Antonio Vaz Carneiro

Summary

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina
Country: Portugal

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Causal relationships in medicine
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:443-9. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint [Analysis of the Cochrane review: Multimedia educational interventions for consumers about prescribed and over-the-counter medications. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013;4:CD008416]
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa and Centro Colaborador Português da Rede Cochrane Iberoamericana Lisboa Portugal
    Acta Med Port 27:4-5. 2014
  3. ncbi request reprint [Off-label prescribing: scientific analysis taking the use of bevacizumab in ophthalmology as an example]
    Joana Alarcão
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa Portugal Centro Colaborador Português da Rede Cochrane Iberoamericana Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa Portugal
    Acta Med Port 26:409-19. 2013
  4. doi request reprint [Off-label prescription: practice and problems]
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal Electronic address
    Rev Port Cardiol 32:681-6. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint [Abstract of Cochrane review]
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro Colaborador Português da Rede Cochrane Iberoamericana Lisboa Portugal
    Acta Med Port 26:301-2. 2013
  6. ncbi request reprint Critical appraisal of clinical studies: practical tables
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro se Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:607-14. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. III. Cross-sectional studies
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:1281-6. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. IV. Clinical trials
    Andreia Roque
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:1539-56. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. Systematic reviews
    Teresa Varandas
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 25:233-46. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Efficacy claims for new drugs without clinical trial outcome data: problems and pitfalls
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 25:1127-42. 2006

Collaborators

  • Joao Costa
  • Margarida Borges
  • Cláudio David
  • Domingos Vaz
  • Sérgio Paulo
  • Susana M Fernandes
  • Raquel Ascenção
  • Philip Fortuna
  • Filipa Fareleira
  • Antonio Vaz Carneiro
  • Joana Alarcão
  • Andreia Roque
  • Laura Santos
  • Ricardo Vizinho
  • Susana Fernandes
  • Ines Reis
  • Teresa Varandas
  • Miguel Gouveia
  • Miguel Juliao
  • Micaela Machado
  • Susana Mendes

