Giacomo Rizzolatti

Summary

Affiliation: University of Parma
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The mirror-neuron system
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Via Volturno, 3, Universita di Parma 43100, Parma, Italy
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:169-92. 2004
  2. doi request reprint Mirror neurons and their clinical relevance
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Nat Clin Pract Neurol 5:24-34. 2009
  3. pmc Specificity of esthetic experience for artworks: an FMRI study
    Cinzia Di Dio
    Department of Neuroscience, Università degli Studi di Parma Parma, Italy
    Front Hum Neurosci 5:139. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Confounding the origin and function of mirror neurons
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neuroscience, Brain Center for Social and Motor Cognition BCSMC, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia IIT, 43125 Parma, Italy
    Behav Brain Sci 37:218-9. 2014
  5. pmc Intention understanding in autism
    Sonia Boria
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 4:e5596. 2009
  6. pmc The golden beauty: brain response to classical and renaissance sculptures
    Cinzia Di Dio
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 2:e1201. 2007
  7. pmc Understanding actions of others: the electrodynamics of the left and right hemispheres. A high-density EEG neuroimaging study
    Stephanie Ortigue
    4D Brain Electrodynamics Laboratory, Department of Psychology, UCSB Brain Imaging Center, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12160. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Linking psychoanalysis with neuroscience: the concept of ego
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    IIT Brain Center for Social and Motor Cognition, Parma, Italy Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy Electronic address
    Neuropsychologia 55:143-8. 2014
  9. ncbi request reprint The mirror neuron system and its function in humans
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, 39 Via Volturno, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Anat Embryol (Berl) 210:419-21. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Mirror neurons and motor intentionality
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neurosciences, Section of Physiology, University of Parma, Italy
    Funct Neurol 22:205-10. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint The mirror-neuron system
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Via Volturno, 3, Universita di Parma 43100, Parma, Italy
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:169-92. 2004
    ..We stress, in particular, those properties specific to the human mirror-neuron system that might explain the human capacity to learn by imitation. We conclude by discussing the relationship between the mirror-neuron system and language...
  2. doi request reprint Mirror neurons and their clinical relevance
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Nat Clin Pract Neurol 5:24-34. 2009
    ..We conclude by examining the relationship between the mirror mechanism and some features of the environmental dependency syndromes...
  3. pmc Specificity of esthetic experience for artworks: an FMRI study
    Cinzia Di Dio
    Department of Neuroscience, Università degli Studi di Parma Parma, Italy
    Front Hum Neurosci 5:139. 2011
    ..Along with our previous data, this finding suggests that the hedonic state associated with activation of right dorsal anterior insula underpins esthetic experience for artworks...
  4. ncbi request reprint Confounding the origin and function of mirror neurons
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neuroscience, Brain Center for Social and Motor Cognition BCSMC, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia IIT, 43125 Parma, Italy
    Behav Brain Sci 37:218-9. 2014
    ..Both these claims are hard to accept. It is here suggested that a major role in the origin of the mirror mechanism is played by top-down connections rather than by associative learning. ..
  5. pmc Intention understanding in autism
    Sonia Boria
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 4:e5596. 2009
    ..Children with ASD have no deficit in the second type of understanding, while they have difficulties in understanding others' intentions when they have to rely exclusively on motor cues...
  6. pmc The golden beauty: brain response to classical and renaissance sculptures
    Cinzia Di Dio
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 2:e1201. 2007
    ....
  7. pmc Understanding actions of others: the electrodynamics of the left and right hemispheres. A high-density EEG neuroimaging study
    Stephanie Ortigue
    4D Brain Electrodynamics Laboratory, Department of Psychology, UCSB Brain Imaging Center, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12160. 2010
    ..e. grasping for drinking). Here we examined the temporal dynamics of the brain activations that follow the observation of a motor act and underlie the observer's capacity to understand what the agent is doing and why...
  8. doi request reprint Linking psychoanalysis with neuroscience: the concept of ego
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    IIT Brain Center for Social and Motor Cognition, Parma, Italy Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy Electronic address
    Neuropsychologia 55:143-8. 2014
    ..We also propose that the default-mode network might represent that part of ego that is mostly involved in unconscious processes. ..
  9. ncbi request reprint The mirror neuron system and its function in humans
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, 39 Via Volturno, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Anat Embryol (Berl) 210:419-21. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Mirror neurons and motor intentionality
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neurosciences, Section of Physiology, University of Parma, Italy
    Funct Neurol 22:205-10. 2007
    ..These findings reveal how deeply motor and intentional components of action are intertwined, suggesting that both can be fully comprehended only starting from a motor approach to intentionality...
