A Goulding

Summary

Affiliation: University of Otago
Country: New Zealand

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Dynamic and static tests of balance and postural sway in boys: effects of previous wrist bone fractures and high adiposity
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Gait Posture 17:136-41. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint DXA measurements confirm that parental perceptions of elevated adiposity in young children are poor
    Jody C Miller
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:165-71. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Relationships of appendicular LMI and total body LMI to bone mass and physical activity levels in a birth cohort of New Zealand five-year olds
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Bone 45:455-9. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Body composition of 4- and 5-year-old New Zealand girls: a DXA study of initial adiposity and subsequent 4-year fat change
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Ottago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:410-5. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Children who avoid drinking cow's milk are at increased risk for prepubertal bone fractures
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:250-3. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Spinal overload: a concern for obese children and adolescents?
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Osteoporos Int 13:835-40. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint First fracture is associated with increased risk of new fractures during growth
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr 146:286-8. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for fractures in normally active children and adolescents
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Med Sport Sci 51:102-20. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Ethnic differences in extreme obesity
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin, 9054 New Zealand
    J Pediatr 151:542-4. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Relationship of total body fat mass to bone area in New Zealand five-year-olds
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Calcif Tissue Int 82:293-9. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint Dynamic and static tests of balance and postural sway in boys: effects of previous wrist bone fractures and high adiposity
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Gait Posture 17:136-41. 2003
    ..Overweight subjects (n=25) had lower scores (P<0.05) than boys of healthy weight (n=47), supporting the view that overweight adolescents have poorer balance than those of healthy weight...
  2. ncbi request reprint DXA measurements confirm that parental perceptions of elevated adiposity in young children are poor
    Jody C Miller
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:165-71. 2007
    ..Also to ascertain whether children of obese parents differ from those of non-obese parents in actual or perceived body weight...
  3. doi request reprint Relationships of appendicular LMI and total body LMI to bone mass and physical activity levels in a birth cohort of New Zealand five-year olds
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Bone 45:455-9. 2009
    ..The sex differences in associations of accelerometry counts to lean mass and BMC have been noted by others and require further investigation...
  4. ncbi request reprint Body composition of 4- and 5-year-old New Zealand girls: a DXA study of initial adiposity and subsequent 4-year fat change
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Ottago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:410-5. 2003
    ..Dual-energy X-ray information (DXA) quantitating body fat mass and percentage fat in healthy children of preschool age is scarce...
  5. ncbi request reprint Children who avoid drinking cow's milk are at increased risk for prepubertal bone fractures
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:250-3. 2004
    ..All of the fractures occurred before puberty, the majority (18 of 22) being associated with only slight trauma. Forearm fractures were especially common (12 fractures). We conclude that young children avoiding milk are prone to fracture...
  6. ncbi request reprint Spinal overload: a concern for obese children and adolescents?
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Osteoporos Int 13:835-40. 2002
    ..Limiting excessive adiposity in childhood and adolescence should help to avoid excessive loading and stresses on the lumbar spine...
  7. ncbi request reprint First fracture is associated with increased risk of new fractures during growth
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr 146:286-8. 2005
    ..Hazard ratios for new fracture in data adjusted for age and sex were l.90 (95%CI l.51-2.39) after first fracture and 3.04 (95% CI 2.23-4.15) after second fracture...
  8. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for fractures in normally active children and adolescents
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Med Sport Sci 51:102-20. 2007
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Ethnic differences in extreme obesity
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin, 9054 New Zealand
    J Pediatr 151:542-4. 2007
    ..Prevalence percentages (95% CI) were 0.8 (0.4 to 1.9), 5.1 (3.6 to 7.1), and 10.9 (8.9 to 13.3) in New Zealand European, Māori, and Pacific Island groups, respectively. These findings warrant remedial action...
  10. doi request reprint Relationship of total body fat mass to bone area in New Zealand five-year-olds
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Great King Street, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Calcif Tissue Int 82:293-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that increased fat mass is associated with outward expansion of the TBLH skeletal envelope (wider bones) independently of height and lean mass in very young children...
