Sheila M Williams

Summary

Affiliation: University of Otago
Country: New Zealand

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Overweight at age 21: the association with body mass index in childhood and adolescence and parents' body mass index. A cohort study of New Zealanders born in 1972-1973
    S Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:158-63. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Birth size, growth, and blood pressure between the ages of 7 and 26 years: failure to support the fetal origins hypothesis
    Sheila Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Epidemiol 155:849-52. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Weight and height growth rate and the timing of adiposity rebound
    Sheila M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obes Res 13:1123-30. 2005
  4. pmc Are risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome different at night?
    S M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Arch Dis Child 87:274-8. 2002
  5. doi request reprint Another approach to estimating the reliability of glycaemic index
    Sheila M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 100:364-72. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Implementation of a successful lifestyle intervention programme for New Zealand Maori to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12:423-6. 2003
  7. doi request reprint Economic evaluation of a community-based obesity prevention program in children: the APPLE project
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:131-6. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Reducing weight gain in children through enhancing physical activity and nutrition: the APPLE project
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Pediatr Obes 1:146-52. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Two-year follow-up of an obesity prevention initiative in children: the APPLE project
    Rachael W Taylor
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1371-7. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Two-year results from a community-wide diabetes prevention intervention in a high risk indigenous community: the Ngati and Healthy project
    Kirsten J Coppell
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 85:220-7. 2009

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. ncbi request reprint Overweight at age 21: the association with body mass index in childhood and adolescence and parents' body mass index. A cohort study of New Zealanders born in 1972-1973
    S Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:158-63. 2001
    ..Obesity is an increasing problem so understanding the association between childhood and adolescent measures of body mass index (BMI) and being overweight at age 21 has implications for treatment or strategies to reduce its prevalence...
  2. ncbi request reprint Birth size, growth, and blood pressure between the ages of 7 and 26 years: failure to support the fetal origins hypothesis
    Sheila Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Epidemiol 155:849-52. 2002
    ..Similar results were obtained for height. These results fail to support the fetal origins hypothesis...
  3. ncbi request reprint Weight and height growth rate and the timing of adiposity rebound
    Sheila M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obes Res 13:1123-30. 2005
    ..This study examined the timing of adiposity rebound in the context of the velocities of weight and height in early childhood because it is not known whether faster weight gain or slower gain in stature is the more important determinant...
  4. pmc Are risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome different at night?
    S M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Arch Dis Child 87:274-8. 2002
    ..To determine whether the risk factors for SIDS occurring at night were different from those occurring during the day...
  5. doi request reprint Another approach to estimating the reliability of glycaemic index
    Sheila M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 100:364-72. 2008
    ..If the very different GI of potato and chickpeas are estimates of an individual's every-day response to different foods, then the GI of foods may provide an indication of the GI of a long-term diet...
  6. ncbi request reprint Implementation of a successful lifestyle intervention programme for New Zealand Maori to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12:423-6. 2003
    ..1 kg in weight (95%CI -4 to -2) and a reduction of 7 mmHg in systolic blood pressure (95%CI -13, -1). This approach successfully reduced risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in New Zealand Maori in the short term...
  7. doi request reprint Economic evaluation of a community-based obesity prevention program in children: the APPLE project
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:131-6. 2010
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Reducing weight gain in children through enhancing physical activity and nutrition: the APPLE project
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Pediatr Obes 1:146-52. 2006
    ..The objective was to determine whether increasing extra-curricular levels of activity could reduce weight gain in children...
  9. ncbi request reprint Two-year follow-up of an obesity prevention initiative in children: the APPLE project
    Rachael W Taylor
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1371-7. 2008
    ..26 units (95% CI: 0.21, 0.32) lower in intervention than in control children. Few obesity prevention initiatives in children have undertaken follow-up analyses...
  10. doi request reprint Two-year results from a community-wide diabetes prevention intervention in a high risk indigenous community: the Ngati and Healthy project
    Kirsten J Coppell
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 85:220-7. 2009
    ..2% (p=0.044), respectively, in 2003. Participation in a community diabetes prevention intervention appeared to reduce IR prevalence after 2 years in those with the highest level of participation and most marked lifestyle changes...
  11. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and waist circumference cutoffs to define obesity in indigenous New Zealanders
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:390-7. 2010
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Changes in fat mass and fat-free mass during the adiposity rebound: FLAME study
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Pediatr Obes 6:e243-51. 2011
    ..To determine the changes in body composition from 3 to 7 years of age in children undergoing adiposity rebound (AR) at different ages...
