Mark D Stringer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Otago
Country: New Zealand

Publications

  1. doi The vertebral venous plexuses: the internal veins are muscular and external veins have valves
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 25:609-18. 2012
  2. doi Gallstones in New Zealand: composition, risk factors and ethnic differences
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, Dunedin, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 83:575-80. 2013
  3. doi Is the pelviureteric junction an anatomical entity?
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr Urol 9:123-8. 2013
  4. doi Redefining the surface anatomy of the parotid duct: an in vivo ultrasound study
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Plast Reconstr Surg 130:1032-7. 2012
  5. ncbi Using real-time ultrasound to teach living anatomy: an alternative model for large classes
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 125:37-45. 2012
  6. doi Design, implementation, and evaluation of a postgraduate Diploma in Surgical Anatomy
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Educ 5:48-54. 2012
  7. ncbi The clinical anatomy of congenital portosystemic venous shunts
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 21:147-57. 2008
  8. ncbi Calcium carbonate gallstones in children
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 42:1677-82. 2007
  9. doi Biliary atresia: service delivery and outcomes
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Semin Pediatr Surg 17:116-22. 2008
  10. doi Colombo and the clitoris
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 151:130-3. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications73

  1. doi The vertebral venous plexuses: the internal veins are muscular and external veins have valves
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 25:609-18. 2012
    ..It may serve to prevent venous overdistension or collapse, to regulate the direction and velocity of venous blood flow, or is possibly involved in thermoregulation or other homeostatic processes...
  2. doi Gallstones in New Zealand: composition, risk factors and ethnic differences
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, Dunedin, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 83:575-80. 2013
    ..Gallstone disease is a worldwide problem causing morbidity, mortality and a drain on health-care resources. This prospective study aimed to investigate the spectrum of gallstone types in New Zealand and relate these to known risk factors...
  3. doi Is the pelviureteric junction an anatomical entity?
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr Urol 9:123-8. 2013
    ..This systematic review addresses the question of whether the human pelviureteric junction is a discrete anatomical entity...
  4. doi Redefining the surface anatomy of the parotid duct: an in vivo ultrasound study
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Plast Reconstr Surg 130:1032-7. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to map the surface anatomy of the adult parotid duct using ultrasound...
  5. ncbi Using real-time ultrasound to teach living anatomy: an alternative model for large classes
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 125:37-45. 2012
    ..These small group teaching sessions are labour intensive and need appropriate resourcing of equipment and personnel. We report experience of an alternative approach suitable for large classes with more limited resources...
  6. doi Design, implementation, and evaluation of a postgraduate Diploma in Surgical Anatomy
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Educ 5:48-54. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi The clinical anatomy of congenital portosystemic venous shunts
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 21:147-57. 2008
    ..The key to understanding the pathogenesis of these shunts lies in the normal developmental mechanisms underlying the formation of the portal vein and inferior vena cava in the embryo...
  8. ncbi Calcium carbonate gallstones in children
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 42:1677-82. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to analyze a much larger series of pediatric gallstones from our region and to compare their chemical composition with a series of adult gallstones from the same geographic area...
  9. doi Biliary atresia: service delivery and outcomes
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Semin Pediatr Surg 17:116-22. 2008
    ..The utility of monitoring tools in assessing performance in biliary atresia, the importance of risk stratification, and the need for standardized definitions of outcome are highlighted...
  10. doi Colombo and the clitoris
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 151:130-3. 2010
    ..Modern anatomical studies have greatly advanced our understanding of the surgical anatomy of the clitoris, optimising the ability to preserve its function during genital surgery...
  11. doi Famous discoveries by medical students
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 79:901-8. 2009
    ..Regardless of their fate, their contributions are a potent reminder of what can be achieved by gifted and determined medical students undertaking a period of basic scientific or clinical research...
  12. doi Histologic oddities at the porta hepatis in biliary atresia
    Jens Stahlschmidt
    Department of Histopathology, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 43:1328-32. 2008
    ..Highly unusual histologic findings at the porta hepatis in 3 infants who underwent Kasai portoenterostomy for biliary atresia are reported...
  13. doi The wider importance of cadavers: educational and research diversity from a body bequest program
    Jon Cornwall
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Educ 2:234-7. 2009
    ....
