O F Norheim
Affiliation: University of Bergen
- Challenges to fair decision-making processes in the context of health care services: a qualitative assessment from TanzaniaElizabeth H Shayo
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Int J Equity Health 11:30. 2012..We draw on the principle of fairness as outlined in the deliberative democratic theory...
- Addressing inequity to achieve the maternal and child health millennium development goals: looking beyond averagesGeorge M Ruhago
School of Public Health and Social Sciences, Muhimbili University, P, O Box 65015, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
BMC Public Health 12:1119. 2012..This study explores the potential health gains and equity impact if a set of priority interventions for mothers and under fives were scaled up to reach national universal coverage targets for MDGs in Tanzania...
- Priority setting: the importance of incorporating opportunity costsOle Frithjof Norheim
Department of Research and Development, Haukeland University Hospital, N 5020, Bergen, Norway
Isr J Health Policy Res 1:45. 2012..Although Golan and Hansen should be commended for the innovative way they have started to explore these issues, more work need to be done to take proper account of opportunity costs...
- Comparative effectiveness of antihypertensive medication for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and multiple treatments meta-analysisAtle Fretheim
Global Health Unit, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo, Norway
BMC Med 10:33. 2012..to answer the following research question: What are the relative effects of different classes of antihypertensive drugs in reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease outcomes for healthy people at risk of cardiovascular disease?..
- Choice of generic antihypertensive drugs for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease--a cost-effectiveness analysisTorbjørn Wisløff
Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:26. 2012..The objective of this study was to explore the cost-effectiveness of different generic antihypertensive drugs as first, second and third choice for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
- Equity implications of coverage and use of insecticide treated nets distributed for free or with co-payment in two districts in Tanzania: A cross-sectional comparative household surveyGeorge M Ruhago
Department of Health, Health Planning and Research Section, Ilala Municipal, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Int J Equity Health 10:29. 2011..abstract:..
- Combining evidence and values in priority setting: testing the balance sheet method in a low-income countryEmmanuel Makundi
National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
BMC Health Serv Res 7:152. 2007....
- "What lies beneath it all?"--an interview study of GPs' attitudes to the use of guidelinesBenedicte Carlsen
Stein Rokkan Centre for Social Studies, The University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
BMC Health Serv Res 8:218. 2008..Studies are needed to increase our understanding of how GPs' attitudes influence their use of guidelines. In this study we explored GPs' attitudes to guidelines...
- Further benefits by early start of HIV treatment in low income countries: Survival estimates of early versus deferred antiretroviral therapyKjell Arne Johansson
University of Bergen, Department of Public Health and Centre for International Health, Research Group in Global Health Ethics, Economics and Culture, PB 7804, 5020 Bergen, Norway
AIDS Res Ther 7:3. 2010..Since low income countries have many constraints to full coverage of HAART, this study provides input to a more transparent debate regarding where to draw explicit eligibility criteria during further scale up of HAART...
- A note on Brock: prioritarianism, egalitarianism and the distribution of life yearsO F Norheim
Division for Medical Ethics, Department of Public Health and Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 18, Bergen 5018, Norway
J Med Ethics 35:565-9. 2009..Equality is not the only value egalitarians promote. But equality is so important that we should not reject it...
- Clinical priority settingOle Frithjof Norheim
Department of Thoracic Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, 5020 Bergen, Norway
BMJ 337:a1846. 2008
- The ideal of equal health revisited: definitions and measures of inequity in health should be better integrated with theories of distributive justiceOle Frithjof Norheim
Research group in Global Health, Ethics, Culture and Economics, Department of Public Health and Primary Care and Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, 5018 Bergen, Norway
Int J Equity Health 8:40. 2009....
- The role of evidence in health policy making: a normative perspectiveOle Frithjof Norheim
Section for Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Science, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Health Care Anal 10:309-17. 2002....
- Limiting access to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in five European countries: what can we learn about implicit rationing?O F Norheim
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Uriksdal 8c, 5009, Bergen, Norway
Health Policy 52:149-56. 2000..Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is a complex procedure exemplifying a class of new and emerging treatment modalities involving advanced medical technologies with high costs...
