Institut Pasteur de Madagascar

Summary

Organization: Institut Pasteur de Madagascar
Country: Madagascar

Top Publications

  1. pmc Geographical and environmental approaches to urban malaria in Antananarivo (Madagascar)
    Fanjasoa Rakotomanana
    Unité Epidémiologie, Institut Pasteur, BP 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    BMC Infect Dis 10:173. 2010
  2. pmc Determining areas that require indoor insecticide spraying using Multi Criteria Evaluation, a decision-support tool for malaria vector control programmes in the Central Highlands of Madagascar
    Fanjasoa Rakotomanana
    Cellule Système d Information Géographique, Unité Epidémiologie, BP1274, Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Health Geogr 6:2. 2007
  3. pmc Seroprevalence of malaria in inhabitants of the urban zone of Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Olivier Domarle
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Malar J 5:106. 2006
  4. pmc Use of pre-packaged chloroquine for the home management of presumed malaria in Malagasy children
    Arsène Ratsimbasoa
    Malaria Unit Research, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Malar J 5:79. 2006
  5. ncbi Polymorphisms in pfcrt, pfmdr1, dhfr genes and in vitro responses to antimalarials in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Bangui, Central African Republic
    Didier Menard
    Pasteur Institute of Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:381-7. 2006
  6. pmc Low autochtonous urban malaria in Antananarivo (Madagascar)
    Leon Paul Rabarijaona
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274 Antananarivo 101, Madagascar, France
    Malar J 5:27. 2006
  7. pmc First evidence of pfcrt mutant Plasmodium falciparum in Madagascar
    Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:826-30. 2006
  8. ncbi Investigations of the Malagasy species Tachiadenus longiflorus Grisebach (Gentianaceae): linking chemical finding and traditional usage
    M Randrianarivelojosia
    Malaria Research Group, BP 1274, Antananarivo, 101, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Madagascar
    J Ethnopharmacol 105:456-8. 2006
  9. ncbi Usefulness of restriction fragment length polymorphism and spoligotyping for epidemiological studies of Mycobacterium bovis in Madagascar: description of new genotypes
    Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany
    Unité Tuberculose, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Vet Microbiol 114:115-22. 2006
  10. ncbi Association of failures of seven-day courses of artesunate in a non-immune population in Bangui, Central African Republic with decreased sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum
    Didier Menard
    Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:616-21. 2005

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. pmc Geographical and environmental approaches to urban malaria in Antananarivo (Madagascar)
    Fanjasoa Rakotomanana
    Unité Epidémiologie, Institut Pasteur, BP 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    BMC Infect Dis 10:173. 2010
    ..We used a geographical and environmental approach to investigate the contribution of environmental factors to urban malaria in Antananarivo...
  2. pmc Determining areas that require indoor insecticide spraying using Multi Criteria Evaluation, a decision-support tool for malaria vector control programmes in the Central Highlands of Madagascar
    Fanjasoa Rakotomanana
    Cellule Système d Information Géographique, Unité Epidémiologie, BP1274, Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Health Geogr 6:2. 2007
    ..We used multicriteria evaluation, by the method of weighted linear combination, as basis for improved targeting of actions by determining priority zones for intervention...
  3. pmc Seroprevalence of malaria in inhabitants of the urban zone of Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Olivier Domarle
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Malar J 5:106. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate exposure to malaria in the urban population of Antananarivo, by measuring the specific seroprevalence of Plasmodium falciparum...
  4. pmc Use of pre-packaged chloroquine for the home management of presumed malaria in Malagasy children
    Arsène Ratsimbasoa
    Malaria Unit Research, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Malar J 5:79. 2006
    ..The availability of treatment options by studying retailers and community-based service providers was also investigated...
  5. ncbi Polymorphisms in pfcrt, pfmdr1, dhfr genes and in vitro responses to antimalarials in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Bangui, Central African Republic
    Didier Menard
    Pasteur Institute of Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:381-7. 2006
    ..We found no correlations for the pfmdr1 gene. These findings suggest that a regular monitoring and screening for resistance markers for antifolates and for chloroquine could act as an adjunct to in vivo trials...
  6. pmc Low autochtonous urban malaria in Antananarivo (Madagascar)
    Leon Paul Rabarijaona
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274 Antananarivo 101, Madagascar, France
    Malar J 5:27. 2006
    ..The second aim was to determine, among the diagnosed malaria cases, the contribution of autochthonous urban malaria...
