Bernd Kirchhof

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi Use of perfluorohexyloctane as a long-term internal tamponade agent in complicated retinal detachment surgery
    Bernd Kirchhof
    University of Aachen, Department of Ophthalmology, Aachen, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 133:95-101. 2002
  2. ncbi Polymorphisms in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 are associated with better response rates to ranibizumab treatment in age-related macular degeneration
    Manuel M Hermann
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Ophthalmology 121:905-10. 2014
  3. ncbi Relationship between visual acuity and spectral domain optical coherence tomography retinal parameters in neovascular age-related macular degeneration
    Tina Ristau
    Cologne Image Reading Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Ophthalmologica 231:37-44. 2014
  4. doi Heavy silicone oil versus standard silicone oil in as vitreous tamponade in inferior PVR (HSO Study): interim analysis
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, Charite, University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    Acta Ophthalmol 89:e483-9. 2011
  5. pmc Nutritional risk factors for age-related macular degeneration
    Lebriz Ersoy
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Biomed Res Int 2014:413150. 2014
  6. ncbi Heavy silicone oil versus standard silicone oil as vitreous tamponade in inferior PVR (HSO Study): design issues and implications
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Dusseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:623-30. 2007
  7. ncbi Autologous translocation of the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium in patients with geographic atrophy
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany
    Ophthalmology 114:551-60. 2007
  8. pmc SDOCT thickness measurements of various retinal layers in patients with autosomal dominant optic atrophy due to OPA1 mutations
    Andrea M Schild
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Biomed Res Int 2013:121398. 2013
  9. doi Long-term stability of vascular endothelial growth factor suppression time under ranibizumab treatment in age-related macular degeneration
    Philipp S Muether
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 156:989-993.e2. 2013
  10. ncbi Strategies to influence PVR development
    Bernd Kirchhof
    Department of Vitreo retinal Surgery, Centre of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50931 Cologne, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 242:699-703. 2004

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi Use of perfluorohexyloctane as a long-term internal tamponade agent in complicated retinal detachment surgery
    Bernd Kirchhof
    University of Aachen, Department of Ophthalmology, Aachen, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 133:95-101. 2002
    ..To report the use of perfluorohexyloctane, a liquid semifluorinated alkane that is heavier than water, as an internal tamponade agent in surgery for complicated retinal detachments...
  2. ncbi Polymorphisms in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 are associated with better response rates to ranibizumab treatment in age-related macular degeneration
    Manuel M Hermann
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Ophthalmology 121:905-10. 2014
    ..We evaluated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VEGF genes and their receptors (VEGFR) with the response rate to ranibizumab in 366 patients with neovascular AMD...
  3. ncbi Relationship between visual acuity and spectral domain optical coherence tomography retinal parameters in neovascular age-related macular degeneration
    Tina Ristau
    Cologne Image Reading Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Ophthalmologica 231:37-44. 2014
    ..Relationship between spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and visual acuity (VA) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NVAMD)...
  4. doi Heavy silicone oil versus standard silicone oil in as vitreous tamponade in inferior PVR (HSO Study): interim analysis
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, Charite, University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    Acta Ophthalmol 89:e483-9. 2011
    ..The Heavy Silicone Oil versus Standard Silicone Oil Study (HSO study) is designed to answer the question whether a heavier-than-water tamponade improves the prognosis of eyes with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) of the lower retina...
  5. pmc Nutritional risk factors for age-related macular degeneration
    Lebriz Ersoy
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Biomed Res Int 2014:413150. 2014
    ..781. Conclusion. Red meat intake and obesity were independently associated with increased risk for late AMD, whereas fruit intake was protective. A better understanding of nutritional risk factors is necessary for the prevention of AMD. ..
  6. ncbi Heavy silicone oil versus standard silicone oil as vitreous tamponade in inferior PVR (HSO Study): design issues and implications
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Dusseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:623-30. 2007
    ..The Heavy Silicone Oil versus Standard Silicone Oil Study (HSO Study) is designed to answer the question of whether a heavier-than-water tamponade improves the prognosis of eyes with PVR of the lower retina...
  7. ncbi Autologous translocation of the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium in patients with geographic atrophy
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany
    Ophthalmology 114:551-60. 2007
    ..To evaluate the functional and anatomical outcomes of autologous translocation of peripheral choroid and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in patients with geographic atrophy...
  8. pmc SDOCT thickness measurements of various retinal layers in patients with autosomal dominant optic atrophy due to OPA1 mutations
    Andrea M Schild
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Biomed Res Int 2013:121398. 2013
    ..To specify thickness values of various retinal layers on macular spectral domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SDOCT) scans in patients with autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) compared to healthy controls...
