M Chopra

Summary

Affiliation: Medical Research Council
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. pmc Results of a multi-country exploratory survey of approaches and methods for IMCI case management training
    Ameena E Goga
    Medical Research Council, Francie van Zijl Drive, Parowvallei, Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Res Policy Syst 7:18. 2009
  2. pmc Improving the coverage of the PMTCT programme through a participatory quality improvement intervention in South Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Tygerberg, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 9:406. 2009
  3. pmc The failure of routine rapid HIV testing: a case study of improving low sensitivity in the field
    Benjamin J Wolpaw
    Health Systems Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:73. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Rapid assessment of infant feeding support to HIV-positive women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission services in Kenya, Malawi and Zambia
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Parow, Western Cape 7535, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 12:2323-8. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among high-risk heterosexual men with multiple sex partners: use of respondent-driven sampling
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:72-7. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Infant feeding in the time of HIV: rapid assessment of infant feeding policy and programmes in four African countries scaling up prevention of mother to child transmission programmes
    M Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, 7535, Western Cape, South Africa
    Arch Dis Child 93:288-91. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Effects of policy options for human resources for health: an analysis of systematic reviews
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 371:668-74. 2008
  8. doi request reprint "Taking care of business": alcohol as currency in transactional sexual relationships among players in Cape Town, South Africa
    Loraine Townsend
    Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Qual Health Res 21:41-50. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint HIV and infant feeding: issues in developed and developing countries
    Debra J Jackson
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 32:117-27. 2003
  10. doi request reprint Saving the lives of South Africa's mothers, babies, and children: can the health system deliver?
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:835-46. 2009

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. pmc Results of a multi-country exploratory survey of approaches and methods for IMCI case management training
    Ameena E Goga
    Medical Research Council, Francie van Zijl Drive, Parowvallei, Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Res Policy Syst 7:18. 2009
    ....
  2. pmc Improving the coverage of the PMTCT programme through a participatory quality improvement intervention in South Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Tygerberg, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 9:406. 2009
    ..We report on a data driven participatory quality improvement intervention implemented in a high HIV prevalence district in South Africa...
  3. pmc The failure of routine rapid HIV testing: a case study of improving low sensitivity in the field
    Benjamin J Wolpaw
    Health Systems Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:73. 2010
    ..3%-89.0%]) over the course of the first three weeks of observation. The setting is a public service clinic that provides STI diagnosis and treatment in an impoverished, peri-urban community outside of Cape Town, South Africa...
  4. doi request reprint Rapid assessment of infant feeding support to HIV-positive women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission services in Kenya, Malawi and Zambia
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Parow, Western Cape 7535, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 12:2323-8. 2009
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among high-risk heterosexual men with multiple sex partners: use of respondent-driven sampling
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:72-7. 2009
    ..To collect HIV data from high-risk men who have multiple, younger, female sex partners in a periurban township in South Africa...
  6. ncbi request reprint Infant feeding in the time of HIV: rapid assessment of infant feeding policy and programmes in four African countries scaling up prevention of mother to child transmission programmes
    M Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, 7535, Western Cape, South Africa
    Arch Dis Child 93:288-91. 2008
    ..To assess the infant feeding components of prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes...
  7. doi request reprint Effects of policy options for human resources for health: an analysis of systematic reviews
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 371:668-74. 2008
    ..We aimed to identify all available policy options to address human resources for health in such countries, and to assess the effectiveness of these policy options...
  8. doi request reprint "Taking care of business": alcohol as currency in transactional sexual relationships among players in Cape Town, South Africa
    Loraine Townsend
    Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Qual Health Res 21:41-50. 2011
    ..The study findings point to the need for multilevel HIV risk-reduction interventions among men to reduce excessive alcohol use, risky sexual behaviors, and underlying perceptions of ideal masculinity...
  9. ncbi request reprint HIV and infant feeding: issues in developed and developing countries
    Debra J Jackson
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 32:117-27. 2003
    ..Mothers in these settings who are HIV positive must weigh the risks and benefits of breastfeeding to choose the best infant feeding option...
  10. doi request reprint Saving the lives of South Africa's mothers, babies, and children: can the health system deliver?