  7. pmc First evidence of pfcrt mutant Plasmodium falciparum in Madagascar
    Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:826-30. 2006
    ..In this context, genotyping of pfcrt remains a useful tool for CQ resistance surveillance as the prevalence of pfcrt mutations is far from saturation in Madagascar...
  8. ncbi Investigations of the Malagasy species Tachiadenus longiflorus Grisebach (Gentianaceae): linking chemical finding and traditional usage
    M Randrianarivelojosia
    Malaria Research Group, BP 1274, Antananarivo, 101, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Madagascar
    J Ethnopharmacol 105:456-8. 2006
    ..These compounds have been isolated previously from other sources and have shown broad pharmacological properties. We report the possible link between the compounds isolated and the traditional use of Tachiadenus longiflorus...
  9. ncbi Usefulness of restriction fragment length polymorphism and spoligotyping for epidemiological studies of Mycobacterium bovis in Madagascar: description of new genotypes
    Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany
    Unité Tuberculose, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Vet Microbiol 114:115-22. 2006
    ..No region-specific M. bovis genotype was identified, but the genotyping of 18 M. bovis strains isolated from patients showed that the human and bovine strains were identical, suggesting possible human contamination from zebu cattle...
  10. ncbi Association of failures of seven-day courses of artesunate in a non-immune population in Bangui, Central African Republic with decreased sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum
    Didier Menard
    Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:616-21. 2005
    ..We conclude that artesunate should not be used in monotherapy even in seven-day courses, but only in combination with other anti-malarials to prevent the emergence of resistant P. falciparum...
  11. ncbi Isradipine--a calcium channel blocker--does not potentiate chloroquine antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum
    M Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo
    Parasite 12:187-9. 2005
    ..Taking into account these findings, we discuss the issues related to the calcium channel blocker molecules...
  12. ncbi Evaluation of rapid HIV testing strategies in under equipped laboratories in the Central African Republic
    Didier Menard
    Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic, Madagascar
    J Virol Methods 126:75-80. 2005
    ..This new strategy appears to be reliable, simple, feasible and rapid in under equipped laboratories. It allows counseling and results to be given on the same day, which should improve post-test counseling...
  13. ncbi Influence of chemotherapy on the Plasmodium gametocyte sex ratio of mice and humans
    Arthur M Talman
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:739-44. 2004
    ..falciparum, they apparently increase their overall investment in sexual stages. This suggests that malaria parasite species respond to different environmental cues for their sex differentiation and sex determination...
  14. ncbi Plasmodium falciparum resistant to chloroquine and to pyrimethamine in Comoros
    M Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274 Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Parasite 11:419-23. 2004
    ..The alternative drugs proposed as a replacement for chloroquine as first-line treatment in Comoros, and the strategy to monitor the drug susceptibility of Plasmodium sp in this part of the Indian Ocean sub-region are discussed...
  15. ncbi [Cutaneous sporotricosis in a Malagasy patient]
    J F Carod
    Centre de Biologie Clinique, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar
    Med Trop (Mars) 67:18. 2007
  16. pmc Randomized clinical trial of artemisinin versus non-artemisinin combination therapy for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Madagascar
    Didier Menard
    Malaria Unit Research, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Malar J 6:65. 2007
    ....
  17. pmc In vitro activities of 18 antimicrobial agents against Staphylococcus aureus isolates from the Institut Pasteur of Madagascar
    Frédérique Randrianirina
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 6:5. 2007
    ..aureus infections have become limited. In developing countries and especially African countries very little is known concerning the resistance of S. aureus to antibiotics. In Madagascar no data exist concerning this resistance...
  18. ncbi First national survey of Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance, Madagascar, 2005-2006
    H Ramarokoto
    National Tuberculosis Programme Madagascar, Department of Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control, Ministry of Health and Family Planning, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:745-50. 2010
    ..A national survey of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance was conducted for the first time in Madagascar between October 2005 and July 2007...
  19. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance in pathogens causing nosocomial infections in surgery and intensive care units of two hospitals in Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Frédérique Randrianirina
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar
    J Infect Dev Ctries 4:74-82. 2010
    ..In developing countries, knowledge of antimicrobial resistance patterns is essential to define empirical therapy...
  20. pmc Bayesian mapping of pulmonary tuberculosis in Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Rindra V Randremanana
    Unité Epidémiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    BMC Infect Dis 10:21. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to explore this pattern further by a Bayesian approach, and to measure the associations between the spatial variation of TB risk and national control program indicators for all neighbourhoods...