  11. ncbi request reprint Lactose malabsorption and rate of bone loss in older women
    A Goulding
    Department of Medicine, Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Age Ageing 28:175-80. 1999
    ..to study the prevalence of lactose malabsorption with increasing age and to determine whether lactose malabsorbers consume less dietary calcium, have lower bone mineral density or display faster bone loss than lactose absorbers...
  12. ncbi request reprint Regional body fat distribution in relation to pubertal stage: a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry study of New Zealand girls and young women
    A Goulding
    Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 64:546-51. 1996
    ..0001). We conclude that girls accumulate a higher proportion of their total adult fat mass than of their total adult lean tissue mass during puberty, and that regional fat patterns become more android and less gynoid with maturity...
  13. ncbi request reprint Overweight and obese children have low bone mass and area for their weight
    A Goulding
    Department of Medicine, Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:627-32. 2000
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Changing femoral geometry in growing girls: a cross-sectional DEXA study
    A Goulding
    Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Bone 19:645-9. 1996
    ..We therefore conclude that any environmental effects of physical activity or nutrition on hip geometry must occur before early teen-age years...
  15. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density and body composition in boys with distal forearm fractures: a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry study
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr 139:509-15. 2001
    ..This is a concern, given the increasing levels of obesity in children today...
  16. ncbi request reprint Two-year changes in bone and body composition in young children with a history of prolonged milk avoidance
    J E P Rockell
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Osteoporos Int 16:1016-23. 2005
    ..67+/-1.12, P<0.001). Our results demonstrate persisting height reduction, overweight and osteopenia at the ultradistal radius and lumbar spine in young milk avoiders over 2 years of follow-up...
  17. ncbi request reprint Distal forearm fractures in New Zealand children: annual rates in a geographically defined area
    I E Jones
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin
    N Z Med J 113:443-5. 2000
    ..To estimate the annual incidence of distal forearm fractures in New Zealand children and to describe circumstances associated with this fracture...
  18. ncbi request reprint Identifying adolescents with high percentage body fat: a comparison of BMI cutoffs using age and stage of pubertal development compared with BMI cutoffs using age alone
    R W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:764-9. 2003
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, waist girth, and waist-to-hip ratio as indexes of total and regional adiposity in women: evaluation using receiver operating characteristic curves
    R W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:44-9. 1998
    ..05). We conclude that BMI and waist circumference provide simple yet sensitive methods for the estimation of total and central adiposity in groups of adult women...
  20. ncbi request reprint Biomechanical analysis of arm fracture in obese boys
    P L Davidson
    Injury Prevention Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Paediatr Child Health 39:657-64. 2003
    ..To determine the role of the biomechanical factors of force of impact, bone strength, fall height and surface stiffness on the risk of forearm fracture in obese children compared to non-obese children...
  21. ncbi request reprint Children who experience their first fracture at a young age have high rates of fracture
    F J Yeh
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Osteoporos Int 17:267-72. 2006
    ..05). We conclude that children experiencing their first fracture at a young age have high rates of fracture and should be targeted for advice to improve their bone strength...
  22. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and the conicity index as screening tools for high trunk fat mass, as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, in children aged 3-19 y
    R W Taylor
    Departments of Human Nutrition, Medicine, and Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:490-5. 2000
    ..Because adiposity tracks from childhood into adulthood, the ability of simple anthropometric techniques to correctly measure truncal adiposity in childhood needs to be assessed...
  23. doi request reprint Osteoporosis and gait and balance disturbances in older sarcopenic obese New Zealanders
    D L Waters
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Osteoporos Int 21:351-7. 2010
    ..Low muscle combined with high fat mass had more functional deficits and poorer bone health, which has implications for falls risk and fractures...
  24. doi request reprint Waist-to-height ratios in relation to BMI z-scores in three ethnic groups from a representative sample of New Zealand children aged 5-14 years
    A Goulding
    Departments of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1188-90. 2010
    ..48 in European boys at the 85th BMI percentile). The present results suggest that having WHtR values >0.5 should be equally useful in evaluating cardiovascular health risks in groups of Māori, Pacific and NZEO children...
  25. ncbi request reprint The effects of sequential combined oral 17beta-estradiol norethisterone acetate on insulin sensitivity and body composition in healthy postmenopausal women: a randomized single blind placebo-controlled study
    R J Walker
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Menopause 8:27-32. 2001
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Children who avoid drinking cow milk have low dietary calcium intakes and poor bone health
    Ruth E Black
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:675-80. 2002
    ..Information concerning the adequacy of bone mineralization in children who customarily avoid drinking cow milk is sparse...
