M Amagai

Summary

Affiliation: Keio University
Country: Japan

Publications

  1. ncbi Autoimmunity against desmosomal cadherins in pemphigus
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Dermatol Sci 20:92-102. 1999
  2. pmc Use of autoantigen-knockout mice in developing an active autoimmune disease model for pemphigus
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, and Department of Immunology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    J Clin Invest 105:625-31. 2000
  3. pmc Antibodies against desmoglein 3 (pemphigus vulgaris antigen) are present in sera from patients with paraneoplastic pemphigus and cause acantholysis in vivo in neonatal mice
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    J Clin Invest 102:775-82. 1998
  4. ncbi The human genes for desmogleins (DSG1 and DSG3) are located in a small region on chromosome 18q12
    Y Wang
    Department of Molecular Biology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Genomics 20:492-5. 1994
  5. ncbi Development of chimeric molecules for recognition and targeting of antigen-specific B cells in pemphigus vulgaris
    C M Proby
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 142:321-30. 2000
  6. ncbi Development of pemphigus vulgaris in a patient with pemphigus foliaceus: antidesmoglein antibody profile shift confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    K Ishii
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    J Am Acad Dermatol 42:859-61. 2000
  7. ncbi A mouse model of pemphigus vulgaris by adoptive transfer of naive splenocytes from desmoglein 3 knockout mice
    M Aoki-Ota
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 151:346-54. 2004
  8. ncbi The clinical transition between pemphigus foliaceus and pemphigus vulgaris correlates well with the changes in autoantibody profile assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    A Komai
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 144:1177-82. 2001
  9. ncbi Detection of IgA autoantibodies to desmogleins by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: the presence of new minor subtypes of IgA pemphigus
    T Hashimoto
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830 0011, Japan
    Arch Dermatol 137:735-8. 2001
  10. ncbi Clinical phenotype and anti-desmoglein autoantibody profile in paraneoplastic pemphigus
    M Ohyama
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Am Acad Dermatol 44:593-8. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. ncbi Autoimmunity against desmosomal cadherins in pemphigus
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Dermatol Sci 20:92-102. 1999
    ..Pemphigus will be a good model disease in the next century to address the central issue of autoimmune disease and basic immunology; why and how do patients with autoimmune diseases start to recognize self as non-self?..
  2. pmc Use of autoantigen-knockout mice in developing an active autoimmune disease model for pemphigus
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, and Department of Immunology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    J Clin Invest 105:625-31. 2000
    ..This model will be valuable for developing novel therapeutic strategies. Furthermore, our approach can be applied broadly for the development of various autoimmune disease models...
  3. pmc Antibodies against desmoglein 3 (pemphigus vulgaris antigen) are present in sera from patients with paraneoplastic pemphigus and cause acantholysis in vivo in neonatal mice
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    J Clin Invest 102:775-82. 1998
    ....
  4. ncbi The human genes for desmogleins (DSG1 and DSG3) are located in a small region on chromosome 18q12
    Y Wang
    Department of Molecular Biology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Genomics 20:492-5. 1994
    ..Furthermore, both genes were localized on a 320-kb genomic fragment separated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. These results suggest the possibility of a cluster for the desmoglein gene family on chromosome 18...
  5. ncbi Development of chimeric molecules for recognition and targeting of antigen-specific B cells in pemphigus vulgaris
    C M Proby
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 142:321-30. 2000
    ..Thus, specific recognition and targeting of antigen-specific B cells in PV was demonstrated; this strategy may hold promise as a future therapeutic option for PV and other autoimmune diseases...
  6. ncbi Development of pemphigus vulgaris in a patient with pemphigus foliaceus: antidesmoglein antibody profile shift confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    K Ishii
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    J Am Acad Dermatol 42:859-61. 2000
    ..Antidesmoglein (Dsg) 1 antibodies alone were detected in the PF stage, whereas both anti-Dsg3 and anti-Dsg1 antibodies were detected in the PV stage...
