Jørgen G Bramness

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oslo
Country: Norway

Publications

  1. pmc Amphetamine-induced psychosis--a separate diagnostic entity or primary psychosis triggered in the vulnerable?
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, SERAF, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Psychiatry 12:221. 2012
  2. doi request reprint An increased risk of motor vehicle accidents after prescription of methadone
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 107:967-72. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Does Pregabalin (Lyrica(®) ) help patients reduce their use of benzodiazepines? A comparison with gabapentin using the Norwegian Prescription Database
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 107:883-6. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Impairment due to cannabis and ethanol: clinical signs and additive effects
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 105:1080-7. 2010
  5. doi request reprint Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity The Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research (SERAF)
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 106:1381-5. 2011
  6. doi request reprint [Abuse of γ-hydroxybutyrate]
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Senter for rus og avhengighetsforskning, Universitetet i Oslo, Norway
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 131:2122-5. 2011
  7. doi request reprint The use of lithium, valproate or lamotrigine for psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents in Norway 2004-2007 - a prescription database study
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, NO 0881 Oslo, Norway
    J Affect Disord 117:208-11. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Starting insomnia treatment: the use of benzodiazepines versus z-hypnotics. A prescription database study of predictors
    Anne M Hausken
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:295-301. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint The risk of traffic accidents after prescriptions of carisoprodol
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:1050-5. 2007
  10. doi request reprint The effect of scheduling and withdrawal of carisoprodol on prevalence of intoxications with the drug
    Gudrun Høiseth
    Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404 Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 105:345-9. 2009

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. pmc Amphetamine-induced psychosis--a separate diagnostic entity or primary psychosis triggered in the vulnerable?
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, SERAF, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Psychiatry 12:221. 2012
    ..Our paper reviews the literature in this field and proposes a stress-vulnerability model for understanding the relationship between amphetamine use and psychosis...
  2. doi request reprint An increased risk of motor vehicle accidents after prescription of methadone
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 107:967-72. 2012
    ..To investigate whether exposure to methadone affects the risk of motor vehicle accident with personal injury...
  3. doi request reprint Does Pregabalin (Lyrica(®) ) help patients reduce their use of benzodiazepines? A comparison with gabapentin using the Norwegian Prescription Database
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 107:883-6. 2010
    ..This study shows that some patients reduced their use of benzodiazepines substantially after starting pregabalin...
  4. doi request reprint Impairment due to cannabis and ethanol: clinical signs and additive effects
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 105:1080-7. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to see how different clinical tests and observations were related to blood THC concentrations and to determine whether the combined influence of THC and ethanol was different from either drug alone...
  5. doi request reprint Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity The Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research (SERAF)
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 106:1381-5. 2011
    ....
  6. doi request reprint [Abuse of γ-hydroxybutyrate]
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Senter for rus og avhengighetsforskning, Universitetet i Oslo, Norway
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 131:2122-5. 2011
    ..There have also been reports of an increasing use of the chemical precursor gamma-butyrolactone (GBL).There is currently a need for knowledge on symptoms, addictiveness and overdoses, as well as targeted preventive measures...
  7. doi request reprint The use of lithium, valproate or lamotrigine for psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents in Norway 2004-2007 - a prescription database study
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, NO 0881 Oslo, Norway
    J Affect Disord 117:208-11. 2009
    ..Our study aimed to explore how common the use of lithium, valproate and lamotrigine in psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents in Norway and to describe concomitant use of other psychotropic drugs...
  8. doi request reprint Starting insomnia treatment: the use of benzodiazepines versus z-hypnotics. A prescription database study of predictors
    Anne M Hausken
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:295-301. 2009
    ..Drugs prescribed for the treatment of insomnia can be either benzodiazepine hypnotics or the newer z-hypnotics, zopiclone and zolpidem. This paper explores possible explanations for the choice made...
  9. ncbi request reprint The risk of traffic accidents after prescriptions of carisoprodol
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:1050-5. 2007
    ..Carisoprodol, a drug used for acute lower back pain, may cause psychomotor impairment. We wanted to investigate if patients using carisoprodol had increased risk of being involved in a traffic accident...
  10. doi request reprint The effect of scheduling and withdrawal of carisoprodol on prevalence of intoxications with the drug
    Gudrun Høiseth
    Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404 Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 105:345-9. 2009
    ..This, together with previous publications, indicates that the population reflected in our data uses regularly prescribed carisoprodol and, to a lesser degree, drug from an illegal street market...
  11. doi request reprint Road traffic accident risk related to prescriptions of the hypnotics zopiclone, zolpidem, flunitrazepam and nitrazepam
    Ingebjørg Gustavsen
    Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Sleep Med 9:818-22. 2008
    ..We wanted to investigate whether filling a prescription for zopiclone or zolpidem was associated with increased risk of road traffic accidents at a national population level. Nitrazepam and flunitrazepam were used as comparator drugs...
