Bjørn Hofmann

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oslo
Country: Norway

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint That's not science! The role of moral philosophy in the science/non-science divide
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Section for Medical Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Blindern, Norway
    Theor Med Bioeth 28:243-56. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Moral challenges with surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Department of Health, Technology and Society, University College of Gjøvik, Norway Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    J Diabetes Complications 27:597-603. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint On the downplay of suffering in Nordenfelt's theory of illness
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Department for Health, Technology and Society, Gjøvik University College, Gjøvik, Norway
    Health Care Anal 21:283-97. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Ethical challenges with welfare technology: a review of the literature
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1130, Blindern, 0318, Oslo, Norway
    Sci Eng Ethics 19:389-406. 2013
  5. pmc Bariatric surgery for obese children and adolescents: a review of the moral challenges
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Section for Health, Technology, and Society, University College of Gjøvik, PO Box 191, Gjøvik, N 2802, Norway
    BMC Med Ethics 14:18. 2013
  6. pmc Scientific dishonesty--a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Centre of Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Med Ethics 14:3. 2013
  7. pmc What causes increasing and unnecessary use of radiological investigations? A survey of radiologists' perceptions
    Kristin B Lysdahl
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo University College, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:155. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Commercialization of organs
    Bjørn M Hofmann
    Senter for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 131:2230-1. 2011
  9. pmc Why simulation can be efficient: on the preconditions of efficient learning in complex technology based practices
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Faculty of Health, Care and Nursing, University College of Gjøvik, N 2802 Gjøvik, Norway
    BMC Med Educ 9:48. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint [It's difference between research and copying]
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Høgskolen i Gjøvik og Seksjon for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1130 Blindern, 0318 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 128:1544. 2008

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint That's not science! The role of moral philosophy in the science/non-science divide
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Section for Medical Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Blindern, Norway
    Theor Med Bioeth 28:243-56. 2007
    ..Hence, moral norms are crucial in differentiating science from non-science. Although this does not mean that ethics can save the life of science, it can play a significant role in its resuscitation...
  2. ncbi request reprint Moral challenges with surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Department of Health, Technology and Society, University College of Gjøvik, Norway Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    J Diabetes Complications 27:597-603. 2013
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint On the downplay of suffering in Nordenfelt's theory of illness
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Department for Health, Technology and Society, Gjøvik University College, Gjøvik, Norway
    Health Care Anal 21:283-97. 2013
    ..Hence, we need better arguments for the primacy of disability over first person experiences in illness, or first-person experience should be more primarily included in the concept of illness. ..
  4. doi request reprint Ethical challenges with welfare technology: a review of the literature
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1130, Blindern, 0318, Oslo, Norway
    Sci Eng Ethics 19:389-406. 2013
    ..Addressing these issues is important for developing and implementing welfare technologies in a morally acceptable manner...
  5. pmc Bariatric surgery for obese children and adolescents: a review of the moral challenges
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Section for Health, Technology, and Society, University College of Gjøvik, PO Box 191, Gjøvik, N 2802, Norway
    BMC Med Ethics 14:18. 2013
    ..A question based (Socratic) approach is applied to reveal underlying moral issues that can be relevant to an open and transparent decision making process...
  6. pmc Scientific dishonesty--a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Centre of Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Med Ethics 14:3. 2013
    ..Therefore this study investigates the experiences with and the attitudes towards various forms of scientific dishonesty among PhD-students at the medical faculties of all Norwegian universities...
  7. pmc What causes increasing and unnecessary use of radiological investigations? A survey of radiologists' perceptions
    Kristin B Lysdahl
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo University College, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:155. 2009
    ..Radiologists hold key positions for providing such knowledge. Therefore the purpose of this study was to obtain radiologists' perspective on the causes of increasing and unnecessary use of radiological investigations...
  8. doi request reprint Commercialization of organs
    Bjørn M Hofmann
    Senter for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 131:2230-1. 2011
    ..The traders are on their way. We should allow the sale of organs. A strictly regulated market for organs can ensure a fair distribution of organs and proper treatment of the donor. Is this true?..
