K Peltzer

Summary

Affiliation: Human Sciences Research Council
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Training primary care nurses to conduct alcohol screening and brief interventions in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University Limpopo, Cape Town, South Africa
    Curationis 29:16-21. 2006
  2. pmc Bullying and its associated factors among school-aged adolescents in Thailand
    Supa Pengpid
    ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon 73170, Thailand
    ScientificWorldJournal 2013:254083. 2013
  3. pmc HIV knowledge, disclosure and sexual risk among pregnant women and their partners in rural South Africa
    Molatelo Elisa Shikwane
    a MA, Researcher at the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Department of Health and Social Development, South Africa
    SAHARA J 10:105-12. 2013
  4. pmc HIV-related symptoms and management in HIV and antiretroviral therapy patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a longitudinal study
    Karl Peltzer
    a PhD, Research Director, Research Programme HIV AIDS, STI, and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
    SAHARA J 10:96-104. 2013
  5. pmc Inconsistent condom use among public primary care patients with tuberculosis in South Africa
    Gladys Matseke
    HIV AIDS, STI, and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:501807. 2012
  6. pmc Predictors of non-uptake of human immunodeficiency virus testing by tuberculosis public primary patients in three districts, South Africa
    K Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town, South Africa Dept of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa
    Iran J Public Health 41:19-26. 2012
  7. pmc Prevalence of suicidal behaviour & associated factors among tuberculosis patients in public primary care in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand
    Indian J Med Res 138:194-200. 2013
  8. pmc Correlates of HIV risk reduction self-efficacy among youth in South Africa
    Julia Louw
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, P O Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:817315. 2012
  9. pmc An evaluation of the implementation of integrated community home-based care services in vhembe district, South Africa
    Gandi J Moetlo
    Department of Health System Management and Policy, National School of Public Health, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus, Pretoria, South Africa
    Indian J Palliat Care 17:137-42. 2011
  10. pmc Oral and hand hygiene behaviour and risk factors among in-school adolescents in four Southeast Asian countries
    Karl Peltzer
    ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Madidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom 73170, Thailand
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 11:2780-92. 2014

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications133 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Training primary care nurses to conduct alcohol screening and brief interventions in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University Limpopo, Cape Town, South Africa
    Curationis 29:16-21. 2006
    ..When delivered in the context of a comprehensive SBI implementation programme, this training is effective in changing providers' knowledge, attitudes, and practice of SBI for at-risk drinking...
  2. pmc Bullying and its associated factors among school-aged adolescents in Thailand
    Supa Pengpid
    ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon 73170, Thailand
    ScientificWorldJournal 2013:254083. 2013
    ..71; 95% CI: 0.51-0.99), and psychosocial distress (AOR: 2.37; 95% CI: 1.39-4.03). Results may inform school health programmes on the prevalence and correlates of bullying among adolescents in Thailand...
  3. pmc HIV knowledge, disclosure and sexual risk among pregnant women and their partners in rural South Africa
    Molatelo Elisa Shikwane
    a MA, Researcher at the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Department of Health and Social Development, South Africa
    SAHARA J 10:105-12. 2013
    ..There is a need for interventions that focus on both increasing male involvement and promoting condom use during pregnancy...
  4. pmc HIV-related symptoms and management in HIV and antiretroviral therapy patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a longitudinal study
    Karl Peltzer
    a PhD, Research Director, Research Programme HIV AIDS, STI, and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
    SAHARA J 10:96-104. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc Inconsistent condom use among public primary care patients with tuberculosis in South Africa
    Gladys Matseke
    HIV AIDS, STI, and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:501807. 2012
    ..38; 0.23-0.60), and partner alcohol use before sex (OR = 1.56; 1.30-1.90) were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use in the past 3 months. The low proportion of consistent condom use among TB patients needs to be improved...
  6. pmc Predictors of non-uptake of human immunodeficiency virus testing by tuberculosis public primary patients in three districts, South Africa
    K Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town, South Africa Dept of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa
    Iran J Public Health 41:19-26. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated factors and reasons of non-uptake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing by tuberculosis public primary care patients in three districts, South Africa...
  7. pmc Prevalence of suicidal behaviour & associated factors among tuberculosis patients in public primary care in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand
    Indian J Med Res 138:194-200. 2013
    ..We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of suicidal behaviour and its associated factors among tuberculosis patients in public primary care in South Africa...
