Antonio Raviele

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bologna
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Coronary flow reserve and brachial artery reactivity in patients with chest pain and "false positive" exercise-induced ST-segment depression
    Fausto Rigo
    Cardiology Division, Umberto I degrees Hospital, Mestre, Italy
    Am J Cardiol 89:1141-4. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Randomized comparison of simultaneous biventricular stimulation versus optimized interventricular delay in cardiac resynchronization therapy. The Resynchronization for the HemodYnamic Treatment for Heart Failure Management II implantable cardioverter defi
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Am Heart J 151:1050-8. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Cardiac resynchronization therapy: effects on left and right ventricular ejection fraction during exercise
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna Bologna, Italy
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 28:S11-4. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of fusion beat detection with a new ventricular automatic capture algorithm in ICDs
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, Ospedale Policlinico San Orsola, Bologna, Italy
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 28:S263-6. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Predictors of atrial antitachycardia pacing efficacy in patients affected by brady-tachy form of sick sinus syndrome and implanted with a DDDRP device
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna and Azienda Ospedaliera, S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 16:714-23. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Prevention of sudden death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: but which defibrillator for which patient?
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Istituto di Cardiologia, Universita di Bologna, Policlinico S Orsola, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Via Massarenti 9, 40138, Bologna, Italy
    Circulation 110:e438-42. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Electrocardiographic remodeling during cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Istituto di Cardiologia, Universita di Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 108:165-70. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Pharmacological cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: current management and treatment options
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Drugs 64:2741-62. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Acute and chronic haemodynamic effects of biventricular pacing and of switching to different pacing modalities in heart failure patients
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 110:318-23. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint A controlled study on the effect of verapamil on atrial tachycaarrhythmias in patients with brady-tachy syndrome implanted with a DDDR pacemaker
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Istituto di Cardiologia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 104:73-6. 2005

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint Coronary flow reserve and brachial artery reactivity in patients with chest pain and "false positive" exercise-induced ST-segment depression
    Fausto Rigo
    Cardiology Division, Umberto I degrees Hospital, Mestre, Italy
    Am J Cardiol 89:1141-4. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Randomized comparison of simultaneous biventricular stimulation versus optimized interventricular delay in cardiac resynchronization therapy. The Resynchronization for the HemodYnamic Treatment for Heart Failure Management II implantable cardioverter defi
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Am Heart J 151:1050-8. 2006
    ..The clinical value of interventricular (V-V) delay optimization in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) undergoing implantation of a device for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has not been clearly demonstrated...
  3. ncbi request reprint Cardiac resynchronization therapy: effects on left and right ventricular ejection fraction during exercise
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna Bologna, Italy
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 28:S11-4. 2005
    ..The remodeling processes associated with CRT did not appear to include RV function, since RVEF did not improve, and changes in RVEF did not correlate with changes in LVEF, neither at rest nor during exercise...
  4. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of fusion beat detection with a new ventricular automatic capture algorithm in ICDs
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, Ospedale Policlinico San Orsola, Bologna, Italy
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 28:S263-6. 2005
    ..Capture or fusion beats were never detected as non-capture beats. It is concluded that the algorithm was effective in detecting fusion beats. It could potentially be used in ICD applications that need accurate fusion detection...
  5. ncbi request reprint Predictors of atrial antitachycardia pacing efficacy in patients affected by brady-tachy form of sick sinus syndrome and implanted with a DDDRP device
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna and Azienda Ospedaliera, S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 16:714-23. 2005
    ..Predictors of ATP efficacy in brady/tachy patients...
  6. ncbi request reprint Prevention of sudden death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: but which defibrillator for which patient?
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Istituto di Cardiologia, Universita di Bologna, Policlinico S Orsola, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Via Massarenti 9, 40138, Bologna, Italy
    Circulation 110:e438-42. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Electrocardiographic remodeling during cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Istituto di Cardiologia, Universita di Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 108:165-70. 2006
    ..More information is required on the relationship between electrical and structural reverse remodeling in patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy...
  8. ncbi request reprint Pharmacological cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: current management and treatment options
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Drugs 64:2741-62. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Acute and chronic haemodynamic effects of biventricular pacing and of switching to different pacing modalities in heart failure patients
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 110:318-23. 2006
    ..In patients with severe heart failure, sinus rhythm and wide QRS complex biventricular (BiV) pacing leads to clinical and haemodynamic improvement, but the immediate reversibility of these changes is not known...
  10. ncbi request reprint A controlled study on the effect of verapamil on atrial tachycaarrhythmias in patients with brady-tachy syndrome implanted with a DDDR pacemaker
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Istituto di Cardiologia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 104:73-6. 2005
    ..Moreover, this drug was ineffective in reducing the number of palpitation episodes reported by the patient...
