Betty Pfefferbaum

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi Panic reactions to terrorist attacks and probable posttraumatic stress disorder in adolescents
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, 73104, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:217-28. 2006
  2. doi The H1N1 crisis: a case study of the integration of mental and behavioral health in public health crises
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 0901, USA
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep 6:67-71. 2012
  3. pmc Autonomic reactivity and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysregulation in spouses of Oklahoma City bombing survivors 7 years after the attack
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, WP 3470 Oklahoma City, OK 73126 0901, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 53:901-6. 2012
  4. ncbi Biological correlates of direct exposure to terrorism several years postdisaster
    Phebe Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 22:186-95. 2010
  5. pmc The burden of disaster: part II. applying interventions across the child's social ecology
    Rose L Pfefferbaum
    Phoenix Community College and Terrorism and Disaster Center University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 14:175-87. 2012
  6. doi Emotional stress and heart rate variability measures associated with cardiovascular risk in relocated Katrina survivors
    Phebe Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, WP 3440, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Psychosom Med 74:160-8. 2012
  7. ncbi Physiological reactivity in children of Oklahoma City bombing survivors 7 years postdisaster: a pilot study
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK 73126, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 23:202-7. 2011
  8. ncbi Incident-related television viewing and psychiatric disorders in Oklahoma City bombing survivors
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 14:247-55. 2012
  9. ncbi Media coverage and children's reactions to disaster with implications for primary care and public health
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    J Okla State Med Assoc 101:312-7. 2008
  10. ncbi A pilot study of physiological reactivity in children and maternal figures who lost relatives in a terrorist attack
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
    Death Stud 37:395-412. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi Panic reactions to terrorist attacks and probable posttraumatic stress disorder in adolescents
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, 73104, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:217-28. 2006
    ..Future studies should use longitudinal designs to examine the course and pathogenic pathways for the development of panic, PTSD, and other anxiety disorders after exposure to disasters...
  2. doi The H1N1 crisis: a case study of the integration of mental and behavioral health in public health crises
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 0901, USA
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep 6:67-71. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Autonomic reactivity and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysregulation in spouses of Oklahoma City bombing survivors 7 years after the attack
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, WP 3470 Oklahoma City, OK 73126 0901, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 53:901-6. 2012
    ..The objective of this exploratory pilot study was to examine autonomic reactivity and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysregulation in spouses of highly exposed survivors of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing...
  4. ncbi Biological correlates of direct exposure to terrorism several years postdisaster
    Phebe Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 22:186-95. 2010
    ..It is important to understand long-term biological and psychiatric correlates of intense exposure to terrorism...
  5. pmc The burden of disaster: part II. applying interventions across the child's social ecology
    Rose L Pfefferbaum
    Phoenix Community College and Terrorism and Disaster Center University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 14:175-87. 2012
    ....
  6. doi Emotional stress and heart rate variability measures associated with cardiovascular risk in relocated Katrina survivors
    Phebe Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, WP 3440, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Psychosom Med 74:160-8. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi Physiological reactivity in children of Oklahoma City bombing survivors 7 years postdisaster: a pilot study
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK 73126, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 23:202-7. 2011
    ..Relatively few studies of children exposed to trauma have used objective indicators such as heart rate and blood pressure measurements to assess physiological reactivity...
  8. ncbi Incident-related television viewing and psychiatric disorders in Oklahoma City bombing survivors
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 14:247-55. 2012
    ..The results raise doubt about the effects of quantified incident-related television viewing on clinically-significant emotional outcomes in directly-exposed terrorism survivors...
  9. ncbi Media coverage and children's reactions to disaster with implications for primary care and public health
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    J Okla State Med Assoc 101:312-7. 2008
    ..These perceptions persisted for approximately 10% of the children. Our Findings suggest the importance of primary care and public health interventions to determine and monitor children's reactions...
  10. ncbi A pilot study of physiological reactivity in children and maternal figures who lost relatives in a terrorist attack
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
    Death Stud 37:395-412. 2013
    ..Research using larger representative samples studied early and over time is indicated to determine the potential significance of these findings...
  11. pmc Framework for research on children's reactions to disasters and terrorist events
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Terrorism and Disaster Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 27:567-76. 2012
    ..The use of this approach is illustrated with examples from disaster mental health studies in children, thus simultaneously providing a review of the literature...
  12. ncbi Assessing children's disaster reactions and mental health needs: screening and clinical evaluation
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Can J Psychiatry 58:135-42. 2013
    ..To present a framework for assessing children's disaster reactions and mental health needs...
  13. doi Heart rate reactivity and current post-traumatic stress disorder when data are missing
    Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Oklahoma of Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73103, USA
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 65:451-8. 2011
    ....
  14. ncbi Emotional and biological stress measures in Katrina survivors relocated to Oklahoma
    Phebe Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry, OU College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma HSC, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 5:113-25. 2010
    ..The authors assessed relocated Hurricane Katrina survivors' emotional and biological stress measures 20 months postdisaster to understand effects of both hurricane exposure and forced relocation on emotional and physical health...
