Abdisalan M Noor

Summary

Affiliation: Kenya Medical Research Institute
Country: Kenya

Publications

  1. pmc Clinical epidemiology of malaria in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:543-8. 2002
  2. pmc Identifying residual foci of Plasmodium falciparum infections for malaria elimination: the urban context of Khartoum, Sudan
    Amal B Nourein
    Department of Parasitology, Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
    PLoS ONE 6:e16948. 2011
  3. pmc The first model-based geostatistical map of anaemia
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1001039. 2011
  4. pmc Mapping populations at risk: improving spatial demographic data for infectious disease modeling and metric derivation
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
    Popul Health Metr 10:8. 2012
  5. pmc Human movement data for malaria control and elimination strategic planning
    Deepa K Pindolia
    Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
    Malar J 11:205. 2012
  6. pmc Analyzing the equity of public primary care provision in Kenya: variation in facility characteristics by local poverty level
    Mitsuru Toda
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Equity Health 11:75. 2012
  7. pmc Malaria control and the intensity of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Namibia 1969-1992
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e63350. 2013
  8. pmc Using remotely sensed night-time light as a proxy for poverty in Africa
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds behind NASCOP, P, O, Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Popul Health Metr 6:5. 2008
  9. pmc Self-reported fever, treatment actions and malaria infection prevalence in the northern states of Sudan
    Khalid A Elmardi
    National Malaria Control Programme, Federal Ministry of Health, PO Box 1204 Khartoum, Sudan
    Malar J 10:128. 2011
  10. pmc Assembling a global database of malaria parasite prevalence for the Malaria Atlas Project
    Carlos A Guerra
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 6:17. 2007

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. pmc Clinical epidemiology of malaria in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:543-8. 2002
    ..The malaria of the region is best described as seasonal and meso-endemic. We discuss the implications for malaria control options in the Kenyan highlands...
  2. pmc Identifying residual foci of Plasmodium falciparum infections for malaria elimination: the urban context of Khartoum, Sudan
    Amal B Nourein
    Department of Parasitology, Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
    PLoS ONE 6:e16948. 2011
    ....
  3. pmc The first model-based geostatistical map of anaemia
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1001039. 2011
    ....
  4. pmc Mapping populations at risk: improving spatial demographic data for infectious disease modeling and metric derivation
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
    Popul Health Metr 10:8. 2012
    ..Finally, a strategy for building an open-access database of spatial demographic data that is tailored to epidemiological applications is put forward...
  5. pmc Human movement data for malaria control and elimination strategic planning
    Deepa K Pindolia
    Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
    Malar J 11:205. 2012
    ....
  6. pmc Analyzing the equity of public primary care provision in Kenya: variation in facility characteristics by local poverty level
    Mitsuru Toda
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Equity Health 11:75. 2012
    ..This paper assesses whether poorer areas have poorer health services by investigating associations between public facility characteristics and the poverty level of the area in which the facility is located...
  7. pmc Malaria control and the intensity of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Namibia 1969-1992
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e63350. 2013
    ..Historical evidence of the levels of intervention scale up and its relationships to changing malaria risks provides important contextual information for current ambitions to eliminate malaria in various regions of Africa today...
  8. pmc Using remotely sensed night-time light as a proxy for poverty in Africa
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds behind NASCOP, P, O, Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Popul Health Metr 6:5. 2008
    ..Remotely sensed data on artificial night time lights (NTL) have been shown to correlate with gross domestic product in developed countries...
  9. pmc Self-reported fever, treatment actions and malaria infection prevalence in the northern states of Sudan
    Khalid A Elmardi
    National Malaria Control Programme, Federal Ministry of Health, PO Box 1204 Khartoum, Sudan
    Malar J 10:128. 2011
    ....
  10. pmc Assembling a global database of malaria parasite prevalence for the Malaria Atlas Project
    Carlos A Guerra
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 6:17. 2007
    ..Open source models for outputs of scientific research funded by tax-payers and charities are becoming the norm. This has yet to be extended to malaria epidemiology and control...
  11. pmc Human population, urban settlement patterns and their impact on Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity
    Andrew J Tatem
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Malar J 7:218. 2008
    ....
  12. pmc A high resolution spatial population database of Somalia for disease risk mapping
    Catherine Linard
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Int J Health Geogr 9:45. 2010
    ..In a low-income country such as Somalia, population data are lacking, are of poor quality, or become outdated rapidly. Modelling methods are therefore needed for the production of contemporary and spatially detailed population data...
  13. pmc The cost of uncomplicated childhood fevers to Kenyan households: implications for reaching international access targets
    Bruce A Larson
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University, 85 East Concord Street, 5th Floor, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    BMC Public Health 6:314. 2006
    ..A neglected concern is how communities will access these new medicines promptly and the costs to poor households when they are located in rural areas distant to health services...