  9. doi Long-term stability of vascular endothelial growth factor suppression time under ranibizumab treatment in age-related macular degeneration
    Philipp S Muether
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 156:989-993.e2. 2013
    ..To determine intra-individual long-term stability of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) suppression time in eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treated with ranibizumab...
  10. ncbi Strategies to influence PVR development
    Bernd Kirchhof
    Department of Vitreo retinal Surgery, Centre of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50931 Cologne, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 242:699-703. 2004
    ..As for the treatment of existent PVR despite some progress in the past, there should be better ways of treatment ahead of us...
  11. ncbi A central role for inflammation in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery and Angiogenesis Laboratory, Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
    FASEB J 18:1450-2. 2004
    ..These data highlight the central and causal role of adherent leukocytes in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. They also underscore the potential utility of anti-inflammatory treatment in diabetic retinopathy...
  12. ncbi Suppression of Fas-FasL-induced endothelial cell apoptosis prevents diabetic blood-retinal barrier breakdown in a model of streptozotocin-induced diabetes
    Antonia M Joussen
    Retina Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    FASEB J 17:76-8. 2003
    ..These data imply that the targeting of the Fas-FasL pathway may prove beneficial in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy...
  13. ncbi Response to anti-VEGF therapy in patients with subretinal fluid and pigment epithelial detachment on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
    Lebriz Ersoy
    Cologne Image Reading Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Kerpener Strasse 92, 50924, Cologne, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 252:889-97. 2014
    ..To analyse the long-term functional and morphological response of a specific choroidal neovascular membrane (CNV) phenotype to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy...
  14. ncbi Is significant relevant? Validity and patient benefit of randomized controlled clinical trials on age-related macular degeneration
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Surv Ophthalmol 52:266-78. 2007
    ..This review aims to analyze problems with external validity in the randomized controlled trials on ARMD and surveys the endpoints of clinical studies with respect to the patient benefit...
  15. doi Aqueous flare is increased in patients with clinically significant cystoid macular oedema after cataract surgery
    Lebriz Ersoy
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Br J Ophthalmol 97:862-5. 2013
    ....
  16. doi Surgical management of subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes in age-related macular degeneration by macular relocation: experiences of an early-stopped randomised clinical trial (MARAN Study)
    A M Joussen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany
    Eye (Lond) 24:284-9. 2010
    ..The MARAN (Macular Relocation in Age-related Neovascular disease) trial was planned to assess the effectiveness of full macular relocation (MR) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  17. ncbi Neodymium:YAG laser capsulotomy in vitrectomized pseudophakic eyes with persistent endotamponade
    Thomas S Dietlein
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    J Cataract Refract Surg 29:2385-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate the feasibility and limits of neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy in eyes with persistent endotamponade...
  18. pmc Impact of the common genetic associations of age-related macular degeneration upon systemic complement component C3d levels
    Tina Ristau
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    PLoS ONE 9:e93459. 2014
    ..Major genetic and non-genetic factors for AMD were not associated with systemic complement activation...
  19. pmc Retinal layers measurements in healthy eyes and in eyes receiving silicone oil-based endotamponade
    Albert Caramoy
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Acta Ophthalmol 92:e292-7. 2014
    ..To characterize the concordance/symmetry of each retinal layers in individuals without macular pathology and to further characterize the localization of inner retinal thinning in eyes receiving silicone oil-based endotamponade...
  20. pmc Grading of Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Comparison between Color Fundus Photography, Fluorescein Angiography, and Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
    Nils F Mokwa
    Cologne Image Reading Center and Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    J Ophthalmol 2013:385915. 2013
    ..Conclusions. CNV lesions and activity may be missed by FP alone, but FP may help identifying drusen and pigmentary changes. SDOCT is highly sensitive for the detection of AMD, CNV, and CNV activity; however, it cannot fully replace FA...
  21. ncbi Translocation of iris pigment epithelium in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration: long-term results
    Alexandra Lappas
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52057 Aachen, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 242:638-47. 2004
    ..To report the practicability and efficacy of autologous iris pigment epithelium (IPE) translocation in exudative age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) over 1 year...
  22. pmc Cost-effectiveness of autologous retinal pigment epithelium and choroid translocation in neovascular AMD
    Aljoscha S Neubauer
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Mathildenstr 8, 80336 Muenchen, Germany
    Int J Ophthalmol 3:228-33. 2010
    ..To assess the cost-effectiveness of autologous retinal pigment epithelium and choroid translocation (PATCH) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  23. pmc Histological evidence for revascularisation of an autologous retinal pigment epithelium--choroid graft in the pig
    Kristel J M Maaijwee
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:546-50. 2007
    ..Angiographic studies in these patients suggest that their grafts become revascularised...