  13. ncbi request reprint DXA measurements confirm that parental perceptions of elevated adiposity in young children are poor
    Jody C Miller
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:165-71. 2007
    ..Also to ascertain whether children of obese parents differ from those of non-obese parents in actual or perceived body weight...
  14. ncbi request reprint APPLE Project: 2-y findings of a community-based obesity prevention program in primary school age children
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:735-42. 2007
    ..Developing effective strategies for obesity prevention in children is urgently required...
  15. ncbi request reprint Trends in incidence of treated end-stage renal disease, overall and by primary renal disease, in persons aged 20-64 years in Europe, Canada and the Asia-Pacific region, 1998-2002
    John H Stewart
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Nephrology (Carlton) 12:520-7. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Bone and body composition of children and adolescents with repeated forearm fractures
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Bone Miner Res 20:2090-6. 2005
    ..Symptoms to cow milk, low calcium intakes, early age of first fracture, and overweight were over-represented in the sample...
  17. doi request reprint Relationship of total body fat mass to bone area in New Zealand five-year-olds
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Calcif Tissue Int 82:293-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that increased fat mass is associated with outward expansion of the TBLH skeletal envelope (wider bones) independently of height and lean mass in very young children...
  18. doi request reprint Waist circumference as a measure of trunk fat mass in children aged 3 to 5 years
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:226-33. 2008
    ..Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and the conicity index (CI) to discriminate between children with low and high levels of trunk fat mass...
  19. doi request reprint Relationships of appendicular LMI and total body LMI to bone mass and physical activity levels in a birth cohort of New Zealand five-year olds
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Bone 45:455-9. 2009
    ..The sex differences in associations of accelerometry counts to lean mass and BMC have been noted by others and require further investigation...
  20. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in New Zealand: findings from the 2008/09 Adult Nutrition Survey
    Kirsten J Coppell
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research, Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 126:23-42. 2013
    ..To describe the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes for New Zealand adults...
  21. doi request reprint Differences in erythrocyte folate concentrations in older adults reached steady-state within one year in a two-year, controlled, 1 mg/d folate supplementation trial
    Kathryn E Bradbury
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Nutr 142:1633-7. 2012
    ..92-2.27 μmol/L) and at 24 mo it was 1.98 μmol/L (95% CI: 1.18-2.15 μmol/L). Twelve months of daily folate supplementation with 1 mg is sufficient time to cause erythrocyte folate concentrations to reach a new steady state...
  22. doi request reprint Predictive ability of waist-to-height in relation to adiposity in children is not improved with age and sex-specific values
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, DSM, Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1062-8. 2011
    ..Keeping your waist circumference to less than half your height provides an effective screening index of body composition during growth...
  23. doi request reprint Body mass index status is effective in identifying metabolic syndrome components and insulin resistance in Pacific Island teenagers living in New Zealand
    Andrea M Grant
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Metabolism 57:511-6. 2008
    ..We conclude that community studies of PI adolescents should focus on assessing risk factors whenever BMI values are high...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effect of high-dose vitamin E on insulin resistance and associated parameters in overweight subjects
    Patrick J Manning
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Private Bag, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 27:2166-71. 2004
    ..Vitamin E improves glycemic control in people with diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that vitamin E would decrease markers of oxidative stress and plasma ALT levels and improve insulin sensitivity in overweight individuals...
  25. ncbi request reprint A new approach to design and implement a lifestyle intervention programme to prevent type 2 diabetes in New Zealand Maori
    Eleanor Murphy
    Diabetes Department, Dunedin Hospital, HealthCare Otago, Great King Street, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12:419-22. 2003
    ..We describe the process involved in developing a successful community programme for Maori and outline the novel aspects of the programme which contribute to its acceptability and success in the local community...
  26. ncbi request reprint Children who avoid drinking cow's milk are at increased risk for prepubertal bone fractures
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:250-3. 2004
    ..All of the fractures occurred before puberty, the majority (18 of 22) being associated with only slight trauma. Forearm fractures were especially common (12 fractures). We conclude that young children avoiding milk are prone to fracture...
  27. ncbi request reprint Ethnic differences in extreme obesity
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin, 9054 New Zealand
    J Pediatr 151:542-4. 2007
    ..Prevalence percentages (95% CI) were 0.8 (0.4 to 1.9), 5.1 (3.6 to 7.1), and 10.9 (8.9 to 13.3) in New Zealand European, Māori, and Pacific Island groups, respectively. These findings warrant remedial action...