  14. pmc Geographic access to care is not a determinant of child mortality in a rural Kenyan setting with high health facility density
    Jennifer C Moïsi
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:142. 2010
    ..Distance to health facilities is a known determinant of health care utilization and may drive inequalities in health outcomes; we aimed to investigate its effects on childhood mortality...
  15. pmc Information for decision making from imperfect national data: tracking major changes in health care use in Kenya using geostatistics
    Peter W Gething
    School of Geography, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
    BMC Med 5:37. 2007
    ..Here, we present a new approach that, for the first time, allows national changes in health service use during a time of major health policy change to be tracked reliably using imperfect data from a national HMIS...
  16. pmc Health service providers in Somalia: their readiness to provide malaria case-management
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI, Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 8:100. 2009
    ..The readiness of the public health sector to provide malaria case-management in Somalia, a country where there has been no functioning central government for almost two decades, was investigated...
  17. pmc The use of insecticide treated nets by age: implications for universal coverage in Africa
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 9:369. 2009
    ..Here we examine the age pattern of use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) in Africa in relation to biological vulnerabilities and the implications for future prospects for universal coverage...
  18. pmc The risks of malaria infection in Kenya in 2009
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 9:180. 2009
    ..Here we present a new map of malaria risk for Kenya in 2009...
  19. pmc Predicting the unmet need for biologically targeted coverage of insecticide-treated nets in Kenya
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:854-60. 2010
    ..4 to 18.1 million nets if not restricted to areas of greatest malaria risk. In Kenya, this evidence-based approach could save the national program at least 55 million US dollars...
  20. pmc Establishing the extent of malaria transmission and challenges facing pre-elimination in the Republic of Djibouti
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 11:121. 2011
    ....
  21. pmc Spatial prediction of Plasmodium falciparum prevalence in Somalia
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 7:159. 2008
    ..There is a lack of reliable contemporary malaria maps in endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This problem is particularly acute in low malaria transmission countries such as those located in the horn of Africa...
  22. pmc The use of mosquito nets and the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection in rural South Central Somalia
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 3:e2081. 2008
    ..Little is known, however, on the effectiveness of ITN in areas of Africa that support low transmission. This hinders the accurate estimation of impact of ITN use on disease burden and its cost-effectiveness in low transmission settings...
  23. pmc Increasing coverage and decreasing inequity in insecticide-treated bed net use among rural Kenyan children
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 4:e255. 2007
    ..In this study, we present repeat observations of ITN coverage among rural Kenyan homesteads exposed at different times to a range of delivery models, and assess changes in coverage across socioeconomic groups...
  24. pmc A spatial national health facility database for public health sector planning in Kenya in 2008
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI, University of Oxford, Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds behind NASCOP, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Health Geogr 8:13. 2009
    ..The spatial referencing of service providers to allow their representation in a geographic information system is vital if the full planning potential of such data is to be realized...
  25. pmc The spatial-temporal clustering of Plasmodium falciparum infection over eleven years in Gezira State, The Sudan
    Samia E Mirghani
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:172. 2010
    ..Here, the space-time clustering of Plasmodium falciparum infections using data from repeat cross-sectional surveys in Gezira State, a low transmission area in northern Sudan, is investigated...
  26. pmc The impact of retail-sector delivery of artemether-lumefantrine on malaria treatment of children under five in Kenya: a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Beth P Kangwana
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1000437. 2011
    ..This study in western Kenya aimed to evaluate the impact of providing subsidized artemether-lumefantrine (AL) through retail providers on the coverage of prompt, effective antimalarial treatment for febrile children aged 3-59 months...
  27. pmc The effect of an anti-malarial subsidy programme on the quality of service provision of artemisinin-based combination therapy in Kenya: a cluster-randomized, controlled trial
    Beth P Kangwana
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 12:81. 2013
    ....
  28. pmc A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome TrustCollaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 6:e1000048. 2009
    ..It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity for the year 2007...
  29. pmc Wealth, mother's education and physical access as determinants of retail sector net use in rural Kenya
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 43640, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 5:5. 2006
    ..The influence of homestead wealth on use of nets purchased from the retail sector is well documented, however, the competing influence of mother's education and physical access to net providers is less well understood...
  30. pmc Spatial modelling of healthcare utilisation for treatment of fever in Namibia
    Victor A Alegana
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, PO Box 43640, 00100 GPO Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Health Geogr 11:6. 2012
    ..Here, empirical household survey data on treatment seeking for fever were used to model the utilisation of public health facilities and define their catchment areas and populations in northern Namibia...
  31. pmc Access and barriers to measures targeted to prevent malaria in pregnancy in rural Kenya
    Priscilla W Gikandi
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 13:208-17. 2008
    ....