  15. doi Change in smoking and drinking after september 11, 2001, in a national sample of ever smokers and ever drinkers
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:113-21. 2008
    ..The results have implications for research, clinical practice, and public health...
  16. ncbi Children of national guard troops: a pilot study of deployment, patriotism, and media coverage
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Terrorism and Disaster Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 15:129-37. 2013
    ..The results of this pilot study identified relationships of both patriotism and attention to media coverage with children's emotional and behavioral status and personal adjustment suggesting areas for future investigation...
  17. pmc Children of terrorism survivors: physiological reactions seven years following a terrorist incident
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA Electronic address
    Compr Psychiatry 55:749-54. 2014
    ..The aim of this study was to examine psychiatric illness and physiological indicators in the children of Oklahoma City bombing survivors seven years after the event...
  18. doi The integration of mental and behavioral health into disaster preparedness, response, and recovery
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 0901, USA
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep 6:60-6. 2012
    ..Integration must be supported in underlying policies and administration with clear lines of responsibility for formulating and implementing policy and practice...
  19. pmc Issues in the assessment of children's coping in the context of mass trauma
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 27:272-9. 2012
    ..This article examines the theoretical and practical issues in assessing coping in children exposed to mass trauma, and includes recommendations to guide assessment and research of children's coping within this specialized context...
  20. ncbi Enhancing national capacity to conduct child and family disaster mental health research
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA
    Nurs Educ Perspect 31:237-41. 2010
    ..This article describes the creation and training of 10 specialized research teams, curriculum development, implementation of the program, and progress to date as well as lessons learned and challenges to sustainability...
  21. doi Exploring community resilience in workforce communities of first responders serving Katrina survivors
    Karen Fraser Wyche
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 81:18-30. 2011
    ..The implications for research, policy, practice, and education of professionals are discussed...
  22. pmc Universal preventive interventions for children in the context of disasters and terrorism
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Terrorism and Disaster Center, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 920 Stanton L Young Boulevard, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA Electronic address
    Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 23:363-82, ix-x. 2014
    ..A literature search identified 17 empirical studies that were analyzed to examine the timing and setting of intervention delivery, providers, conditions addressed and outcomes, and intervention approaches and components. ..
  23. ncbi Research with children exposed to disasters
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 17:S49-56. 2008
    ..As the field matures, greater attention to the sophistication of research methods and design will increase our understanding of children in the context of disasters...
  24. ncbi Physiologic reactivity despite emotional resilience several years after direct exposure to terrorism
    Phebe M Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry, OUHSC, WP 3440, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:230-5. 2007
    ..Six and a half to 7 years after the 1995 terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City, the authors assessed autonomic reactivity to trauma reminders and psychiatric symptoms in adults who had some degree of direct exposure to the blast...
  25. ncbi Trauma, grief and depression in Nairobi children after the 1998 bombing of the American Embassy
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Death Stud 30:561-77. 2006
    ..The study supports the developing literature on traumatic grief and the need for studies exploring the potentially unique aspects of this construct...
  26. ncbi Body handlers after terrorism in Oklahoma City: predictors of posttraumatic stress and other symptoms
    Phebe Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190 3048, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 72:469-75. 2002
    ..Coping techniques are described, as well as possible reasons for unexpected resilience in the majority...
  27. pmc Exposure and peritraumatic response as predictors of posttraumatic stress in children following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA
    J Urban Health 79:354-63. 2002
    ..These findings suggest the importance of peritraumatic response in children's reactions to terrorism. These early responses can be used to help determine which children may experience difficulty over time...
  28. pmc The impact of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing on the partners of firefighters
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, 73104, USA
    J Urban Health 79:364-72. 2002
    ..The results suggest the need for further study of the impact of interpersonal exposure in those who provide support for rescue-and-recovery workers in major terrorist incidents...
  29. ncbi Effects of prior trauma and age on posttraumatic stress symptoms in Asian and Middle Eastern immigrants after terrorism in the community
    Richard Trautman
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190 3048, USA
    Community Ment Health J 38:459-74. 2002
    ..Bomb-related PTSD symptoms increased with current age and were inversely related to age at the time of prior trauma. Results underscore the importance of providing long-term disaster assistance to immigrants with prior trauma...
  30. ncbi Does television viewing satisfy criteria for exposure in posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Williams Pavilion, Room 3470, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Psychiatry 65:306-9. 2002
  31. ncbi Children's response to terrorism: a critical review of the literature
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 5:95-100. 2003
    ..This article indicates significant challenges in the identification, evaluation, and treatment of children potentially in need of attention...
  32. ncbi Posttraumatic stress and functional impairment in Kenyan children following the 1998 American Embassy bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190 3048, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 73:133-40. 2003
    ..Posttraumatic stress reactions to the bombing were related to posttraumatic stress reactions to other trauma and to peritraumatic reaction. Self-reported functional impairment was minimal...
  33. ncbi Media exposure in children one hundred miles from a terrorist bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Center for Terrorism Studies, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190 3048, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 15:1-8. 2003
    ..This study implicates print media exposure as well. Media exposure to terrorist incidents, therefore, should be monitored and those working with children should assess exposure and stress even in children not directly impacted...