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:835-46. 2009
    ..The costs are affordable and the key gap is leadership and effective implementation at every level of the health system, including national and local accountability for service provision...
  11. ncbi request reprint Operational effectiveness of guidelines on complete breast-feeding cessation to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV: results from a prospective observational cohort study at routine prevention of mother-to-child transmission sites, South Africa
    Ameena E Goga
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 50:521-8. 2009
    ..Until 2006, HIV-positive women who chose to exclusively breast-feed were advised to completely stop breast-feeding by 6 months. We investigated operational feasibility and predictors of complete breast-feeding cessation (CBC)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of the WHO/UNICEF guidelines on infant feeding for HIV-positive women: results from a prospective cohort study in South Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Medical Research Council, Health Systems Research Unit, Tygerberg, South Africa
    AIDS 21:1791-7. 2007
    ..Little is known about the effectiveness of the implementation of these guidelines in developing country settings...
  13. pmc Setting priorities in child health research investments for South Africa
    Mark Tomlinson
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
    PLoS Med 4:e259. 2007
  14. doi request reprint An update on HIV and infant feeding issues in developed and developing countries
    Debra J Jackson
    School of Public Health at the University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 38:219-29. 2009
    ..Current World Health Organization recommendations require individualized counseling to determine the best feeding method for each woman...
  15. pmc Explaining household socio-economic related child health inequalities using multiple methods in three diverse settings in South Africa
    Lungiswa L Nkonki
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Equity Health 10:13. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  16. doi request reprint HIV risk behaviours and their relationship to intimate partner violence (IPV) among men who have multiple female sexual partners in Cape Town, South Africa
    Loraine Townsend
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, P O Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 15:132-41. 2011
    ....
  17. doi request reprint Moving from vertical to integrated child health programmes: experiences from a multi-country assessment of the Child Health Days approach in Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 15:296-305. 2010
    ..To assess the effect of child health days (CHDs) on coverage of child survival interventions, to document country experiences with CHDs and to identify ways in which CHDs have strengthened or depleted primary health care (PHC) services...
  18. doi request reprint Alma-Ata 30 years on: revolutionary, relevant, and time to revitalise
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children US, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 372:917-27. 2008
    ..Revitalisng Alma-Ata and learning from three decades of experience is crucial to reach the ambitious goal of health for all in all countries, both rich and poor...
  19. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for undernutrition of young children in a rural area of South Africa
    Mickey Chopra
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, Western Cape, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 6:645-52. 2003
    ..To identify the factors associated with childhood undernutrition...
  20. doi request reprint Achieving the health Millennium Development Goals for South Africa: challenges and priorities
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:1023-31. 2009
    ..The South African Government, installed in April, 2009, has the mandate and potential to address the public health emergencies facing the country--will they do so or will another opportunity and many more lives be lost?..
  21. doi request reprint Survival of infants in the context of prevention of mother to child HIV transmission in South Africa
    M Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 99:694-8. 2010
    ..We sought to study the survival of newborn children according to HIV status of the mother, that of the child and the timing of infection...
  22. pmc How much is not enough? Human resources requirements for primary health care: a case study from South Africa
    Emmanuelle Daviaud
    Health System Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Western Cape, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 86:46-51. 2008
    ..To quantify staff requirements in primary health care facilities in South Africa through an adaptation of the WHO workload indicator of staff needs tool...
  23. ncbi request reprint "Nothing new": responses to the introduction of antiretroviral drugs in South Africa
    Mickey Chopra
    Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    AIDS 20:1975-7. 2006
    ..Many expressed a lack of excitement about the introduction of antiretroviral therapy, and little change in their attitudes concerning the epidemic...
  24. doi request reprint Every death counts: use of mortality audit data for decision making to save the lives of mothers, babies, and children in South Africa
    Debbie Bradshaw
    Burden of Disease Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 371:1294-304. 2008
    ..Audit is powerful, but only if the data lead to action...
  25. ncbi request reprint A health systems assessment of the KwaZulu-Natal tuberculosis programme in the context of increasing drug resistance
    M Loveday
    Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:1042-7. 2008
    ..High mortality and high transmission rates of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa have highlighted the role of hospitals in the spread of TB and drug-resistant TB...