  28. ncbi request reprint Sustainability of lifestyle changes following an intensive lifestyle intervention in insulin resistant adults: Follow-up at 2-years
    Kelly S Dale
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 18:114-20. 2009
    ..More frequent monitoring for an indefinite period was perceived by two-thirds of participants as necessary for them to maintain their initial lifestyle changes...
  29. pmc Comparison of high protein and high fiber weight-loss diets in women with risk factors for the metabolic syndrome: a randomized trial
    Lisa A Te Morenga
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Nutr J 10:40. 2011
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Hypoxic and hypercapnic events in young infants during bed-sharing
    Sally A Baddock
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New
    Pediatrics 130:237-44. 2012
    ..To identify desaturation events (arterial oxygen saturation [Sao(2)] <90%) and rebreathing events (inspired carbon dioxide (CO(2)) >3%), in bed-sharing (BS) versus cot-sleeping (CS) infants...
  31. doi request reprint Longitudinal study of physical activity and inactivity in preschoolers: the FLAME study
    Rachael W Taylor
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:96-102. 2009
    ..To investigate patterns of activity and inactivity in a birth cohort of children followed from 3 to 5 yr and to investigate whether changes in activity occurred over time...
  32. ncbi request reprint Lowering homocysteine with B vitamins has no effect on blood pressure in older adults
    Jennifer A McMahon
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9001, New Zealand
    J Nutr 137:1183-7. 2007
    ..Supplemental B-vitamins lowered plasma homocysteine but had no effect on blood pressure in older people with elevated baseline homocysteine concentrations...
  33. ncbi request reprint Body fat percentages measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry corresponding to recently recommended body mass index cutoffs for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 3-18 y
    Rachael W Taylor
    Departments of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1416-21. 2002
    ....
  34. doi request reprint The effect of rosiglitazone on oxidative stress and insulin resistance in overweight individuals
    Patrick J Manning
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 81:209-15. 2008
    ..In addition we examined the effect of rosiglitazone on post-glucose challenge levels of glucose and insulin...
  35. ncbi request reprint Insulin resistance and impaired glucose metabolism in a predominantly Maori community
    Jim I Mann
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin 9001, New Zealand
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 72:68-74. 2006
    ..The McAuley formula appears to predict high-risk individuals in a predominantly Maori population as it does in European populations...
  36. ncbi request reprint What factors influence uptake into family-based obesity treatment after weight screening?
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand Electronic address
    J Pediatr 163:1657-1662.e1. 2013
    ..To determine what factors drive participation in a family-based weight management program for 4- to 8-year-old children following screening for overweight or obesity...
  37. doi request reprint Effects of macronutrient composition of the diet on body fat in indigenous people at high risk of type 2 diabetes
    Lorraine A Brooking
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 96:40-6. 2012
    ....
  38. pmc Determining optimal approaches for weight maintenance: a randomized controlled trial
    Kelly S Dale
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    CMAJ 180:E39-46. 2009
    ..Weight regain often occurs after weight loss in overweight individuals. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of 2 support programs and 2 diets of different macronutrient compositions intended to facilitate long-term weight maintenance...
  39. ncbi request reprint Lowering plasma homocysteine concentrations of older men and women with folate, vitamin B-12, and vitamin B-6 does not affect the proportion of (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma phosphatidylcholine
    Francesca L Crowe
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    J Nutr 138:551-5. 2008
    ..27, 0.24) mol%, respectively. Lowering plasma homocysteine concentrations of older men and women with folate, vitamin B-12, and vitamin B-6 had no effect on the proportion of (n-3) long-chain PUFA in plasma phosphatidylcholine...
  40. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D insufficiency in New Zealanders during the winter is associated with higher parathyroid hormone concentrations: implications for bone health?
    Jennifer E p Rockell
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin
    N Z Med J 121:75-84. 2008
    ..The threshold of 25-hydroxyvitamin D above which PTH plateaus, is a criterion often used to define vitamin D adequacy...
  41. doi request reprint Influence of an iron intervention on the zinc status of young adult New Zealand women with mild iron deficiency
    Nicolas R Prosser
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 104:742-50. 2010
    ..In conclusion, Zn status was not improved compared with placebo by an Fe-based dietary intervention. However, a daily moderate-dose Fe supplement with meals appeared to lower Zn status in these young adult women...