  32. pmc Childhood malaria admission rates to four hospitals in Malawi between 2000 and 2010
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust University of Oxford Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e62214. 2013
    ..However, there is only limited country-specific information on the health impact of expanded coverage of these interventions...
  33. pmc The clinical burden of malaria in Nairobi: a historical review and contemporary audit
    Sandra A Mudhune
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, PO Box 43640, 00100 GPO Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 10:138. 2011
    ..This paper presents a combined historical and contemporary review of the clinical burden of malaria within one of Africa's largest urban settlements, Nairobi, Kenya...
  34. pmc Stable and unstable malaria hotspots in longitudinal cohort studies in Kenya
    Philip Bejon
    Kilifi KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 7:e1000304. 2010
    ..This heterogeneity reduces the efficacy of control strategies, but also implies that focusing control strategies on "hotspots" of transmission could be highly effective...
  35. pmc Progress towards implementation of ACT malaria case-management in public health facilities in the Republic of Sudan: a cluster-sample survey
    Tarig M Abdelgader
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 12:11. 2012
    ..Three years after the launch of the strategy a health facility survey was undertaken to evaluate case-management practices and readiness of the health facilities and health workers to implement a new malaria case-management strategy...
  36. pmc The changing limits and incidence of malaria in Africa: 1939-2009
    Robert W Snow
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Adv Parasitol 78:169-262. 2012
    ..One result is a more informed mapped definition of the changing margins of transmission in 1939, 1959, 1979, 1999 and 2009...
  37. pmc Malaria paediatric hospitalization between 1999 and 2008 across Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Med 7:75. 2009
    ..Here we present a nationwide assessment of changes over 10 years in paediatric malaria hospitalization across Kenya...
  38. pmc Implementing school malaria surveys in Kenya: towards a national surveillance system
    Caroline W Gitonga
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:306. 2010
    ..To design and implement surveys of malaria infection and coverage of malaria control interventions among school children in Kenya in order to contribute towards a nationwide assessment of malaria...
  39. pmc The use of artemether-lumefantrine by febrile children following national implementation of a revised drug policy in Kenya
    Caroline W Gitonga
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 13:487-94. 2008
    ..To examine access to, timing and use of artemisinin-based combination therapy among rural Kenyan febrile children before and following the introduction of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) as first-line antimalarial drug policy...
  40. pmc Plasmodium infection, anaemia and mosquito net use among school children across different settings in Kenya
    Caroline W Gitonga
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 17:858-70. 2012
    ..To investigate risk factors, including reported net use, for Plasmodium infection and anaemia among school children and to explore variations in effects across different malaria ecologies occurring in Kenya...
  41. pmc Modelling distances travelled to government health services in Kenya
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Laboratories, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 11:188-96. 2006
    ..To systematically evaluate descriptive measures of spatial access to medical treatment, as part of the millennium development goals to reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria...
  42. pmc Insecticide-treated net coverage in Africa: mapping progress in 2000-07
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 373:58-67. 2009
    ..We gathered subnational ITN coverage sample survey data from 40 malaria-endemic countries in Africa between 2000 and 2007...
  43. pmc Estimation of malaria incidence in northern Namibia in 2009 using Bayesian conditional-autoregressive spatial-temporal models
    Victor A Alegana
    Malaria Public Health Department, KEMRI Wellcome Trust University of Oxford Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO Nairobi, Kenya Centre for Geographical Health Research, Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK Electronic address
    Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 7:25-36. 2013
    ..The smoothed maps of incidence highlight trends in disease incidence. For Namibia, the 2009 maps provide a baseline for monitoring the targets of pre-elimination. ..
  44. pmc The changing risk of Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection in Africa: 2000-10: a spatial and temporal analysis of transmission intensity
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Electronic address
    Lancet 383:1739-47. 2014
    ..Over a decade ago, the Roll Back Malaria Partnership was launched, and since then there has been unprecedented investment in malaria control. We examined the change in malaria transmission intensity during the period 2000-10 in Africa...
  45. pmc The limits and intensity of Plasmodium falciparum transmission: implications for malaria control and elimination worldwide
    Carlos A Guerra
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenyan Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 5:e38. 2008
    ..This paper aims to define the global geographic distribution of P. falciparum malaria in 2007 and to provide a preliminary description of its transmission intensity within this range...
  46. pmc Changing malaria intervention coverage, transmission and hospitalization in Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:285. 2010
    ..Whether this transition is directly related to the scaling of intervention coverage remains a moot point...
  47. pmc Effect of expanded insecticide-treated bednet coverage on child survival in rural Kenya: a longitudinal study
    Greg W Fegan
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 370:1035-9. 2007
    ..ITN coverage has increased rapidly in Kenya from 7% in 2004 to 67% in 2006. We aimed to assess the extent to which this investment has led to improvements in child survival...