Detail Information

Publications38

  1. ncbi request reprint Causal relationships in medicine
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:443-9. 2005
    ..In this article we will define causality, then show how to determine a cause-effect relationship, and finally we will present the type of studies that can provide the strongest evidence on causality...
  2. ncbi request reprint [Analysis of the Cochrane review: Multimedia educational interventions for consumers about prescribed and over-the-counter medications. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013;4:CD008416]
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa and Centro Colaborador Português da Rede Cochrane Iberoamericana Lisboa Portugal
    Acta Med Port 27:4-5. 2014
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint [Off-label prescribing: scientific analysis taking the use of bevacizumab in ophthalmology as an example]
    Joana Alarcão
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa Portugal Centro Colaborador Português da Rede Cochrane Iberoamericana Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa Portugal
    Acta Med Port 26:409-19. 2013
    ....
  4. doi request reprint [Off-label prescription: practice and problems]
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal Electronic address
    Rev Port Cardiol 32:681-6. 2013
    ..Convinced of the benefits for their patients, some physicians prescribe them for unapproved indications--off-label prescription. In this paper we discuss the prevalence of off-label prescription, and its advantages and problems...
  5. ncbi request reprint [Abstract of Cochrane review]
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro Colaborador Português da Rede Cochrane Iberoamericana Lisboa Portugal
    Acta Med Port 26:301-2. 2013
    ..Abstract available from the publisher...
  6. ncbi request reprint Critical appraisal of clinical studies: practical tables
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro se Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:607-14. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. III. Cross-sectional studies
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:1281-6. 2005
    ..In this article we will present the methodological design and the advantages and disadvantages of cross-sectional studies...
  8. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. IV. Clinical trials
    Andreia Roque
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:1539-56. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. Systematic reviews
    Teresa Varandas
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 25:233-46. 2006
    ..In this paper we describe the steps involved in conducting a systematic review of scientific evidence, the methodology, and problems...
  10. ncbi request reprint Efficacy claims for new drugs without clinical trial outcome data: problems and pitfalls
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 25:1127-42. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Drug therapy for chronic heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction: a scientific review. I. Introduction
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 27:851-6. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Relative risk, absolute risk and number needed to treat: basic concepts
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 28:83-7. 2009
    ..We will present the concepts of RRR, ARR and NNT in a deliberately simple fashion, using published studies. On the basis of this knowledge the reader will be able to analyze the literature and make decisions based on it...
  13. ncbi request reprint Screening for coronary artery disease in assymptomatic adults is not recommended, so why is it still done?
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:1633-8. 2004
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Coronary heart disease in diabetes mellitus: risk factors and epidemiology
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:1359-66. 2004
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Applicability of clinical trial results to the individual patient: practice guidelines
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa
    Rev Port Cardiol 22:259-68. 2003
    ..In this article we will present some practical guidelines on whether to reject the applicability of RCT results to patients who are different from those included in the trial...
  16. ncbi request reprint Burden of disease from hypercholesterolemia in Portugal
    Miguel Gouveia
    Faculdade de Ciências Económicas e Empresariais, Universidade Católica Poruguess, Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:255-70. 2004
    ..DALYs are a measure used by international organizations such as the World Health Organization and the World Bank...
  17. ncbi request reprint Drug therapy for chronic heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction: a review. III. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
    Raquel Ascenção
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 27:1169-87. 2008
    ..All patients with HF should be prescribed an ACEI except in cases of contraindication or adverse reactions...
  18. ncbi request reprint Statins for primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. A scientific review
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:95-122. 2004
    ..Both types of evidence were selected from secondary scientific sources. We conclude with practical evidence-based recommendations on the selection of patients for primary and secondary prevention with statins...
  19. ncbi request reprint The therapeutic approach to paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation: rhythm control versus rate control. A review
    Susana Fernandes
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:599-611. 2004
    ..However, there was a non-statistically significant tendency in favor of rate control in a set of clinically important results. Based on this data, we recommend rate control as the first approach to paroxysmal or persistent AFib...
  20. ncbi request reprint Bias in clinical studies
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 30:235-42. 2011
    ..In this paper we present the most common types of bias found in clinical studies, whether therapeutic (clinical trials), or with other experimental or observational designs...
  21. ncbi request reprint Asymptomatic carotid bruit
    Filipa Fareleira
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:285-94. 2005
    ..In this review article we briefly discuss the management of asymptomatic carotid bruit based on the main studies published in the last few years addressing cardiovascular event prevention in carotid atherosclerosis...
  22. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in Portugal and Europe: the same reality?
    Joao Costa
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Servico de Cardiologia, Hospital de Santa Maria, CEA, Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Lisboa
    Rev Port Cardiol 22:967-74. 2003
  23. ncbi request reprint Measures of association in clinical trials: definition and interpretation
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 22:1393-401. 2003
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Risk factors: definitions and practical implications
    Domingos Vaz
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:121-31. 2005
    ..Finally, we present the main cardiovascular risk factors: smoking, hypercholesterolemia, physical inactivity, overweight and obesity, diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension...
  25. ncbi request reprint Studies of harm. Clinical applications
    Susana M Fernandes
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:765-73. 2005
    ..In previous articles we discussed the methodology to evaluate therapeutic benefit. In this article we aim to review designs for determining harm...
  26. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. Introduction
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:897-903. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Clinical reasoning. What is its nature? Can it be taught?
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa
    Rev Port Cardiol 22:433-43. 2003
    ..This article discusses the nature of clinical reasoning, its evolution from student to medical specialist and its practical teaching...
  28. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. II. Cohort studies
    Susana M Fernandes
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:1151-8. 2005
    ..To increase the validity of cohort studies the investigator has to consider exposure, outcome, sample selection and the statistical analysis (risk ratios and/or differences, absolute and relative risks, etc.)...
  29. ncbi request reprint Estimating sample size in clinical studies: basic methodological principles
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 22:1513-21. 2003
    ..In this paper we will present and discuss the methodological principles underlying calculation of sample size: outcomes, type I and II error, alpha and beta, study power and variability...
  30. ncbi request reprint Methodological appraisal of guidelines. The AGREE instrument
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:447-56. 2004
    ..This paper presents the first international instrument that can be used as a quality assurance tool for evidence-based clinical guidelines: the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument...
  31. ncbi request reprint Statin therapy in the primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. A scientific review
    Sérgio Paulo
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:1461-82. 2004
    ..We will give practical evidence-based recommendations on selection of patients for prevention with statins...
  32. ncbi request reprint Calculation, expression and perception of risk in medicine: implications for clinical decision-making
    Joao Costa
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 30:95-119. 2011
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Randomization methods in clinical trials
    Domingos Vaz
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:741-55. 2004
    ..In this paper we set out to show the importance of randomization by explaining its basic concepts, its practical use, the different types available, and the best ways to put them into practice...
  34. ncbi request reprint Composite outcomes in clinical trials: uses and problems
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa
    Rev Port Cardiol 22:1253-63. 2003
    ..In this article we present and discuss the uses and problems of composite outcomes in RCTs...
  35. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic testing, pre- and post-test probabilities, and their use in clinical practice
    Sérgio Paulo
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:1187-98. 2004
    ..Among the test characteristics, the most useful for calculating post-test probabilities are likelihood ratios, which have several advantages over sensitivity and specificity...
  36. ncbi request reprint Drug therapy for chronic heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. II. Diuretics
    Philip Fortuna
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 27:977-89. 2008
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Types of clinical studies. I. Case-control studies
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 24:1017-23. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Finding the best scientific evidence to support clinical practice
    Antonio Vaz Carneiro
    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Rev Port Cardiol 23:913-24. 2004
    ..In this paper we present and discuss a set of modern and high-quality instruments to obtain useful information for clinical practice...