  9. pmc Why simulation can be efficient: on the preconditions of efficient learning in complex technology based practices
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Faculty of Health, Care and Nursing, University College of Gjøvik, N 2802 Gjøvik, Norway
    BMC Med Educ 9:48. 2009
    ..The objective of the study is to investigate if and why simulation can be effective and efficient in a hi-tech health care setting. This is important in order to decide whether and how to design simulation scenarios and outcome studies...
  10. ncbi request reprint [It's difference between research and copying]
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Høgskolen i Gjøvik og Seksjon for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1130 Blindern, 0318 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 128:1544. 2008
  11. doi request reprint Moral principles and medical practice: the role of patient autonomy in the extensive use of radiological services
    B Hofmann
    University College of Gjøvik, Faculty of Health Care and Nursing, Gjøvik, Norway
    J Med Ethics 34:446-9. 2008
    ..However, they emerge particularly clearly in explanations and justifications of the substantial increase in radiological services, as well as in debates on overuse of radiological services...
  12. ncbi request reprint [Ethical challenges when using living kidney donors]
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Seksjon for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1130 Blindern
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:2964-6. 2007
  13. ncbi request reprint Teaching old dogs new tricks: the role of analogies in bioethical analysis and argumentation concerning new technologies
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Section for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1130, Blindern N 0318, Oslo, Norway
    Theor Med Bioeth 27:397-413. 2006
    ..Third, analogies tend to have a figurative function, bringing in something new and different from the content of the analogies. We use research-biobanking as a practical example in our investigations...
  14. ncbi request reprint Simplified models of the relationship between health and disease
    Bjørn Hofmann
    University of Oslo Section for Medical Ethics, Oslo, Norway
    Theor Med Bioeth 26:355-77. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the models and the way health care professionals' use them may be helpful for scholars in philosophy of medicine with regard to developing theories and communicating them to health care professionals...
  15. ncbi request reprint [Is a wide consent in connection with medical research possible and necessary?]
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Seksjon for medisinsk etikk, Postboks 1130 Blindern, 0318 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 125:2396. 2005
  16. ncbi request reprint Toward a procedure for integrating moral issues in health technology assessment
    Bjørn Hofmann
    University of Oslo, Blindern, N 0318, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 21:312-8. 2005
    ..Therefore, there is a need for a procedure for integrating moral issues in HTA...
  17. ncbi request reprint Ethics of palliative surgery in patients with cancer
    B Hofmann
    Section for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Br J Surg 92:802-9. 2005
    ..Some of these relate to the patients and their illness, others to the surgeons, their attitudes, skills and knowledge base...
  18. ncbi request reprint [Patient autonomy and informed consent in clinical practice]
    Reidar Pedersen
    Seksjon for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1130 Blindern, 0318 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:1644-7. 2007
    ..Patient autonomy and informed consent is increasingly emphasized in clinical practice, professional ethics and health care legislation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Analogical reasoning in handling emerging technologies: the case of umbilical cord blood biobanking
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Section for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Am J Bioeth 6:49-57. 2006
    ..Umbilical cord blood biobanking will be used as a case to investigate these roles and functions...
  20. doi request reprint Stuck in the middle: the many moral challenges with bariatric surgery
    Bjørn Hofmann
    University College of Gjøvik, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Bioeth 10:3-11. 2010
    ..Taking the reviewed ethical issues into account is important when meeting persons eligible for bariatric surgery, as well as in the assessment of and decision making on surgery for obesity...
  21. ncbi request reprint Technological assessment of intracytoplasmic sperm injection: an analysis of the value context
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Department of Health Care, University College of Gjøvik, Norway
    Fertil Steril 80:930-5. 2003
    ..That is, values analyses are crucial to make viable moral judgments about new technologies such as ICSI...
  22. ncbi request reprint Priority setting in health care: trends and models from Scandinavian experiences
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Department for Health, Technology and Social Sciences, University College of Gjøvik, PO Box 191, 2802 Gjøvik, Norway
    Med Health Care Philos 16:349-56. 2013
    ..There are pros and cons with all of these approaches. For the time being the fifth approach appears attractive, but its lack of true participation and the lack of clear success criteria may pose significant challenges in the future...