  7. ncbi A mouse model of pemphigus vulgaris by adoptive transfer of naive splenocytes from desmoglein 3 knockout mice
    M Aoki-Ota
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 151:346-54. 2004
    ..Recently, we developed a PV mouse model by adoptive transfer of splenocytes from recombinant Dsg3-immunized Dsg3(-/-) mice to Rag2(-/-) immunodeficient mice that expressed Dsg3...
  8. ncbi The clinical transition between pemphigus foliaceus and pemphigus vulgaris correlates well with the changes in autoantibody profile assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    A Komai
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 144:1177-82. 2001
    ..In addition, ELISA using recombinant baculoproteins was particularly useful in distinguishing PF and PV...
  9. ncbi Detection of IgA autoantibodies to desmogleins by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: the presence of new minor subtypes of IgA pemphigus
    T Hashimoto
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830 0011, Japan
    Arch Dermatol 137:735-8. 2001
    ..To examine the frequency of antidesmoglein 1 (Dsg1) and antidesmoglein 3 (Dsg3) IgA autoantibodies in IgA pemphigus...
  10. ncbi Clinical phenotype and anti-desmoglein autoantibody profile in paraneoplastic pemphigus
    M Ohyama
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Am Acad Dermatol 44:593-8. 2001
    ..This finding suggests that besides anti-Dsg IgG other pathologic mechanisms such as lichenoid reaction or interface dermatitis may be involved in the blister formation in PNP...
  11. ncbi Localization of the human AHNAK/desmoyokin gene (AHNAK) to chromosome band 11q12 by somatic cell hybrid analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization
    J Kudoh
    Department of Molecular Biology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Cytogenet Cell Genet 70:218-20. 1995
    ..Fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments independently confirmed the chromosomal localization and refined it to band 11q12...
  12. ncbi Production of the entire extracellular domain of BP180 (type XVII collagen) by baculovirus expression
    Y Hata
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    J Dermatol Sci 23:183-90. 2000
    ..rBP180EC will be useful to develop a diagnostic tool for BP as well as to dissect a molecular role for BP180 in interactions of keratinocytes with epidermal basement membrane...
  13. ncbi Immunoreactivity against intracellular domains of desmogleins in pemphigus
    Y Ohata
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, 160-8582, Tokyo, Japan
    J Dermatol Sci 25:64-71. 2001
    ..Although the frequency was low, some sera did react with the intracellular domain of Dsgs...
  14. ncbi Dissociation of intra- and extracellular domains of desmosomal cadherins and E-cadherin in Hailey-Hailey disease and Darier's disease
    M Hakuno
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 142:702-11. 2000
    ..This common phenomenon in HHD and DD might be closely related to the pathophysiological mechanisms in both conditions...
  15. ncbi Different effects of dominant negative mutants of desmocollin and desmoglein on the cell-cell adhesion of keratinocytes
    Y Hanakawa
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Ehime University, Ehime, Japan
    J Cell Sci 113:1803-11. 2000
    ..These findings lead us to speculate that Dsc interacts with components of the adherens junctions through beta-catenin, and plays a role in nucleating desmosomes after the adherens junctions have been established...
  16. ncbi Pemphigus foliaceus with prominent neutrophilic pustules
    K Matsuo
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 145:132-6. 2001
    ..This study indicates that pemphigus foliaceus may show prominent neutrophilic pustular skin lesions...
  17. ncbi Desmoyokin, a 680 kDa keratinocyte plasma membrane-associated protein, is homologous to the protein encoded by human gene AHNAK
    T Hashimoto
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo
    J Cell Sci 105:275-86. 1993
    ..These findings suggest that the desmoyokin/AHNAK protein is a ubiquitous molecule with a unique structure and appears to have different distributions (and probably different functions) among different cells...