  42. doi request reprint The dynamic insulin sensitivity and secretion test--a novel measure of insulin sensitivity
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Metabolism 60:1748-56. 2011
    ..The DISST has the potential to provide even more information about the pathophysiology of diabetes than more complicated tests...
  43. ncbi request reprint Lowering homocysteine with B vitamins has no effect on biomarkers of bone turnover in older persons: a 2-y randomized controlled trial
    Timothy J Green
    Department of Human Nutrition and Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:460-4. 2007
    ..In recent prospective studies, higher homocysteine concentrations were shown to be a risk factor for osteoporotic fractures in older persons. Supplements containing folate and vitamins B-12 and B-6 lower homocysteine concentrations...
  44. ncbi request reprint First fracture is associated with increased risk of new fractures during growth
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr 146:286-8. 2005
    ..Hazard ratios for new fracture in data adjusted for age and sex were l.90 (95%CI l.51-2.39) after first fracture and 3.04 (95% CI 2.23-4.15) after second fracture...
  45. ncbi request reprint Early adiposity rebound: review of papers linking this to subsequent obesity in children and adults
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 8:607-12. 2005
    ..Improving our understanding of factors driving fat gain in young children should increase our ability to manage the rising problem of obesity. Accordingly, studies associating timing of adiposity rebound with later obesity are reviewed...
  46. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of type 2 diabetes despite same degree of adiposity in different racial groups
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 25:2360-1. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Rate of fat gain is faster in girls undergoing early adiposity rebound
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obes Res 12:1228-30. 2004
    ..To determine the changes in body composition (fat and lean mass) occurring in children during adiposity rebound (AR)...
  48. doi request reprint Factor analysis of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire in a large sample of children
    Jillian J Haszard
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Appetite 62:110-8. 2013
    ..These five factors from the CFPQ provide a well-supported and useful set of feeding practices that could be applicable to a wide variety of population groups...
  49. doi request reprint Dietary sodium loading in normotensive healthy volunteers does not increase arterial vascular reactivity or blood pressure
    Alwyn S Todd
    Departments of Medicine Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Nephrology (Carlton) 17:249-56. 2012
    ..There are very limited data available on the effect of chronic sodium loading from a low-sodium diet to a high-sodium diet on vascular function and blood pressure in normotensive volunteers...
  50. ncbi request reprint Changes in circulating postprandial proinflammatory cytokine concentrations in diet-controlled type 2 diabetes and the effect of ingested fat
    Patrick J Manning
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 27:2509-11. 2004
  51. doi request reprint Dietary salt loading impairs arterial vascular reactivity
    Alwyn S Todd
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:557-64. 2010
    ..Studies of sodium have shown improvements in vascular function and blood pressure (BP). The effect of chronic sodium loading from a low-sodium diet to a Western diet on vascular function and BP has been less well studied...
  52. doi request reprint Patterns of growth associated with the timing of adiposity rebound
    Sheila M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:335-41. 2009
    ..12 (95% CI: 1.09, 4.13) and 3.32 (95% CI: 1.46, 7.54). Thus, early rebound is associated with increased depositions of fat in middle childhood, and risks associated with early rebound persist at least until early adulthood...
  53. ncbi request reprint Children who avoid drinking cow milk have low dietary calcium intakes and poor bone health
    Ruth E Black
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:675-80. 2002
    ..Information concerning the adequacy of bone mineralization in children who customarily avoid drinking cow milk is sparse...
  54. pmc Nutritional intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes who are hyperglycaemic despite optimised drug treatment--Lifestyle Over and Above Drugs in Diabetes (LOADD) study: randomised controlled trial
    Kirsten J Coppell
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    BMJ 341:c3337. 2010
    ..To determine the extent to which intensive dietary intervention can influence glycaemic control and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes who are hyperglycaemic despite optimised drug treatment...
  55. pmc Oral but not intravenous glucose acutely decreases circulating interleukin-6 concentrations in overweight individuals
    Patrick J Manning
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 8:e66395. 2013
    ..The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of higher versus lower insulin levels on plasma IL-6 concentrations following oral compared with intravenous glucose administration in overweight/obese subjects...
  56. ncbi request reprint Variation in the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene does not influence individual plasma cholesterol response to changes in the nature of dietary fat
    Wendy A E Aitken
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 16:353-63. 2006
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing growth and intestinal parasitic infections in preschoolers attending philanthropic daycare centers in Salvador, Northeast Region of Brazil
    Rebecca L Lander
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Cad Saude Publica 28:2177-88. 2012
    ..Deworming is considered an alternative for reducing the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in this age group...