  8. pmc Correlates of HIV risk reduction self-efficacy among youth in South Africa
    Julia Louw
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, P O Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:817315. 2012
    ..The factors identified with high self-efficacy and HIV-sexual risk behaviour may be considered to strengthen youth HIV prevention programmes in South Africa...
  9. pmc An evaluation of the implementation of integrated community home-based care services in vhembe district, South Africa
    Gandi J Moetlo
    Department of Health System Management and Policy, National School of Public Health, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus, Pretoria, South Africa
    Indian J Palliat Care 17:137-42. 2011
    ..The aim of the study is to evaluate the implementation of integrated community home-based care (CHBC) services in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa...
  10. pmc Oral and hand hygiene behaviour and risk factors among in-school adolescents in four Southeast Asian countries
    Karl Peltzer
    ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Madidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom 73170, Thailand
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 11:2780-92. 2014
    ..Several determinants of sub-optimal hygiene behaviour were identified that can inform programmes in order to improve oral and hand hygiene behaviour of this adolescent population. ..
  11. pmc Hand grip strength and associated factors in non-institutionalised men and women 50 years and older in South Africa
    Shandir Ramlagan
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Res Notes 7:8. 2014
    ....
  12. pmc Social capital and health among older adults in South Africa
    Shandir Ramlagan
    HIV AIDS STIs and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
    BMC Geriatr 13:100. 2013
    ..This study investigates the association between social capital and several health variables, namely: self-rated health, depressive symptoms, cognitive functioning and physical inactivity, among older South Africans...
  13. doi request reprint Mental health consequences of intimate partner violence in Vhembe district, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Madidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom 73170, Thailand Electronic address
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 35:545-50. 2013
    ....
  14. pmc The efficacy of a brief intervention to reduce alcohol misuse in patients with HIV in South Africa: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Diana Huis In 't Veld
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein, Antwerp Wilrijk, Belgium
    Trials 13:190. 2012
    ..This study aims to determine the prevalence of alcohol use and other risk factors in a sample of primary care patients with HIV in South Africa and to assess a brief intervention to reduce the use of alcohol in this group...
  15. pmc Screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful alcohol use among patients with active tuberculosis attending primary public care clinics in South Africa: results from a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV, AIDS, TB, and STIs, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 13:699. 2013
    ....
  16. pmc Predictors of tuberculosis (TB) and antiretroviral (ARV) medication non-adherence in public primary care patients in South Africa: a cross sectional study
    Pamela Naidoo
    Department of Psychology, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 13:396. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with adherence to anti-TB and HIV treatment drugs...
  17. pmc Socioeconomic factors in adherence to HIV therapy in low- and middle-income countries
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:150-70. 2013
    ..There seems to be a positive trend among components of SES (income, education, employment status) and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in many of the reviewed studies...
  18. pmc Hypertension and associated factors in older adults in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Cardiovasc J Afr 24:67-71. 2013
    ..Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension in a national sample of older South Africans who participated in the Study of Global Ageing and Adults' Health (SAGE) in 2008...
  19. doi request reprint Problem drinking and associated factors in older adults in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria South Africa
    Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) 16:104-9. 2013
    ..This study aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use and associated factors in older South Africans who participated in the Study of Global Ageing and Adults Health (SAGE) in 2008...
  20. pmc Screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful alcohol use among university students in South Africa: results from a randomized controlled trial
    Supa Pengpid
    Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus, Pretoria 0424, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:2043-57. 2013
    ..The short duration of the brief intervention makes it a realistic candidate for use in a university setting...
  21. pmc Sexual HIV risk behaviour and associated factors among pregnant women in Mpumalanga, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:57. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to assess sexual HIV risk behaviour and its associated factors among pregnant women in Mpumalanga, South Africa...
  22. pmc Correlates of HIV infection among people visiting public HIV counseling and testing clinics in Mpumalanga, South Africa
    K Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr Health Sci 12:8-16. 2012
    ..HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) reduces high-risk sexual behaviour. Factors associated with HIV infection in VCT clients have not been well characterized in South Africa...