  26. doi request reprint Reducing intrapartum-related deaths and disability: can the health system deliver?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children US, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S123-40, S140-2. 2009
    ..Each year 1.02 million intrapartum stillbirths and 904,000 intrapartum-related neonatal deaths (formerly called "birth asphyxia") occur, closely linked to 536,000 maternal deaths, an estimated 42% of which are intrapartum-related...
  27. ncbi request reprint Scaling up health promotion interventions in the era of HIV/AIDS: challenges for a rights based approach
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, South Africa
    Health Promot Int 20:383-90. 2005
    ..But this will require health development agencies to pursue a more overt political agenda...
  28. pmc Confronting Africa's health crisis: more of the same will not be enough
    D M Sanders
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, 7535, South Africa
    BMJ 331:755-8. 2005
  29. doi request reprint Survey of iodine deficiency and intestinal parasitic infections in school-going children: Bie Province, Angola
    Mark Tomlinson
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 13:1314-8. 2010
    ..To obtain baseline pre-intervention prevalence levels of iodine deficiency and parasitic and helminth infections in school-going children in Bie Province, Angola...
  30. ncbi request reprint Two key issues for the new WHO leadership
    David Sanders
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, 7535, Bellville, South Africa
    Lancet 361:172-3. 2003
  31. ncbi request reprint Responding to the crisis in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of nutrition
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 9:544-50. 2006
    ..It concludes by suggesting some responses that nutritionists could now be making...
  32. pmc Making research matter: a civil society perspective on health research
    David Sanders
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville 7535, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 82:757-63. 2004
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Effect of a mother-to-child HIV prevention programme on infant feeding and caring practices in South Africa
    Mickey Chopra
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville
    S Afr Med J 92:298-302. 2002
    ..To conduct a rapid assessment of the impact of the Khayelitsha Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT) programme on infant care practices among programme participants and the local population...
  34. ncbi request reprint Improving the hospital management of malnourished children by participatory research
    Thandi Puoane
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa
    Int J Qual Health Care 16:31-40. 2004
    ..To improve the clinical management of severely malnourished children in rural hospitals in South Africa...
  35. ncbi request reprint How equitable is the scaling up of HIV service provision in South Africa?
    Vera E Scott
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape
    S Afr Med J 95:109-13. 2005
    ..To assess the extent of inequalities in availability and utilisation of HIV services across South Africa...
  36. ncbi request reprint Preventing HIV transmission to children: quality of counselling of mothers in South Africa
    Mickey Chopra
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 94:357-63. 2005
    ..To assess the quality of counselling provided to mothers through the programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in South Africa...
  37. pmc Key challenges to achieving health for all in an inequitable society: the case of South Africa
    David Sanders
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville 7535, South Africa
    Am J Public Health 96:73-8. 2006
    ..The Cape Town Equity Gauge project is presented as one example of a response to the challenge of inequity...
  38. pmc Effect of the HIV epidemic on infant feeding in South Africa: "When they see me coming with the tins they laugh at me"
    Tanya Doherty
    Health Systems Trust, 1st Floor Riverside Centre, Cape Town 7700, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 84:90-6. 2006
    ..To explore how the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has affected the infant-feeding experiences of HIV-positive mothers in South Africa...
  39. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal qualitative study of infant-feeding decision making and practices among HIV-positive women in South Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Nutr 136:2421-6. 2006
    ..Support for infant feeding that extends beyond the antenatal period is important to enable mothers to cope with new challenges and pressures at critical times during the early postpartum period...
  40. ncbi request reprint Operational effectiveness and 36 week HIV-free survival in the South African programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1
    Debra J Jackson
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
    AIDS 21:509-16. 2007
    ..Previous studies on the operational effectiveness of programmes to reduce transmission of HIV from mother-to-child (PMTCT) in Africa have generally been hospital-based pilot studies with short follow-up periods...