- Adoption of new health care services in Norway (1993-1997): specialists' self-assessment according to national criteria for priority settingO F Norheim
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Ulriksdal 8c, 5009, Bergen, Norway
Health Policy 56:65-79. 2001..Independent and systematic evaluations of new technologies are needed within the context of priority setting...
- [Knowledge must be combined with values for decision making in uncertainty]O F Norheim
Seksjon for allmennmedisin Fagområdet medisinsk etikk og vitenskapsteori, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Universitetet i Bergen, Ulriksdal 8c, 5009 Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 121:1387-90. 2001..It is concluded that good clinical practice must be based on evidence, but it should also take into account the patient's values in choices with uncertain outcomes...
- [How much does the society want to pay?]Ole Frithjof Norheim
Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag Universitetet i Bergen Ulriksdal 8c, 5009 Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 123:303. 2003
- Genomics and equal opportunity ethicsA W Cappelen
Centre for Ethics and Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen, Norway
J Med Ethics 34:361-4. 2008..Finally, how genomics may affect healthcare policies and the market for health insurance is discussed...
- Using burden of disease information for health planning in developing countries: the experience from UgandaLydia Kapiriri
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Ulriksdal 8c, N 5009, Bergen, Norway
Soc Sci Med 56:2433-41. 2003..Such information would contribute to further synthesis of the approach...
- End-of-life decisions as bedside rationing. An ethical analysis of life support restrictions in an Indian neonatal unitI Miljeteig
Global Health Ethics, Economics and Culture, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care and Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
J Med Ethics 36:473-8. 2010..Is withholding of life-saving treatment for children born between 28 and 32 GAW acceptable from an ethical perspective?..
- Impact of ethics and economics on end-of-life decisions in an Indian neonatal unitIngrid Miljeteig
Division of Medical Ethics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care and Global Health Ethics, Economics and Culture, Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Pediatrics 124:e322-8. 2009..The aim of this article was to describe how providers in an Indian NICU reach life-or-death treatment decisions...
- Physicians' use of guidelines and attitudes to withholding and withdrawing treatment for extremely premature neonates in NorwayIngrid Miljeteig
Division of Medical Ethics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Acta Paediatr 96:825-9. 2007....
- HIV priorities and health distributions in a rural region in Tanzania: a qualitative studyKjell Arne Johansson
University of Bergen, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, PB 7804, 5020 Bergen, Norway
J Med Ethics 37:221-6. 2011..The objective of this article is to explore experiences of HIV priority decisions, at what levels these decisions are made and how they might influence the distribution of health benefits in a high-endemic region in Tanzania...
- Distribution matters: equity considerations among health planners in TanzaniaTrygve Ottersen
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Health Policy 85:218-27. 2008..The aim of this study is to help fill this knowledge gap by exploring distributional preferences among health planners in Tanzania...
- [Ethical choices in medically futile treatment]Ingrid Miljeteig
Fagområdet medisinsk etikk, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Universitetet i Bergen, Postboks 7804, 5020 Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 128:2185-9. 2008..The paper explores legitimate disagreement, autonomy and decision making processes in two cases concerning withdrawal of treatment. We suggest a decision making procedure for such cases...
- [High-cost medicine--do we lack open and legitimate procedures for prioritising?]Kjell Arne Johansson
Fagområdet medisinsk etikk Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag Universitetet i Bergen, Postboks 78045020 Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 129:17-20. 2009....
- Responsibility in health care: a liberal egalitarian approachA W Cappelen
Division for Medical Ethics and the Philosophy of Science, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N 5018 Bergen, Norway
J Med Ethics 31:476-80. 2005..The aim of the article is to propose a plausible interpretation of liberal egalitarianism with respect to responsibility and health care and assess it against reasonable counter-arguments...
- National HIV treatment guidelines in Tanzania and Ethiopia: are they legitimate rationing tools?K A Johansson
Division of Medical Ethics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, PB 7804, 5020 Bergen, Norway
J Med Ethics 34:478-83. 2008..To provide an ethical analysis of whether the Ethiopian and Tanzanian national HIV/AIDS treatment guidelines can be considered legitimate and fair rationing tools...
- Availability and access in modern obstetric care: a retrospective population-based studyH M Engjom
Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
BJOG 121:290-9. 2014..To assess the availability of obstetric institutions, the risk of unplanned delivery outside an institution and maternal morbidity in a national setting in which the number of institutions declined from 95 to 51 during 30 years...