  21. pmc Longitudinal survey of malaria morbidity over 10 years in Saharevo (Madagascar): further lessons for strengthening malaria control
    Leon P Rabarijaona
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274 Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Malar J 8:190. 2009
    ..To integrate this variability in the national malaria control policy, extensive epidemiological studies are required to up-date previous records and adjust strategies...
  22. pmc Dog ecology and demography in Antananarivo, 2007
    Maherisoa Ratsitorahina
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    BMC Vet Res 5:21. 2009
    ..The study addressed both owned and unowned dogs. Various aspects of dog ecology were determined, including size of dog population, relationship between dogs and humans, rabies vaccination...
  23. doi Lessons learnt from the six decades of chloroquine use (1945-2005) to control malaria in Madagascar
    Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Unité de Recherche sur le Paludisme, BP 1274 Antananarivo 101, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:3-10. 2009
    ..A change of this kind is complex and the lessons learnt from the six decades of CQ use are of the utmost importance to achieve malaria control...
  24. pmc Age-specific seroprevalence of hepatitis A in Antananarivo (Madagascar)
    Vaomalala Raharimanga
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    BMC Infect Dis 8:78. 2008
    ..There are very few reports on the prevalence of HAV in Madagascar. This study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus antibodies in relation to age in the city of Antananarivo, Madagascar...
  25. doi Reemergence of recombinant vaccine-derived poliovirus outbreak in Madagascar
    Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo
    Unité de virologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Madagascar
    J Infect Dis 197:1427-35. 2008
    ..After the 2001-2002 poliomyelitis outbreak due to recombinant vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) in the Toliara province of Madagascar, another outbreak reoccurred in the same province in 2005...
  26. pmc Assessment of the efficacy of antimalarial drugs recommended by the National Malaria Control Programme in Madagascar: up-dated baseline data from randomized and multi-site clinical trials
    Didier Menard
    Malaria Unit Research, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Malar J 7:55. 2008
    ....
  27. pmc Drug-resistant malaria parasites introduced into Madagascar from Comoros Islands
    Didier Menard
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1759-62. 2007
    ..International-level antimalarial policy and a regional antimalarial forum are needed...
  28. ncbi [Therapeutic efficacy of amodiaquine against uncomplicated malaria in Madagascar]
    Arthur Randriamanantena
    Unité de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Sante 17:75-8. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi [Rapid diagnostic test for malaria: preliminary study in Madagascar in 2003]
    Laurence Randrianasolo
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Sante 17:69-73. 2007
    ..RDT can be used to improve malaria case management at the primary heath centers in Madagascar. We discuss the choice of RDTs...
  30. ncbi Prevalent pfmdr1 n86y mutant Plasmodium falciparum in Madagascar despite absence of pfcrt mutant strains
    Marie Ange Rason
    Unité de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Antananarivo, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Madagascar
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1079-83. 2007
    ..falciparum after 60 years of chloroquine use. They provide additional field-based evidence for increased mefloquine susceptibility in pfmdr1 mutant P. falciparum and are suggestive of the intrahost selection of pfmdr1 mutant parasites...
  31. ncbi [Molecular characterization of mosquitoes of the Anopheles gambiae complex from Mayotte and Great Comoro]
    Pock Tsy J Léong
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Parasite 10:273-6. 2003
    ..Finally, in Mayotte and Grande Comore the An. gambiae complex is only composed by An. gambiae s.s. from the molecular form S/type IB...
  32. ncbi [A network RER rooted on in vitro readout assays of Plasmodium falciparum sensitivity to chloroquine in the Indian Ocean Region]
    Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Sante 13:95-100. 2003
    ..In December 1999, the Madagascan Ministry of Health and the Institut Pasteur de Madagascar formed a network named RER for malaria resistance surveillance...
  33. pmc A combination of two genetic markers is sufficient for restriction fragment length polymorphism typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in areas with a high incidence of tuberculosis
    V Rasolofo-Razanamparany
    Unité Tuberculose Peste, Institut Pasteur, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar
    J Clin Microbiol 39:1530-5. 2001
    ..Additional markers such as DR are necessary for the differentiation of the isolates and for epidemiological surveys...
  34. ncbi Anti-NANP antibody and treatment efficacy in patients with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria attacks
    V Robert
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement ex ORSTOM, Laboratoire de Paludologie, Dakar, Senegal
    Parasite Immunol 22:589-93. 2000
    ....
  35. ncbi [Seroprevalence of viral hepatitis B in the city of Mahajanga, Madagascar in 1999]
    R Migliani
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Med Trop (Mars) 60:146-50. 2000
    ..The findings of this study are in agreement with those of a previous study in Madagascar and indicate that an expanded program of immunization against hepatitis B virus is warranted...