  11. doi request reprint The functional role of the parieto-frontal mirror circuit: interpretations and misinterpretations
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    University of Parma, Department of Neuroscience, and the Italian Institute of Technology, Via Volturno 39, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:264-74. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Two different streams form the dorsal visual system: anatomy and functions
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 153:146-57. 2003
    ..It, however, also plays a crucial role in space perception and action understanding. The putative mechanisms linking action and perception in the v-d stream is discussed...
  13. doi request reprint The mirror system and its role in social cognition
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 18:179-84. 2008
    ..Growing evidence shows that a deficit in the mirror mechanism underlies some aspects of autism...
  14. doi request reprint Functional organization of inferior parietal lobule convexity in the macaque monkey: electrophysiological characterization of motor, sensory and mirror responses and their correlation with cytoarchitectonic areas
    Stefano Rozzi
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 28:1569-88. 2008
    ..The present data suggest that the IPL plays an important role in both action organization and action understanding and should be considered part of the motor system...
  15. ncbi request reprint Parietal lobe: from action organization to intention understanding
    Leonardo Fogassi
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Parma, Borgo Carissimi 10, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Science 308:662-7. 2005
    ..Thus, these neurons not only code the observed motor act but also allow the observer to understand the agent's intentions...
  16. pmc Impairment of actions chains in autism and its possible role in intention understanding
    Luigi Cattaneo
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17825-30. 2007
    ..We propose that, as a consequence of this functional impairment, high-functioning autistic children may understand the intentions of others cognitively but lack the mechanism for understanding them experientially...
  17. pmc Grasping the intentions of others with one's own mirror neuron system
    Marco Iacoboni
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    PLoS Biol 3:e79. 2005
    ..To ascribe an intention is to infer a forthcoming new goal, and this is an operation that the motor system does automatically...
  18. doi request reprint The mirror neuron system
    Luigi Cattaneo
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Arch Neurol 66:557-60. 2009
    ..The human mirror system is involved in understanding others' actions and their intentions behind them, and it underlies mechanisms of observational learning. Herein, we will discuss the clinical implications of the mirror system...
  19. pmc Responses of mirror neurons in area F5 to hand and tool grasping observation
    Magali J Rochat
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 204:605-16. 2010
    ..However, the response pattern depends upon the similarity between the observed motor act and the one executed by the hand, the natural motor template...
  20. doi request reprint Planning actions in autism
    Maddalena Fabbri-Destro
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100, Parma, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 192:521-5. 2009
    ..This finding strongly supports the notion that children with autism have a deficit in chaining motor acts into a global action...
  21. ncbi request reprint A unifying view of the basis of social cognition
    Vittorio Gallese
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Physiology, University of Parma, Italy
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:396-403. 2004
    ..A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others...
  22. ncbi request reprint Space-dependent representation of objects and other's action in monkey ventral premotor grasping neurons
    Luca Bonini
    Italian Institute of Technology, Brain Center for Social and Motor Cognition, 43125 Parma, Italy, and Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, 43125 Parma, Italy
    J Neurosci 34:4108-19. 2014
    ..Interestingly, canonical-mirror neurons appear to code object as target for both one's own and other's action, suggesting that they could play a role in predictive representation of others' impending actions. ..
  23. ncbi request reprint Neural circuits involved in the recognition of actions performed by nonconspecifics: an FMRI study
    Giovanni Buccino
    Institute of Human Physiology, University of Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:114-26. 2004
    ....
  24. pmc Spatiotemporal dynamics in understanding hand-object interactions
    Pietro Avanzini
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:15878-85. 2013
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Understanding motor acts and motor intentions in Williams syndrome
    Laura Sparaci
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 50:1639-49. 2012
    ..e. understanding a motor intention). These findings suggest novel perspectives for understanding impairments in social behavior in WS...
  26. ncbi request reprint Mirror neurons responding to the observation of ingestive and communicative mouth actions in the monkey ventral premotor cortex
    Pier Francesco Ferrari
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 17:1703-14. 2003
    ..These findings extend the notion of mirror system from hand to mouth action and suggest that area F5, the area considered to be the homologue of human Broca's area, is also involved in communicative functions...
  27. pmc The dynamics of sensorimotor cortical oscillations during the observation of hand movements: an EEG study
    Pietro Avanzini
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze sezione di Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e37534. 2012
    ..Here, we examined whether the observation of different types of hand movements (target directed, non-target directed, cyclic and non-cyclic) elicits different EEG cortical temporal patterns...
