A D Harries

Summary

Affiliation: National Tuberculosis Control Programme
Country: Malawi

Publications

  1. ncbi Integration of operational research into National Tuberculosis Control Programmes
    Anthony D Harries
    Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:143-7. 2003
  2. ncbi Safety, effectiveness, and outcomes of concomitant use of highly active antiretroviral therapy with drugs for tuberculosis in resource-poor settings
    Anthony D Harries
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lancet 367:944-5. 2006
  3. pmc Research that influences policy and practice - characteristics of operational research to improve malaria control in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
    David N Durrheim
    World Health Organization Lymphatic Filariasis Collaborating Centre
    Malar J 1:9. 2002
  4. pmc Micronutrient malnutrition and wasting in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis with and without HIV co-infection in Malawi
    Monique van Lettow
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 4:61. 2004
  5. ncbi Using a bus service for transporting sputum specimens to the Central Reference Laboratory: effect on the routine TB culture service in Malawi
    A D Harries
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:204-10. 2004
  6. ncbi The diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi
    Anthony D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Capital City, Lilongwe 3, Malawi, UK
    Trop Doct 33:7-11. 2003
  7. ncbi Management of HIV in resource-poor countries, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lepr Rev 73:268-75. 2002
  8. pmc Expanding antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: drawing on the country's experience with tuberculosis
    Anthony D Harries
    HIV AIDS Unit, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    BMJ 329:1163-6. 2004
  9. pmc Preventing tuberculosis among health workers in Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, PB 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 80:526-31. 2002
  10. ncbi Human resources for control of tuberculosis and HIV-associated tuberculosis
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:128-37. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications99

  1. ncbi Integration of operational research into National Tuberculosis Control Programmes
    Anthony D Harries
    Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:143-7. 2003
    ..Finally, there should be strong advocacy for operational research, so that government policy makers can be convinced of its value...
  2. ncbi Safety, effectiveness, and outcomes of concomitant use of highly active antiretroviral therapy with drugs for tuberculosis in resource-poor settings
    Anthony D Harries
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lancet 367:944-5. 2006
  3. pmc Research that influences policy and practice - characteristics of operational research to improve malaria control in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
    David N Durrheim
    World Health Organization Lymphatic Filariasis Collaborating Centre
    Malar J 1:9. 2002
    ....
  4. pmc Micronutrient malnutrition and wasting in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis with and without HIV co-infection in Malawi
    Monique van Lettow
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 4:61. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that micronutrient malnutrition is associated with wasting and higher plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) load in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis...
  5. ncbi Using a bus service for transporting sputum specimens to the Central Reference Laboratory: effect on the routine TB culture service in Malawi
    A D Harries
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:204-10. 2004
    ....
  6. ncbi The diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi
    Anthony D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Capital City, Lilongwe 3, Malawi, UK
    Trop Doct 33:7-11. 2003
    ..In 39 (16%) patients an alternative non-TB diagnosis was made and in two (1%) patients it was not possible to make a decision. Diagnostic practices need to be improved, and ways of doing this are discussed...
  7. ncbi Management of HIV in resource-poor countries, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lepr Rev 73:268-75. 2002
    ..However, any meaningful challenge to the AIDS epidemic requires a huge scale-up of support from the international community, both for ARV drugs and for basic prevention and care packages...
  8. pmc Expanding antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: drawing on the country's experience with tuberculosis
    Anthony D Harries
    HIV AIDS Unit, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    BMJ 329:1163-6. 2004
  9. pmc Preventing tuberculosis among health workers in Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, PB 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 80:526-31. 2002
    ....
  10. ncbi Human resources for control of tuberculosis and HIV-associated tuberculosis
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:128-37. 2005
    ..We recommend an urgent shift in thinking about the human resource paradigm, and exhort international policy makers and the donor community to make a concerted effort to bridge the current gaps by investing for real change...
  11. ncbi Childhood tuberculosis in Malawi: nationwide case-finding and treatment outcomes
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:424-31. 2002
    ..All 43 non-private hospitals (three central, 22 [corrected] district and 18 [corrected] mission) in Malawi that register and treat adult and paediatric TB cases...
  12. ncbi Monitoring the response to antiretroviral therapy in resource-poor settings: the Malawi model
    Anthony D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Population, P O Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:695-701. 2004
    ....
  13. ncbi Developing operational research capacity in hospital tuberculosis control officers in Malawi
    A D Harries
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:266-70. 2003
    ..The National TB Control Programme (NTP) of Malawi...
