Rune Elvik

Summary

Affiliation: Institute of Transport Economics
Country: Norway

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Road safety and efficient policy choice
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:8-9. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Dimensions of road safety problems and their measurement
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1200-10. 2008
  3. doi request reprint International transferability of accident modification functions for horizontal curves
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:487-96. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Can a road safety measure be both effective and ineffective at the same time? A game-theoretic model of the effects of daytime running lights
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:394-8. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Can it be true that most drivers are safer than the average driver?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:301-8. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Factors influencing safety in a sample of marked pedestrian crossings selected for safety inspections in the city of Oslo
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:64-70. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Effects on accidents of changes in the use of studded tyres in major cities in Norway: a long-term investigation
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 54:15-25. 2013
  8. doi request reprint A re-parameterisation of the Power Model of the relationship between the speed of traffic and the number of accidents and accident victims
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 50:854-60. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Assessing the efficiency of priorities for traffic law enforcement in Norway
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 47:146-52. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Speed limits, enforcement, and health consequences
    Rune Elvik
    Department of Safety and Environment, Institute of Transport Economics, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Annu Rev Public Health 33:225-38. 2012

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint Road safety and efficient policy choice
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:8-9. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Dimensions of road safety problems and their measurement
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1200-10. 2008
    ..Speed and speeding is used as an example of a road safety problem to illustrate how the various dimensions can be measured...
  3. doi request reprint International transferability of accident modification functions for horizontal curves
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:487-96. 2013
    ..Accident modification functions developed in different countries have important similarities. The functions diverge with respect to accident rate in the sharpest curves. ..
  4. doi request reprint Can a road safety measure be both effective and ineffective at the same time? A game-theoretic model of the effects of daytime running lights
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:394-8. 2013
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Can it be true that most drivers are safer than the average driver?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:301-8. 2013
    ..Such estimates invariably show that the huge majority of drivers are safer than the average driver. ..
  6. doi request reprint Factors influencing safety in a sample of marked pedestrian crossings selected for safety inspections in the city of Oslo
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Accid Anal Prev 59:64-70. 2013
    ..A high share of pedestrians crossing the road outside the marked crossing was associated with a high number of accidents. Increased speed was associated with an increased number of accidents. ..
  7. doi request reprint Effects on accidents of changes in the use of studded tyres in major cities in Norway: a long-term investigation
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 54:15-25. 2013
    ..g. from 50 to 25 percent) and to decline by about 2 percent when the use of studded tyres increased by 20 percentage points...
  8. doi request reprint A re-parameterisation of the Power Model of the relationship between the speed of traffic and the number of accidents and accident victims
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 50:854-60. 2013
    ..The exponential functions fitted the data extremely well and imply that the effect on accidents of a given relative change in speed is largest when initial speed is highest...
  9. doi request reprint Assessing the efficiency of priorities for traffic law enforcement in Norway
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 47:146-52. 2012
    ..The main finding, however, is that the current level of enforcement is too low. Cost-benefit analyses show that substantially increasing the amount of police enforcement is cost-effective...
  10. doi request reprint Speed limits, enforcement, and health consequences
    Rune Elvik
    Department of Safety and Environment, Institute of Transport Economics, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Annu Rev Public Health 33:225-38. 2012
    ..Traffic speed strongly influences impact speed in crashes and therefore has major implications for public health...
  11. doi request reprint Analytic choices in road safety evaluation: exploring second-best approaches
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 45:173-9. 2012
    ..e. techniques other than the empirical Bayes approach) for controlling for confounding factors were tested. The techniques were found not to produce unbiased estimates of effect and their use is therefore discouraged...
  12. doi request reprint The range of replications technique for assessing the external validity of road safety evaluation studies
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 45:272-80. 2012
    ..The technique is illustrated by means of numerical examples...
  13. doi request reprint The non-linearity of risk and the promotion of environmentally sustainable transport
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, Oslo NO 0349, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:849-55. 2009
    ..This shows that the high injury rate for pedestrians and cyclists in the current transport system does not necessarily imply that encouraging walking or cycling rather than driving will lead to more accidents...
  14. doi request reprint An exploratory analysis of models for estimating the combined effects of road safety measures
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, Oslo NO 0349, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:876-80. 2009
    ..A study of the effects of a road safety programme implemented in Victoria, Australia between 1990 and 1996 indicated that the effects of safety measures are weakened when these measures are combined with other road safety measures...
  15. doi request reprint The stability of long-term trends in the number of traffic fatalities in a sample of highly motorised countries
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 42:245-60. 2010
    ..The chief lesson is that past trends do not provide a reliable basis for predicting future developments with respect to the number of traffic fatalities...
  16. doi request reprint Why some road safety problems are more difficult to solve than others
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 42:1089-96. 2010
    ..The characteristics that can make a problem difficult to solve are to some extent present for all the five problems shown to be persistent in this paper...
