Fredros Okumu



  1. Okumu F, Chipwaza B, Madumla E, Mbeyela E, Lingamba G, Moore J, et al. Implications of bio-efficacy and persistence of insecticides when indoor residual spraying and long-lasting insecticide nets are combined for malaria prevention. Malar J. 2012;11:378 pubmed publisher
    ..The loss of LLIN toxicity, particularly Olyset® nets suggests that protection offered by these nets against An. arabiensis may be primarily due to physical bite prevention rather than insecticidal efficacy. ..
  2. Okumu F, Titus E, Mbeyela E, Killeen G, Moore S. Limitation of using synthetic human odours to test mosquito repellents. Malar J. 2009;8:150 pubmed publisher
    ..The synthetic odour blend tested here is not yet sufficiently refined to serve as replacement for humans in repellent testing, but may be developed further and evaluated in different formats for exposure free repellent testing purposes. ..
  3. Okumu F, Killeen G, Ogoma S, Biswaro L, Smallegange R, Mbeyela E, et al. Development and field evaluation of a synthetic mosquito lure that is more attractive than humans. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e8951 pubmed publisher
    ..This highly attractive substitute for human baits might enable development of technologies for trapping mosquitoes in numbers sufficient to prevent rather than merely monitor transmission of mosquito-borne diseases. ..
  4. Okumu F, Govella N, Moore S, Chitnis N, Killeen G. Potential benefits, limitations and target product-profiles of odor-baited mosquito traps for malaria control in Africa. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e11573 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommend that developers should focus on super-attractive baits and cheaper traps to enhance cost-effectiveness, and that the most appropriate way to deploy such technologies is through vertical delivery mechanisms. ..
  5. Mmbando A, Okumu F, Mgando J, Sumaye R, Matowo N, Madumla E, et al. Effects of a new outdoor mosquito control device, the mosquito landing box, on densities and survival of the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis, inside controlled semi-field settings. Malar J. 2015;14:494 pubmed publisher
    ..The MLBs also have potential for dispensing filial infanticides, such as PPF, which mosquitoes can transmit to their aquatic habitats for mosquito population control. ..
  6. request reprint
    Okumu F, Biswaro L, Mbeleyela E, Killeen G, Mukabana R, Moore S. Using nylon strips to dispense mosquito attractants for sampling the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.s. J Med Entomol. 2010;47:274-82 pubmed
    ..The nylon material required is cheap and widely available and the strips can be prepared without specialized equipment or electricity. ..
  7. Okumu F, Moore S. Combining indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated nets for malaria control in Africa: a review of possible outcomes and an outline of suggestions for the future. Malar J. 2011;10:208 pubmed publisher
    ..This article concludes by emphasizing the need for basic and operational research, including mathematical modelling to evaluate IRS/ITN combinations in comparison to IRS alone or ITNs alone. ..
  8. Okumu F. The paradigm of eave tubes: scaling up house improvement and optimizing insecticide delivery against disease-transmitting mosquitoes. Malar J. 2017;16:207 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, this paradigm significantly improves delivery of insecticides against disease-transmitting mosquitoes, and provides opportunities for scaling-up the long-neglected concept of house improvement as a malaria intervention. ..
  9. Okumu F, Kiware S, Moore S, Killeen G. Mathematical evaluation of community level impact of combining bed nets and indoor residual spraying upon malaria transmission in areas where the main vectors are Anopheles arabiensis mosquitoes. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:17 pubmed publisher
    ..arabiensis, but also more potent, vulnerable and historically important species such as Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus. ..

More Information


  1. Okumu F, Mbeyela E, Lingamba G, Moore J, Ntamatungiro A, Kavishe D, et al. Comparative field evaluation of combinations of long-lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying, relative to either method alone, for malaria prevention in an area where the main vector is Anopheles arabiensis. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:46 pubmed publisher