  11. ncbi request reprint Atrial fibrillation in patients with a dual defibrillator: characteristics of spontaneous and induced episodes and effect of ventricular tachyarrhythmia induction
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna and Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 16:974-80. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Primary prevention of sudden cardiac death: can we afford the cost of cardioverter-defibrillators? Data from the Search-MI Registry-Italian sub-study
    Giuseppe Boriani
    Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Azienda Ospedaliera S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 29:S29-34. 2006
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Prognostic role of post-infarction C-reactive protein in patients undergoing implantation of cardioverter-defibrillators: design of the C-reactive protein Assessment after Myocardial Infarction to GUide Implantation of DEfibrillator (CAMI GUIDE) study
    Fulvio Bellocci
    Institute of Cardiology, Catholic University, A Gemelli Hospital, Rome, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 8:293-9. 2007
    ..Whether C-reactive protein (CRP), a serum inflammatory marker with established prognostic accuracy after MI, can also be a predictor of SCD is unclear...
  14. ncbi request reprint HRS/EHRA/ECAS expert Consensus Statement on catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation: recommendations for personnel, policy, procedures and follow-up. A report of the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) Task Force on catheter and surgical ablation of
    Hugh Calkins
    Johns Hopkins Hospital, Maryland, USA
    Heart Rhythm 4:816-61. 2007
  15. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic effects of atrial septal pacing in cardiac resynchronization therapy patients
    Francesco Di Pede
    Department of Cardiology, Ospedale Umberto I, Mestre Venezia, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 16:1273-8. 2005
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Pulmonary-vein isolation for atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure
    Mohammed N Khan
    Cardiovascular Associates, Elk Grove Village, IL 60007, USA
    N Engl J Med 359:1778-85. 2008
    ..Pulmonary-vein isolation is increasingly being used to treat atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure...
  17. ncbi request reprint Rate-responsive pacing regulated by cardiac haemodynamics
    Gianni Gasparini
    Unita Operativa di Cardiologia, Ospedale Umberto I, Via Circonvallazione, 50, 30174 Mestre, Venezia, Italy
    Europace 7:234-41. 2005
    ..We checked whether the TVI sensor can drive the rate-responsive function of a cardiac pacemaker following changes in the inotropic regulation of the heart...
  18. ncbi request reprint Radiofrequency ablation vs antiarrhythmic drugs as first-line treatment of symptomatic atrial fibrillation: a randomized trial
    Oussama M Wazni
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Center for Atrial Fibrillation, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    JAMA 293:2634-40. 2005
    ..Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with radiofrequency ablation may cure AF, obviating the need for antiarrhythmic drugs and anticoagulation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Dual defibrillator improves quality of life and decreases hospitalizations in patients with drug refractory atrial fibrillation
    Renato Ricci
    San Filippo Neri Hospital in Rome, Italy
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 10:85-92. 2004
    ..to evaluate the impact of dual defibrillator implantation on quality of life and resource utilization in patients with drug refractory atrial fibrillation (AF) without prior ventricular arrhythmias...
  20. ncbi request reprint Use of ibutilide in cardioversion of patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter treated with class IC agents
    Richard H Hongo
    University of California, San Francisco 94143 1354, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 44:864-8. 2004
    ..We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of ibutilide cardioversion for those with atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial flutter (AFL) receiving long-term treatmentwith class IC agents...
  21. ncbi request reprint Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy for prevention of sudden death in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia
    Domenico Corrado
    Divisione di Cardiologia e Patologia Cardiovascolare, Universita di Padova, Padova, Italy
    Circulation 108:3084-91. 2003
    ..Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is a condition associated with the risk of sudden death (SD)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Mode of initiation and ablation of ventricular fibrillation storms in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy
    Nassir F Marrouche
    Section of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1715-20. 2004
    ..We report on the initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF) storm in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and the results of targeted ablation to treat VF storm...
  23. ncbi request reprint Impact of coronary sinus lead position on biventricular pacing: mortality and echocardiographic evaluation during long-term follow-up
    Antonio Rossillo
    Department of Cardiology, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 15:1120-5. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical response and mortality in patients who had transvenous CS leads placed in different anatomic branches for biventricular pacing...
  24. ncbi request reprint Different clinical courses and predictors of atrial fibrillation occurrence after transisthmic ablation in patients with preablation lone atrial flutter, coexistent atrial fibrillation, and drug induced atrial flutter
    Emanuele Bertaglia
    Department of Cardiology, Ospedale Civile, Mirano, Italy
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 27:1507-12. 2004
    ..Different clinical and echocardiographical variables predict postablation AF occurrence in different subgroups of patients...