  14. ncbi Preoperative vascular imaging in pediatric liver transplantation
    Kadiyala V Ravindra
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Beckett St, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 40:643-7. 2005
    ..The authors compared the results of preoperative vascular imaging studies with operative findings to determine their accuracy and usefulness...
  15. ncbi Solitary liver cysts in children: not always so simple
    Tim N Rogers
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, Gledhow Wing, St James s University Hospital, LS9 7TF Leeds, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 42:333-9. 2007
    ..Liver cysts in children are uncommon. Many are simple and solitary and do not require intervention. However, this series demonstrates a broad range of potential pathologies, some of which are life-threatening...
  16. ncbi Gallbladder mucin production and calcium carbonate gallstones in children
    Craig Sayers
    Department of Histopathology, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Pediatr Surg Int 23:219-23. 2007
    ..This supports the hypothesis that cystic duct obstruction leading to increased gallbladder mucin production may play a role in the development of calcium carbonate gallstones in children...
  17. ncbi Why do potential body donors decide against donating?
    Kathryn McClea
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 126:51-8. 2013
    ..The profile of our body donors is reasonably well understood but little is known about why individuals who are interested in body donation decide not to complete the registration process...
  18. doi Vertebral levels of key landmarks in the neck
    S Ali Mirjalili
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 25:851-7. 2012
    ..Vertebral levels of key bony/cartilaginous structures in the neck differ from standard descriptions but in the absence of a standardized cervical axial plane have limited value and clinical utility...
  19. doi Anatomical planes: are we teaching accurate surface anatomy?
    S Ali Mirjalili
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 25:819-26. 2012
    ..The surface anatomy of anatomical planes needs revising in the light of results from living subjects using modern imaging techniques...
  20. doi Functional morphology of the thoracolumbar transversospinal muscles
    Jon Cornwall
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:E1053-61. 2011
    ..Understanding their morphology has implications for investigation, treatment, motor control, and biomechanics...
  21. doi Renal function evaluated by measured GFR during follow-up in pediatric liver transplant recipients
    Jonathan R Bishop
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Pediatr Transplant 13:96-103. 2009
    ..There is no further significant fall in GFR in the medium-term. The Schwartz formula is inaccurate in determining GFR in this patient group...
  22. doi Postoperative biochemical liver function after major hepatic resection in children
    Paul Needham
    Department of Surgery, St James s University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 43:1610-8. 2008
    ..The study aims to establish normal profiles of standard LFTs after major liver resection in noncirrhotic children; the effects of preoperative chemotherapy were also analyzed...
  23. ncbi Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver Unit, St James s University Hospital, LS9 7TF Leeds, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 41:1180-3. 2006
    ..The young age of our patient, prenatal detection, large size of the cyst, and a clear communication with the biliary tree have not been previously described with ciliated hepatic foregut cysts...
  24. ncbi Does the pediatric end-stage liver disease score or hepatic artery resistance index predict outcome after liver transplantation for biliary atresia?
    Sonal Asthana
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, Gledhow Wing, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UK
    Pediatr Surg Int 22:697-700. 2006
    ..Post-transplant complications are probably more important factors determining ICU and hospital stay in children currently transplanted for biliary atresia...
  25. doi A reappraisal of adult abdominal surface anatomy
    S Ali Mirjalili
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 25:844-50. 2012
    ....
  26. doi Who donates their body to science? An international, multicenter, prospective study
    Jon Cornwall
    Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Educ 5:208-16. 2012
    ..This information could be important for assisting the identification of potential body donors in new and established bequest programs...
  27. doi A dissecting competition for medical students
    Latika Samalia
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Educ 5:109-13. 2012
    ..A dissecting competition may be a useful method of stimulating learning for medical students interested in undertaking further dissection but it requires appropriate staff commitment and a supply of suitable cadaver specimens...
  28. ncbi Physical injuries in the dissecting room
    Jon Cornwall
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 21:82-5. 2008
    ..Injuries tend to be minor and largely related to scalpel blades. A greater awareness of hazards due to sharps and safe handling techniques may reduce the risks of minor injury and better prepare students for future clinical practice...
  29. ncbi Kasai portoenterostomy: 12-year experience with a novel adjuvant therapy regimen
    Mark D Stringer
    St James s University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 42:1324-8. 2007
    ..The role of adjuvant therapy with corticosteroids and choleretics after Kasai portoenterostomy for biliary atresia (BA) remains uncertain. Experience with a novel postoperative adjuvant therapy regimen is reported...