  28. ncbi request reprint Mirrors of the mind
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Neurosciences Department, University of Parma, Italy
    Sci Am 295:54-61. 2006
  29. doi request reprint Emotional and social behaviors elicited by electrical stimulation of the insula in the macaque monkey
    Fausto Caruana
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Curr Biol 21:195-9. 2011
    ..Both behaviors were characterized by specific motor and vegetative responses and by a dramatic change in the monkey's responsiveness to external stimuli...
  30. ncbi request reprint The inferior parietal lobule: where action becomes perception
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Novartis Found Symp 270:129-40; discussion 140-5, 164-9. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Congruent embodied representations for visually presented actions and linguistic phrases describing actions
    Lisa Aziz-Zadeh
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, 39 E, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Curr Biol 16:1818-23. 2006
    ..These results suggest a key role of mirror neuron areas in the re-enactment of sensory-motor representations during conceptual processing of actions invoked by linguistic stimuli...
  32. doi request reprint The neural correlates of velocity processing during the observation of a biological effector in the parietal and premotor cortex
    Cinzia Di Dio
    University of Parma, Department of Neuroscience, via Volturno 39 E, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuroimage 64:425-36. 2013
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Covert speech arrest induced by rTMS over both motor and nonmotor left hemisphere frontal sites
    Lisa Aziz-Zadeh
    Universita di Parma, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:928-38. 2005
    ..Furthermore, both the left posterior/motor site and the left anterior/IFG site appear to be essential to language elaboration even when motor output is not required...
  34. pmc The neural correlates of 'vitality form' recognition: an fMRI study: This work is dedicated to Daniel Stern, whose immeasurable contribution to science has inspired our research
    Giuseppe Di Cesare
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, via Volturno 39 E, 43100 Parma, Department of Philosophy, University of Milan, Via Festa del Perdono 7, I 20122 Milano, Italy, Centre Brazelton Suisse, Clinique des Grangettes, 1224 Chêne Bourg GE, Section of Psychology, University of Geneva, Bld du Pont d Arve 40 Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical School, New York Hospital, USA, and IIT Italian Institute of Technology Brain Center for Social and Motor Cognition, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 9:951-60. 2014
    ..This somatosensory-insular-limbic circuit could underlie the observers' capacity to understand the vitality forms conveyed by the observed action. ..
  35. doi request reprint Impaired vitality form recognition in autism
    Magali J Rochat
    University of Parma, Department of Neuroscience, Via Volturno 39, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 51:1918-24. 2013
    ..Deficit in vitality form recognition appears, therefore, to be a newly recognized trait marker of autism. ..
  36. ncbi request reprint Neural circuits underlying imitation learning of hand actions: an event-related fMRI study
    Giovanni Buccino
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy
    Neuron 42:323-34. 2004
    ..Given the functional properties of area 46, a model of imitation learning is proposed based on interactions between this area and the mirror neuron system...
  37. ncbi request reprint Mirror neurons and mirror systems in monkeys and humans
    Maddalena Fabbri-Destro
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    Physiology (Bethesda) 23:171-9. 2008
    ..According to its anatomical locations, mirror mechanism plays a role in action and intention understanding, imitation, speech, and emotion feeling...
  38. ncbi request reprint The neural basis for understanding non-intended actions
    Giovanni Buccino
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Physiology, University of Parma, Via Volturno 31, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuroimage 36:T119-27. 2007
    ..The concomitant activation of mesial prefrontal areas, known to be involved in self-referential processing, might reflect how deeply participants are involved in the observed scenes...
  39. ncbi request reprint Hearing sounds, understanding actions: action representation in mirror neurons
    Evelyne Kohler
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Parma, Italy, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Parma, Italy
    Science 297:846-8. 2002
    ....
  40. pmc Brain function overlaps when people observe emblems, speech, and grasping
    Michael Andric
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Neuropsychologia 51:1619-29. 2013
    ..These findings thus characterize converging brain responses to shared features (e.g., symbolic or manual), despite their encoding and presentation in different stimulus modalities...
  41. doi request reprint A developmental study on children's capacity to ascribe goals and intentions to others
    Arianna Bello
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma
    Dev Psychol 50:504-13. 2014
    ..These results, besides their intrinsic value, provide an important baseline for comparisons with studies on developmental disorders, also highlighting the relevance of distinguishing what and why understanding...
  42. pmc Functional organization of the insula and inner perisylvian regions
    Ahmad Jezzini
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:10077-82. 2012
    ..The relationship between ingestive and other behaviors is discussed in an evolutionary perspective...