  18. ncbi The detection of IgG and IgA autoantibodies to desmocollins 1-3 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using baculovirus-expressed proteins, in atypical pemphigus but not in typical pemphigus
    Y Hisamatsu
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830 0011, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 151:73-83. 2004
    ..However, the presence of IgG anti-Dsc autoantibodies is still controversial, and antibodies to Dsc2 and Dsc3 have not been clearly identified...
  19. ncbi Predominant IgG4 subclass in autoantibodies of pemphigus vulgaris and foliaceus
    Y Futei
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, 160-8582, Tokyo, Japan
    J Dermatol Sci 26:55-61. 2001
    ..There was no IgG subclass shift during the course of the disease in seven cases examined. These findings indicate that IgG4 subclass is the predominant autoantibodies in both PV and PF, while IgG1 is also frequently found...
  20. ncbi IgG/IgA pemphigus with IgG and IgA antidesmoglein 1 antibodies detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    N Oiso
    Department of Dermatology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3 Asahimachi, Abeno, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 147:1012-7. 2002
    ..This is the second case of IgG/IgA pemphigus in which the human target antigens for both IgG and IgA antibodies have been unequivocally identified. This study provides further evidence that IgG/IgA pemphigus is a distinct disease entity...
  21. doi Immune response towards the amino-terminus of desmoglein 1 prevails across different activity stages in nonendemic pemphigus foliaceus
    P T Chan
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 162:1242-50. 2010
    ..The two major subtypes are nonendemic and endemic PF. A previous study in endemic PF demonstrated that changes in antibody epitope could modulate disease relapse and remission...
  22. doi Immunoglobulin G deposition to nonhemidesmosomal lamina lucida and early neutrophil involvement are characteristic features in a case of anti-p200 pemphigoid
    A Shimizu
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 168:647-55. 2013
    ....
  23. ncbi Parallel fluctuation of anti-desmoglein 3 and anti-BP180 autoantibody titres in a patient with bullous pemphigoid
    H Takahashi
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 29:608-11. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi Exacerbation of paraneoplastic pemphigus by cyclophosphamide treatment: detection of novel autoantigens and bronchial autoantibodies
    K Preisz
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 150:1018-24. 2004
    ..In this case, which was characterized by a mixed IgA/IgG antibody panel displaying known and unique antigenicity, the serious episodes of paraneoplastic pemphigus flared after cyclophosphamide treatment...
  25. ncbi Dominant autoimmune epitopes recognized by pemphigus antibodies map to the N-terminal adhesive region of desmogleins
    M Sekiguchi
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Immunol 167:5439-48. 2001
    ..Using the predicted three-dimensional structure of classic cadherins as a model, these findings suggest that the dominant autoimmune epitopes in both PF and PV are found in the N-terminal adhesive surfaces of Dsgs...
  26. doi Alopecia as a rare but distinct manifestation of pemphigus vulgaris
    O Veraitch
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 27:86-91. 2013
    ..Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) patients may develop scalp erosions, however, the development of alopecia has been reported to be extremely rare...
  27. ncbi Lack of mucosal involvement in pemphigus foliaceus may be due to low expression of desmoglein 1
    Y Shirakata
    Department of Dermatology, Ehime University School of Medicine, Shigenobu, Japan
    J Invest Dermatol 110:76-8. 1998
    ....
  28. ncbi Decline of anti-desmoglein 1 IgG ELISA scores by withdrawal of D-penicillamine in drug-induced pemphigus foliaceus
    K Nagao
    Keio University School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 30:43-5. 2005
    ..This case is a classical incidence of drug-induced pemphigus foliaceus, in which D-penicillamine was constantly required not only to induce, but also to maintain the production of the autoantibodies...
  29. doi Anti-desmoglein IgG autoantibodies in patients with pemphigus in remission
    E J Kwon
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 22:1070-5. 2008
    ..Whereas ELISA index values fluctuate in parallel with disease activity, ELISA positivity during clinical remission has been observed...