  41. pmc Operational effectiveness of single-dose nevirapine in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Mark Colvin
    Centre for AIDS Development, Research and Evaluation CADRE, Private Bag X07, Dalbridge 4014, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 85:466-73. 2007
    ..To determine the operational effectiveness of the South African programme for preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in reducing rates of early transmission of infection...
  42. pmc Factors related to HIV disclosure in 2 South African communities
    Amy Norman
    Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta
    Am J Public Health 97:1775-81. 2007
    ..Our findings highlight the prominence of wider sociopolitical contexts for disclosure decisionmaking and the need for HIV interventions to increase levels of disclosure of HIV infection...
  43. pmc Setting priorities in global child health research investments: addressing values of stakeholders
    Lydia Kapiriri
    Joint Center for Bioethics, University of Toronto Medical School, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Croat Med J 48:618-27. 2007
    ..To identify main groups of stakeholders in the process of health research priority setting and propose strategies for addressing their systems of values...
  44. ncbi request reprint WHO guidelines for management of severe malnutrition in rural South African hospitals: effect on case fatality and the influence of operational factors
    Ann Ashworth
    Public Health Nutrition Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Lancet 363:1110-5. 2004
    ..WHO case-management guidelines for severe malnutrition aim to improve the quality of hospital care and reduce mortality. We aimed to assess whether these guidelines are feasible and effective in under-resourced hospitals...
  45. pmc Unequal weight: equity oriented policy responses to the global obesity epidemic
    Sharon Friel
    Commission on Social Determinants of Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 335:1241-3. 2007
  46. doi request reprint Supporting the delivery of cost-effective interventions in primary health-care systems in low-income and middle-income countries: an overview of systematic reviews
    Simon Lewin
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Lancet 372:928-39. 2008
    ..The evidence base needs urgently to be strengthened, synthesised, and taken into account in policy and practice, particularly for the benefit of those who have been excluded from the health care advances of recent decades...
  47. doi request reprint Improving the prevention and management of chronic disease in low-income and middle-income countries: a priority for primary health care
    Robert Beaglehole
    University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Lancet 372:940-9. 2008
    ..Research on scaling-up should be embedded in large-scale delivery programmes for chronic diseases with a strong emphasis on assessment...
  48. doi request reprint Primary health care: making Alma-Ata a reality
    John Walley
    Nuffield Centre for Health and Development, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Lancet 372:1001-7. 2008
    ..Progress should be measured and accountability assured. We prioritise research questions and suggest actions and measures for stakeholders both locally and globally, which are required to revitalise primary health care...
  49. pmc WHO guidelines for severe malnutrition: are they feasible in rural African hospitals?
    Nadina Karaolis
    Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:198-204. 2007
    ..To assess the feasibility of implementing and sustaining the WHO guidelines for inpatient management of severe malnutrition in under-resourced rural South African hospitals, and to identify any constraints...
  50. pmc Mass deworming in Ugandan children
    Mickey Chopra
    BMJ 333:105. 2006
  51. pmc Setting priorities in global child health research investments: assessment of principles and practice
    Igor Rudan
    Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 48:595-604. 2007
    ..This prioritization requires a process that is transparent, systematic, and that would take into account many perspectives and build on advantages of previous approaches...
  52. ncbi request reprint Community-based situation analysis of maternal and neonatal care in South Africa to explore factors that impact utilization of maternal health services
    Pulani Tlebere
    United Nations Population Fund UNFPA Regional Directors Team, South Africa
    J Midwifery Womens Health 52:342-50. 2007
    ..Implications for maternal and infant health care in developing countries are discussed, with a particular focus on barriers to utilization and involvement of communities and families in maternity care...
  53. ncbi request reprint High levels of risk behavior among people living with HIV Initiating and waiting to start antiretroviral therapy in Cape Town South Africa
    Thomas P Eisele
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2200, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:570-7. 2008
    ..50-3.84), respectively], were twice as likely to have had unprotected sex their last time. Results suggest an urgent need to strengthen prevention interventions among HIV-positive individuals on and about to start ART in this setting...
  54. pmc Setting priorities in global child health research investments: universal challenges and conceptual framework
    Igor Rudan
    Croatian Centre for Global Health, University of Split Medical School, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 49:307-17. 2008