  27. ncbi request reprint Do young New Zealand Pacific Island and European children differ in bone size or bone mineral?
    A M Grant
    Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University of Otago, Dunedin, 9001 New Zealand
    Calcif Tissue Int 76:397-403. 2005
    ..Therefore, this study has shown that prepubertal Pacific Island children do not have greater bone size or BMC for their weight...
  28. ncbi request reprint Factor analysis of the metabolic syndrome in spinal cord-injured men
    Lynnette M Jones
    The School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Metabolism 53:1372-7. 2004
    ..In summary, while the WHO definition for the metabolic syndrome appears suitable for use in identifying the incidence of this syndrome in SCI men, some modification of anthropometric and lipid measures may be required...
  29. doi request reprint The effect of adiposity measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry on lung function
    T J T Sutherland
    Respiratory Research Unit, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Eur Respir J 32:85-91. 2008
    ..This disappeared after adjustment in females but remained in males. The effects of thoracic and abdominal body fat on respiratory function are comparable but cannot be separated from one another...
  30. ncbi request reprint How many children remain fracture-free during growth? a longitudinal study of children and adolescents participating in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study
    I E Jones
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Otago Medical School, University of Otago, Bunedin, New Zealand
    Osteoporos Int 13:990-5. 2002
    ..4% boys). The most common site of fracture was the wrist/forearm (24.1% of all fractures). We conclude that although bone fractures are a common adverse event in childhood, half of all children remain fracture-free throughout growth...
  31. ncbi request reprint Bone and body composition of children and adolescents with repeated forearm fractures
    Ailsa Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Bone Miner Res 20:2090-6. 2005
    ..Symptoms to cow milk, low calcium intakes, early age of first fracture, and overweight were over-represented in the sample...
  32. ncbi request reprint Healthy body mass index values often underestimate body fat in men with spinal cord injury
    Lynnette M Jones
    School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:1068-71. 2003
    ..To examine the relation between body mass index (BMI) and adiposity in men with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  33. doi request reprint Waist circumference as a measure of trunk fat mass in children aged 3 to 5 years
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:226-33. 2008
    ..Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and the conicity index (CI) to discriminate between children with low and high levels of trunk fat mass...
  34. doi request reprint Patterns of growth associated with the timing of adiposity rebound
    Sheila M Williams
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:335-41. 2009
    ..12 (95% CI: 1.09, 4.13) and 3.32 (95% CI: 1.46, 7.54). Thus, early rebound is associated with increased depositions of fat in middle childhood, and risks associated with early rebound persist at least until early adulthood...
  35. ncbi request reprint Intensive lifestyle changes are necessary to improve insulin sensitivity: a randomized controlled trial
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, Otago University, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 25:445-52. 2002
    ..This study compares the effect on insulin sensitivity of current dietary and exercise recommendations with a more intensive intervention in normoglycemic insulin-resistant individuals...
  36. doi request reprint Sex differences in regional body fat distribution from pre- to postpuberty
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1410-6. 2010
    ..The magnitude of the sex difference is amplified with maturation, and particularly from late puberty to early adulthood...
  37. ncbi request reprint Early adiposity rebound: review of papers linking this to subsequent obesity in children and adults
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 8:607-12. 2005
    ..Improving our understanding of factors driving fat gain in young children should increase our ability to manage the rising problem of obesity. Accordingly, studies associating timing of adiposity rebound with later obesity are reviewed...
  38. ncbi request reprint High levels of childhood obesity observed among 3- to 7-year-old New Zealand Pacific children is a public health concern
    Fiona K Gordon
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, NZ
    J Nutr 133:3456-60. 2003
    ..These extremely high levels of obesity and truncal fat among very young New Zealand children will have major public health implications as these children age...
  39. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of type 2 diabetes despite same degree of adiposity in different racial groups
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 25:2360-1. 2002
  40. ncbi request reprint Implementation of a successful lifestyle intervention programme for New Zealand Maori to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease
    Kirsten A McAuley
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12:423-6. 2003
    ..1 kg in weight (95%CI -4 to -2) and a reduction of 7 mmHg in systolic blood pressure (95%CI -13, -1). This approach successfully reduced risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in New Zealand Maori in the short term...
