Knut Fylkesnes

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bergen
Country: Norway

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint HIV risk behavior and work in Uganda: a cross-sectional study
    Esther Buregyeya
    Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, P O Box 7072 Kampala Uganda
    East Afr J Public Health 5:43-8. 2008
  2. pmc Risk factors, healthcare-seeking and sexual behaviour among patients with genital ulcers in Zambia
    Mpundu Makasa
    Lusaka District Health Management Team, Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 12:407. 2012
  3. pmc Persisting stigma reduces the utilisation of HIV-related care and support services in Viet Nam
    Duong Cong Thanh
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:428. 2012
  4. pmc Health status and socio-economic factors associated with health facility utilization in rural and urban areas in Zambia
    Cosmas Zyaambo
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:389. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Strong effects of home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing on acceptance and equity: a cluster randomised trial in Zambia
    Knut Fylkesnes
    Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 86:9-16. 2013
  6. pmc Home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing found highly acceptable and to reduce inequalities
    Wilbroad Mutale
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 10:347. 2010
  7. pmc Sustained high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Cambodia: high turnover seriously challenges the 100% Condom Use Programme
    Heng Sopheab
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STDs, Cambodia
    BMC Infect Dis 8:167. 2008
  8. pmc Practicing provider-initiated HIV testing in high prevalence settings: consent concerns and missed preventive opportunities
    Mercy K Njeru
    Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:87. 2011
  9. pmc A critical assessment of the WHO responsiveness tool: lessons from voluntary HIV testing and counselling services in Kenya
    Mercy K Njeru
    Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:243. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Informed consent as part and parcel of the scientific inquiry
    Knut Fylkesnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Armauer Hansen Building, 5021, Bergen, Norway
    Lancet 361:2171-2. 2003

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint HIV risk behavior and work in Uganda: a cross-sectional study
    Esther Buregyeya
    Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, P O Box 7072 Kampala Uganda
    East Afr J Public Health 5:43-8. 2008
    ..The study assessed the prevalence of factors associated with HIV risky behaviour among employees of a Sugar Factory in Jinja District, Uganda...
  2. pmc Risk factors, healthcare-seeking and sexual behaviour among patients with genital ulcers in Zambia
    Mpundu Makasa
    Lusaka District Health Management Team, Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 12:407. 2012
    ..We investigated risk factors of self-reported GUs and care-seeking in the general population, and assessed GU patients regarding past care-seeking, recent sexual behaviour and partner awareness of the disease...
  3. pmc Persisting stigma reduces the utilisation of HIV-related care and support services in Viet Nam
    Duong Cong Thanh
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:428. 2012
    ....
  4. pmc Health status and socio-economic factors associated with health facility utilization in rural and urban areas in Zambia
    Cosmas Zyaambo
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:389. 2012
    ..We examined associations of predisposing, enabling and need factors with health facility utilization in areas with high HIV prevalence and few people being aware of their HIV status...
  5. doi request reprint Strong effects of home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing on acceptance and equity: a cluster randomised trial in Zambia
    Knut Fylkesnes
    Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 86:9-16. 2013
    ..The high couple counselling acceptance suggests that the home-based approach has a particularly high HIV prevention potential...
  6. pmc Home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing found highly acceptable and to reduce inequalities
    Wilbroad Mutale
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 10:347. 2010
    ..We investigated the acceptability of home-based delivery of counselling and HIV testing in urban and rural populations in Zambia where VCT has been offered mostly from local clinics...
  7. pmc Sustained high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Cambodia: high turnover seriously challenges the 100% Condom Use Programme
    Heng Sopheab
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STDs, Cambodia
    BMC Infect Dis 8:167. 2008
    ..In 2005, we conducted a sexually transmitted infection (STI) survey among FSWs. This paper presents the STI prevalence and related risk factors, and discusses prevalence trends in the context of the 100% CUP in Cambodia...
  8. pmc Practicing provider-initiated HIV testing in high prevalence settings: consent concerns and missed preventive opportunities
    Mercy K Njeru
    Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:87. 2011
    ....