  14. ncbi Characteristics and outcome of tuberculosis patients whose sputum smears are positive at or after 5 months of treatment
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:384-7. 2004
    ....
  15. ncbi Management and outcome of tuberculosis patients who fail treatment under routine programme conditions in Malawi
    A D Harries
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:1040-4. 2003
    ..All 43 non-private hospitals (three central, 22 district and 18 mission) in Malawi that registered and treated TB cases between 1 July 1999 and 30 June 2000...
  16. ncbi Defining and assessing the maximum number of visits patients should make to a health facility to obtain a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
    A D Harries
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:953-8. 2003
    ..All non-private hospitals in Malawi...
  17. ncbi Teaching tuberculosis control to medical undergraduates: the Malawi experience
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:842-7. 2003
    ..National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme (NTP) and College of Medicine (COM), Malawi...
  18. ncbi When are follow-up sputum smears actually examined in patients treated for new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis?
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:440-4. 2004
    ..All 44 non-private hospitals (four central, 22 district and 18 mission) in Malawi that registered and treated tuberculosis (TB) cases, October-December 2001...
  19. ncbi Prescriptions and dosages of anti-tuberculosis drugs in the National Tuberculosis Control Programme of Malawi
    A D Harries
    British High Commission, PO Box 30042, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:724-9. 2004
    ..All 44 non-private hospitals in Malawi treating pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients with an oral regimen (0.5RHZE/1.5R3H3Z3E3/6HE)...
  20. ncbi Preventing recurrent tuberculosis in high HIV-prevalent areas in sub-Saharan Africa: what are the options for tuberculosis control programmes?
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:616-22. 2003
    ..The authors suggest that this issue of recurrent TB should be considered as one of the important areas for debate and action when considering the dual TB/HIV epidemic...
  21. ncbi Tuberculosis control in Malawian prisons: from research to policy and practice
    A D Harries
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:614-7. 2004
    ..Monitoring and evaluation is undertaken using TB officers at district and regional level, and 6-monthly meetings are held with all stakeholders and the central unit to collate data and review prison TB control activities...
  22. ncbi Traditional healers and their practices in Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme Community Health Science Unit, Ministry of Health and Population, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Trop Doct 32:32-3. 2002
  23. ncbi Performance-related allowances within the Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme
    A D Harries
    National TB Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:138-44. 2005
    ..National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme (NTP), Malawi...
  24. ncbi Is oral intermittent initial phase anti-tuberculosis treatment associated with higher mortality in high HIV-prevalent areas in sub-Saharan Africa?
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:483-5. 2001
    ..Using concurrent comparisons, mortality was similar, although there was a higher death rate in the first month with the intermittent regimen. The intermittent regimen may be inferior to the established regimen...
  25. ncbi Tuberculosis
    A D Harries
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, P O Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi Family Health International, Malawi Country Office, Arwa House, 3rd Floor, P O Box 30455, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 100:415-31. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi Trials of anti-tuberculosis treatment in areas of high human immunodeficiency virus prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Capital City, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:998-1001. 2000
    ..The case for and against 'a trial of treatment' is presented, and a suggestion is made that 'a trial of treatment' can be incorporated into the case finding package of a National TB Control Programme...
  27. ncbi Providing HIV care for tuberculosis patients in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:1306-11. 2006
    ..We hope that this will generate discussion, but above all, the impetus to start delivering services to patients...
  28. pmc Ensuring uninterrupted supplies of antiretroviral drugs in resource-poor settings: an example from Malawi
    Anthony D Harries
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 85:152-5. 2007
    ..With many countries scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART), it is vital to avoid interrupted drug supplies, which would lead to drug resistance and treatment failure...
  29. ncbi Robert Koch and the discovery of the tubercle bacillus: the challenge of HIV and tuberculosis 125 years later
    A D Harries
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:241-9. 2008
  30. pmc Adapting the DOTS framework for tuberculosis control to the management of non-communicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
    Anthony D Harries
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    PLoS Med 5:e124. 2008
  31. pmc Highly active antiretroviral therapy and tuberculosis control in Africa: synergies and potential
    Anthony D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 80:464-9. 2002
    ..TB programmes could contribute towards the development and implementation of this strategy...
  32. pmc Resources for controlling tuberculosis in Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Capital City, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 79:329-36. 2001
    ..To document resources for controlling tuberculosis (TB) in Malawi...
  33. ncbi Preventing antiretroviral anarchy in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lancet 358:410-4. 2001
    ..Poor adherence to treatment leads to the emergence of drug-resistant viral strains that need new combinations of drugs or new drugs altogether...