  58. doi request reprint Sex differences in regional body fat distribution from pre- to postpuberty
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1410-6. 2010
    ..The magnitude of the sex difference is amplified with maturation, and particularly from late puberty to early adulthood...
  59. pmc School playgrounds and physical activity policies as predictors of school and home time activity
    Rachael W Taylor
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:38. 2011
    ..However, few comparable studies have used objective measures of physical activity or have had little adjustment for multiple confounders...
  60. pmc Longitudinal analysis of sleep in relation to BMI and body fat in children: the FLAME study
    Philippa J Carter
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    BMJ 342:d2712. 2011
    ..To determine whether reduced sleep is associated with differences in body composition and the risk of becoming overweight in young children...
  61. ncbi request reprint Season and ethnicity are determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in New Zealand children aged 5-14 y
    Jennifer E Rockell
    Department of Human Nutrition, Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Nutr 135:2602-8. 2005
    ..There is a pressing need for more convincing evidence concerning the health risks associated with the low vitamin D status in New Zealand children...
  62. doi request reprint Iodine status in a Sherpa community in a village of the Khumbu region of Nepal
    Emma E Heydon
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Public Health Nutr 12:1431-6. 2009
    ..To assess the iodine status of Sherpa residents living in Kunde village, Khumbu region, Nepal...
  63. ncbi request reprint Associations of birth weight and length, childhood size, and smoking with bone fractures during growth: evidence from a birth cohort study
    Ianthe E Jones
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Epidemiol 159:343-50. 2004
    ..However, for teenagers, personal daily smoking increased the risk of fracture (RR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.95). The authors concluded that tall and heavy children had an increased risk of fracture, as did adolescents who smoked regularly...
  64. ncbi request reprint Influence of the glutathione peroxidase 1 Pro200Leu polymorphism on the response of glutathione peroxidase activity to selenium supplementation: a randomized controlled trial
    Jody C Miller
    Departments of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:923-31. 2012
    ....
  65. doi request reprint Progression of glycaemia and cardiovascular risk factors in patients of different age groups with new type 2 diabetes over 5 years of follow-up in a diabetes quality improvement initiative
    Kirsten J Coppell
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research, Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, PO Box 913, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 93:357-62. 2011
    ..To examine progression of glycaemia and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes cases participating in a quality improvement initiative...
  66. doi request reprint Adolescent screen time and attachment to parents and peers
    Rosalina Richards
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin Medical School, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand 9015
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:258-62. 2010
    ..To examine associations between screen time (television, video or DVD, gaming, and computer use) and attachment to parents and peers in 2 cohorts of adolescents 16 years apart...
  67. ncbi request reprint A controlled trial of homocysteine lowering and cognitive performance
    Jennifer A McMahon
    Departments of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Engl J Med 354:2764-72. 2006
    ..Our objective was to test the hypothesis that lowering the plasma homocysteine concentration improves cognitive function in healthy older people...
  68. ncbi request reprint Dietary counseling to increase natural folate intake: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in free-living subjects to assess effects on serum folate and plasma total homocysteine
    Bernard J Venn
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:758-65. 2002
    ..Increasing folate intake either through supplements or foods naturally rich in folates has been shown to decrease tHcy concentrations...
  69. ncbi request reprint The enigma of hypertensive ESRD: observations on incidence and trends in 18 European, Canadian, and Asian-Pacific populations, 1998 to 2002
    John H Stewart
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Kidney Dis 48:183-91. 2006
    ..However, bias, particularly from variations in acceptance into ESRD treatment (ascertainment) and diagnosis (classification), has been a major source of error when comparing ESRD incidences or estimating trends...
  70. pmc Dental restorations: a risk factor for periodontal attachment loss?
    Jonathan M Broadbent
    Department of Oral Sciences, School of Dentistry, The University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Clin Periodontol 33:803-10. 2006
    ..Dental caries and restorations in proximal tooth surfaces often impinge upon the periodontal biological width...
  71. doi request reprint The quality of diabetes care: a comparison between patients enrolled and not enrolled on a regional diabetes register
    Kirsten J Coppell
    Otago Diabetes Project, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Prim Care Diabetes 5:131-7. 2011
    ..To determine whether diabetic patients enrolled on a regional diabetes register that provides annual general practitioner audit and recall reports receive better care than diabetic patients not enrolled...