  23. doi request reprint Sexual risk, serostatus and intimate partner violence among couples during pregnancy in rural South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 17:508-16. 2013
    ..High levels of HIV risk behaviour was found among couples during pregnancy calling for HIV risk reduction interventions...
  24. pmc Impact of national HIV and AIDS communication campaigns in South Africa to reduce HIV risk behaviour
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS, STIs and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:384608. 2012
    ..In multivariate analysis, greater exposure to HIV mass communication programmes was associated with greater HIV knowledge, condom use at last sex, having tested for HIV in the past 12 months, and less stigmatizing attitude toward PLWHA...
  25. doi request reprint Efficacy of a lay health worker led group antiretroviral medication adherence training among non-adherent HIV-positive patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: results from a randomized trial
    Karl Peltzer
    Psychology at Free State University
    SAHARA J 9:218-26. 2012
    ..Psychosocial informational interventions may require more advanced skill training in lay health workers to achieve superior adherence outcomes in comparison standard care in this resource-constrained setting...
  26. ncbi request reprint The social and clinical characteristics of patients on antiretroviral therapy who are 'lost to follow-up' in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a prospective study
    Karl Peltzer
    Research Programme HIV AIDS, STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
    SAHARA J 8:179-86. 2011
    ..Differences in health status (lower CD4 cell counts and higher depression scores) should be taken into account when initiating patients on ART. Treating depression at ART initiation is recommended to improve treatment outcome...
  27. doi request reprint Social grants for people living with HIV and on antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a longitudinal study
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS, STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
    SAHARA J 9:6-14. 2012
    ..HIV patients who no longer qualify for the DG and yet do not have adequate financial means to meet basic necessities should be put on a nutritional support programme...
  28. pmc Depression and associated factors in older adults in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Glob Health Action 6:1-9. 2013
    ....
  29. pmc Injury and social correlates among in-school adolescents in four Southeast Asian countries
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:2851-62. 2012
    ..Risk factors of substance use and psychological distress should be considered in an integrated approach to injury etiology in planning injury prevention and safety promotion activities among school children...
  30. pmc Hazardous and harmful alcohol use and associated factors in tuberculosis public primary care patients in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town 8000, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:3245-57. 2012
    ..This calls for screening and brief intervention and a comprehensive alcohol treatment programme as a key component of TB management in South Africa...
  31. pmc Helmet use and associated factors among Thai motorcyclists during Songkran festival
    Penprapa Siviroj
    Department of Community Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:3286-97. 2012
    ..It appears that the RSA campaign may have some positive effect on reducing non-helmet use among motorcycle riders during the Songkran festival...
  32. pmc Fruits and vegetables consumption and associated factors among in-school adolescents in five Southeast Asian countries
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:3575-87. 2012
    ....
  33. pmc Patient experiences and health system responsiveness among older adults in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Glob Health Action 5:1-11. 2012
    ..Using the data from the Global Study on Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) survey, the current study aims to evaluate the degree of perceived responsiveness with outpatient and inpatient healthcare in South Africa...
  34. doi request reprint A community-based study to examine the effect of a youth HIV prevention programme in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria
    Int J STD AIDS 23:653-8. 2012
    ..Face-to-face and multimedia youth HIV prevention programmes had limited effect...
  35. pmc Fruit and vegetable intake and associated factors in older adults in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Glob Health Action 5:1-8. 2012
    ..To identify those additional dimensions and examine them in association with FV intake, data on 3,840 participants in the Study of Global Ageing and Adults Health (SAGE) in South Africa were analyzed...
  36. ncbi request reprint Alcohol use and problem drinking in South Africa: findings from a national population-based survey
    K Peltzer
    Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) 14:30-7. 2011
    ..This study formed part of the South African National HIV, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication (SABSSM) 2008 survey, which included questions assessing the extent of alcohol use and problem drinking among South Africans...
  37. pmc Non-seatbelt use and associated factors among Thai drivers during Songkran festival
    Penprapa Siviroj
    Department of Community Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    BMC Public Health 12:608. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of non-seatbelt use among drivers during Songkran festival in Thailand...
  38. ncbi request reprint HIV risk reduction intervention among medically circumcised young men in South Africa: a randomized controlled trial
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Int J Behav Med 19:336-41. 2012
    ..However, there is some concern about risks for behavioural disinhibition, or risk compensation, following MMC...