  30. doi Interstitial cells of Cajal are present in human extrahepatic bile ducts
    Omid Ahmadi
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 25:277-85. 2010
    ..ICC were recently discovered in the wall of the human gallbladder. This study sought to determine whether ICC are present in human bile ducts...
  31. doi Magnetic resonance imaging morphology and morphometry of the coccyx in coccydynia
    Jason T K Woon
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand Service de Médecine Physique, Hopital Hotel Dieu, Paris Cedex, France
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:E1437-45. 2013
    ..Retrospective case-control study...
  32. ncbi Varicella recurrence complicated by pneumonia after liver transplantation for APECED
    Akshay Batra
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:637-9. 2007
  33. doi A reappraisal of adult thoracic surface anatomy
    S Ali Mirjalili
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 25:827-34. 2012
    ..Surface anatomy must be reappraised using modern imaging in vivo if it is to be evidence based and fit for purpose. The effects of gender, age, posture, respiration, build, and ethnicity also deserve greater emphasis...
  34. doi Ophthalmic and facial veins are not valveless
    John Zhang
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 38:502-10. 2010
    ..The ophthalmic and facial veins are frequently stated to be devoid of valves, facilitating the spread of infection from the mid-face to the cavernous sinus...
  35. doi The human ileocaecal junction: anatomical evidence of a sphincter
    Matthew F Pollard
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Surg Radiol Anat 34:21-9. 2012
    ..Historically, it has often been considered a valve rather than a sphincter. The microscopic anatomy of this junction was studied searching for evidence of an anatomical sphincter and neuromuscular specialisation...
  36. doi Iatrogenic upper limb nerve injuries: a systematic review
    John Zhang
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 81:227-36. 2011
    ..Peripheral nerve injuries are among the most frequent iatrogenic complications and are responsible for considerable morbidity and litigation. Most occur within surgical settings and upper limb nerves are most frequently involved...
  37. ncbi Improved body mass index after mesenterico-portal bypass
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Pediatr Surg Int 23:539-43. 2007
    ..27 to 1.19), a highly statistically significant increase (P=0.003). Restoration of hepatopetal portal blood flow by mesenterico-portal bypass surgery improves nutrition and growth in children with extrahepatic portal hypertension...
  38. doi Cervical fascia: a terminological pain in the neck
    Alice K Guidera
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, Dunedin, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 82:786-91. 2012
    ..Not only were the terms used variably between texts, but also key aspects of the anatomical descriptions associated with similar terms differed, contributing further to the confusion...
  39. doi Ultrasound visualization of the spinal accessory nerve in vivo
    Seyed A Mirjalili
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Surg Res 175:e11-6. 2012
    ..Surface anatomy is an unreliable guide to the nerve's location. We suggest that ultrasound can be used to map the course of the nerve in the posterior triangle of the neck...
  40. doi Inconsistencies in surface anatomy: The need for an evidence-based reappraisal
    Samuel J M Hale
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 23:922-30. 2010
    ..An evidence-based framework is essential if surface anatomy is to be accurate and clinically relevant...
  41. ncbi Biliary atresia: US diagnosis
    Terry M Humphrey
    Department of Radiology and Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, England
    Radiology 244:845-51. 2007
    ..To evaluate prospectively the sensitivity of ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA), with surgery as the reference standard...
  42. ncbi The profile of body donors at the Otago School of Medical Sciences--has it changed?
    Kathryn McClea
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, PO Box 913, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 123:9-17. 2010
    ..In 1992 the characteristics of individuals who bequeathed their bodies to Otago Medical School were reported. The aim of our study was to determine if the profile of bequestees has changed...
  43. doi Articularis genus: an anatomic and MRI study in cadavers
    Stephanie J Woodley
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 94:59-67. 2012
    ..Its form and function are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to define the morphology of the articularis genus and its relationship to the suprapatellar bursa...
  44. ncbi Successful conservative management of idiopathic fibrosing pancreatitis in children
    Wael El-Matary
    Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, and Children s Liver Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 165:560-5. 2006
    ..Conclusion: With careful radiological and biochemical assessment and monitoring, invasive surgery can be avoided in the management of fibrosing pancreatitis. The eventual outcome is no different from reported surgically treated cases...