  72. ncbi request reprint Blood loss is a stronger predictor of iron status in men than C282Y heterozygosity or diet
    Anne Louise M Heath
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Coll Nutr 27:158-67. 2008
    ..To determine the relative importance of HFE gene, diet, lifestyle, and blood loss characteristics for predicting iron status in a sample of men aged 40 years or over...
  73. ncbi request reprint Intensive lifestyle changes are necessary to improve insulin sensitivity: a randomized controlled trial
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 25:445-52. 2002
    ..This study compares the effect on insulin sensitivity of current dietary and exercise recommendations with a more intensive intervention in normoglycemic insulin-resistant individuals...
  74. ncbi request reprint Outcomes two, three and four years after comprehensive care under general anaesthesia
    Bernadette K Drummond
    School of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin
    N Z Dent J 100:32-7. 2004
    ..The objective was to review the outcomes for three groups of children after two, three and four years following comprehensive dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) for 292 children aged 1.8 to 5.9 years of age...
  75. ncbi request reprint Preventing winter falls: a randomised controlled trial of a novel intervention
    Lianne Parkin
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 122:31-8. 2009
    ..To investigate the hypothesis that wearing socks over shoes improves traction on icy footpaths...
  76. ncbi request reprint Four-year gain in bone mineral in girls with and without past forearm fractures: a DXA study. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
    Ianthe E Jones
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Bone Miner Res 17:1065-72. 2002
    ..021]). These findings indicate that girls with distal forearm fractures do not improve their gain of BMC. We conclude that girls who have sustained a distal forearm fracture maintain their lower BMC at most sites for at least 4 years...
  77. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate loading and female endurance athletes: effect of menstrual-cycle phase
    Rebecca T McLay
    Dept of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 17:189-205. 2007
    ..These data support previous observations of greater resting [glyc] in the ML than the MF phase of the menstrual cycle and suggest that lower glycogen storage in the MF phase can be overcome by carbohydrate loading...
  78. ncbi request reprint Release of cholesterol from cell membranes to postprandial plasma from mildly hypercholesterolemic subjects: the effect of meals rich in olive and safflower oils
    Wayne H F Sutherland
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Metabolism 51:1306-12. 2002
    ..Thus, low-fat, lipid-lowering diets may have a minimal effect on this capacity but will reduce levels of atherogenic LDL cholesterol that appear to be maintained by diffusion of cell cholesterol to plasma...
  79. ncbi request reprint Adrenalectomy-induced cell death in the dentate gyrus: further characterisation using TUNEL and effects of the Ginkgo biloba extract, EGb 761, and ginkgolide B
    Karyn M Maclennan
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Hippocampus 13:212-25. 2003
    ..These results suggest that these drugs may not have substantial neuroprotective effects in the ADX model of neurodegeneration...
  80. ncbi request reprint Does initial breastfeeding lead to lower blood cholesterol in adult life? A quantitative review of the evidence
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:305-14. 2008
    ..Earlier studies have suggested that infant feeding may program long-term changes in cholesterol metabolism...
  81. ncbi request reprint Differences in infant and parent behaviors during routine bed sharing compared with cot sleeping in the home setting
    Sally A Baddock
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Pediatrics 117:1599-607. 2006
    ....
  82. pmc Development of auditory sensitivity in children who stutter and fluent children
    Peter Howell
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, England
    Ear Hear 25:265-74. 2004
    ....
  83. pmc Auditory abilities of speakers who persisted, or recovered, from stuttering
    Peter Howell
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England
    J Fluency Disord 31:257-70. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to see whether participants who persist in their stutter have poorer sensitivity in a backward masking task compared to those participants who recover from their stutter...
  84. ncbi request reprint The impact of standard high-flux polysulfone versus novel high-flux polysulfone dialysis membranes on inflammatory markers: a randomized, single-blinded, controlled clinical trial
    Peter G Kerr
    Department of Nephrology, Monash Medical Centre, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Kidney Dis 49:533-9. 2007
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Interpreting incidence trends for treated end-stage renal disease: implications for evaluating disease control in Australia
    John H Stewart
    Department of Renal Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
    Nephrology (Carlton) 9:238-46. 2004
    ..Thus, rising crude incidence of treated ESRD may conceal effective disease control when there has been demographic change, lessening competing risks, or the introduction of bias...