Fossa S, Aass N, Heilo A, Daugaard G, E Skakkebaek N, Stenwig A, et al. Testicular carcinoma in situ in patients with extragonadal germ-cell tumours: the clinical role of pretreatment biopsy. Ann Oncol. 2003;14:1412-8 pubmed
..The data are in agreement with a multi-site development of malignant germ-cell tumours, but do not exclude the possibility that the retroperitoneal EGGCTs in particular represent metastases from a burned-out TC. ..
Fossa S, Aass N, Winderen M, Bormer O, Olsen D. Long-term renal function after treatment for malignant germ-cell tumours. Ann Oncol. 2002;13:222-8 pubmed
..These findings support current intentions to avoid overtreatment with these treatment modalities. ..