  23. ncbi request reprint [Disease and identity--a study of The magic mountain by Thomas Mann]
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Senter for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 123:3569-72. 2003
    ..This article explores The magic mountain by Thomas Mann to elucidate the relationship between personal identity and disease. I will argue that such knowledge is important to modern clinical practice...
  24. ncbi request reprint Respect for patients' dignity in primary health care: a critical appraisal
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Prim Health Care 20:88-91. 2002
    ..That is, to answer the question: what does it mean to respect patients' dignity, and can focusing attention on dignity address the lack of trust in and respect for GPs?..
  25. ncbi request reprint Technological paternalism: on how medicine has reformed ethics and how technology can refine moral theory
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Sci Eng Ethics 9:343-52. 2003
    ..Moreover, it is suited to point out the deficiencies of the traditional concept of paternalism and to reform and vitalise the conception of paternalism in ethics in order to handle the challenges of technology...
  26. ncbi request reprint On the triad disease, illness and sickness
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center of Medical Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    J Med Philos 27:651-73. 2002
    ..Additionally, the complexity of different perspectives on human ailment also explains why it is so difficult to give strict definitions of basic concepts within modern health care...
  27. doi request reprint The concept of disease--vague, complex, or just indefinable?
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Faculty of Health, Care and Nursing, University College of Gjøvik, 2802 Gjøvik, Norway
    Med Health Care Philos 13:3-10. 2010
    ..It only rules out speculative claims that disease necessarily is vague, complex, and indefinable. It appears at least as hard to show that disease is indefinable as it is to define it...
  28. ncbi request reprint Technological medicine and the autonomy of man
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Med Health Care Philos 5:157-67. 2002
    ..This is particularly prominent in medicine...
  29. ncbi request reprint The myth of technology in health care
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, PO Box 1130, Blindern, N 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Sci Eng Ethics 8:17-29. 2002
    ..This becomes particularly clear in health care. Hence, if there is a myth of technology, it is an ethical issue, and should be taken seriously...
  30. ncbi request reprint Medicine as techne--a perspective from antiquity
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Faculty of MeMedicine, Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    J Med Philos 28:403-25. 2003
    ..In particular, it is argued that the concept of techne is appropriate to address the constitutive role of technology in medicine. Techne thus appears to be as fruitful a philosophical concept today as it was in antiquity...
  31. ncbi request reprint [New regulation fo autopsy]
    Reidar Pedersen
    Senter for medisinsk etikk, Universitetet i Oslo, 0318 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 124:2791. 2004
  32. doi request reprint Too much of a good thing is wonderful? A conceptual analysis of excessive examinations and diagnostic futility in diagnostic radiology
    Bjørn Hofmann
    Faculty of Health Care and Nursing, University College of Gjøvik, PO Box 191, 2802, Gjøvik, Norway
    Med Health Care Philos 13:139-48. 2010
    ..Such definitions will state how bad "too much of a good thing" is and make it possible to assess how much of the bad thing there is. Hence we have to know how bad it is before we can tell how much of it there is in the world...
  33. doi request reprint Broadening consent--and diluting ethics?
    B Hofmann
    Faculty of Health Care and Nursing, University College of Gjøvik, Blindern, Gjøvik, Norway
    J Med Ethics 35:125-9. 2009
    ..This does not mean that biobank research should be abandoned or that people cannot authorise future research on donated biological material...
  34. doi request reprint Fallacies in the arguments for new technology: the case of proton therapy
    B Hofmann
    Department of Health, Care and Nursing, University College of Gjøvik, Gjøvik, Norway
    J Med Ethics 35:684-7. 2009
    ..Patients deserve the best technology available, not only on the basis of the best available evidence, but also on the basis of the best arguments...
  35. ncbi request reprint The paradox of health care
    B Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    Health Care Anal 9:369-86. 2001
    ..The analysis reveals that when facing the challenges of modern health care the focus of attention should be to resolve the resolvable paradoxes, to acknowledge the antinomies and to learn to live with the aporias...