  48. pmc Malaria risk mapping for control in the republic of Sudan
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health Cluster, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:1012-21. 2012
    ..About 80% of Sudan's population in 2011 was in the areas in the desert, urban centers, or where risk was < 1% PfPR(2-10). Aggregated data suggest reducing risks in some high transmission areas since the 1960s...
  49. pmc Use of rapid diagnostic tests in malaria school surveys in Kenya: does their under-performance matter for planning malaria control?
    Caroline W Gitonga
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:1004-11. 2012
    ..Use of polymerase chain reaction-corrected RDT results is recommended in school malaria surveys, especially in settings with low-to-moderate malaria transmission...
  50. pmc The use of schools for malaria surveillance and programme evaluation in Africa
    Simon Brooker
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 8:231. 2009
    ..Finally, areas requiring further investigation are highlighted...
  51. pmc Mapping malaria transmission intensity in Malawi, 2000-2010
    Adam Bennett
    Center for Applied Malaria Research and Evaluation, Department of Global Health Systems and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana Department of Statistics, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia Malaria Alert Centre, Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust University of Oxford Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya National Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:840-9. 2013
    ..The lack of change in prevalence confirms modeling predictions that when compared with lower transmission, prevalence reductions in high transmission settings require greater investment and longer time scales...
  52. ncbi request reprint The use of formal and informal curative services in the management of paediatric fevers in four districts in Kenya
    Abdinasir A Amin
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 8:1143-52. 2003
    ..To assess the sources, costs, timing and types of treatment for fevers among children under 5 years of age in four ecologically distinct districts of Kenya...
  53. pmc The decline in paediatric malaria admissions on the coast of Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P, O, Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 6:151. 2007
    ..There is only limited information on the health impact of expanded coverage of malaria control and preventative strategies in Africa...
  54. pmc The malaria transition on the Arabian Peninsula: progress toward a malaria-free region between 1960-2010
    Robert W Snow
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust University of Oxford Programme, GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Adv Parasitol 82:205-51. 2013
    ..This initiative led a further shrinking of the malaria risk map and today locally acquired clinical cases of malaria are reported only in Saudi Arabia and Yemen, with the latter contributing to over 98% of the clinical burden...
  55. pmc Evaluating different dimensions of programme effectiveness for private medicine retailer malaria control interventions in Kenya
    Timothy O Abuya
    Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 5:e8937. 2010
    ..Key components of this evaluation were measurement of program performance, including coverage, PMR knowledge, practices, and utilization based on spatial analysis...
  56. pmc Mosquito nets in a rural area of Western Kenya: ownership, use and quality
    Sophia Githinji
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds P, O, Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:250. 2010
    ..Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are regarded as one of the most effective strategies to prevent malaria in Africa. This study analyses the use and quality of nets owned by households in an area of high net coverage...
  57. pmc How well are malaria maps used to design and finance malaria control in Africa?
    Judy A Omumbo
    Malaria Public Health Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute Oxford University Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e53198. 2013
    ..The use of cartography in planning malaria control has never been methodically reviewed...
  58. pmc Forecasting, warning, and detection of malaria epidemics: a case study
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 361:1705-6. 2003
    ..Management of malaria in the highlands, including improved planning for the annual resurgent outbreak, augmented by simple central nationwide early warning, represents a feasible strategy for increasing epidemic preparedness in Kenya...
  59. pmc Defining and detecting malaria epidemics in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:555-62. 2002
    ..The performance of these methods is discussed and comments made about their appropriateness for the highlands of western Kenya...
  60. pmc Performance of forecasting, warning and detection of malaria epidemics in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trends Parasitol 19:394-9. 2003
    ..What was conspicuous by its absence was any obvious effort to predict the epidemics in advance of press coverage...
  61. pmc The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Robert W Snow
    Public Health Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Laboratories PO Box 43640, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    Nature 434:214-7. 2005
    ..Without an informed understanding of the cartography of malaria risk, the global extent of clinical disease caused by P. falciparum will continue to be underestimated...
  62. pmc Improving imperfect data from health management information systems in Africa using space-time geostatistics
    Peter W Gething
    School of Geography, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e271. 2006
    ..Faced with this inadequacy, vital public health decisions often rely on crudely adjusted regional and national estimates of treatment burdens...
  63. pmc Empirical modelling of government health service use by children with fevers in Kenya
    Peter W Gething
    School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, Highfield, SO17 1BJ, UK
    Acta Trop 91:227-37. 2004
    ..Utilization rate was found to exhibit a slight but steady decrease with distance up to 6 km from a facility. The accuracy of the future modelling of unsampled facility catchments can be increased by the incorporation of these trends...
  64. pmc The global distribution and population at risk of malaria: past, present, and future
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:327-36. 2004
    ....