  34. ncbi Design of regimens for treating tuberculosis in patients with HIV infection, with particular reference to sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:1109-15. 2001
    ....
  35. ncbi Clinical diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis: an audit of diagnostic practice in hospitals in Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:1143-7. 2001
    ..Thirty-seven hospitals in Malawi...
  36. ncbi Scaling up antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings
    Anthony D Harries
    Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lancet 367:1870-2. 2006
  37. ncbi High death rates in health care workers and teachers in Malawi
    A D Harries
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:34-7. 2002
    ..The current high death rates from AIDS and TB will have a crippling toll on the health and education sectors, and effective ways of reducing these death rates must be found...
  38. doi Different delivery models for antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of 'universal access'
    Anthony D Harries
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, P O Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:310-1. 2008
    ..Failure to do otherwise is to court disaster...
  39. ncbi High early death rate in tuberculosis patients in Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:1000-5. 2001
    ..Thirty-eight district and mission hospitals in Malawi...
  40. ncbi Auditing the new decentralised oral treatment regimens in Malawi
    T E Nyirenda
    World Health Organization Country Office, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:1089-94. 2004
    ..All 44 non-private hospitals in Malawi treating tuberculosis (TB) cases in which oral regimens were used allowing patients during the initial phase to receive directly observed treatment (DOT) from health centres or guardians at home...
  41. ncbi A unified treatment regimen for new cases of tuberculosis in resource-poor countries: a study in a rural district in Malawi
    A Banerjee
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:376-9. 2001
    ..In a rural district with high human immunodeficiency virus sero-prevalence rates in TB patients, case finding and end of treatment outcome of the oral unified regimen were comparable to those of previous regimens...
  42. ncbi Counselling, HIV testing and adjunctive cotrimoxazole for TB patients in Malawi: from research to routine implementation
    R B Chimzizi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:938-44. 2004
    ..Fifteen hospitals in Malawi that offer voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) for tuberculosis (TB) patients and cotrimoxazole (CTX) for patients found to be HIV-positive...
  43. ncbi Scaling up antiretroviral therapy in Africa: learning from tuberculosis control programmes--the case of Malawi
    E Libamba
    Department of Clinical Services, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:1062-71. 2005
    ..We hope that by using the DOTS approach we will be able to deliver ART to large numbers of HIV-infected patients under controlled conditions, and minimise the risk of developing drug resistance...
  44. ncbi What causes smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi, an area of high HIV seroprevalence?
    N J Hargreaves
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Sciences Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:113-22. 2001
    ..In this setting smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is diagnosed using clinical and radiographic criteria for TB, and mycobacterial cultures are not routinely available...
  45. ncbi Decentralisation of treatment for patients with tuberculosis in Malawi: moving from research to policy and practice
    F M Salaniponi
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:S38-47. 2003
    ..Five districts in Malawi...
  46. ncbi 'Smear-negative' pulmonary tuberculosis in a DOTS programme: poor outcomes in an area of high HIV seroprevalence
    N J Hargreaves
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Sciences Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:847-54. 2001
    ..Lilongwe Central Hospital, Malawi...
  47. pmc An approach to the problems of diagnosing and treating adult smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in high-HIV-prevalence settings in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 76:651-62. 1998
    ..Nevertheless, substantial improvement could be obtained by implementing the effective measures already available, such as improved adherence to diagnostic and treatment guidelines...
  48. ncbi Characteristics, management and outcome of patients with recurrent tuberculosis under routine programme conditions in Malawi
    F M Salaniponi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:948-52. 2003
    ..All 43 non-private hospitals in Malawi, which registered TB cases between 1 July 1999 and 30 June 2000...
  49. ncbi Scaling up HIV/AIDS and joint HIV-TB services in Malawi
    R Chimzizi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:582-4. 2005
    ..In 2003, 3703 patients with AIDS were started on antiretroviral therapy compared with 1220 patients in 2002...
  50. ncbi Prevalence of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis among prisoners in Malawi: a national survey
    H T Banda
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:1557-9. 2009
    ..7%) had smear-positive PTB. The prevalence of PTB was higher in large urban prisons (1.1%) than in district prisons (0.3%, P < 0.001). More needs to be done to improve TB control in urban prisons...
  51. ncbi Decentralisation of tuberculosis services in an urban setting, Lilongwe, Malawi
    T E Nyirenda
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Population, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:S21-8. 2003
    ..Lilongwe, the capital of Malawi, one of the countries in the world badly affected by the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic...
