R Elvik

Summary

Affiliation: Institute of Transport Economics
Country: Norway

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint To what extent can theory account for the findings of road safety evaluation studies?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110 Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 36:841-9. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects on accidents of periodic motor vehicle inspection in Norway
    Peter Christensen
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, NO 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:47-52. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the statistical conclusion validity of weighted mean results in meta-analysis by analysing funnel graph diagrams
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 30:255-66. 1998
  4. ncbi request reprint Cost-benefit analysis of ambulance and rescue helicopters in Norway: reflections on assigning a monetary value to saving a human life
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:55-63. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Assessing the validity of road safety evaluation studies by analysing causal chains
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 35:741-8. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint The effect on accidents of technical inspections of heavy vehicles in Norway
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 34:753-62. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint The importance of confounding in observational before-and-after studies of road safety measures
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 34:631-5. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Area-wide urban traffic calming schemes: a meta-analysis of safety effects
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 33:327-36. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Cost-benefit analysis of road safety measures: applicability and controversies
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 33:9-17. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint How much do road accidents cost the national economy?
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 32:849-51. 2000

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. ncbi request reprint To what extent can theory account for the findings of road safety evaluation studies?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110 Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 36:841-9. 2004
    ..At the current state of knowledge, a more stringent evaluation of the extent to which theory can explain the findings of road safety evaluation studies is, in most cases, not possible...
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects on accidents of periodic motor vehicle inspection in Norway
    Peter Christensen
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, NO 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:47-52. 2007
    ..These car owners might have had a higher accident rate than other car owners irrespective of the technical condition of the car...
  3. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the statistical conclusion validity of weighted mean results in meta-analysis by analysing funnel graph diagrams
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 30:255-66. 1998
    ..Brief examples, taken from road safety research, are given of all these techniques...
  4. ncbi request reprint Cost-benefit analysis of ambulance and rescue helicopters in Norway: reflections on assigning a monetary value to saving a human life
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:55-63. 2002
    ..It is important to assess the extent to which current value-of-life estimates depend on study methods and social context...
  5. ncbi request reprint Assessing the validity of road safety evaluation studies by analysing causal chains
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 35:741-8. 2003
    ..Lack of control for confounding factors remains the most serious threat to the validity of road safety evaluation studies...
  6. ncbi request reprint The effect on accidents of technical inspections of heavy vehicles in Norway
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 34:753-62. 2002
    ..These results are not statistically significant and highly uncertain. The study clearly illustrates many of the difficulties often encountered in non-experimental accident research...
  7. ncbi request reprint The importance of confounding in observational before-and-after studies of road safety measures
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 34:631-5. 2002
    ..Simple before-and-after studies, not controlling for any confounding factors should never be trusted and are likely to overstate the effects of road safety measures...
  8. ncbi request reprint Area-wide urban traffic calming schemes: a meta-analysis of safety effects
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 33:327-36. 2001
    ..The results of evaluation studies are robust with respect to study design. There is no evidence of publication bias in evaluation studies. Study findings are found to have high external validity...
  9. ncbi request reprint Cost-benefit analysis of road safety measures: applicability and controversies
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 33:9-17. 2001
    ..Perhaps the most important issue for the applicability of cost-benefit analysis is whether people in general have sufficiently well ordered preferences for economic valuations based on these preferences to make sense...
  10. ncbi request reprint How much do road accidents cost the national economy?
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 32:849-51. 2000
    ..3% of the gross national product. When valuation of lost quality of life is included, costs ranged from 0.5 to 5.7% of GNP. When valuation of lost quality of life is disregarded, costs ranged from 0.3 to 2.8% of GNP...
  11. ncbi request reprint Which are the relevant costs and benefits of road safety measures designed for pedestrians and cyclists?
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 32:37-45. 2000
    ..These analyses indicate that inclusion of these effects in cost-benefit analyses could make a major difference for the results of those analyses...
  12. ncbi request reprint Are road safety evaluation studies published in peer reviewed journals more valid than similar studies not published in peer reviewed journals?
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 30:101-18. 1998
    ..For a number of reasons, this study must be regarded as exploratory and its results as indicative only. The study does, however, point to a line of research that might be worth pursuing in larger and more rigorous studies...
  13. ncbi request reprint The effects on accidents of studded tires and laws banning their use: a meta-analysis of evaluation studies
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 31:125-34. 1999
    ..The results of these studies are consistent with the most recent estimates of the effect on accidents of banning studded tires. It is concluded that studded tires probably confer a slight safety benefit during wintertime...
  14. ncbi request reprint Can injury prevention efforts go too far? Reflections on some possible implications of Vision Zero for road accident fatalities
    R Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 31:265-86. 1999
    ..This possibility must be regarded as a moral dilemma by advocates of Vision Zero, who have invoked the ethical principle that 'one must always do everything in one's power to prevent death or serious injury' to justify the vision...
  15. ncbi request reprint Laws of accident causation
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 38:742-7. 2006
    ..It is hoped that proposing a few basic mechanisms that can summarise the impact of a number of risk factors will stimulate research that may lead to a more general theory of accident causation...
  16. ncbi request reprint Total costs of bicycle injuries in Norway: correcting injury figures and indicating data needs
    Knut Veisten
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 39:1162-9. 2007
    ..Total annual bicycle injury costs are huge, but these costs must be balanced against the benefits of bicycling, related to health and environment. Accident reporting and data should be enhanced to enable a reduction of bicycle injuries...
  17. ncbi request reprint The deterrent effect of increasing fixed penalties for traffic offences: the Norwegian experience
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    J Safety Res 38:689-95. 2007
    ..During the years 1995-2004, the rates for fixed penalties for traffic offences in Norway increased substantially. This paper evaluates the effects on compliance of these increases...
  18. doi request reprint Road safety management by objectives: a critical analysis of the Norwegian approach
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1115-22. 2008
    ..It is therefore by no means certain that the objective of reducing fatalities and serious injuries by 50% will be realised...
  19. ncbi request reprint Economic deregulation and transport safety: a synthesis of evidence from evaluation studies
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110 Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 38:678-86. 2006
    ..The experience so far suggests that deregulation of railways is associated with improved rail safety. This association does, however, not necessarily imply a causal relationship...
  20. ncbi request reprint How accurately does the public perceive differences in transport risks? An exploratory analysis of scales representing perceived risk
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 37:1005-11. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Road safety effects of porous asphalt: a systematic review of evaluation studies
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, PO Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 37:515-22. 2005
    ..On the whole, the research that has been reported so far regarding road safety effects of porous asphalt is inconclusive. The studies are not of high quality and the findings are inconsistent...
  22. ncbi request reprint Road safety and efficient policy choice
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Etterstad, Oslo, Norway
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:8-9. 2002
  23. ncbi request reprint Effects on road safety of new urban arterial roads
    Astrid H Amundsen
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 36:115-23. 2004
    ..These effects almost cancel each other, leading to a very small net change in the expected number of accidents...
  24. ncbi request reprint How would setting policy priorities according to cost-benefit analyses affect the provision of road safety?
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, P O Box 6110, Etterstad, N 0602, Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 35:557-70. 2003
    ..All cost-effective measures can be funded within current budgets, provided the use of inefficient measures ceases...
  25. doi request reprint Dimensions of road safety problems and their measurement
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1200-10. 2008
    ..Speed and speeding is used as an example of a road safety problem to illustrate how the various dimensions can be measured...
  26. ncbi request reprint New technology to better convey your mood (and research)
    Karl Kim
    University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, 2424 Maile Way, Room 107, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 37:389-90. 2005