Annelies Wilder-Smith

Summary

Affiliation: Singapore General Hospital
Country: Singapore

Publications

  1. ncbi Update on dengue: epidemiology, virus evolution, antiviral drugs, and vaccine development
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore, 119074, Singapore
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 12:157-64. 2010
  2. pmc Importation of poliomyelitis by travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:351-2; author reply 352. 2008
  3. ncbi Dengue infections in non-immune travellers to Thailand
    E Massad
    School of Medicine, The University of São Paulo and LIM01 HCFMUSP, Brazil
    Epidemiol Infect 141:412-7. 2013
  4. pmc Dengue infections in travellers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 365, Heidelberg, Germany
    Paediatr Int Child Health 32:28-32. 2012
  5. ncbi Transient immune impairment after a simulated long-haul flight
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore
    Aviat Space Environ Med 83:418-23. 2012
  6. doi Meningococcal vaccines: a neglected topic in travel medicine?
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, National University of Singapore, 117597 Singapore
    Expert Rev Vaccines 8:1343-50. 2009
  7. ncbi Risk of respiratory infections in health care workers: lessons on infection control emerge from the SARS outbreak
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 36:481-8. 2005
  8. pmc Serological evidence for the co-circulation of multiple dengue virus serotypes in Singapore
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Epidemiol Infect 133:667-71. 2005
  9. pmc Threat of dengue to blood safety in dengue-endemic countries
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University Singapore, Singapore
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:8-11. 2009
  10. ncbi High risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection during the Hajj pilgrimage
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Trop Med Int Health 10:336-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. ncbi Update on dengue: epidemiology, virus evolution, antiviral drugs, and vaccine development
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore, 119074, Singapore
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 12:157-64. 2010
    ..Until the availability of a licensed vaccine, disease surveillance and vector population control remain the mainstay of dengue prevention...
  2. pmc Importation of poliomyelitis by travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:351-2; author reply 352. 2008
  3. ncbi Dengue infections in non-immune travellers to Thailand
    E Massad
    School of Medicine, The University of São Paulo and LIM01 HCFMUSP, Brazil
    Epidemiol Infect 141:412-7. 2013
    ....
  4. pmc Dengue infections in travellers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 365, Heidelberg, Germany
    Paediatr Int Child Health 32:28-32. 2012
    ..Risk factors for acquiring dengue include duration of stay, season of travel and epidemic activity at the destination. Any pre-travel advice on the risks of developing dengue infections should consider these factors...
  5. ncbi Transient immune impairment after a simulated long-haul flight
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore
    Aviat Space Environ Med 83:418-23. 2012
    ..We hypothesize that hypobaric hypoxic conditions associated with air travel may contribute to immune impairment...
  6. doi Meningococcal vaccines: a neglected topic in travel medicine?
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, National University of Singapore, 117597 Singapore
    Expert Rev Vaccines 8:1343-50. 2009
    ..Conjugate meningococcal vaccines have significant advantages over polysaccharide vaccines, and should be the preferred option for travelers...
  7. ncbi Risk of respiratory infections in health care workers: lessons on infection control emerge from the SARS outbreak
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 36:481-8. 2005
    ..We have a duty to protect our health care workers...
  8. pmc Serological evidence for the co-circulation of multiple dengue virus serotypes in Singapore
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Epidemiol Infect 133:667-71. 2005
    ..In spite of multiple circulating types, the rate of dengue haemorrhagic fever is low in Singapore...
  9. pmc Threat of dengue to blood safety in dengue-endemic countries
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University Singapore, Singapore
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:8-11. 2009
    ..It will then be possible after this information is obtained to assess whether screening is feasible and to identify approaches that are most cost-effective on the basis of characteristics of local populations and seasonality of dengue...
  10. ncbi High risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection during the Hajj pilgrimage
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Trop Med Int Health 10:336-9. 2005
    ..We conducted a prospective study to assess the risk of M. tuberculosis infection among Hajj pilgrims...
  11. pmc Asymptomatic SARS coronavirus infection among healthcare workers, Singapore
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1142-5. 2005
    ..Of all exposed HCWs, 7.5% had asymptomatic SARS-positive cases. Asymptomatic SARS was associated with lower SARS antibody titers and higher use of masks when compared to pneumonic SARS...
  12. ncbi Dengue in travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    N Engl J Med 353:924-32. 2005
  13. pmc Absence of Neisseria meningitidis W-135 electrophoretic Type 37 during the Hajj, 2002
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:734-7. 2003
    ..The epidemiology of carriage may be changing or may have been controlled by vaccination and a policy of administering antibiotics to pilgrims from countries with a high incidence of meningococcal disease...