  30. ncbi Monitoring disease activity in pemphigus with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant desmogleins 1 and 3
    S W Cheng
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 147:261-5. 2002
    ..That is, the sera from some patients with high-titre antibodies continued to show high index values in the ELISA after clinical improvement...
  31. doi Cutaneous pemphigus vulgaris with skin features similar to the classic mucocutaneous type: a case report and review of the literature
    S Shinkuma
    Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 33:724-8. 2008
    ....
  32. ncbi Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (Ofuji's disease): indomethacin as a first choice of treatment
    T Ota
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 26:179-81. 2001
    ..Decrease of peripheral blood eosinophils accompanied the clinical improvement. Thus, indomethacin should be considered as a first choice of treatment for EPF...
  33. ncbi A Case of pemphigus foliaceus which occurred after five years of remission from pemphigus vulgaris
    M Kimoto
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Dermatology 203:174-6. 2001
    ..These findings indicate that the target antigen was shifted from Dsg-3 to Dsg-1 along with the phenotype after a 5-year interval in this patient...
  34. ncbi A case of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome showing transient immunosuppression before viral reactivation during treatment for pemphigus foliaceus
    H Takahashi
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 31:33-5. 2006
    ..This observation suggests that transient suppression of both cellular and humoral immunity may trigger viral reactivation, which leads to the development of the second phase of DIHS...
  35. doi Evaluating efficacy of plasmapheresis for patients with pemphigus using desmoglein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    T Nagasaka
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Br J Dermatol 158:685-90. 2008
    ..Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) against recombinant Dsg3 and Dsg1 have recently become available, allowing us to quantify IgG autoantibodies against Dsg3 and Dsg1...
  36. ncbi Aleukaemic leukaemia cutis as an initial manifestation of myeloid/NK cell precursor acute leukaemia
    I Dekio
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 20:453-6. 2006
    ..This is the first case report of myeloid/NK cell precursor acute leukaemia presenting as aleukaemic leukaemia cutis in the English literature, and awareness of this clinical presentation may be important to reach the correct diagnosis...
  37. ncbi A case of generalized Hailey-Hailey disease with fatal liver injury
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan
    Keio J Med 50:109-16. 2001
    ..Further accumulation of cases is necessary to determine whether this is true...
  38. doi Involvement of the bulge region with decreased expression of hair follicle stem cell markers in senile female cases of alopecia areata
    R Yoshida
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 25:1346-50. 2011
    ..Recently, a couple of molecules, such as keratin15 (K15) and CD200, have been identified as biomarkers of human bulge cells. Of note, an immunosuppressive molecule, CD200 is speculated to provide an immune privilege for bulge stem cells...
  39. ncbi Assignment of the human genes for desmocollin 3 (DSC3) and desmocollin 4 (DSC4) to chromosome 18q12
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Genomics 25:330-2. 1995
  40. doi Intractable ulcer caused by Mycobacterium shinshuense: successful identification of mycobacterium strain by 16S ribosomal RNA 3'-end sequencing
    T Funakoshi
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin Exp Dermatol 34:e712-5. 2009
    ..ulcerans infection were found in nonendemic areas and that M. shinshuense could be considered as the cause. The approach introduced in this report could provide a powerful tool for the identification of this organism...
  41. ncbi Partial cDNA cloning of the 230-kD mouse bullous pemphigoid antigen by use of a human monoclonal anti-basement membrane zone antibody
    M Amagai
    Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Invest Dermatol 95:252-9. 1990
    ..g., enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant proteins or synthetic peptides as antigens, but also for pathophysiologic study in which mouse models of BP might be used...
  42. ncbi Natural occurrence of Nuc in the sera of autoimmune-prone MRL/lpr mice
    Y Kanai
    Department of Molecular Oncology, University of Tokyo, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 196:729-36. 1993
    ....