  9. pmc A critical assessment of the WHO responsiveness tool: lessons from voluntary HIV testing and counselling services in Kenya
    Mercy K Njeru
    Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:243. 2009
    ..This study assesses the applicability of the responsiveness tool developed by WHO when applied in the context of voluntary HIV counselling and testing services (VCT) at a district level in Kenya...
  10. ncbi request reprint Informed consent as part and parcel of the scientific inquiry
    Knut Fylkesnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Armauer Hansen Building, 5021, Bergen, Norway
    Lancet 361:2171-2. 2003
  11. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial on acceptability of voluntary HIV counselling and testing
    Knut Fylkesnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Trop Med Int Health 9:566-72. 2004
    ..To examine factors affecting readiness for and acceptability of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT)...
  12. doi request reprint The seven Cs of the high acceptability of home-based VCT: results from a mixed methods approach in Zambia
    Marte Jürgensen
    Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Postboks 7804, 5020 Bergen, Norway Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 97:210-9. 2013
    ..The embedded qualitative component confirmed the high satisfaction with HB-VCT reported in the quantitative survey and was crucial to fully understand the intervention and its consequences...
  13. pmc Steep HIV prevalence declines among young people in selected Zambian communities: population-based observations (1995-2003)
    Charles Michelo
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 6:279. 2006
    ..Understanding the epidemiological HIV context is critical in building effective setting-specific preventive strategies. We examined HIV prevalence patterns in selected communities of men and women aged 15-59 years in Zambia...
  14. pmc HIV-1, HSV-2 and syphilis among pregnant women in a rural area of Tanzania: prevalence and risk factors
    Khadija I Yahya-Malima
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Infect Dis 8:75. 2008
    ..We determined prevalence of genital herpes, syphilis and associated factors among pregnant women from a remote rural Tanzanian community that has a low but increasing HIV prevalence...
  15. doi request reprint Effects of home-based voluntary counselling and testing on HIV-related stigma: findings from a cluster-randomized trial in Zambia
    Marte Jürgensen
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N 5009 Bergen, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 81:18-25. 2013
    ..The study underscores the challenges in measuring and monitoring HIV-related stigma. Adjustment for social desirability bias and inclusion of qualitative methods are recommended for further studies on the impact of HIV testing on stigma...
  16. pmc Effects of neighbourhood-level educational attainment on HIV prevalence among young women in Zambia
    Nkomba Kayeyi
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Overlege Danielssens hus, 5th Floor, Arstadveien 21, N 5009, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 9:310. 2009
    ..This study investigated the effect of neighbourhood educational attainment on HIV prevalence among young women in selected urban and rural areas in Zambia...
  17. doi request reprint HIV risk behaviours and determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam
    Duong Cong Thanh
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    AIDS Behav 13:1151-9. 2009
    ..Giving high priority to targeted preventive and support programmes is likely to be a highly cost-effective strategy...
  18. pmc Associations between sexual behaviour change in young people and decline in HIV prevalence in Zambia
    Ingvild F Sandøy
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 7:60. 2007
    ..We studied trends in key sexual behaviour indicators among 15-24 year-olds from 1995 to 2003, including the associations between sexual behaviour change and education...
  19. pmc Decline in HIV prevalence among young women in Zambia: national-level estimates of trends mask geographical and socio-demographic differences
    Nkomba Kayeyi
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    PLoS ONE 7:e33652. 2012
    ..In this study, different data sources are used to examine geographical and sub-population group differentials in HIV prevalence trends among men and women aged 15-24 years in Zambia...
  20. pmc Vaccination coverage and timeliness in three South African areas: a prospective study
    Lars T Fadnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 11:404. 2011
    ..Timely vaccination is important to induce adequate protective immunity. We measured vaccination timeliness and vaccination coverage in three geographical areas in South Africa...
  21. doi request reprint Declining syphilis trends in concurrence with HIV declines among pregnant women in Zambia: observations over 14 years of national surveillance
    Mpundu Makasa
    Lusaka District Health Management Team, Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia
    Sex Transm Dis 39:173-81. 2012
    ..We investigated syphilis trends using national antenatal clinic (ANC) sentinel surveillance data in Zambia and compared the findings with population-based data...