  14. ncbi Geographic expansion of dengue: the impact of international travel
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, Travelers Screening and Vaccination Clinic, National University Hospital of Singapore, National University of Singapore, 5, Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore 119074
    Med Clin North Am 92:1377-90, x. 2008
    ..Epidemics of dengue, their seasonality, and oscillations over time are reflected by the epidemiology of dengue in travelers. Sentinel surveillance of travelers could augment existing national public health surveillance systems...
  15. ncbi Tsunami in South Asia: what is the risk of post-disaster infectious disease outbreaks?
    A Wilder-Smith
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 34:625-31. 2005
    ..Alert thresholds at which to trigger outbreak investigations, and standardised guidelines with regard to their control are outlined, based on the Sphere Project...
  16. ncbi Meningococcal disease: risk for international travellers and vaccine strategies
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 117597 Singapore, Singapore
    Travel Med Infect Dis 6:182-6. 2008
    ..Current vaccine recommendations are to vaccinate all Hajj pilgrims, all travellers to areas with current outbreaks, travellers to the SubSaharan meningitis belt, and individuals with certain medical conditions...
  17. ncbi The severe acute respiratory syndrome: impact on travel and tourism
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
    Travel Med Infect Dis 4:53-60. 2006
    ..If SARS reoccurs, the subsequent outbreak will be smaller and more easily contained if the lessons learnt from the recent epidemic are applied. Lessons learnt during the outbreak in relation to international travel will be discussed...
  18. ncbi Dengue vaccines for travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travelers Screening and Vaccination Clinic, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge Road, 119076 Singapore
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:569-78. 2008
    ..Licensing dengue as a travelers' vaccine poses unique challenges beyond the development of a vaccine for the endemic population...
  19. ncbi Meningococcal vaccine in travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, National University Singapore, Singapore
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 20:454-60. 2007
    ..New vaccines to prevent meningococcal disease have been licensed in recent years. It is therefore timely to discuss current vaccine strategies pertinent to international travelers in relation to the changing epidemiology...
  20. ncbi Use of simple laboratory features to distinguish the early stage of severe acute respiratory syndrome from dengue fever
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1818-23. 2004
    ..Misdiagnosis may have serious public health consequences. We aimed to determine simple laboratory features to differentiate SARS from dengue...
  21. doi Emergence and disappearance of W135 meningococcal disease
    A Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine and Department of Epidemiology Public Health, National University of Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore
    Epidemiol Infect 138:976-8. 2010
    ..We therefore set out to determine whether W135 meningococcal disease would become endemic in Singapore after its introduction in 2000. Cases occurred until 2003, but no further cases have been reported since 2004...
  22. doi Lack of association of dengue activity with haze
    A Wilder-Smith
    Duke NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore
    Epidemiol Infect 138:962-7. 2010
    ..No association between dengue activity and haze was found. Our findings do not lend support to the hypothesis that haze is associated with reduced dengue activity in Singapore...
  23. pmc Acquisition of W135 meningococcal carriage in Hajj pilgrims and transmission to household contacts: prospective study
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433
    BMJ 325:365-6. 2002
  24. pmc Persistence of W135 Neisseria meningitidis carriage in returning Hajj pilgrims: risk for early and late transmission to household contacts
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Head, Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:123-6. 2003
    ..Transmission to 8% of their unvaccinated household contacts occurred within the first few weeks, but no late transmission took place. Public health interventions are needed to protect household contacts...
  25. ncbi Meningococcal disease and travel
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Singapore
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 21:102-6. 2003
    ..In view of increasing worldwide reports of Y and W135 meningococcal disease, there should be a switch in recommendation from the bivalent (against A& C) to the quadrivalent vaccine for all travellers...
  26. ncbi W135 meningococcal carriage in association with the Hajj pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore experience
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Singapore
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 21:112-5. 2003
    ..These findings would support a policy of eradication of pharyngeal carriage in returning pilgrims to prevent introduction and dissemination of meningococci...
  27. ncbi Hajj-associated outbreak strain of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W135: estimates of the attack rate in a defined population and the risk of invasive disease developing in carriers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Dept of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433
    Clin Infect Dis 36:679-83. 2003
    ..Public health policies to protect household contacts of Hajj pilgrims need to be implemented...
  28. ncbi Seroepidemiology of pertussis in the adult population of Singapore
    Annelise Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan, Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 35:780-2. 2006
    ..Protection after childhood vaccination is minimal after 10 years without boosting. The need for adult booster depends on the national epidemiology...
  29. ncbi Current status of 'essential obstetric care' activities internationally: a literature review
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University Singapore, Kent Ridge Road, 119074 Singapore
    Trop Doct 33:135-8. 2003
    ..If we continue to fail to deliver high quality essential obstetric services for all, the Safe Motherhood Initiative of the 1980s will remain an orphan...