  43. ncbi Paraneoplastic pemphigus: an association with fludarabine?
    C Gooptu
    Department of Dermatology, The Oxford Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Br J Dermatol 144:1255-61. 2001
    ....
  44. ncbi Neonatal pemphigus vulgaris with extensive mucocutaneous lesions from a mother with oral pemphigus vulgaris
    A Campo-Voegeli
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital General de Catalunya, C Gomera s n, 08190 Sant Cugat del Valles, Spain
    Br J Dermatol 147:801-5. 2002
    ..AntiDsg3 IgG, which caused the oral dominant phenotype in the mother, induced extensive oral as well as cutaneous lesions in the neonate. Our case provides clinical evidence for the Dsg compensation theory in neonatal PV...
  45. ncbi Autoantibodies against a novel epithelial cadherin in pemphigus vulgaris, a disease of cell adhesion
    M Amagai
    Dermatology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892
    Cell 67:869-77. 1991
    ..These findings demonstrate that a novel epithelial cadherin is the target of autoantibodies in PV...
  46. ncbi Canine hyperplastic intraepidermal pustular and suprabasal acantholytic dermatosis with features of human pemphigus vegetans
    M Heimann
    Institut de Pathologie et Genetique, Gosselies, Belgium
    Vet Pathol 44:550-5. 2007
    ..This antigen target is different from that of the human disease in which antidesmoglein-3 autoantibodies are detected most commonly...
  47. ncbi Are desmoglein autoantibodies essential for the immunopathogenesis of pemphigus vulgaris, or just "witnesses of disease"?
    M Amagai
    Exp Dermatol 15:815-31. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi Intraepidermal neutrophilic IgA/IgG antidesmocollin 1 pemphigus
    A Heng
    Br J Dermatol 154:1018-20. 2006
  49. ncbi 230-kDa and 190-kDa proteins in addition to desmoglein 1 as immunological targets in a subset of pemphigus foliaceus with a combined cell-surface and basement membrane zone immune staining pattern
    F M Karlhofer
    Division of Immunology, Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Dermatology, University of Vienna Medical School, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria
    Exp Dermatol 12:646-54. 2003
    ..Further studies will be required to substantiate the frequency of this occurrence and to unravel its pathogenic significance...
  50. ncbi [A mouse with an active disease as a model for pemphigus]
    M Amagai
    Departement de Dermatologie, Keio University School of Medicine, Japon
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 130:1176-9. 2003
  51. pmc Pemphigus vulgaris antigen, a desmoglein type of cadherin, is localized within keratinocyte desmosomes
    S Karpati
    National Cancer Institute, Dermatology Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
    J Cell Biol 122:409-15. 1993
    ..These results indicate that PVA is organized and concentrated within the desmosome where it presumably functions to maintain the integrity of stratifying epithelia...
  52. ncbi A case of IgA pemphigus successfully treated with acitretin
    D P Ruiz-Genao
    Br J Dermatol 147:1040-2. 2002
  53. ncbi Increased incidence of pemphigus vulgaris in southern Europeans living in Germany compared with native Germans
    K Hahn-Ristic
    Department of Dermatology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 16:68-71. 2002
    ..The two major subtypes of pemphigus include: pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus. Only limited data are available on the epidemiology of these diseases...
  54. ncbi Gottron-like papules induced by hydroxyurea
    K Yoshida
    Clin Exp Dermatol 30:191-2. 2005
  55. ncbi Exclusion of the TAP1 and TAP2 genes within the HLA class II region as candidate susceptibility genes to pemphigus in the Japanese population
    H Niizeki
    J Dermatol Sci 36:122-4. 2004
  56. ncbi Compositionally different desmosomes in the various compartments of the human hair follicle
    H Kurzen
    Division of Cell Biology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
    Differentiation 63:295-304. 1998
    ..The differential molecular composition of desmosomes is discussed in relation to possible functional differences between the individual cell types...