  36. ncbi [Malaria and schistosomiasis: 2 examples using systems of geographical information and teledetection in Madagascar]
    I Jeanne
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 93:208-14. 2000
    ..The GIS and remote sensing system were applied to analyse ricefield areas, where the main vector are Anopheles funestus. Rice-field surfaces were statistically linked with abundance of vectors evaluated by entomological parametres...
  37. ncbi Early diagnosis of bubonic plague using F1 antigen capture ELISA assay and rapid immunogold dipstick
    S Chanteau
    Institut Pasteur, World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Plague, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Med Microbiol 290:279-83. 2000
    ..Both the F1 ELISA and the dipstick assays are valuable tools for an early diagnosis and for the surveillance of plague...
  38. ncbi 45/47 kilodalton (APA) antigen capture and antibody detection assays for the diagnosis of tuberculosis
    S Chanteau
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:377-83. 2000
    ..APA complex (45/47 kDa) is an antigen specifically excreted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and could therefore be a good candidate for diagnosis...
  39. ncbi Seroepidemiology of human plague in the Madagascar highlands
    M Ratsitorahina
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Trop Med Int Health 5:94-8. 2000
    ..We also confirm that Yersinia pestis infections may occur without marked clinical manifestations and patients may recover without treatment, in accordance with old observations of pestis minor...
  40. ncbi Morbidity assessment in urinary schistosomiasis infection through ultrasonography and measurement of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in urine
    P D Leutscher
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Trop Med Int Health 5:88-93. 2000
    ..ECP may therefore provide important information on the evolution of S. haematobium-associated urinary tract morbidity...
  41. ncbi Prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis in human pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in Madagascar
    V Rasolofo-Razanamparany
    Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:632-4. 1999
    ..bovis of 1.25% was observed among sputum smear-positive patients and 1.3% among extra-pulmonary TB patients. This study was conducted in urban areas and will be extended to rural zones, where the majority of the population lives...
  42. ncbi Wild poliovirus circulation among healthy children immunized with oral polio vaccine in Antananarivo, Madagascar
    M R Andrianarivelo
    Virology Unit, Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Trop Med Int Health 4:50-7. 1999
    ..Multiple strategies are required to improve immunization coverage in Madagascar...
  43. ncbi Reversibility of Schistosoma mansoni-associated morbidity after yearly mass praziquantel therapy: ultrasonographic assessment
    P Boisier
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Madagascar
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 92:451-3. 1998
    ..Our results indicate that repeated praziquantel therapy can lead to improvement of liver morbidity and the prevention of the development of schistosomal hepatic fibrosis, even in an old-established hyperendemic focus...
  44. ncbi [Update on plague in Madagascar]
    S Chanteau
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar
    Med Trop (Mars) 58:25-31. 1998
    ..A strain showing multiresistance to standard therapeutic antibiotic agents was isolated in 1995. Bubonic plaque is a priority health problem in Madagascar but remains a major concern for the rest of the world...
  45. ncbi Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in Madagascar in 1994-1995
    S Chanteau
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1:405-10. 1997
    ..A new tuberculosis control programme has been implemented in Madagascar since 1991. A survey on Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance to the major drugs was conducted between August 1994 and December 1995...
  46. ncbi Association of severe malaria with a specific Plasmodium falciparum genotype in French Guiana
    F Ariey
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Moléculaire et Centre National de Référence de la Chimiorésistance du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, French Guiana
    J Infect Dis 184:237-41. 2001
    ..These results provide field evidence of an association of severe malaria with specific genetic characteristics of parasites and open the way for intervention strategies targeting key virulence factors of parasites...
  47. ncbi [Resurgence of the plague in the Ikongo district of Madagascar in 1998. 1. Epidemiological aspects in the human population]
    R Migliani
    Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Centre collaborateur OMS Peste, BP 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 94:115-8. 2001
    ..The small mammals and vectors possibly involved in these new foci were investigated in May 1999...
  48. ncbi Mass vaccination campaigns to eradicate poliomyelitis in Madagascar: oral poliovirus vaccine increased immunity of children who missed routine programme
    M R Andrianarivelo
    Unité de virologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Trop Med Int Health 6:1032-9. 2001
    ..However, as the mass campaign strategy now has been discontinued, it is crucial to increase the routine coverage and to improve acute flaccid paralysis surveillance in order to fulfil the goal of poliomyelitis eradication...