  17. doi request reprint Sources of uncertainty in estimated benefits of road safety programmes
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 42:2171-8. 2010
    ..It is concluded that at the current state of knowledge, it is not possible to meaningfully estimate the total uncertainty inherent in road safety programmes. The prospects of reducing uncertainty by means of research are discussed...
  18. doi request reprint Assessing causality in multivariate accident models
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 43:253-64. 2011
    ..The criteria of causality are indicative only and cannot provide a basis for stringent logical proof of causality...
  19. doi request reprint Publication bias and time-trend bias in meta-analysis of bicycle helmet efficacy: a re-analysis of Attewell, Glase and McFadden, 2001
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 43:1245-51. 2011
    ..The re-analysis shows smaller safety benefits associated with the use of bicycle helmets than the original study...
  20. doi request reprint A framework for a critical assessment of the quality of epidemiological studies of driver health and accident risk
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 43:2047-52. 2011
    ..Examples are given of how all these items may influence the findings of a single study or make synthesising findings from multiple studies difficult. A checklist for assessing study quality is provided...
  21. doi request reprint Costs and benefits to Sweden of Swedish road safety research
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:387-92. 2009
    ....
  22. doi request reprint The predictive validity of empirical Bayes estimates of road safety
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1964-9. 2008
    ..Smaller prediction errors were associated with predictions based on accident prediction models than predictions not based on such models...
  23. doi request reprint A survey of operational definitions of hazardous road locations in some European countries
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1830-5. 2008
    ..Steps that can be taken to bring practice closer to the state-of-the-art are outlined...
  24. ncbi request reprint How would setting policy priorities according to cost-benefit analyses affect the provision of road safety?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 35:557-70. 2003
    ..All cost-effective measures can be funded within current budgets, provided the use of inefficient measures ceases...
  25. ncbi request reprint Road safety effects of porous asphalt: a systematic review of evaluation studies
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 37:515-22. 2005
    ..On the whole, the research that has been reported so far regarding road safety effects of porous asphalt is inconclusive. The studies are not of high quality and the findings are inconsistent...
  26. ncbi request reprint How accurately does the public perceive differences in transport risks? An exploratory analysis of scales representing perceived risk
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 37:1005-11. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Economic deregulation and transport safety: a synthesis of evidence from evaluation studies
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110 Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 38:678-86. 2006
    ..The experience so far suggests that deregulation of railways is associated with improved rail safety. This association does, however, not necessarily imply a causal relationship...
  28. ncbi request reprint Laws of accident causation
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 38:742-7. 2006
    ..It is hoped that proposing a few basic mechanisms that can summarise the impact of a number of risk factors will stimulate research that may lead to a more general theory of accident causation...
  29. ncbi request reprint The deterrent effect of increasing fixed penalties for traffic offences: the Norwegian experience
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    J Safety Res 38:689-95. 2007
    ..During the years 1995-2004, the rates for fixed penalties for traffic offences in Norway increased substantially. This paper evaluates the effects on compliance of these increases...
  30. doi request reprint Road safety management by objectives: a critical analysis of the Norwegian approach
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1115-22. 2008
    ..It is therefore by no means certain that the objective of reducing fatalities and serious injuries by 50% will be realised...
  31. ncbi request reprint Assessing the validity of road safety evaluation studies by analysing causal chains
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 35:741-8. 2003
    ..Lack of control for confounding factors remains the most serious threat to the validity of road safety evaluation studies...
  32. ncbi request reprint Effects on road safety of new urban arterial roads
    Astrid H Amundsen
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 36:115-23. 2004
    ..These effects almost cancel each other, leading to a very small net change in the expected number of accidents...
  33. ncbi request reprint Effects on accidents of periodic motor vehicle inspection in Norway
    Peter Christensen
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, NO 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:47-52. 2007
    ..These car owners might have had a higher accident rate than other car owners irrespective of the technical condition of the car...
  34. ncbi request reprint The effect on accidents of technical inspections of heavy vehicles in Norway
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 34:753-62. 2002
    ..These results are not statistically significant and highly uncertain. The study clearly illustrates many of the difficulties often encountered in non-experimental accident research...
  35. ncbi request reprint Total costs of bicycle injuries in Norway: correcting injury figures and indicating data needs
    Knut Veisten
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:1162-9. 2007
    ..Total annual bicycle injury costs are huge, but these costs must be balanced against the benefits of bicycling, related to health and environment. Accident reporting and data should be enhanced to enable a reduction of bicycle injuries...
  36. ncbi request reprint To what extent can theory account for the findings of road safety evaluation studies?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110 Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 36:841-9. 2004
    ..At the current state of knowledge, a more stringent evaluation of the extent to which theory can explain the findings of road safety evaluation studies is, in most cases, not possible...
  37. ncbi request reprint Cost-benefit analysis of ambulance and rescue helicopters in Norway: reflections on assigning a monetary value to saving a human life
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:55-63. 2002
    ..It is important to assess the extent to which current value-of-life estimates depend on study methods and social context...
  38. ncbi request reprint The importance of confounding in observational before-and-after studies of road safety measures
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 34:631-5. 2002
    ..Simple before-and-after studies, not controlling for any confounding factors should never be trusted and are likely to overstate the effects of road safety measures...
  39. ncbi request reprint New technology to better convey your mood (and research)
    Karl Kim
    University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, 2424 Maile Way, Room 107, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 37:389-90. 2005