  39. pmc Quality of life among tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and/or TB-HIV co-infected primary public health care patients in three districts in South Africa
    Julia Louw
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 10:77. 2012
    ..This study investigates health related quality of life among tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and TB-HIV co-infected public primary health care patients in three districts in South Africa...
  40. pmc Prevalence of psychological distress and associated factors in tuberculosis patients in public primary care clinics in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Psychiatry 12:89. 2012
    ..In this study, we assessed the prevalence and predictors of psychological distress as a proxy for common mental disorders among tuberculosis (TB) patients in South Africa, where over 60‚ÄČ% of the TB patients are co-infected with HIV...
  41. pmc Antiretrovirals and the use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine by HIV patients in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: a longitudinal study
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 8:337-45. 2011
    ..Herbal remedies were mainly used for pain relief, as immune booster and for stopping diarrhea. As herbal treatment for HIV was associated with reduced ARV adherence, patient's use of TCAM should be considered in ARV adherence management...
  42. pmc Screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems in Dr George Mukhari Hospital out-patients in Gauteng, South Africa: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial protocol
    Supa Pengpid
    Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 12:127. 2012
    ..With this in mind, the primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to provide screening for alcohol misuse and to test the efficacy of brief interventions in reducing alcohol intake among hospital out-patients in South Africa...
  43. pmc Suicidal ideation and associated factors among school-going adolescents in Thailand
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:462-73. 2012
    ..32, 1.21-4.44), and ever having had sexual intercourse (OR = 4.16, CI = 3.40-7.68). Psychosocial, health-risk behaviours and lack of protective factors appear to effect suicidal ideation in this youth population...
  44. ncbi request reprint Alcohol use and health-related quality of life among hospital outpatients in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT and TB, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Alcohol Alcohol 47:291-5. 2012
    ..This study examined the association of alcohol use and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a clinic population in South Africa...
  45. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of substance use among school children in six African countries
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria and University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Int J Psychol 44:378-86. 2009
    ..These findings stress the need for early and integrated prevention programmes...
  46. pmc Overweight and obesity and associated factors among school-aged adolescents in Ghana and Uganda
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3859-70. 2011
    ..Low prevalence rates of overweight or obesity were found in Ghana and Uganda. Smoking cessation and social programs could be integrated into strategies to prevent and treat overweight and obesity in youth...
  47. pmc Early smoking initiation and associated factors among in-school male and female adolescents in seven African countries
    K Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr Health Sci 11:320-8. 2011
    ..This report examines the prevalence and common correlates of early smoking initiation among male and female school children across seven African countries...
  48. ncbi request reprint Factors determining HIV viral testing of infants in the context of mother-to-child transmission
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 99:590-6. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate factors determining HIV viral testing of infants in the context of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT)...
  49. ncbi request reprint Lay counsellor-based risk reduction intervention with HIV positive diagnosed patients at public HIV counselling and testing sites in Mpumalanga, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Promotion Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Eval Program Plann 33:379-85. 2010
    ....
  50. pmc Utilization and practice of traditional/complementary/alternative medicine (TM/CAM) in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 6:175-85. 2009
    ..TM and probably CAM is used by substantial proportions of the general population, but differences in study design and methodological limitations make it difficult to compare prevalence estimates...
  51. pmc Use of traditional and complementary health practices in prenatal, delivery and postnatal care in the context of HIV transmission from mother to child (PMTCT) in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 6:155-62. 2009
    ..In addition, they should be trained on HIV risk practices, HIV/AIDS, HIV prevention including PMTCT, infant feeding and family planning...
  52. pmc Antiretroviral treatment adherence among HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Systems Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:111. 2010
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Leisure time physical activity and sedentary behavior and substance use among in-school adolescents in eight African countries
    Karl Peltzer
    University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Int J Behav Med 17:271-8. 2010
    ..In high income countries, studies have measured school population level physical activity and substance use, but comparable data are lacking from most African countries...
  54. ncbi request reprint Determinants of adherence to a single-dose nevirapine regimen for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Gert Sibande district in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 99:699-704. 2010
    ..To identify factors that influence adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis by HIV positive mothers participating in the HIV prevention of mother to child (PMTCT) programme...