  22. pmc Lost opportunities in HIV prevention: programmes miss places where exposures are highest
    Ingvild F Sandøy
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 8:31. 2008
    ..The objective of the present study was to assess risk behaviour patterns, signs of current preventive interventions and apparent gaps in places where the risk of HIV transmission is high and in communities with high HIV prevalence...
  23. pmc The burden of knowing: balancing benefits and barriers in HIV testing decisions. a qualitative study from Zambia
    Marte Jürgensen
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:2. 2012
    ..This study explored HIV testing decisions in one rural and one urban district in Zambia with high HIV prevalence and available antiretroviral treatment...
  24. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of concurrent sexual partnerships in Zambia
    Ingvild F Sandøy
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    AIDS Behav 14:59-71. 2010
    ..The reduction in concurrent sexual partnerships is consistent with reductions in other sexual risk behaviors found in other studies and may have contributed to the recently observed decline in HIV prevalence in Zambia...
  25. doi request reprint Antenatal clinic HIV data found to underestimate actual prevalence declines: evidence from Zambia
    Charles Michelo
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, and Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Trop Med Int Health 13:171-9. 2008
    ..To determine to what extent antenatal clinic (ANC)-based estimates reflect HIV prevalence trends among men and women in a high prevalence urban population...
  26. doi request reprint The impact of HIV infection on adult mortality in some communities in Zambia: a cohort study
    Kumbutso Dzekedzeke
    Central Statistical Office, Lusaka, Zambia, and Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Trop Med Int Health 13:152-61. 2008
    ..To examine the contribution of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to adult death rates between 1995/1996 and 1998/1999 in some urban and rural populations in Zambia...
  27. ncbi request reprint Marked HIV prevalence declines in higher educated young people: evidence from population-based surveys (1995-2003) in Zambia
    Charles Michelo
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, PO Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia
    AIDS 20:1031-8. 2006
    ..Higher educational attainment has been associated with a greater risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated change over time in HIV prevalence by educational attainment in the general population...
  28. pmc Decline in sexual risk behaviours among young people in Zambia (2000-2009): do neighbourhood contextual effects play a role?
    Nkomba Kayeyi
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    PLoS ONE 8:e64881. 2013
    ....
  29. pmc Targeting condom distribution at high risk places increases condom utilization-evidence from an intervention study in Livingstone, Zambia
    Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 12:10. 2012
    ..This study aimed to assess the impact of a condom distribution and peer education intervention targeting places where people meet new sexual partners on condom use and sexual risk taking among people socializing there...
  30. pmc The silent HIV epidemic among pregnant women within rural Northern Tanzania
    Khadija I Yahya-Malima
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 6:109. 2006
    ..To address this void in rural Manyara and Singida within Northern Tanzania, we conducted antenatal clinic-based sentinel surveillance...
  31. pmc High potential of escalating HIV transmission in a low prevalence setting in rural Tanzania
    Khadija I Yahya-Malima
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 7:103. 2007
    ..We conducted a population-based HIV study to identify risk factors and validate the representativeness of ANC-based estimates...
  32. pmc The context of HIV risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users in Viet Nam: moving toward effective harm reduction
    Duong Cong Thanh
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 9:98. 2009
    ..This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and their experiences related to safe injection and safe sex practices...
  33. ncbi request reprint Antenatal clinic-based HIV prevalence in Zambia: declining trends but sharp local contrasts in young women
    Ingvild F Sandøy
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Trop Med Int Health 11:917-28. 2006
    ....
  34. pmc Mental distress in the general population in Zambia: impact of HIV and social factors
    Peter J Chipimo
    University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, P Bag Rw X1, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 9:298. 2009
    ..We examined the prevalence of mental distress, distribution patterns and the ways HIV might influence mental health among men and women in a general population...
  35. doi request reprint Is vaccination coverage a good indicator of age-appropriate vaccination? A prospective study from Uganda
    Lars T Fadnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, 5018 Bergen, Norway
    Vaccine 29:3564-70. 2011
    ..Timely vaccination is important to protect children from common infectious diseases. We assessed vaccination timeliness and vaccination coverage as well as coverage of vitamin A supplementation in a Ugandan setting...