  43. ncbi request reprint Motor and cognitive functions of the ventral premotor cortex
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:149-54. 2002
    ..Preliminary evidence suggests that the ventral part of the lateral premotor cortex in humans may correspond to monkey area F4. A tentative map of the human lateral premotor areas founded on the reviewed evidence is presented...
  44. ncbi request reprint Cognitive abilities in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders
    Valentina Gizzonio
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno, 39 E, 43100, Parma, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 232:2381-90. 2014
    ..We suggest that the common cognitive profile observed in autistic children and their siblings could represent a marker of liability to autism and, thus, a possible intermediate phenotype of this syndrome. ..
  45. doi request reprint An area specifically devoted to tool use in human left inferior parietal lobule
    Guy A Orban
    Department of Neuroscience, Parma University, Parma, 43100 Italy
    Behav Brain Sci 35:234. 2012
    ..We propose that this area represents the neural substrate of the human capacity to understand tool use by using causal reasoning...
  46. ncbi request reprint Hand action preparation influences the responses to hand pictures
    Laila Craighero
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 40:492-502. 2002
    ..The data are interpreted as behavioral evidence that there is a close link between specific visual stimuli and specific motor actions. A neurophysiological model for this visuo-motor link is presented...
  47. pmc The mirror mechanism: recent findings and perspectives
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, via Volturno 39 E, Parma 43100, Italy
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 369:20130420. 2014
    ..We also review some human studies suggesting that motor intention in humans may rely, as in the monkey, on the mirror mechanism. ..
  48. pmc Seven years of recording from monkey cortex with a chronically implanted multiple microelectrode
    Jürgen Krüger
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Università di Parma Parma, Italy
    Front Neuroeng 3:6. 2010
    ..Histological examination of the implanted brain region shows only a very marginal damage to the recording area. Advantages and problems related to long-term recording are discussed...
  49. ncbi request reprint Observing others: multiple action representation in the frontal lobe
    Koen Nelissen
    Laboratorium voor Neuro en Psychofysiologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Medical School, Leuven, Belgium
    Science 310:332-6. 2005
    ..Observation of shapes activated area 45, but not premotor F5. Convergence of object and action information in area 45 may be important for full comprehension of actions...
  50. ncbi request reprint Prefrontal involvement in imitation learning of hand actions: effects of practice and expertise
    Stefan Vogt
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, UK
    Neuroimage 37:1371-83. 2007
    ..Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, Third edition. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 943-956] proposal of a dominant role of the left DLPFC in modulating lower level systems and of a dominant role of the right DLPFC in monitoring operations...
  51. ncbi request reprint Both of us disgusted in My insula: the common neural basis of seeing and feeling disgust
    Bruno Wicker
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, CNRS, Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 cedex 20, Marseille, France
    Neuron 40:655-64. 2003
    ..This finding provides a unifying mechanism for understanding the behaviors of others...
  52. ncbi request reprint Aplasics born without hands mirror the goal of hand actions with their feet
    Valeria Gazzola
    BCN Neuroimaging Center, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, A Deusinglaan 2, 9713 AW Groningen, The Netherlands
    Curr Biol 17:1235-40. 2007
    ..This sheds light on the functional organization of the MNS and predominance of goals in imitation...
  53. ncbi request reprint Listening to action-related sentences activates fronto-parietal motor circuits
    Marco Tettamanti
    Neuroscience Department, Scientific Institute San Raffaele, Segrate Milan, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:273-81. 2005
    ..These data provide the first direct evidence that listening to sentences that describe actions engages the visuomotor circuits which subserve action execution and observation...
  54. ncbi request reprint Motor systems
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:623-5. 2005
  55. ncbi request reprint Numbers within our hands: modulation of corticospinal excitability of hand muscles during numerical judgment
    Marc Sato
    Universita degli Studi di Parma, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:684-93. 2007
    ..This increase was specific for smaller numbers (1 to 4) as compared to larger numbers (6 to 9). These findings indicate a close relationship between hand/finger and numerical representations...
  56. ncbi request reprint Introduction: higher motor cognition - from basic neuroscience to apraxia
    Ferdinand Binkofski
    Neuroimage 36:T1. 2007
  57. ncbi request reprint Speech listening specifically modulates the excitability of tongue muscles: a TMS study
    Luciano Fadiga
    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Terapie Avanzate, Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Ferrara, Via Fossato di Mortara 17 19, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 15:399-402. 2002
    ..Although these data do not prove the motor theory of speech perception, they demonstrate for the first time that word listening produces a phoneme specific activation of speech motor centres...
  58. doi request reprint Further reflections on how we interpret the actions of others
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Nature 455:589. 2008