  24. ncbi Influence on membrane-mediated cell activation by vesicles of silicone oil or perfluorohexyloctane
    Norbert Kociok
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne and Center for Molecular Medicine ZMMK, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 243:345-58. 2005
    ..It has been hypothesized that emulsification of vitreous tamponades might stimulate retinal membrane formation...
  25. ncbi Outcome of combined penetrating keratoplasty with vitreoretinal surgery for management of severe ocular injuries
    Sigrid Roters
    Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Retina 23:48-56. 2003
    ..To assess the effectiveness of a combined procedure (pars plana vitrectomy with temporary keratoprosthesis, vitreoretinal surgery, and penetrating keratoplasty) and to determine which factors influence corneal transplant success rates...
  26. ncbi A 7-year follow-up of severe ocular trauma following a bomb explosion
    Kan Koizumi
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 81:667-9. 2003
  27. ncbi Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prevent early diabetic retinopathy via TNF-alpha suppression
    Antonia M Joussen
    Retina Research Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    FASEB J 16:438-40. 2002
    ..Taken together, these data identify COX-2 and TNF-alpha as operative in the early signature pathologies of diabetic retinopathy, a newly recognized inflammatory disease...
  28. ncbi [Pathogenesis of diabetic macular oedema]
    Tim U Krohne
    Abteilung für Netzhaut und Glaskörperchirurgie des Zentrums für Augenheilkunde und Zentrum für Molekulare Medizin, Universitat zu Koln, Germany
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 220:521-5. 2003
    ..This review focuses on the molecular basis of these mechanisms and discusses the role of cytokines and cellular interactions in blood retina barrier breakdown...
  29. ncbi [Diabetic maculopathy - classification and therapy]
    Sascha Fauser
    Abteilung für Netzhaut und Glaskörperchirurgie des Zentrums für Augenheilkunde und Zentrum für Molekulare Medizin, Universitat zu Koln
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 220:526-31. 2003
    ..This review discusses the value of standard therapeutical options as well as the recent surgical and pharmacological approaches...
  30. ncbi Combined penetrating keratoplasty and vitreoretinal surgery with silicone oil: a 1-year follow-up
    Sigrid Roters
    Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 241:24-33. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi Contribution of TNF-alpha to leukocyte adhesion, vascular leakage, and apoptotic cell death in endotoxin-induced uveitis in vivo
    Kan Koizumi
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, and Center for Molecular Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:2184-91. 2003
    ..To investigate the effect of TNF-alpha on leukocyte adhesion, vascular leakage, and apoptotic cell death in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in the rat...
  32. ncbi Indocyanine-green-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling in macular hole surgery--a follow-up study
    Andreas W A Weinberger
    Augenklinik des Universitätsklinikums Aachen, Pauwelsstr 30, 52057 Aachen, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 240:913-7. 2002
    ..Poor visualization of the ILM is an obstacle for successful surgery. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) has been reported to be a helpful intraocular substance in identifying these membranes...
  33. ncbi Role of syndecan-1 in leukocyte-endothelial interactions in the ocular vasculature
    Martin Götte
    Division of Newborn Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:1135-41. 2002
    ..In this study, the role of the HS proteoglycan syndecan-1 in mediating leukocyte-endothelial interactions in the ocular vasculature was investigated...
  34. pmc Retinal vascular endothelial growth factor induces intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression and initiates early diabetic retinal leukocyte adhesion in vivo
    Antonia M Joussen
    Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, 243 Charles Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Pathol 160:501-9. 2002
    ..The inhibition of VEGF bioactivity may prove useful in the treatment of the early diabetic retinopathy...
  35. ncbi Apoptosis-mediating receptor-ligand systems in human retinal pigment epithelial cells
    Arno Hueber
    Department of Vitreo retinal Surgery, Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 240:551-6. 2002
    ..TRAIL (Apo2-L) and Apo3-L are capable of inducing cell death via their receptors Trail-R1 to Trail-R4 and TRAMP. The goal of this study was to prove the existence of these new apoptosis-inducing receptors and ligands in RPE cells...
  36. ncbi [Macular translocation. Improved prognosis for age-related macular degeneration]
    Bernd Kirchhof
    Ophthalmologe 99:143. 2002
  37. ncbi [Macular hole surgery: experience with autologous platelet concentrate and indocyanine green-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling]
    Thomas Kube
    Augenklinik der Albert Ludwigs Universität Freiburg, Freiburg
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 219:883-8. 2002
    ..To report on our clinical experience with autologous platelet concentrate and indocyanine green(ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in macular hole surgery...