  25. ncbi request reprint An integrated anatomical and electrophysiological approach to atrial fibrillation ablation
    Aldo Bonso
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 7:592-3. 2006
  26. ncbi request reprint Venice Chart international consensus document on atrial fibrillation ablation
    Andrea Natale
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, USA
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 18:560-80. 2007
  27. ncbi request reprint Role of transoesophageal echocardiography in evaluating the effect of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation on anatomy and function of the pulmonary veins
    Bruno De Piccoli
    Cardiovascular Department, Umberto I Hospital, Via Circonvallazione 50, 30171 Venice Mestre, Italy
    Europace 10:1079-84. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible morphological and functional consequences of this procedure on PV during a 12-month follow-up...
  28. ncbi request reprint Long-term outcome and sex distribution across ages of left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome
    Paolo Buja
    Cardiovascular Department, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre, Venice, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 9:905-9. 2008
    ..Apical ballooning syndrome is a rare clinical entity that predominantly involves elderly women and is considered to be benign. We report our experience regarding this syndrome in terms of sex distribution and long-term outcome...
  29. doi request reprint Efficacy, safety, and outcome of atrial fibrillation ablation in septuagenarians
    Andrea Corrado
    Section of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 19:807-11. 2008
    ..Catheter ablation is an effective treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF). The outcome of AF ablation in septuagenarians is not clear. Our aim was to evaluate success rate, outcome, and complication rate of AF ablation in septuagenarians...
  30. ncbi request reprint Intracardiac echocardiography for implantation of LAA occlusion devices: a further step toward the ICE era?
    Sakis Themistoclakis
    Heart Rhythm 4:572-4. 2007
  31. ncbi request reprint Recurrent unexplained palpitations (RUP) study comparison of implantable loop recorder versus conventional diagnostic strategy
    Franco Giada
    Cardiovascular Department, Ospedale Umberto I, Mestre Venice, Venice, Italy
    J Am Coll Cardiol 49:1951-6. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic yield and the costs of implantable loop recorder (ILR) with those of the conventional strategy in patients with unexplained palpitations...
  32. doi request reprint Clinical predictors and relationship between early and late atrial tachyarrhythmias after pulmonary vein antrum isolation
    Sakis Themistoclakis
    Cardiovascular Department, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
    Heart Rhythm 5:679-85. 2008
    ..Several studies have reported early (EAT) and late (LAT) atrial tachyarrhythmias following atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, but the factors associated with them and their clinical significance are not well known...
  33. doi request reprint Role of anticoagulation therapy after pulmonary vein antrum isolation for atrial fibrillation treatment
    Antonio Rossillo
    Department of Cardiology, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 9:51-5. 2008
    ..In the present study, we evaluated the incidence of CVA following the interruption of OAT 3 months after ICE-PVAI...
  34. ncbi request reprint Should the "scalpel" be preferred to catheter ablation to cure atrial fibrillation?
    Antonio Rossillo
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 18:1296-8. 2007
  35. ncbi request reprint Anatomic location of pulmonary vein electrical disconnection with balloon-based catheter ablation
    Karen P Phillips
    Section of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 19:14-8. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate the precise anatomic level of PV electrical disconnection with current design balloon-based catheters...
  36. ncbi request reprint HRS/EHRA/ECAS expert consensus statement on catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation: recommendations for personnel, policy, procedures and follow-up. A report of the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) Task Force on Catheter and Surgical Ablation of
    Hugh Calkins
    Johns Hopkins Hospital, Maryland, USA
    Europace 9:335-79. 2007
  37. ncbi request reprint Trans-septal catheterization in the electrophysiology laboratory: data from a multicenter survey spanning 12 years
    Roberto De Ponti
    Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiovascolari, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi Università dell Insubria, Varese, Italy
    J Am Coll Cardiol 47:1037-42. 2006
    ..We report the data from the Italian Survey on trans-septal catheterization (TSP-C) for catheter ablation of arrhythmias in the left heart that covered 2003 and previous years...
  38. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
    Fethi Kilicaslan
    Section of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Heart Rhythm 3:275-80. 2006
    ..Although pulmonary vein (PV) antrum isolation is effective in curing atrial fibrillation (AF) in a variety of heart diseases, results in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) have not been reported...
  39. ncbi request reprint Pulmonary vein stenosis after radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation: functional characterization, evolution, and influence of the ablation strategy
    Eduardo B Saad
    Center for Atrial Fibrillation, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Circulation 108:3102-7. 2003
    ..Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a complication of ablation for atrial fibrillation. The impact of different ablation strategies on the incidence of PV stenosis and its functional characterization has not been described...
  40. ncbi request reprint Left atrial radiofrequency ablation during cardiac surgery in patients with atrial fibrillation
    Roberto Mantovan
    Cardiovascular Department, Ospedale Regionale Santa Maria dei Battuti di Treviso, Italy
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 14:1289-95. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to verify the outcome of this technique in a controlled multicenter trial...