- Whose priorities count? Comparison of community-identified health problems and Burden-of-Disease-assessed health priorities in a district in UgandaLydia Kapiriri
Centre for International Health, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Health Expect 5:55-62. 2002..The secondary aim was to explore the potential for using qualitative participatory methodologies as tools for planing and priority setting...
- Availability, distribution and use of emergency obstetric care in northern TanzaniaØystein Evjen Olsen
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
Health Policy Plan 20:167-75. 2005..We argue that the main barrier to access to quality care is not the mother's ignorance or their ability to get to a facility, but the actual quality of care meeting them at the facility...
- Criteria for priority-setting in health care in Uganda: exploration of stakeholders' valuesLydia Kapiriri
Centre for International Health, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Bull World Health Organ 82:172-9. 2004..To explore stakeholders' acceptance of criteria for setting priorities for the health care system in Uganda...
- Eliciting people's preferences for the distribution of health: A procedure for a more precise estimation of distributional weightsOttar Maestad
Chr Michelsen Institute, Bergen, Norway
J Health Econ 28:570-7. 2009..The methodology was successfully applied in an empirical study of age weights...
- Complicated deliveries, critical care and quality in emergency obstetric care in Northern TanzaniaØ E Olsen
Center for International Health, N 5021, University of Bergen, Norway
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 87:98-108. 2004..Little can be concluded using the CFR to describe the quality of services provided...
- Public participation in health planning and priority setting at the district level in UgandaLydia Kapiriri
Centre for International Health and Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Health Policy Plan 18:205-13. 2003..To explore the experiences of the public and leaders with participatory planning and priority setting in health, in a decentralized district in Uganda...
- Introduction of the patient-list system in general practice. Changes in Norwegian physicians' perception of their gatekeeper roleBenedicte Carlsen
Programme for Health Economics in Bergen, Stein Rokkan Centre for Social Studies, University of Bergen, Norway
Scand J Prim Health Care 21:209-13. 2003..To explore whether the patient-list system, recently introduced in general practice, has influenced general practitioners' (GPs') self-perception as gatekeepers...
- "Saying no is no easy matter" a qualitative study of competing concerns in rationing decisions in general practiceBenedicte Carlsen
Health Economics, Stein Rokkan Centre for Social Studies, The University of Bergen, Nygårdsgaten 5, 5015 Bergen, Norway
BMC Health Serv Res 5:70. 2005..Studies indicate that modern general practitioners, both in Norway and in other countries are uncomfortable with the gatekeeper role, but there is little knowledge about how general practitioners experience rationing in practice...
- Rights to specialized health care in Norway: a normative perspectiveOle Frithjof Norheim
J Law Med Ethics 33:641-9. 2005
- Responsibility, fairness and rationing in health careAlexander W Cappelen
Department of Economics, University of Oslo and the Norwegian School of Economics, Norway
Health Policy 76:312-9. 2006..The objective of this article is, drawing on normative political theory, to sketch an argument that assigns a limited but significant role to individual responsibility in the design of the health-care system...
- Priority setting at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels in Canada, Norway and UgandaLydia Kapiriri
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Health Policy 82:78-94. 2007....
- [Board of appeals for decision on reimbursement of expenses for medical treatment abroad]Ole Frithjof Norheim
Fagområdet medisinsk etikk og vitenskapsteori Seksjon for allmennmedisin Universitetet i Bergen Ulriksdal 8c, 5009 Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 122:1560-3. 2002..The appeals procedure remains well known among the public. Doctors should make themselves familiar with the criteria and the appeals procedure...
- My job is to keep him alive, but what about his brother and sister? How Indian doctors experience ethical dilemmas in neonatal medicineIngrid Miljeteig
Dev World Bioeth 6:23-32. 2006..There is a need for further research in this field, and for the development of guidelines on how to cope with differences in resources, and how to handle different patient groups' cultural and religious concerns...
- [Life-prolonging treatment--an analysis of two cases]Sabina Fattah
Det medisinsk fakultet, Universitetet i Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:878-81. 2007..Life-prolonging treatment is associated with many difficult ethical considerations, especially when such treatment is withdrawn...