  41. ncbi request reprint Rate of fat gain is faster in girls undergoing early adiposity rebound
    Rachael W Taylor
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Obes Res 12:1228-30. 2004
    ..To determine the changes in body composition (fat and lean mass) occurring in children during adiposity rebound (AR)...
  42. ncbi request reprint Body fat percentages measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry corresponding to recently recommended body mass index cutoffs for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 3-18 y
    Rachael W Taylor
    Departments of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1416-21. 2002
    ..Body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) cutoffs for use with children and adolescents aged 2-18 y that correspond to the well-accepted BMI cutoffs for overweight (> or = 25 but < 30) and obesity (> or = 30) in adults were published recently...
  43. ncbi request reprint Intensive exercise may preserve bone mass of the upper limbs in spinal cord injured males but does not retard demineralisation of the lower body
    L M Jones
    The School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Spinal Cord 40:230-5. 2002
    ..Cross-sectional study comparing a group of active spinal cord injured (SCI) males carefully matched for age, height, and weight with active able-bodied male controls...
  44. ncbi request reprint Tamoxifen and norethisterone: effects on plasma cholesterol and total body calcium content in the estrogen-deficient rat
    E Gold
    Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Horm Metab Res 26:100-3. 1994
    ..This is the first report in the rat that tamoxifen has lipid-lowering actions. It is suggested the rat may be useful for future investigations of the lipid-lowering mechanisms of tamoxifen...
  45. ncbi request reprint High-carbohydrate versus high-fat diets: effect on body composition in trained cyclists
    R C Brown
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:690-4. 2000
    ..Recent research suggesting the benefits of high-fat diets for endurance athletes have been viewed with caution because of the potential negative health consequences, including increased adiposity...
  46. doi request reprint The association between obesity and asthma: interactions between systemic and airway inflammation
    Tim J T Sutherland
    Respiratory Research Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178:469-75. 2008
    ..However, clear evidence for either an additive or a synergistic pathologic interaction between obesity and asthma is lacking in humans...
  47. ncbi request reprint Associations of birth weight and length, childhood size, and smoking with bone fractures during growth: evidence from a birth cohort study
    Ianthe E Jones
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Epidemiol 159:343-50. 2004
    ..However, for teenagers, personal daily smoking increased the risk of fracture (RR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.95). The authors concluded that tall and heavy children had an increased risk of fracture, as did adolescents who smoked regularly...
  48. doi request reprint Body mass index status is effective in identifying metabolic syndrome components and insulin resistance in Pacific Island teenagers living in New Zealand
    Andrea M Grant
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Metabolism 57:511-6. 2008
    ..We conclude that community studies of PI adolescents should focus on assessing risk factors whenever BMI values are high...
  49. ncbi request reprint Effects of dietary NaCl supplementation on bone synthesis of hydroxyproline, urinary hydroxyproline excretion and bone 45Ca uptake in the rat
    A Goulding
    Department of Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Horm Metab Res 20:743-5. 1988
    ..02) but they did not accumulate less 3H-hydroxyproline or less 45Ca in their bones than controls. These results indicate that salt-mediated osteopenia is due to an increase in bone resorption, rather than to a decrease in bone formation...
  50. ncbi request reprint Four-year gain in bone mineral in girls with and without past forearm fractures: a DXA study. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
    Ianthe E Jones
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Bone Miner Res 17:1065-72. 2002
    ..021]). These findings indicate that girls with distal forearm fractures do not improve their gain of BMC. We conclude that girls who have sustained a distal forearm fracture maintain their lower BMC at most sites for at least 4 years...
  51. ncbi request reprint Validity of body mass index compared with other body-composition screening indexes for the assessment of body fatness in children and adolescents
    Zuguo Mei
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:978-85. 2002
    ..Validation studies of height- and weight-based indexes of body fatness in children and adolescents have examined only small samples of school-age children...
  52. ncbi request reprint Are current playground safety standards adequate for preventing arm fractures?
    Ailsa Goulding
    Med J Aust 182:46-7; author reply 47. 2005