  52. ncbi Care of HIV complications in patients receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment in hospitals in Malawi
    R B Chimzizi
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:979-81. 2001
    ..Of patients with HIV complications, only 139 (16%) were receiving treatment. There is a lack of regular care and treatment for HIV complications in TB patients in Malawi...
  53. ncbi The scourge of HIV-related tuberculosis: a cohort study in a district general hospital in Malawi
    A D Harries
    College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 91:771-6. 1997
    ..The pattern of disease was uninfluenced by the HIV serostatus. The large number of cases registered emphasises the severity of the current epidemic of TB in Malawi and its impact upon young adults...
  54. ncbi Voluntary counselling, HIV testing and adjunctive cotrimoxazole are associated with improved TB treatment outcomes under routine conditions in Thyolo District, Malawi
    R Chimzizi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:579-85. 2004
    ....
  55. ncbi Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients being registered for smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi
    N J Hargreaves
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Sciences Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe Central Hospital, Box 149, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:402-8. 2001
    ..The outcome of PCP cases was poor despite management with high-dose co-trimoxazole and secondary co-trimoxazole prophylaxis, with a median survival of 4 months (25-75% range: 2-12 months)...
  56. ncbi Relapse and recurrent tuberculosis in the context of a national tuberculosis control programme
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:247-9. 2000
    ..Measures have been put in place to rectify the situation, and further operational research is planned to monitor treatment outcomes of patients with recurrent smear-negative TB...
  57. ncbi Outcomes of tuberculosis patients who start antiretroviral therapy under routine programme conditions in Malawi
    S D Makombe
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:412-6. 2007
    ..Public sector facilities in Malawi providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients, including those with tuberculosis (TB)...
  58. ncbi Treatment outcome of patients with smear-negative and smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in the National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Malawi
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 93:443-6. 1999
    ..As a result of this country-wide study the Malawi NTP has started to record routinely the treatment outcomes of smear-negative TB patients and has set treatment completion targets of 50% or higher for this group of patients...
  59. ncbi Differences in tuberculosis incidence rates in township and in rural populations in Ntcheu District, Malawi
    A Banerjee
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 93:392-3. 1999
    ..Possible explanations could be higher HIV seroprevalence rates in semi-urban areas compared with rural areas, under-diagnosis at health centres or poor access to medical facilities for rural people...
  60. ncbi Use of a multiple choice questionnaire to stimulate TB officers to read the TB manual in Malawi
    F M Salaniponi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:618-20. 2004
    ..The mean mark was 69%. Twelve (39%) officers scored 80% or higher and four (13%) scored below 50%. MCQ assessments may be a useful way of stimulating TB officers to read TB manuals and other guidelines...
  61. pmc Malawi's contribution to "3 by 5": achievements and challenges
    Edwin Libamba
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 85:156-60. 2007
    ..While reports from individual clinics point to successful implementation, there is limited information about progress in government institutions at a national level...
  62. ncbi Local perceptions of tuberculosis in a rural district in Malawi
    A Banerjee
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:1047-51. 2000
    ..Ntcheu district, Malawi...
  63. doi World Health Organization Clinical Stage 3 disease conditions in HIV-infected patients who start antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Damas Ngoma
    Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trop Doct 38:159-60. 2008
    ..These two areas need to be addressed in order to improve the management of patients starting on ART...
  64. ncbi Voluntary counselling, HIV testing and adjunctive cotrimoxazole reduces mortality in tuberculosis patients in Thyolo, Malawi
    Rony Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres Luxembourg, Blantyre, Malawi
    AIDS 17:1053-61. 2003
    ....
  65. ncbi HIV prevalence and demographic risk factors in blood donors
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Luxembourg, Blantyre, Malawi
    East Afr Med J 79:88-91. 2002
    ..To estimate HIV prevalence in various blood donor populations, to identity sociodemographic risk factors associated with prevalent HIV and to assess the feasibility of offering routine voluntary counselling services to blood donors...
  66. pmc Health seeking and sexual behaviour in patients with sexually transmitted infections: the importance of traditional healers in Thyolo, Malawi
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Luxembourg, Thyolo District, Malawi
    Sex Transm Infect 78:127-9. 2002
    ....
  67. ncbi Compliance with cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for the prevention of opportunistic infections in HIV-positive tuberculosis patients in Thyolo district, Malawi
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres Luxembourg, Thyolo District, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:843-6. 2001
    ....