  45. pmc The role of liver transplantation in the management of paediatric liver tumours
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:12-21. 2007
    ..Liver transplantation is rarely needed in the management of children with benign liver tumours but, if other treatments have failed, it can be a life-saving intervention...
  46. doi Iatrogenic femoral nerve injury: a systematic review
    Abigail E Moore
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Surg Radiol Anat 33:649-58. 2011
    ..It causes distress and disability and may lead to permanent motor and/or sensory sequelae. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the contemporary spectrum of this injury reported in the literature...
  47. doi Tracheobronchial anatomy and the distribution of inhaled foreign bodies in children
    Nasim Tahir
    Department of Clinical Radiology, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 168:289-95. 2009
    ..We, therefore, investigated tracheobronchial anatomy relevant to foreign body inhalation in children...
  48. doi An anatomical ultrasound study of the long posterior sacro-iliac ligament
    Abigail E Moore
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 23:971-7. 2010
    ..These findings document the sonographic appearance, length, and thickness of the LPSL and provide useful normative data for understanding potential LPSL pathology, particularly in relation to pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain...
  49. doi Is cholecystectomy really an indication for concomitant splenectomy in mild hereditary spherocytosis?
    Naved K Alizai
    Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Children s Liver and GI Unit, Gledhow Wing, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Arch Dis Child 95:596-9. 2010
    ..However, splenectomy is associated with a risk of life-threatening infection, particularly in young children. The aim of this study was to audit the outcome of the practice of uncoupling splenectomy and cholecystectomy in such patients...
  50. doi Redefining the coccygeal plexus
    Jason T K Woon
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 27:254-60. 2014
    ..It deserves to be considered as a potential pain generator that may be implicated in some patients with coccydynia. Clin. Anat. 27:254-260, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  51. pmc CT morphology and morphometry of the normal adult coccyx
    Jason T K Woon
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Eur Spine J 22:863-70. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate normal adult sacrococcygeal morphometry...
  52. ncbi Kasai portoenterostomy--new insights from hepatic morphology
    Ali Hussein
    Department of Histopathology and Children s Liver Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 40:322-6. 2005
    ..The aim of this paper was to investigate the mechanism of long-term biliary drainage after Kasai portoenterostomy by clinicopathologic study of hepatic morphology in explanted livers...
  53. ncbi Wide hilar hepaticojejunostomy: the optimum method of reconstruction after choledochal cyst excision
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Pediatr Surg Int 23:529-32. 2007
    ..After radical resection of a choledochal cyst, a wide hilar hepaticojejunostomy is a, safe, effective and durable reconstructive technique that can be performed at any age and may help to minimize the long-term risk of complications...
  54. doi Does senescence affect lymph node number and morphology? A systematic review
    Omid Ahmadi
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 83:612-8. 2013
    ..Lymph nodes play a key role in the body's immune system. A systematic review was undertaken to investigate the effects of senescence on lymph node number and morphology...
  55. doi Surgical anatomy of the chorda tympani: a micro-CT study
    Lauren J McManus
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Surg Radiol Anat 34:513-8. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to accurately delineate the posterior canaliculus in the temporal bone, particularly its relationship to the tympanic annulus, which is critical during the insertion of subannular ventilation tubes...
  56. ncbi Anatomical sciences education vol. 5, issue 2, 2012 cover image
    Latika Samalia
    Department of Anatomy, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Educ 5:C1. 2012
    ..Dissections are judged on presentation, accuracy of labeling, and relevance to the clinical abstract...
  57. doi An investigation of human jejunal and ileal arteries
    Dylan Conley
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anat Sci Int 85:23-30. 2010
    ..However, the different arterial pattern in the jejunum and ileum does not appear to be associated with differences in the muscularity of these arteries...
  58. pmc The adult human pubic symphysis: a systematic review
    Ines Becker
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Anat 217:475-87. 2010
    ..A better understanding of the normal anatomy of the human pubic symphysis should improve our understanding of such problems and contribute to better treatments for patients suffering from symphyseal pain and dysfunction...
  59. doi Electronic resources for surgical anatomy
    Ah Rin Anna Choi
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 78:1082-91. 2008
    ..The aim of this review was to determine which of the currently available electronic resources are most suitable for learning surgically relevant anatomy...
