africa
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:331-5. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Implementation of the Mental Health Care Act (2002) at district hospitals in South Africa: Translating principles into practice
    J K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban
    S Afr Med J 98:46-9. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Why searching for psychosis in diverse settings is important for global research and mental health systems development
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 50:895-7. 2015
  4. doi request reprint Traditional and religious healers in the pathway to care for people with mental disorders in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 50:867-77. 2015
  5. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use predicts shorter duration of untreated psychosis and lower levels of negative symptoms in first-episode psychosis: a South African study
    J K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) 13:395-9. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use and duration of untreated psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Curr Pharm Des 18:5093-104. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint Mental health services funding and development in KwaZulu-Natal: a tale of inequity and neglect
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban
    S Afr Med J 100:662-6. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Causal attributions, pathway to care and clinical features of first-episode psychosis: a South African perspective
    Jonathan K Burns
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 57:538-45. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Reconciling 'the new epidemiology' with an evolutionary genetic basis for schizophrenia
    Jonathan Kenneth Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, 4000 South Africa
    Med Hypotheses 72:353-8. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Dispelling a myth: developing world poverty, inequality, violence and social fragmentation are not good for outcome in schizophrenia
    J Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) 12:200-5. 2009

Detail Information

Publications21

  1. doi request reprint Poverty, inequality and the treated incidence of first-episode psychosis: an ecological study from South Africa
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:331-5. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether measures of poverty and income inequality impact upon the treated incidence of first-episode psychosis (FEP) in the District of Umgungundlovu, South Africa...
  2. ncbi request reprint Implementation of the Mental Health Care Act (2002) at district hospitals in South Africa: Translating principles into practice
    J K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban
    S Afr Med J 98:46-9. 2008
    ..This paper outlines the rationale and sense behind this legislation, discusses the problems encountered at the 'rock face', and offers solutions to the problem of translating principles into practice...
  3. doi request reprint Why searching for psychosis in diverse settings is important for global research and mental health systems development
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 50:895-7. 2015
    ..The INTREPID programme of research aims to establish comparable studies of incident psychosis in a number of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
  4. doi request reprint Traditional and religious healers in the pathway to care for people with mental disorders in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 50:867-77. 2015
    ..Reports from Africa suggest that early involvement of healers may result in delays in the care pathway; a potential barrier to early identification and intervention...
  5. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use predicts shorter duration of untreated psychosis and lower levels of negative symptoms in first-episode psychosis: a South African study
    J K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) 13:395-9. 2010
    ..The relationship between the clinical presentation of FEP and cannabis abuse is complex and warrants further investigation, especially within the South African context...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use and duration of untreated psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Curr Pharm Des 18:5093-104. 2012
    ..Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is an important predictor of outcome in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Cannabis use is highly prevalent in FEP patients and it is important to evaluate the potential impact of cannabis use on DUP...
  7. ncbi request reprint Mental health services funding and development in KwaZulu-Natal: a tale of inequity and neglect
    Jonathan K Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban
    S Afr Med J 100:662-6. 2010
    ..As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, South Africa has committed itself to transformation aimed at ending the inequities that characterise mental health service provision and 'closing the gap'...
  8. doi request reprint Causal attributions, pathway to care and clinical features of first-episode psychosis: a South African perspective
    Jonathan K Burns
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 57:538-45. 2011
    ..This is particularly relevant in South Africa where many people subscribe to traditional belief systems and consult traditional healers...
  9. doi request reprint Reconciling 'the new epidemiology' with an evolutionary genetic basis for schizophrenia
    Jonathan Kenneth Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, 4000 South Africa
    Med Hypotheses 72:353-8. 2009
    ..Psychosis therefore, is not just a costly by-product of social brain evolution in modern humans, but is also a consequence of the unhealthy societies we create around us...
  10. ncbi request reprint Dispelling a myth: developing world poverty, inequality, violence and social fragmentation are not good for outcome in schizophrenia
    J Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) 12:200-5. 2009
    ..Idealisation of the under-developed South as a haven for schizophrenia sufferers will only add to the already heavy burden experienced by these individuals, their families and these societies in coping with this disabling disease...
  11. doi request reprint Exposure to trauma and the clinical presentation of first-episode psychosis in South Africa
    Jonathan Kenneth Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella Durban, 4013, South Africa
    J Psychiatr Res 45:179-84. 2011
    ..To evaluate the relationship between a history of traumatic experiences and the clinical features of first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Mental health and inequity: a human rights approach to inequality, discrimination, and mental disability
    Jonathan Kenneth Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Health Hum Rights 11:19-31. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Impact of antiretroviral therapy on health-related quality of life among South African women in the CAPRISA 002 acute infection study
    Andrew Tomita
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, 4013, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 18:1801-7. 2014
    ..No long-term adverse impact of ART on HRQoL was detected, providing additional non-biomedical support to early treatment strategies. ..
  14. doi request reprint Depressive Symptoms Prior to Pregnancy and Infant Low Birth Weight in South Africa
    Andrew Tomita
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, Durban, 4013, South Africa
    Matern Child Health J 19:2179-86. 2015
    ..Our finding indicates that women's depressive symptoms prior to pregnancy are associated with the low birth weight of newborns and suggests that this association may not be limited to depression present during the ante-natal phase. ..
  15. pmc A multilevel analysis of the relationship between neighborhood social disorder and depressive symptoms: evidence from the South African National Income Dynamics Study
    Andrew Tomita
    Department of Psychiatry, University of KwaZulu Natal
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 85:56-62. 2015
    ....
  16. pmc Duration of untreated psychosis and the pathway to care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Andrew Tomita
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY and Health Economics and HIV AIDS Research Division HEARD, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    J Nerv Ment Dis 203:222-5. 2015
    ..Strengthening connections between psychiatric and general hospitals and provision of culturally competent family-based psychoeducation to reduce DUP are warranted. ..
  17. pmc The relationship between immigration and depression in South Africa: evidence from the first South African National Income Dynamics Study
    Andrew Tomita
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, 4013, South Africa
    J Immigr Minor Health 16:1062-8. 2014
    ..98, 95% CI 0.97-0.98). The varying relationship between certain demographic factors, depression and the different mental health challenges among these groups requires closer attention...
  18. pmc Health-related quality of life dynamics of HIV-positive South African women up to ART initiation: evidence from the CAPRISA 002 acute infection cohort study
    Andrew Tomita
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, 4013, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 18:1114-23. 2014
    ..While early ART delivery may be important for PWB and CF, factors such as education, contraception provision and good nutritional status should be promoted to maximize HRQoL in HIV positive individuals. ..
  19. pmc Income inequality and schizophrenia: increased schizophrenia incidence in countries with high levels of income inequality
    Jonathan K Burns
    1Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 60:185-96. 2014
    ..Income inequality is associated with numerous negative health outcomes. There is evidence that ecological-level socio-environmental factors may increase risk for schizophrenia...
  20. doi request reprint Antenatal depression and its risk factors: an urban prevalence study in KwaZulu-Natal
    Liane Manikkam
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    S Afr Med J 102:940-4. 2012
    ..Local data on prevalence and risk factors are lacking...