  38. ncbi [Treatment of Acute Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO) by Hyperbaric Oxygenation Therapy (HBO)--Pilot study with 21 patients]
    Andreas W A Weinberger
    Augenklinik der Medizinischen Fakultät der RWTH Aachen, Germany
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 219:728-34. 2002
    ..In this study we applied hyperbaric oxygenation treatment additionally to haemodilution to overcome retinal ischaemia until spontaneous recanalisation of the central retinal artery occurs...
  39. ncbi VEGF-dependent conjunctivalization of the corneal surface
    Antonia M Joussen
    Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:117-23. 2003
    ..To investigate the mechanisms governing corneal neovascularization and the appearance of goblet cells in a murine model of limbal insufficiency...
  40. ncbi Characterization of daunorubicin-induced apoptosis in retinal pigment epithelial cells: modulation by CD95L
    Arno Hueber
    Department of Vitreo retinal Surgery, Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:2851-7. 2003
    ..To characterize daunorubicin-induced cell death in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and its modulation by CD95 ligand (CD95L)...
  41. ncbi The effect of membrane differential filtration on the colloid osmotic pressure in patients with age-related macular degeneration: significance to visual function?
    Christoph Lüke
    Center of Ophthalmology, Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, University of Koln, Koln, Germany
    Ther Apher Dial 7:263-8. 2003
    ..Based on the observation that visual field and COP are correlated, one may hope for a means to improve decreased central retinal function in eyes with geographic AMD by modulation of COP plasma level...
  42. ncbi Fixation stability and macular light sensitivity in patients with diabetic maculopathy: a microperimetric study with a scanning laser ophthalmoscope
    Thomas Kube
    Augenklinik, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Deutschland
    Ophthalmologica 219:16-20. 2005
    ..The aim of the study was to assess localized light sensitivity in the central visual field and to determine fixation stability in patients with diabetic maculopathy with moderate visual loss in comparison to healthy controls...
  43. ncbi Effects of daunorubicin and CD95L on retinal function in superfused vertebrate retina
    Arno Hueber
    Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 21:133-8. 2005
    ..The combination with CD95L did not increase retinal toxicity. It is, therefore, concluded that daunorubicin may be applied intraocularly, combined with CD95L, without interfering with retinal function...
  44. ncbi Comment on papers by Ashikari, Ozeki, Tomida, Sakurai, Tamai, Ogura: retention of dye after indocyanine-green assisted internal limiting membrane peeling, and by Ciardella, Schiff, Barile, Vidne, Sparrow, Langton, Chang: persistent indocyanine green fluor
    Andreas W A Weinberger
    Am J Ophthalmol 137:590-1; author reply 591. 2004
  45. ncbi Characteristics of iris and retinal pigment epithelial cells cultured on collagen type I membranes
    Gabriele Thumann
    Department of Ophthalmology and IZKF BIOMAT, RHWTH Aachen University, Germany
    Curr Eye Res 31:241-9. 2006
    ..For this purpose, it is necessary to establish cell culture techniques that allow acquisition of proper functional and morphological characteristics by the cells to be transplanted...
  46. ncbi Overexpression of FasL in retinal pigment epithelial cells reduces choroidal neovascularization
    Irina Semkova
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    FASEB J 20:1689-91. 2006
    ..The specific overexpression of FasL in RPE layer reduced CNV formation in our laser model. Our results strongly point to the FasL-Fas pathway as a potential therapeutic target in controlling pathological choroidal neovascularization...
  47. ncbi Autologous translocation of the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium in age-related macular degeneration
    Antonia M Joussen
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:17-30. 2006
    ..To evaluate the autologous translocation of peripheral choroid and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in 45 eyes of 43 patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  48. ncbi Internal limiting membrane staining with various concentrations of indocyanine green dye
    Andreas W A Weinberger
    Am J Ophthalmol 137:589; author reply 589-90. 2004
  49. ncbi In vivo retinal tolerance of various heavy silicone oils
    Jerzy Mackiewicz
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1873-83. 2007
    ....
  50. ncbi Electro-oculographic findings after 360 degrees retinotomy and macular translocation for subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation in age-related macular degeneration
    Christoph Lüke
    Center of Ophthalmology, Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50924 Cologne, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 241:710-5. 2003
    ....
  51. ncbi Visual outcome of patients with macular edema after pars plana vitrectomy and indocyanine green-assisted peeling of the internal limiting membrane
    Sven Radetzky
    Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50931, Cologne, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 242:273-8. 2004
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of inner limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in persistent macular edema...