  36. doi request reprint Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial
    Thorkild Tylleskar
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, PO Box 7800, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Lancet 378:420-7. 2011
    ..Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is reported to be a life-saving intervention in low-income settings. The effect of breastfeeding counselling by peer counsellors was assessed in Africa...
  37. pmc Conceptual models for mental distress among HIV-infected and uninfected individuals: a contribution to clinical practice and research in primary-health-care centers in Zambia
    Peter J Chipimo
    University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:7. 2011
    ..Furthermore, we aimed to build a theoretical model linking the perception of mental distress to treatment preferences and coping mechanisms...
  38. pmc Reducing uncertainties in global HIV prevalence estimates: the case of Zambia
    Kumbutso Dzekedzeke
    Central Statistical Office, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Public Health 6:83. 2006
    ..In this study, the validity of national level HIV prevalence estimates for the total general population 15-49 years made from ANC clinic and population survey data was assessed...
  39. pmc Periodontal status, tooth loss and self-reported periodontal problems effects on oral impacts on daily performances, OIDP, in pregnant women in Uganda: a cross-sectional study
    Margaret N Wandera
    Institute of Clinical Odontology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Norway
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 7:89. 2009
    ....
  40. pmc Factors affecting voluntary HIV counselling and testing among men in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey
    Tesfaye H Leta
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Overlege Danielsens Hus, Arstadv, 21, Postbox 7804, NO 5020 Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 12:438. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate factors associated with VCT utilization among adult men since men are less likely than women to be offered and accept routine HIV testing...
  41. pmc Comparative validity of screening instruments for mental distress in zambia
    Peter J Chipimo
    University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, P Bag Rw X1, Lusaka, Zambia
    Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 6:4-15. 2010
    ..We also assess the face, content and criterion validity of the SRQ's and determined the most commonly reported symptoms for mental distress...
  42. doi request reprint Community action for preventing HIV in Cambodia: evaluation of a 3-year project
    Heng Sopheab
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STD, 170 Preah Sihanouk Blvd, Boeung Keng Korng I Quarter, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Health Policy Plan 23:277-87. 2008
    ..The project is likely to have powerful long-term effects through strengthening of capacity and establishment of systems for the national programme...
  43. ncbi request reprint Evaluating two adjustment methods to extrapolate HIV prevalence from pregnant women to the general female population in sub-Saharan Africa
    Massimo Fabiani
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    AIDS 17:399-405. 2003
    ..To evaluate two methods for estimating HIV prevalence among the general female population of reproductive age by adjusting data observed among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees...
  44. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection patterns and risk behaviours in different population groups and provinces in Viet Nam
    Nguyen Anh Tuan
    The National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Viet Nam
    Bull World Health Organ 85:35-41. 2007
    ..To study patterns and determinants of HIV prevalence and risk-behaviour characteristics in different population groups in four border provinces of Viet Nam...
  45. ncbi request reprint HIV-related risk behaviors in Cambodia and effects of mobility
    Heng Sopheab
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STDs, Ministry of Health, Cambodia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:81-6. 2006
    ..To study HIV risk behaviors in different population groups, linkages to bridge populations, and to examine factors affecting such behaviors and links...
  46. pmc Impact of a community sexually transmitted infection/HIV intervention project on female sex workers in five border provinces of Vietnam
    Nguyen Vu Thuong
    Pasteur Suite, Ealing Hospital, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:376-82. 2007
    ..To determine changes in the prevalence of sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV in female sex workers (FSWs) after a community HIV prevention intervention project in five border provinces of Vietnam...
  47. pmc Five myths about the HIV epidemic in Asia
    Peter Godwin
    National Centre for HIV AIDS, Dermatology and STD, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    PLoS Med 3:e426. 2006
  48. ncbi request reprint Changes in restorative caries treatment in 15-year-olds in Oslo, Norway, 1979-1996
    Anne Løvberg Gimmestad
    Dental Faculty, Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31:246-51. 2003
    ..To examine changing patterns regarding restorative treatment criteria for dental caries...