  34. ncbi Teachers' psychological reactions 7 weeks after the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 74:263-71. 2004
    ..Twenty percent reported difficulty handling demands; 5% sought counseling. Outreach efforts should assess and assist teachers...
  35. ncbi Persistent physiological reactivity in a pilot study of partners of firefighters after a terrorist attack
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:128-31. 2006
    ....
  36. ncbi The effect of loss and trauma on substance use behavior in individuals seeking support services after the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 14:89-95. 2002
    ..Although no causal relationship can be assumed, our findings indicate an association of grief and posttraumatic stress with increased substance use behaviors in disaster victims...
  37. ncbi Teachers in the aftermath of terrorism: a case study of one New York City school
    Rose L Pfefferbaum
    Terrorism and Disaster Preparedness Center, Phoenix College, 1202 West Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
    Fam Community Health 27:250-9. 2004
    ..By and large, teachers coped by talking to others and/or a health professional, but felt ill-equipped to intervene with students and expressed substantial need for assistance...
  38. ncbi Behavior problems in New York City's children after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks
    Jennifer Stuber
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 75:190-200. 2005
    ..In the 1st few months after a disaster, the identification of children who need mental health treatment may be complicated by a dampened behavioral response or by a decreased sensitivity of parental assessment to behavioral problems...
  39. ncbi Posttraumatic stress reactions in new York City children after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks
    Gerry Fairbrother
    Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 3:304-11. 2003
    ..To assess the prevalence of posttraumatic stress reactions (PTSR) in New York City (NYC) children following the September 11, 2001, attacks and determine the key predictors of PTSR...
  40. ncbi The course of posttraumatic stress disorder in a follow-up study of survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 16:209-15. 2004
    ....
  41. ncbi Psychological issues associated with terrorism: a guide for physicians
    Rose L Pfefferbaum
    Phoenix College, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
    J Okla State Med Assoc 96:526-9. 2003
  42. ncbi Treating children exposed to disasters
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:208. 2002
  43. ncbi Case finding and mental health services for children in the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Humble Independent Schools, Humble, Texas, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 30:215-27. 2003
    ..There was no relationship between posttraumatic stress symptomatology and counseling contact for students with the highest levels of posttraumatic stress. Implications for school-based services are discussed...
  44. ncbi Research on the mental health effects of terrorism
    Carol S North
    JAMA 288:633-6. 2002
  45. ncbi Determinants of counseling for children in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks
    Jennifer Stuber
    Division of Health and Science Policy of the New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, NY 10029 5283, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 53:815-22. 2002
    ..The authors assessed the prevalence and correlates of counseling for experiences related to the disaster received by children aged four to 18 years living in Manhattan...
  46. ncbi Coping, functioning, and adjustment of rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:171-5. 2002
    ..Postdisaster alcohol use disorders and drinking to cope were significantly associated with indicators of poorer functioning. Surveillance for problem drinking after disaster exposure may identify useful directions for intervention...
  47. ncbi Unmet need for counseling services by children in New York City after the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center: implications for pediatricians
    Gerry Fairbrother
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1367-74. 2004
    ....
  48. ncbi The state of research on the mental health effects of terrorism
    Carol S North
    Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 13:4-9. 2004
  49. ncbi P-FLASH: Development of an empirically-based post-9/11 disaster mental health training program
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, USA
    Mo Med 105:62-6. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder
    Robert J Ursano
    Am J Psychiatry 161:3-31. 2004
  51. ncbi Comparison of post-disaster psychiatric disorders after terrorist bombings in Nairobi and Oklahoma City
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 186:487-93. 2005
    ..African disaster-affected populations are poorly represented in disaster mental health literature...
  52. ncbi Concerns of Capitol Hill staff workers after bioterrorism: focus group discussions of authorities' response
    Carol S North
    School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:523-7. 2005
    ..This suggests focus on risk communication in developing interventions, but more systematic investigation is needed...
  53. ncbi Identification and evaluation of mental health and psychosocial preparedness resources from the Centers for Public Health Preparedness
    Yael Hoffman
    Michigan Center for Public Health Preparedness, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 2510 SPH 1, 109 S Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract . 2005
    ..The group also plans to disseminate the mental health/psychosocial preparedness toolkit to practice partners engaged in training disaster response personnel...
  54. ncbi Capitol hill staff workers' experiences of bioterrorism: qualitative findings from focus groups
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:79-88. 2005
    ..Nonadherence to antibiotic prophylaxis is of immediate concern for response to future bioterrorist events as well as infectious disease epidemics. Other topics that warrant attention are social support and mental health interventions...
  55. ncbi Disasters in the 21st century: lessons from project liberty
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Psychiatr Serv 57:1251. 2006
  56. ncbi Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness
    Fran H Norris
    Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 41:127-50. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi Psychiatric disorders in rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:857-9. 2002
    ..Psychiatric disorders were studied in a volunteer group of 181 firefighters who served as rescue/recovery workers after the Oklahoma City bombing...