  30. doi Hypothesis: Impregnated school uniforms reduce the incidence of dengue infections in school children
    A Wilder-Smith
    National University of Singapore, Department of Medicine, Singapore
    Med Hypotheses 76:861-2. 2011
    ..If proven to be true, insecticide-treated school uniforms would be a cost-effective and scalable community based strategy to reduce the burden of dengue in children...
  31. ncbi High incidence of pertussis among Hajj pilgrims
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Clin Infect Dis 37:1270-2. 2003
    ..Of the 40 pilgrims who had no pre-Hajj immunity to pertussis, 3 (7.5%) acquired pertussis. Administration of acellular pertussis vaccine to pilgrims before the Hajj should be considered to address this problem...
  32. ncbi Low risk of transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome on airplanes: the Singapore experience
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    Trop Med Int Health 8:1035-7. 2003
    ..The incidence was estimated to be 1 out of 156 passengers. The risk of in-flight transmission of SARS appears to be far lower than that reported for influenza, but may be increased with superspreaders on board...
  33. doi Japanese encephalitis: update on vaccines and vaccine recommendations
    A Wilder-Smith
    National University of Singapore, Department of Medicine, Singapore, Singapore
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 23:426-31. 2010
    ..In view of the production cessation of the inactivated mouse brain-derived Japanese encephalitis vaccine, it is timely to provide an update on new Japanese encephalitis vaccines and revised vaccine recommendations...
  34. ncbi Seroepidemiology of dengue in the adult population of Singapore
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    Trop Med Int Health 9:305-8. 2004
    ..The odds ratio of dengue seroprevalence increased by 4.13 (95% CI: 2.88-5.93) for every 10 year increase in age. Dengue infections remain a major problem in Singapore...
  35. ncbi Knowledge, attitude, and practices with regard to adult pertussis vaccine booster in travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 14:145-50. 2007
    ..Acellular pertussis vaccines have been evaluated in adults and confer safe and effective protection and now exist as combination vaccine together with tetanus and diphtheria...
  36. ncbi Meningococcal carriage in Umra pilgrims returning from Saudi Arabia
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 10:147-9. 2003
    ..We investigated the meningococcal carriage in umra pilgrims to determine the extent of circulation of this strain, during the minor pilgrimage...
  37. ncbi Travel health knowledge, attitudes and practices among Australasian travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 11:9-15. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi Experience of severe acute respiratory syndrome in singapore: importation of cases, and defense strategies at the airport
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    J Travel Med 10:259-62. 2003
    ..We report the incidence and impact of cases of SARS imported to Singapore between 25 February and 31 May 2003, and describe national measures to prevent further importation...
  39. ncbi Meningococcal disease in international travel: vaccine strategies
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 12:S22-9. 2005
    ..The current recommendation is to vaccinate all Hajj pilgrims, travelers to areas with current outbreaks, travelers to the sub-Saharan meningitis belt, and high-risk individuals (i.e., those with immunodeficiencies)...
  40. pmc Expatriates ill after travel: results from the Geosentinel Surveillance Network
    Poh Lian Lim
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Infectious Disease and Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
    BMC Infect Dis 12:386. 2012
    ..Expatriates are a distinct population at unique risk for health problems related to their travel exposure...
  41. ncbi Crossover vaccination with quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine (against A/C/Y/W-135) following recent application of bivalent meningococcal vaccine (against A/C): assessment of safety and side effect profile
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 9:20-3. 2002
    ..We assessed the safety and side effect profile of bivalent, quadrivalent, and quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine after recent vaccination with bivalent vaccine...
  42. ncbi Trends in importation of communicable diseases into Singapore
    Glenn K M Lee
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 39:764-70. 2010
    ..Singapore is a transition country in Southeast Asia that is both vulnerable and receptive to the introduction and re-introduction of imported communicable diseases...
  43. ncbi Travel characteristics and health practices among travellers at the travellers' health and vaccination clinic in Singapore
    Vernon J Lee
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 35:667-73. 2006
    ..This study describes the profile and healthseeking behaviour of travellers attending a travel health clinic in Singapore...
  44. pmc Combination strategies for pandemic influenza response - a systematic review of mathematical modeling studies
    Vernon J Lee
    Center for Health Services Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    BMC Med 7:76. 2009
    ..Individual strategies in pandemic preparedness plans may not reduce the impact of an influenza pandemic...
  45. ncbi W-135 meningococcal disease in a traveler: a case report
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 10:59-60. 2003
  46. ncbi In-flight transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): a case report
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    J Travel Med 10:299-300. 2003
  47. pmc HIV-related travel restrictions: trends and country characteristics
    Felicia Chang
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Glob Health Action 6:20472. 2013
    ..Our aim was to describe the geographical distribution of countries with travel restrictions and to examine the trends and characteristics of countries with such restrictions...