  68. ncbi Characteristics of a cholera outbreak, patterns of Vibrio cholerae and antibiotic susceptibility testing in rural Malawi
    R Zachariah
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Reference Centre, Central Hospital, Rue Barble, Luxembourg
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:39-40. 2002
    ..Microbiological studies showed high resistance of Vibrio cholerae to commonly recommended antibiotics, predominant Ogawa serotypes and no O139 isolates...
  69. ncbi Efficacy and safety of two dosages of cotrimoxazole as preventive treatment for HIV-infected Malawian adults with new smear-positive tuberculosis
    Martin J Boeree
    Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 10:723-33. 2005
    ..To assess the efficacy and safety of two different dosages of cotrimoxazole (CTX) in prophylaxis in HIV-positive new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in Blantyre, Malawi...
  70. pmc A national survey of teachers on antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: access, retention in therapy and survival
    Simon D Makombe
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    PLoS ONE 2:e620. 2007
    ..A national survey was conducted in all public sector and private sector facilities in Malawi providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to determine the uptake of ART by teachers and their outcomes while on treatment...
  71. ncbi Early warning indicators for HIV drug resistance in Malawi
    Bethany L Hedt
    Centers for Disease Control Global AIDS Program Malawi, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    Antivir Ther 13:69-75. 2008
    ..Malawi started rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2004 and by December 2006 had initiated over 85,000 patients on treatment. Early warning indicator (EWI) reports can help to minimize the risk of emerging drug resistance...
  72. pmc A national survey of the impact of rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy on health-care workers in Malawi: effects on human resources and survival
    Simon D Makombe
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 85:851-7. 2007
    ..To assess the human resources impact of Malawis rapidly growing antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme and balance this against the survival benefit of health-care workers who have accessed ART themselves...
  73. pmc Antiretroviral therapy in the Malawi defence force: access, treatment outcomes and impact on mortality
    Alfred C Banda
    Malawi Defence Force, Medical Department, Lilongwe, Malawi
    PLoS ONE 3:e1445. 2008
    ....
  74. doi Outcomes of patients with Kaposi's sarcoma who start antiretroviral therapy under routine programme conditions in Malawi
    Simon D Makombe
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trop Doct 38:5-7. 2008
    ..HIV-positive KS patients on ART in Malawi have worse outcomes than other patients on ART. Methods designed to improve these outcomes must be found...
  75. ncbi Who is accessing antiretroviral therapy during national scale-up in Malawi?
    Simon Makombe
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, P O Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:975-9. 2006
    ..Steady progress is being made with national scale-up, although more attention needs to be directed to children, pregnant women and patients with TB to improve their access to ART...
  76. ncbi A national survey of prisoners on antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: access to treatment and outcomes on therapy
    Simon D Makombe
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    World Hosp Health Serv 44:26-9. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to measure access and treatment outcomes of prisoners on ART at the national level...
  77. ncbi Management and outcome of TB suspects admitted to the medical wards of a central hospital in Malawi
    Jeremy H Friend
    Department of Medicine, Lilongwe Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Trop Doct 35:93-5. 2005
    ..Improved and more rapid ways of managing TB suspects need to be found...
  78. pmc HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy in government and mission hospitals in Malawi: 2002-2007
    Kelita Kamoto
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi Med J 20:4-6. 2008
    ..There has been a rapid acceleration of HIV testing uptake and ART in government and mission hospitals. ART may facilitate the decision of clients to have an HIV test and therefore contribute in this way to HIV prevention efforts...
  79. pmc Antiretroviral therapy in the Malawi police force: access to therapy and treatment outcomes
    Simon D Makombe
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi Med J 20:23-7. 2008
    ..2%, 78.6% and 76.7% respectively. There has been a good access of police force personnel to ART since national scale up commenced with good treatment outcomes, and this should serve as an example for other police forces in the region...
  80. pmc Assessing the quality of data aggregated by antiretroviral treatment clinics in Malawi
    Simon D Makombe
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 86:310-4. 2008
    ..The accuracy and completeness of reports independently compiled by ART facilities, however, is often not known...
  81. doi Burden of cryptococcal meningitis in Malawi
    Simon D Makombe
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe
    Trop Doct 39:32-4. 2009
    ..These data are useful for quantifying the need for better diagnostic reagents and antifungal drugs...