  41. ncbi request reprint Early assessment of coronary flow reserve by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography predicts late remodeling in reperfused anterior myocardial infarction
    Fausto Rigo
    Cardiology Department, Umberto I Hospital, Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 17:750-5. 2004
    ..Coronary flow reserve (CFR) can be assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and provides a functional estimate of microvascular integrity downstream from the patent infarct-related vessel...
  42. ncbi request reprint A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of permanent cardiac pacing for the treatment of recurrent tilt-induced vasovagal syncope. The vasovagal syncope and pacing trial (SYNPACE)
    Antonio Raviele
    Department of Cardiology, Ospedale Umberto I, Via Circonvallazione 50, 30174 Mestre Venice, Italy
    Eur Heart J 25:1741-8. 2004
    ..We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in order to ascertain if pacing therapy reduces the risk of syncope relapse...
  43. ncbi request reprint [How is syncope studied in the Italian hospitals?]
    Angelo Bartoletti
    Task Force Associazione Italiana di Aritmologia e Cardiostimolazione, Modello organizzativo di Syncope Unit
    Ital Heart J Suppl 5:472-9. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate how the main tests for the diagnostic assessment of syncope are currently performed in the Italian hospitals...
  44. ncbi request reprint Guidelines on management (diagnosis and treatment) of syncope--update 2004
    Michele Brignole
    Europace 6:467-537. 2004
  45. ncbi request reprint Guidelines on management (diagnosis and treatment) of syncope-update 2004. Executive Summary
    Michele Brignole
    Department of Cardiology and Arrhythmologic Centre, Ospedali del Tigullio, 16033 Lavagna, Italy
    Eur Heart J 25:2054-72. 2004
  46. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic management of patients with palpitations of unknown origin
    Franco Giada
    Cardiovascular Department, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
    Ital Heart J 5:581-6. 2004
    ..Implantable loop recorders may be recommended in patients with rare, highly symptomatic palpitations associated or not with hemodynamic impairment, when the other diagnostic modalities prove to be inconclusive...
  47. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of a patient-activated pharmacologic pump using phenylephrine as active drug and prodromal symptoms as a marker of imminent loss of consciousness to abort tilt-induced syncope
    Antonio Raviele
    J Am Coll Cardiol 45:320-1. 2005
  48. ncbi request reprint Embolic events and char formation during pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation: impact of different anticoagulation regimens and importance of intracardiac echo imaging
    Oussama M Wazni
    Center for Atrial Fibrillation, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 16:576-81. 2005
    ..8% of patients. In this study, we report the incidence of char formation and embolic events with different anticoagulation protocols prospectively changed to reduce such complication...
  49. ncbi request reprint Early EPS/ICD strategy in survivors of acute myocardial infarction with severe left ventricular dysfunction on optimal beta-blocker treatment. The BEta-blocker STrategy plus ICD trial
    Antonio Raviele
    Cardiology Division, Ospedale Umberto I, Via Circonvallazione, 50 30170 Mestre Venezia, Italy
    Europace 7:327-37. 2005
    ..Previous studies have shown the benefits of such a strategy only in high-risk patients late after MI...
  50. ncbi request reprint Iatrogenic postatrial fibrillation ablation left atrial tachycardia/flutter: how to prevent and treat it?
    Antonio Raviele
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 16:298-301. 2005
  51. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric profile, quality of life and risk of syncopal recurrence in patients with tilt-induced vasovagal syncope
    Franco Giada
    Department of Cardiology, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
    Europace 7:465-71. 2005
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Relation of clinical presentation of syncope to the age of patients
    Attilio Del Rosso
    Department of Cardiology, Ospedale S Pietro Igneo, Fucecchio, Florence, Italy
    Am J Cardiol 96:1431-5. 2005
    ..The specificity of some features is high but these can be observed in only a minority of patients...
  53. ncbi request reprint Endoscopic fiberoptic assessment of balloon occlusion of the pulmonary vein ostium in humans: comparison with phased-array intracardiac echocardiography
    Sakis Themistoclakis
    Department of Cardiology, Umberto I Hospital, Mestre Venice, Italy
    Heart Rhythm 3:44-9. 2006
    ..Anatomic pulmonary vein (PV) variants may affect the ability to position balloon catheter systems at the left atrium (LA)-PV junction with complete circumferential contact, resulting in ineffective PV isolation...
  54. ncbi request reprint Usefulness of coronary flow reserve over regional wall motion when added to dual-imaging dipyridamole echocardiography
    Fausto Rigo
    Cardiology Division Umberto I degrees Hospital, Mestre, Italy
    Am J Cardiol 91:269-73. 2003
    ..However, the data for flow and function can be complementary in terms of predicting underlying angiographic anatomy, because abnormal wall motion can include coronary artery disease, and negative CFR can exclude it...