  55. ncbi request reprint Safer sexual behaviours after 1 year of antiretroviral treatment in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a prospective cohort study
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Sex Health 7:135-41. 2010
    ..As antiretroviral treatment (ART) becomes more widely available in low and middle income countries, the relationship between treatment and sexual risk behaviour in these countries has also become more important...
  56. doi request reprint Early sexual debut and associated factors among in-school adolescents in eight African countries
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria and University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 99:1242-7. 2010
    ..This report examines early sexual debut (<age 15) among 15-year-old in-school adolescents in eight African countries...
  57. doi request reprint Fruits and vegetables consumption and associated factors among in-school adolescents in seven African countries
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Int J Public Health 55:669-78. 2010
    ..To present data on fruits and vegetables consumption and associated factors among African in-school adolescents...
  58. pmc Illicit drug use and treatment in South Africa: a review
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Subst Use Misuse 45:2221-43. 2010
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Perceived stigma among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy: a prospective study in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS Care 23:60-8. 2011
    ..8) were associated with internalized AIDS stigma. These findings may suggest that HIV care should include counseling and support that includes stigma concerns, depression, and QoL prior to and during the first year following diagnosis...
  60. pmc Evaluation of a safer male circumcision training programme for Ndebele traditional surgeons and nurses in Gauteng, South Africa: using direct observation of circumcision procedures
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 7:153-9. 2010
    ..In addition, legislation and control of traditional male circumcision in Gauteng province, where the study took place, are recommended to make traditional male circumcision safer and to prevent adverse events to happen...
  61. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with short-course antiretroviral prophylaxis (dual therapy) adherence for PMTCT in Nkangala district, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS, TB and STI HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria and Durban, South Africa
    Acta Paediatr 100:1253-7. 2011
    ..To identify factors that influence adherence to short-course antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis by pregnant women and mothers participating in the HIV prevention of mother to child (PMTCT) programme...
  62. pmc Screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful alcohol use among patients with active tuberculosis attending primary care clinics in South Africa: a cluster randomized controlled trial protocol
    Karl K Peltzer
    HIV, AIDS, TB, and STIs, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 11:394. 2011
    ....
  63. pmc Promoting male involvement to improve PMTCT uptake and reduce antenatal HIV infection: a cluster randomized controlled trial protocol
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 11:778. 2011
    ....
  64. pmc Determinants of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) among current non-smoking in-school adolescents (aged 11-18 years) in South Africa: results from the 2008 GYTS study
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS STI and TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3553-61. 2011
    ..Identified factors can inform the implementation of public health interventions in order to reduce passive smoking among adolescents...
  65. doi request reprint Factors determining prenatal HIV testing for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in Mpumalanga, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 14:1115-23. 2010
    ..These findings suggest mistrust towards HCT providers should be reduced and screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems provided...
  66. pmc Patient experiences and health system responsiveness in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Promotion Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:117. 2009
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Barriers to prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child (PMTCT) in a resource poor setting in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Afr J Reprod Health 11:57-66. 2007
    ..Results indicate that major potential barriers in implementing PMTCT programmes in a resource poor setting included physical access to the health facility, PMTCT knowledge, stigma and support, HIV testing, and delivery preference...
  68. ncbi request reprint Predictors of positive health among a sample of South African adolescents
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of Limpopo, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 100:1186-8. 2007
    ..Analysis indicated that positive perceptions of the school and parental relations were identified as significant and positive peer and siblings relationships as nonsignificant predictors for indicators of positive health...
  69. ncbi request reprint Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in a rural primary care population in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of Limpopo, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 100:1115-20. 2007
    ..8). A current indicative diagnosis of PTSD of 12.4% also compares with other studies; 19.9% among urban Xhosa primary care patients and 11.8% among American primary care patients...
  70. ncbi request reprint Black South African children's understanding of health and illness: colds, chicken pox, broken arms and AIDS
    K Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Child Care Health Dev 29:385-93. 2003
    ..To examine the understanding of both health and illness (colds, broken arms, chicken pox, AIDS) in the same black South African children..
  71. ncbi request reprint Attitudes towards HIV-antibody testing and people with AIDS among university students in India, South Africa and United States
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, San Francisco, USA
    Indian J Med Sci 58:95-108. 2004
    ..Stigmatizing attitudes toward persons with AIDS (PWAs) may reduce people's willingness to have themselves tested for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)--thereby increasing the risk of transmission...