  60. doi In vivo and in vitro morphometry of the human trachea
    Kirollos Salah Kamel
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Clin Anat 22:571-9. 2009
    ..The variation in adult tracheal dimensions in vivo is greater than in standard descriptions. These data may be valuable when interpreting chest CT scans and when calculating respiratory dead space...
  61. ncbi Informed consent and choice in cholecystectomy
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver Unit, Gledhow Wing, St James s University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    Pediatr Surg Int 20:741-3. 2004
    ..7 days and MC patients after 2.3 days (0.1 > p > 0.05). If an open or laparoscopic technique is not specifically indicated and if parents/patients are fully informed, a significant minority may opt for mini-cholecystectomy...
  62. ncbi Gallstone composition: are children different?
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr 142:435-40. 2003
    ..The composition of pediatric gallstones in this series differs from that found in adults...
  63. ncbi Childhood appendicitis in the United Kingdom: fifty years of progress
    Mark D Stringer
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, England UK
    J Pediatr Surg 38:65-9. 2003
    ..Despite the availability of numerous diagnostic aids, clinical acumen remains a fundamental component of expert management of acute appendicitis in children...
  64. ncbi Increased CXCR3 expression associated with CD3-positive lymphocytes in the liver and biliary remnant in biliary atresia
    Masato Shinkai
    Children s Research Center, Our Lady s Hospital for Sick Children, University College Dublin, Crumlin Dublin 12, Ireland
    J Pediatr Surg 41:950-4. 2006
    ....
  65. doi Lack of association between tonsillectomy and subsequent appendicectomy
    Mark D Stringer
    J Pediatr Surg 43:586-7. 2008
  66. ncbi Continuous monitoring tools for pediatric surgical outcomes: an example using biliary atresia
    Nokuthaba Sibanda
    Clinical Effectiveness Unit, The Royal College of Surgeons of England, London WC2A 3PE, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 42:1919-25. 2007
    ..We illustrate the use of CUmulative SUM (CUSUM) charts in monitoring outcomes of Kasai portoenterostomy for treatment of biliary atresia at a supraregional unit...
  67. ncbi Gallbladder polyps in children--classification and management
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St Jame s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 38:1680-4. 2003
    ..For primary PLGs, cholecystectomy is advisable if there are biliary symptoms or if the polyp is > or =1 cm in size. Asymptomatic cases should be maintained under ultrasound surveillance...
  68. ncbi Biliary atresia
    Hiroyuki Kobayashi
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Juntendo University, School of Medicine, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Semin Neonatol 8:383-91. 2003
    ..A better understanding of the aetiology of BA and the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis is needed in order to develop new therapeutic strategies...
  69. ncbi Randomized controlled trials in pediatric surgery: could we do better?
    Joe I Curry
    BAPS Multicentre Research Office, British Association of Paediatric Surgeons and Health Services Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    J Pediatr Surg 38:556-9. 2003
    ..Have RCTs submitted to the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons (BAPS) Annual Congress during the last 5 years been adequately designed and large enough to produce a valid result?..
  70. ncbi Multidisciplinary management of surgical disorders of the pancreas in childhood
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver and Gastrointestinal Unit and Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 40:363-7. 2005
    ..To describe the frequency and range of pancreatic disorders in children requiring surgical intervention and to highlight the importance of multidisciplinary management...
  71. ncbi Portal vein cavernoma associated with goldenhar syndrome
    Mark D Stringer
    Children s Liver and GI Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 41:368-70. 2005
  72. ncbi Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of corticosteroids after Kasai portoenterostomy for biliary atresia
    Mark Davenport
    Department of Child Health, King s College London School of Medicine at King s College Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Hepatology 46:1821-7. 2007
    ..01) and with a greater proportion with a normal bilirubin level at 12 months (54% versus 37%, P = 0.22)...
  73. ncbi Elevated expression of IL2 is associated with increased infiltration of CD8+ T cells in biliary atresia
    Masato Shinkai
    Children s Research Center, Our Lady s Hospital for Sick Children, University College Dublin, 12 Dublin, Ireland
    J Pediatr Surg 41:300-5. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize the inflammation in BA by quantifying lymphocyte density and expression of TH1 cytokines such as IL2 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in liver biopsies using qrt-PCR...