  12. doi request reprint An increased risk of road traffic accidents after prescriptions of lithium or valproate?
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 18:492-6. 2009
    ..The objective of the present study was to examine whether the use of lithium or valproate increased the risk of being involved in traffic accidents...
  13. doi request reprint Impairment related to blood drug concentrations of zopiclone and zolpidem compared to alcohol in apprehended drivers
    Ingebjørg Gustavsen
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, PO Box 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:462-6. 2009
    ..We compared these groups of drivers to a group suspected of alcohol-related impairment...
  14. ncbi request reprint The CYP2C19 genotype and the use of oral contraceptives influence the pharmacokinetics of carisoprodol in healthy human subjects
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 61:499-506. 2005
    ..Impairing effects on psychomotor coordination and feelings of sedation were studied by comparing IMs with EMs following their ingestion of a single dose of 700 mg carisoprodol...
  15. doi request reprint Benzodiazepine use in all alcohol consumers predicts use of opioids in patients 20 years later--a follow-up study of 13,390 men and women aged 40-42 years
    Svetlana Skurtveit
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:926-933. 2008
    ..To evaluate the effect of the consumption of benzodiazepines at age 40-42 years on prescription of opioids later in life...
  16. pmc Carisoprodol use and abuse in Norway: a pharmacoepidemiological study
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:210-8. 2007
    ..Carisoprodol was developed to create a drug with less potential for abuse than meprobamate. However, case reports have established carisoprodol as a drug of abuse. This paper explores the extent of potential abuse of this drug in Norway...
  17. ncbi request reprint Minor increase in risk of road traffic accidents after prescriptions of antidepressants: a study of population registry data in Norway
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404 Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1099-103. 2008
    ..The objective of the present study was to examine whether the use of antidepressants by drivers increased the risk of being involved in traffic accidents...
  18. ncbi request reprint Psychotropic drug use among persons with mental distress symptoms: a population-based study in Norway
    Anne M Hausken
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 35:356-64. 2007
    ..To explore psychotropic drug use in the general population and in particular among non-institutionalized persons with mental distress symptoms...
  19. doi request reprint [Benzodiazepines to people with substance abuse problems?]
    Helge Waal
    Senter for rus og avhengighetsforskning, Universitetet i Oslo, Kirkeveien 166, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 130:610-2. 2010
    ..Indistinct, but important side effects might be overlooked or misunderstood. Evidence-based practice should replace prescriptions based on unclear indications...
  20. pmc Diversity in causes and characteristics of drug-induced deaths in an urban setting
    Linn Gjersing
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 41:119-25. 2013
    ....
  21. doi request reprint CYP2C19 genetics in fatal carisoprodol intoxications
    Gudrun Høiseth
    Center for Psychopharmacology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Forskningsveien 7, PB 85 Vinderen, 0319, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 68:1561-5. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the role of CYP2C19 genetics in mortalities due to carisoprodol intoxication...
  22. ncbi request reprint Benzodiazepine prescription for patients in opioid maintenance treatment in Norway
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Drug Alcohol Depend 90:203-9. 2007
    ..Previous research has used interview or urine analysis to assess benzodiazepine use. In this study a prescription database was applied...
  23. ncbi request reprint Impairment due to intake of carisoprodol
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Drug Alcohol Depend 74:311-8. 2004
    ..Possible impairment could further be a product of the parent drug and/or the metabolite meprobamate. The present study aimed to investigate if carisoprodol had an impairing effect by it self...
  24. doi request reprint Use of lithium in the adult populations of Denmark, Norway and Sweden
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    J Affect Disord 118:224-8. 2009
    ..The national prescription databases in Denmark, Norway and Sweden may help provide more reliable information on the epidemiology of lithium use...
  25. ncbi request reprint Testing for benzodiazepine inebriation--relationship between benzodiazepine concentration and simple clinical tests for impairment in a sample of drugged drivers
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 59:593-601. 2003
    ..The impact of single-dose intake in non-daily users of benzodiazepines on the clinical picture of inebriation was also studied...
  26. ncbi request reprint Carisoprodol intoxications: a retrospective study of forensic autopsy material from 1992-2003
    Gudrun Høiseth
    Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Int J Legal Med 121:403-9. 2007
    ..There were, however, only a small number of cases where the cause of death can be attributed to use of carisoprodol alone...
  27. ncbi request reprint Clinical impairment of benzodiazepines--relation between benzodiazepine concentrations and impairment in apprehended drivers
    Jørgen G Bramness
    National Institute of Forensic Toxicology, P O Box 495, Sentrum, N 0105, Oslo, Norway
    Drug Alcohol Depend 68:131-41. 2002
    ..Whether this is true in a population of benzodiazepine users is uncertain. We studied the relationship in a population of suspected drugged drivers...