  72. ncbi request reprint Trauma history and severity of gambling involvement among horse-race gamblers in a South African gambling setting
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of Limpopo, Pretoria, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 99:472-6. 2006
    ..Trauma history was significantly associated with gambling severity...
  73. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of alcohol use by rural primary care outpatients in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of Limpopo, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 99:176-8. 2006
    ..3% of women met criteria for probable alcohol dependence or harmful drinking as defined by AUDIT. Logistic multiple regression identified men and being single, divorced, or widowed as predictors for hazardous and harmful drinking...
  74. ncbi request reprint HIV/AIDS/STI/TB knowledge, beliefs and practices of traditional healers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of Limpopo, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    AIDS Care 18:608-13. 2006
    ..Randomized control trials are called for to test the effectiveness of traditional healing for HIV/AIDS, STI and TB prevention and care...
  75. ncbi request reprint Knowledge, barriers, and benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption and lay conceptions of nutrition among rural and semi-urban Black South Africans
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of the North, Cape Town, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 94:976-82. 2004
    ..The majority recognized the essential values of salt and fat. More semi-urban participants did not recognize that salt and fat are dietary essentials and that too much salt or fat is better than none at all...
  76. ncbi request reprint A controlled study of an HIV/AIDS/STI/TB intervention with traditional healers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of Limpopo, Private Bag X41, Pretoria, 0001 South Africa
    AIDS Behav 10:683-90. 2006
    ..The study found a high level of preparedness among traditional healers to work with and refer patients to biomedical health practitioners, yet no higher levels of referral to biomedical practitioners were found after the training...
  77. ncbi request reprint Utilisation of antenatal care in a Nigerian teaching hospital
    Karl Peltzer
    University of Limpopo, SouthAfrica
    Afr J Reprod Health 9:159-61. 2005
    ..Results show that many of them obtained care only late in pregnancy and inadequately. Reasons for the delay in seeking antenatal care should be further investigated...
  78. ncbi request reprint Some factors in condom use amongst first-year Nigerian University students and black and white South Africans
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of the North, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 94:583-6. 2004
    ..Race and preventive benefits were predictive for current condom use. Findings have relevant implications for developing culturally diverse HIV intervention programs if confirmed with larger diverse groups...
  79. pmc Traditional circumcision during manhood initiation rituals in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: a pre-post intervention evaluation
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Systems Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 8:64. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to test an intervention for safe traditional circumcision in the context of initiation into manhood among the Xhosa, Eastern Cape, South Africa...
  80. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of alcohol use in a rural South African community
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of the North, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 95:705-6. 2004
    ..Among a community sample of 801 rural South Africans, 22.2% of men and 5.0% of women were classified as high-risk drinkers and 3.3% as with probable alcohol dependence...
  81. pmc Determinants of knowledge of HIV status in South Africa: results from a population-based HIV survey
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Promotion Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 9:174. 2009
    ..This paper seeks to describe the associations between socio-demographic, behavioural and social characteristics and knowledge of HIV status among a nationally representative population in South Africa...
  82. doi request reprint Health behavior and protective factors among school children in four African countries
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of the Free State, Pretoria, South Africa
    Int J Behav Med 16:172-80. 2009
    ..Increasing trends of non-communicable diseases is a worldwide phenomenon including in the developing countries. Few studies focus on adolescent's positive health and their predictors...
  83. ncbi request reprint Social support and suicide risk among secondary school students in Cape Town, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, University of the Free State, Pretoria, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 103:653-60. 2008
    ..Interventions influencing the posited mediating variables, i.e., social support resources and personal life skills competences, should be enhanced...
  84. doi request reprint Medical circumcision and manhood initiation rituals in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: a post intervention evaluation
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of the Free State, South Africa
    Cult Health Sex 11:83-97. 2009
    ..Findings are promising for efforts to up-scale integrated medical circumcision alongside traditional initiation into manhood...
  85. pmc The symptom experience of people living with HIV and AIDS in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Systems Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:271. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to assess HIV symptoms and demographic, social and disease variables of people living with HIV in South Africa...