  49. pmc Plants traditionally prescribed to treat tazo (malaria) in the eastern region of Madagascar
    Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar BP 1274, Antananarivo 101 Madagascar
    Malar J 2:25. 2003
    ..Thus, it is worth documenting the ethnobotanical data, and testing the antiplasmodial activity of the extractive from plants...
  50. ncbi Sex ratio of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes in inhabitants of Dielmo, Senegal
    V Robert
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR Paludisme afro tropical, B P 1386, Dakar, Senegal
    Parasitology 127:1-8. 2003
    ..These results are discussed in regard of possible differential production, mortality or sequestration of one gametocyte sex and selective advantages for the transmission of parasites...
  51. ncbi Metapopulation concepts applied to falciparum malaria and their impacts on the emergence and spread of chloroquine resistance
    Frederic Ariey
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Infect Genet Evol 2:185-92. 2003
    ..These findings agree with the observed emergence of chloroquine resistance in south-east Asia and South American but not in Africa, and with its rapid spread following its introduction...
  52. ncbi [Biology of man-mosquito Plasmodium transmission]
    V Robert
    IRD UR 077 paludisme afro tropical et Groupe de recherche sur le paludisme de l Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, B P 1274 Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 96:6-20. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi In vitro sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to amodiaquine compared with other major antimalarials in Madagascar
    M Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, BP 1274, Antananarivo 101, République de Madagascar
    Parassitologia 44:141-7. 2002
    ..These results indicate that amodiaquine may be a potent alternative to chloroquine in Madagascar. There was positive correlation between tested quinoline-containing drugs activities, which suggests in vitro cross-susceptibility...
  54. ncbi Lot quality assurance sampling for screening communities hyperendemic for Schistosoma mansoni
    L P Rabarijaona
    Unite d Epidemiologie, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Trop Med Int Health 8:322-8. 2003
    ..mansoni infection in the main regions...
  55. ncbi Malaria transmission in urban sub-Saharan Africa
    Vincent Robert
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:169-76. 2003
    ..Malaria control in urban environments may be simpler as a result of urbanization; however, much of what we know about malaria transmission in rural environments might not hold in the urban context...
  56. ncbi Sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections in men living in rural Madagascar: implications for HIV transmission
    Peter D C Leutscher
    Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Sex Transm Dis 30:262-5. 2003
    ..Madagascar is in the midst of a large HIV epidemic. Therefore, it is important to obtain relevant epidemiologic data that can be used to develop a preventive strategy...
  57. ncbi Current absence of pyrimethamine resistance of Plasmodium falciparum in Madagascar
    Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, B P 1274, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:557-9. 2002
    ..The results indicate the absence of the dhfr encoding Asn108 and Thr108 among tested clinical isolates. The sensitivity of P. falciparum to pyrimethamine-based antimalarial drugs in Madagascar is discussed...
  58. pmc Extrapulmonary and pulmonary tuberculosis in antananarivo (madagascar): high clustering rate in female patients
    Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany
    Unité Tuberculose Peste, Institut Pasteur, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3964-9. 2002
    ..The clustering rate was found to be significantly higher in female patients (62%) than in male patients (48%) (P = 0.029), suggesting that Malagasy women were more likely to progress to disease after infection than men...
  59. ncbi [Non-tubercular bacterial meningitis in children in Antananarivo, Madagascar]
    R Migliani
    Institut Pasteur, BP 1274, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Arch Pediatr 9:892-7. 2002
    ..To determine the bacterial causal agents of meningitis and their pattern of resistance, in children more than one month to 14 years of age...
  60. ncbi Bacteriological follow-up of tuberculosis treatment: a comparative study of smear microscopy and culture results at the second month of treatment
    H Ramarokoto
    Programme National Tuberculose, Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:909-12. 2002
    ..Significance of a positive bacillary examination of sputum at 2 months of treatment in relation to the viability of the bacilli and the final treatment result...
  61. pmc A possible alternative method for collecting mosquito larvae in rice fields
    Vincent Robert
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar
    Malar J 1:4. 2002
    ..In order to establish as easily as possible if a rice field is an effective larval site for anophelines, we compared classical dipping versus a net as methods of collecting larvae...
  62. ncbi [Ngari virus (Bunyaviridae: Bunyavirus). First isolation from humans in Senegal, new mosquito vectors, its epidemiology]
    H G Zeller
    Institut Pasteur, Dakar, Senegal
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 89:12-6. 1996
    ..Ngari virus epidemiology will need further investigations in order to approach the real pathogenicity of such emerging virus...