  28. ncbi request reprint Impairment related to blood amphetamine and/or methamphetamine concentrations in suspected drugged drivers
    Ingebjørg Gustavsen
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 38:490-5. 2006
    ..Despite the performance enhancing qualities of amphetamines demonstrated in some low dose laboratory experiments; this study revealed a positive relationship between blood amphetamines concentration and traffic related impairment...
  29. ncbi request reprint Relationship between THC concentration in blood and impairment in apprehended drivers
    Hassan Z Khiabani
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Nydalen, Oslo, Norway
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:111-6. 2006
    ..The main purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a physician's judgment on impairment in a real-life setting among suspected drugged drivers, was related to blood THC concentration...
  30. doi request reprint Self-reported mental health and its gender differences as a predictor of suicide in the middle-aged
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Norway
    Am J Epidemiol 172:160-6. 2010
    ..3, 95% CI: 1.5, 3.3). This study shows a dose-response effect of self-reported mental health problems on completed suicide and replicates the gender paradox observed in the general population with prospective data...
  31. doi request reprint A comparison of symptoms and drug use between patients with methamphetamine associated psychoses and patients diagnosed with schizophrenia in two acute psychiatric wards
    Sigrid Medhus
    Psychiatric Department, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Psychiatry Res 206:17-21. 2013
    ..We found no clinically or statistically significant relationship between blood methamphetamine levels and severity of psychotic symptoms...
  32. pmc Prescription drug use among fathers and mothers before and during pregnancy. A population-based cohort study of 106,000 pregnancies in Norway 2004-2006
    Anders Engeland
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 65:653-60. 2008
    ..In this registry-based study, we examined more than 100,000 Norwegian pregnancies and described the drug prescription pattern of both fathers and mothers around conception and during pregnancy (mothers)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Flunitrazepam: psychomotor impairment, agitation and paradoxical reactions
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Forensic Sci Int 159:83-91. 2006
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Influence of Drugs of Abuse and Alcohol Upon Patients Admitted to Acute Psychiatric Wards: Physician's Assessment Compared to Blood Drug Concentrations
    Jon Mordal
    From the Acute Psychiatric Department, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo Department of Research and Development, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Nydalen and Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Blindern, Oslo, Norway
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 33:415-9. 2013
    ..The study demonstrates the major impact of alcohol and drugs in acute psychiatric settings and illustrates the challenging nature of the initial clinical assessment...
  35. ncbi request reprint Carisoprodol intoxications and serotonergic features
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 43:39-45. 2005
    ..Since few laboratories routinely screen for carisoprodol it is important to keep this drug in mind when encountering intoxications displaying serotonergic symptoms...
  36. pmc The use and potential abuse of anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs in Norway: a pharmacoepidemiological study
    Pål Gjerden
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 67:228-33. 2009
    ..Patients with psychotic conditions have a high prevalence of abuse of drugs, including anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs...
  37. ncbi request reprint The sales of antidepressants and suicide rates in Norway and its counties 1980-2004
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    J Affect Disord 102:1-9. 2007
    ..Suicide is a major public health problem and depression is among the most important risk factors for suicide. Treatment of depression might prevent suicide. To study this hypothesis further we conducted an ecological study...
  38. ncbi request reprint Comparison of drug concentrations in blood and oral fluid collected with the Intercept sampling device
    Hallvard Gjerde
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Oslo, Norway
    J Anal Toxicol 34:204-9. 2010
    ..1 amphetamine, 2.9 methamphetamine, 5.4 codeine, 1.9 morphine, and 4.7 tetrahydrocannabinol. The correlation coefficients between drug concentrations in oral fluid and blood ranged from 0.15 to 0.96 for the six most prevalent drugs...
  39. ncbi request reprint Association between blood carisoprodol:meprobamate concentration ratios and CYP2C19 genotype in carisoprodol-drugged drivers: decreased metabolic capacity in heterozygous CYP2C19*1/CYP2C19*2 subjects?
    Jørgen G Bramness
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, Oslo, Norway
    Pharmacogenetics 13:383-8. 2003
    ..Heterozygous individuals with the CYP2C19*1/*2 genotype have a reduced capacity for metabolizing carisoprodol, and should probably be regarded as intermediate metabolizers of this drug...
  40. doi request reprint Association between prescribing hypnotics for parents and children in Norway
    Ingvild Holdø
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Arch Dis Child 98:732-6. 2013
    ..To describe the dispensing of the hypnotic alimemazine to children aged 0-3 years and investigate the association between dispensing of alimemazine to children and dispensed hypnotics to their parents...
  41. ncbi request reprint The concentrations, appearance and taste of nine sedating drugs dissolved in four different beverages
    Vigdis Olsen
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Toxicology and Drug Abuse, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Forensic Sci Int 151:171-5. 2005
    ..The ingestion of all solutions could probably have caused impairment. All the nine drugs were, however, apparent to the consumer from the altered appearance and/or taste of the beverages...