  86. ncbi request reprint Injury and social determinants among in-school adolescents in six African countries
    K Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of Free State, Pretoria, South Africa
    Inj Prev 14:381-8. 2008
    ..There is a lack of data on injury and its social correlates among in-school adolescents in Africa...
  87. pmc Use of traditional complementary and alternative medicine for HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Systems Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 8:255. 2008
    ....
  88. doi request reprint Family planning among HIV positive and negative prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) clients in a resource poor setting in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:973-9. 2009
    ..HIV prevention and family planning must acknowledge the reproductive desires of HIV positive women and men...
  89. pmc Evaluation of alcohol screening and brief intervention in routine practice of primary care nurses in Vhembe district, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Croat Med J 49:392-401. 2008
    ..To assess the implementation of the Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI) strategy as part of a routine practice of nurses in 18 primary health care services in Vhembe district, South Africa...
  90. pmc Prevalence and social correlates of sexual intercourse among school-going adolescents in Thailand
    Karl Peltzer
    HIV AIDS SIT TB HAST, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X 41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    ScientificWorldJournal 11:1812-20. 2011
    ..48), lifetime drug use (AOR = 4.35, 1.04-18.3) and lack of parental or guardian bonding (AOR = 0.51, 0.27-0.97). Efforts to control unhealthy lifestyles (substance use) and psychosocial distress may impact on adolescents' sexual activity...
  91. ncbi request reprint Utilization of delivery services in the context of prevention of HIV from mother-to-child (PMTCT) in a rural community, South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Curationis 29:54-61. 2006
    ..HIV knowledge, HIV testing behaviour and attitudes were found to be not associated with the delivery option...
  92. ncbi request reprint Report and policy brief from the 4th Africa Conference on Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research: innovations in access to prevention, treatment and care in HIV/AIDS, Kisumu, Kenya, 29 April - 3 May 2007
    G Setswe
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001
    SAHARA J 4:640-51. 2007
    ..In general, the conference was successful in identifying innovations in access to prevention, treatment and care in HIV/AIDS...
  93. ncbi request reprint Perception of illness among secondary school pupils in South Africa: malaria, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and alcoholism
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 88:847-8. 2001
    ....
  94. ncbi request reprint Factors affecting condom use among senior secondary school pupils in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, Sovenga, South Africa
    Cent Afr J Med 46:302-8. 2000
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Minor psychiatric morbidity in South African secondary school pupils
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 85:397-402. 1999
    ..6% of the pupils had a possible clinically significant psychological disorder. Contributing factors identified were interpersonal, study, finance, illness, perceived stress, low self-efficacy, and low religious orientation...
  96. ncbi request reprint AIDS awareness of secondary school pupils in the northern province of South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 83:955-8. 1998
    ..Analysis of variance indicated no relationships for sex, age, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status with correct answers...
  97. ncbi request reprint Knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS of a sample of school teachers in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 87:1065-6. 2000
    ..Pearson product-moment correlations of .3 and .6 suggested weak association of knowledge about transmission and general knowledge with a supportive attitude...
  98. ncbi request reprint New approaches, new activities and new outcomes in international conferences on HIV/AIDS in Africa--report of the 3rd African Conference on the Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, Dakar, 10-14 October 2005
    C I Niang
    Human Sciences Research Council, 69 83 Plein Street, Cape Town, South Africa
    SAHARA J 3:424-49. 2006
    ..The conference offered food for thought around response construction while singling out the themes of urgency and acceleration of response, synergy construction, and coordination and conception of political responses...
  99. ncbi request reprint Brain fag symptoms in rural South African secondary school pupils
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, Sovenga, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 83:1187-96. 1998
    ..The findings are discussed in relation to the nature of brain fag symptoms, precipitating factors, and socioeconomic status...
  100. ncbi request reprint Factors affecting behaviors that address HIV risk among senior secondary school pupils in South Africa
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 89:51-6. 2001
    ..It is suggested that these predictors should be included in intervention programs for HIV prevention...
  101. ncbi request reprint Smokeless tobacco use among urban white and black South Africans
    K Peltzer
    Department of Psychology, University of the North, Sovenga, South Africa
    Psychol Rep 85:933-4. 1999
    ..Although a majority acknowledged negative effects of snuff use on their health and its addictive character, 42% either do not believe or do not know that snuff contains nicotine and causes cancer...