  48. doi Chloroquine for influenza prevention: a randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled trial
    Nicholas I Paton
    Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:677-83. 2011
    ..We aimed to assess the efficacy of such an intervention...
  49. ncbi Distinguishing dengue fever from other infections on the basis of simple clinical and laboratory features: application of logistic regression analysis
    David Chadwick
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Singapore
    J Clin Virol 35:147-53. 2006
    ..Dengue fever is a frequent cause of admission to hospital in South East Asia, however many of the clinical characteristics and abnormalities on laboratory investigations at presentation are found in other common infections...
  50. doi Fasciola hepatica in a New Zealander traveler
    Mei L Kang
    Department of Infectious Disease, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 15:196-9. 2008
    ..Here, we report a case of a New Zealander traveler who acquired the infection on a business trip...
  51. ncbi Changes in body fat measured by DEXA in patients taking different formulations of stavudine
    Yong Yang
    Infectious Disease Research Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    HIV Clin Trials 6:337-43. 2005
    ..Stavudine extended release formulation (stavudine ER) gives lower peak and higher trough levels than the immediate release formulation (stavudine IR), and we hypothesized that the lower peak might result in less lipoatrophy...
  52. ncbi Severe neutropenia in dengue patients: prevalence and significance
    Tun Linn Thein
    Communicable Disease Center, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Singapore
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 90:984-7. 2014
    ..We concluded that prophylactic antibiotics are not indicated in patients with severe neutropenia without indication for bacterial infection. ..
  53. pmc An exploratory study of treated-bed nets in Timor-Leste: patterns of intended and alternative usage
    Andrew A Lover
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore MD3, 16 Medical Drive, 117597, Singapore
    Malar J 10:199. 2011
    ....
  54. ncbi Graduate public health education--Singapore's contribution to strengthening capacity in the region and beyond
    Meng Kin Lim
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 37:1046-50. 2008
    ..It also discusses the role Singapore can continue to play in addressing global inequities in access to public health education and in strengthening public health capacity in the region and beyond...
  55. pmc Severe acute respiratory syndrome: imported cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome to Singapore had impact on national epidemic
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    BMJ 326:1393-4. 2003
  56. ncbi Sustained outbreak of W135 meningococcal disease in east London, UK
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Lancet 360:644-5. 2002
  57. ncbi Not every "worm" is a worm
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    J Travel Med 9:219. 2002
  58. ncbi Global impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome: measures to prevent importation into Saudi Arabia
    Ziad A Memish
    Department of Medicine, National Guard Health Affairs, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    J Travel Med 11:127-9. 2004
  59. ncbi Severe dengue virus infection in travelers
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    J Infect Dis 195:1081-3. 2007
  60. doi Travel vaccines: current practice and future aspects
    David R Hill
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:527-30. 2008
  61. ncbi Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
    Karin Leder
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1185-93. 2006
    ..A greater proportion of immigrant VFRs presented with serious, potentially preventable travel-related illnesses than did tourist travelers...
  62. pmc Seasonality, annual trends, and characteristics of dengue among ill returned travelers, 1997-2006
    Eli Schwartz
    Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1081-8. 2008
    ..Also, dengue cases detected at atypical times in sentinel travelers may inform the international community of the onset of epidemic activity in specific areas...
  63. ncbi Health risks in travelers to China: the GeoSentinel experience and implications for the 2008 Beijing Olympics
    Xiaohong M Davis
    Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:4-8. 2008
    ..Tropical and parasitic diseases were rare. Pre-travel consultation for China travelers should be individualized according to these findings...
  64. doi Gastrointestinal infection among international travelers globally
    Zoe Greenwood
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    J Travel Med 15:221-8. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze infections associated with oral ingestion of pathogens in international travelers in relation to place of exposure...
  65. ncbi The revised international health regulations and their relevance to travel medicine
    Max Hardiman
    J Travel Med 14:141-4. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi Confronting the new challenge in travel medicine: SARS
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    J Travel Med 10:257-8. 2003
  67. ncbi Yellow fever vaccines and international travelers
    Elizabeth D Barnett
    Maxwell Finalnd Laborator for Infectious Diseases, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:579-87. 2008
    ..This new method allows production in a cell culture system and potentially reduces the risk of adventitious viruses and selection of a subpopulation during replication, thereby increasing safety...
  68. ncbi Tsunami and the role of the international travel health community
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    J Travel Med 12:117-9. 2005
  69. ncbi The revised International Health Regulations (2005): impact on yellow fever vaccination in clinical practice
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:359-60. 2008
  70. ncbi Eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis: a case report and literature review
    Jeng Min Lim
    Department of Internal Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
    J Travel Med 11:388-90. 2004