  82. doi Antiretroviral treatment uptake and attrition among HIV-positive patients with tuberculosis in Kibera, Kenya
    K Tayler-Smith
    Medical Department, Operational Center Brussels, MSF Luxembourg, Luxembourg
    Trop Med Int Health 16:1380-3. 2011
    ..Of those who started ART, 14% were lost to attrition, making a cumulative pre-ART and ART attrition of 33%. ART uptake among patients with TB was relatively good, but programme attrition was high and needs urgent addressing...
  83. ncbi The use of a monitoring tool to assess counselling and HIV testing in the public health sector in Malawi
    Rhehab B Chimzizi
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Population, Lilongwe 3, Malawi, Central Africa
    Trop Doct 35:72-5. 2005
    ..TheVCT monitoring tool is straightforward to use, and the data collected should help to improve standardization, quality and future planning of VCT services in the country...
  84. pmc Supervision, monitoring and evaluation of nationwide scale-up of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Edwin Libamba
    Clinical HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 84:320-6. 2006
    ..To describe the supervision, monitoring and evaluation strategies used to assess the delivery of antiretroviral therapy during nationwide scale-up of treatment in Malawi...
  85. ncbi The missing cases of tuberculosis in Malawi: the contribution from cross-border registrations
    Felix M Salaniponi
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:251-4. 2004
    ....
  86. pmc Mortality reduction associated with HIV/AIDS care and antiretroviral treatment in rural Malawi: evidence from registers, coffin sales and funerals
    Beatrice Mwagomba
    Thyolo District Health Services, Ministry of Health and Population, Thyolo, Malawi
    PLoS ONE 5:e10452. 2010
    ....
  87. ncbi 'DOTS' and 'DOT' for delivering antiretroviral therapy in resource-poor countries
    Anthony D Harries
    AIDS 18:830-1; author reply 831-2. 2004
  88. ncbi HIV/AIDS and TB
    Anthony D Harries
    Trop Doct 36:65-7. 2006
  89. ncbi Managing HIV and tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa
    Anthony D Harries
    Lancet 367:1817-8. 2006
  90. ncbi Predicting the failure of 3 by 5
    Anthony D Harries
    Lancet 366:117. 2005
  91. ncbi Risk factors for high early mortality in patients on antiretroviral treatment in a rural district of Malawi
    Rony Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Operational Research, Brussels Operational Center, Belgium
    AIDS 20:2355-60. 2006
    ....
  92. ncbi Scaling-up co-trimoxazole prophylaxis in HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children in high HIV-prevalence countries
    Rony Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Medical Department Operational Research, Brussels Operational Center, Brussels, Belgium
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:686-93. 2007
    ..We discuss some of the major barriers preventing the scale-up of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for children in countries with a high prevalence of HIV and propose specific actions required to tackle these challenges...
  93. pmc What happens to patients on antiretroviral therapy who transfer out to another facility?
    Joseph Kwong Leung Yu
    Taiwan Medical Mission in Malawi, Mzuzu Central Hospital, Mzuzu, Malawi
    PLoS ONE 3:e2065. 2008
    ....
  94. pmc Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis reduces mortality in human immunodeficiency virus-positive tuberculosis patients in Karonga District, Malawi
    Frank B D Mwaungulu
    Karonga Prevention Study, Karonga, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 82:354-63. 2004
    ..To estimate the impact of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis on the survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive tuberculosis (TB) patients...
  95. ncbi AIDS and tuberculosis in medical inpatients in Malawi
    Menco M Weismuller
    Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Doct 33:167-8. 2003
  96. ncbi Risk factors for early mortality in children on adult fixed-dose combination antiretroviral treatment in a central hospital in Malawi
    Chin Nam Bong
    Taiwan Medical Mission, International Cooperation and Development Fund, Mzuzu Central Hospital, Mzuzu, Malawi
    AIDS 21:1805-10. 2007
    ....
  97. ncbi Sexually transmitted infections among prison inmates in a rural district of Malawi
    Rony Zachariah
    Mission Malawi, Medecins Sans Frontieres Luxembourg, 70 rue de Gasperich, L 1617, Luxembourg
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:617-9. 2002
    ..The findings have implications for HIV transmission and might help in developing more rational policies on STI control and condom access within Malawi prisons...
  98. pmc True outcomes for patients on antiretroviral therapy who are "lost to follow-up" in Malawi
    Joseph Kwong Leung Yu
    Taiwan Medical Mission to Malawi, Mzuzu Central Hospital, Mzuzu, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 85:550-4. 2007
    ..This figure is 9% in Malawi. There is no published information about the true outcome status of these patients...
  99. ncbi Improving health workers' performance in low-resource settings
    Anthony D Harries
    Lancet 366:1606. 2005