Gaetano Iapichino

Summary

Affiliation: University of Milan
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The use of analgesic drugs in postoperative patients: the neglected problem of pain control in intensive care units. An observational, prospective, multicenter study in 128 Italian intensive care units
    Guido Bertolini
    GiViTI Coordinating Center, Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Centro di Ricerche Cliniche per le Malattie Rare Aldo e Cele Daccò, 24020 RANICA Bergamo, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 58:73-7. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Intensive care of patients requiring open abdomen treatment: a case-series analysis
    P Spanu
    Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 79:349-59. 2013
  3. pmc Implications of ICU triage decisions on patient mortality: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    David L Edbrooke
    Medical and Economics Research Centre Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Glossop Road, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK
    Crit Care 15:R56. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness and efficiency of intensive care medicine: variable costs in different diagnosis groups
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:820-6. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Time course of endogenous nitric oxide inhibitors in severe sepsis in humans
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Therapy and Dermatologic Sciences, University of Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 76:325-33. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Evaluating daily nursing use and needs in the intensive care unit: a method to assess the rate and appropriateness of ICU resource use
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Via A Di Rudini 8, 20142 Milano, Italy
    Health Policy 73:228-34. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Metabolic support of the critically ill: 2008 update
    G Iapichino
    Institute of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 74:709-13. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Measuring complexity/level of care and appropriateness of resource use in intensive care units
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri
    Minerva Anestesiol 66:541-7. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Metabolic treatment of critically ill patients: energy balance and substrate disposal
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 72:533-41. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Metabolic treatment of critically ill patients: energy expenditure and energy supply
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 72:559-65. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi request reprint The use of analgesic drugs in postoperative patients: the neglected problem of pain control in intensive care units. An observational, prospective, multicenter study in 128 Italian intensive care units
    Guido Bertolini
    GiViTI Coordinating Center, Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Centro di Ricerche Cliniche per le Malattie Rare Aldo e Cele Daccò, 24020 RANICA Bergamo, Italy
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 58:73-7. 2002
    ..The use of analgesic drugs in patients admitted to Italian intensive care units (ICUs) was assessed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Intensive care of patients requiring open abdomen treatment: a case-series analysis
    P Spanu
    Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 79:349-59. 2013
    ..This retrospective overview examines the management of patients with temporary open abdomen (OA)...
  3. pmc Implications of ICU triage decisions on patient mortality: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    David L Edbrooke
    Medical and Economics Research Centre Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Glossop Road, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK
    Crit Care 15:R56. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness and efficiency of intensive care medicine: variable costs in different diagnosis groups
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:820-6. 2004
    ..To propose strategies aimed at reducing costs and improving efficiency in each patient group...
  5. ncbi request reprint Time course of endogenous nitric oxide inhibitors in severe sepsis in humans
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Therapy and Dermatologic Sciences, University of Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 76:325-33. 2010
    ..We investigated plasma ADMA and SDMA levels during ICU stay to reveal the time course of endogenous NO inhibition in patients with sepsis...
  6. ncbi request reprint Evaluating daily nursing use and needs in the intensive care unit: a method to assess the rate and appropriateness of ICU resource use
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Via A Di Rudini 8, 20142 Milano, Italy
    Health Policy 73:228-34. 2005
    ..We designed a tool to measure the rate and appropriateness of intensive care unit (ICU) nursing coverage as a proxy for the use of resources...
  7. ncbi request reprint Metabolic support of the critically ill: 2008 update
    G Iapichino
    Institute of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 74:709-13. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Measuring complexity/level of care and appropriateness of resource use in intensive care units
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri
    Minerva Anestesiol 66:541-7. 2000
    ..Thus, a higher attention to improve the efficiency of the use of ICU resources is indispensable. The objective of this study was the development of a simple and reliable tool for the evaluation of the appropriateness of ICU utilization...
  9. ncbi request reprint Metabolic treatment of critically ill patients: energy balance and substrate disposal
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 72:533-41. 2006
    ..Composition of dietary intake can be usefully different for each pathology, and also for different periods of the same pathology, because critically ill patients have a variety of metabolic needs during their stay in ICU...
  10. ncbi request reprint Metabolic treatment of critically ill patients: energy expenditure and energy supply
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 72:559-65. 2006
    ..Then, this review would lead the decision making process beginning from biochemistry and bioenergetics, until the metabolic strategy practically usable at the bedside of patients during the whole critical phase of their pathology...
  11. doi request reprint Tight glycemic control does not affect asymmetric-dimethylarginine in septic patients
    Gaetano Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via A Di Rudini 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 34:1843-50. 2008
    ..We investigated whether preventing hyperglycemia in septic patients affected the plasma concentration of asymmetric-dimethylarginine and if this was associated with clinical benefit...
  12. doi request reprint Reasons for refusal of admission to intensive care and impact on mortality
    Gaetano Iapichino
    Dipartimento di Anestesiologia, Terapia Intensiva e Scienze Dermatologiche, Università degli Studi di Milano UO Anestesia e Rianimazione, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Via A Di Rudini 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 36:1772-9. 2010
    ..To identify factors influencing triage decisions and investigate whether admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) could reduce mortality compared with treatment on the ward...
  13. ncbi request reprint Nutrition given to critically ill patients during high level/complex care (on Italian ICUs)
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano Azienda Ospedaliera, Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milan, Italy
    Clin Nutr 23:409-16. 2004
    ..Within a prospective study on costs in 45 Italian intensive units we reviewed nutrition support practice given during critical illness...
  14. ncbi request reprint Volume of activity and occupancy rate in intensive care units. Association with mortality
    Gaetano Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Via A Di Rudini 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 30:290-7. 2004
    ..We examined the relationship between the volume of activity of intensive care units (ICUs) and mortality by a measure of risk-adjusted volume of activity specific for ICUs...
  15. ncbi request reprint Daily classification of the level of care. A method to describe clinical course of illness, use of resources and quality of intensive care assistance
    G Iapichino
    Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione, Ospedale Universitario San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 27:131-6. 2001
    ..To develop a simple and comparable clinical method able to distinguish between higher and lower complexities of care in the ICU...
  16. ncbi request reprint Description of trends in the course of illness of critically ill patients. Markers of intensive care organization and performance
    G Iapichino
    Cattedra di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milan, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 28:985-9. 2002
    ..To identify objective trends of the course of illness that might be used as benchmarks in the auditing of the organization/performance of Intensive Care Units (ICU)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Proposal of a flexible structural-organizing model for the Intensive Care Units
    G Iapichino
    Institute of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Polo Universitario San Paolo, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 73:501-6. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Daily monitoring of biomarkers of sepsis in complicated long-term ICU-patients: can it support treatment decisions?
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology, San Paolo University Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 76:814-23. 2010
    ..The ACCP-SCCM criteria are difficult to apply for such patients, and objective, validated biomarkers would be of great use in this setting...
  19. ncbi request reprint Determinants of post-intensive care mortality in high-level treated critically ill patients
    Gaetano Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Via A Di Rudini 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 29:1751-6. 2003
    ..To assess the predictive ability of preillness and illness variables, impact of care, and discharge variables on the post-intensive care mortality...
  20. ncbi request reprint Use of sedative and analgesic drugs in the first week of ICU stay in high-level-of-care
    G Iapichino
    Department of Anesthesiology and Resuscitation, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 69:765-70, 771-4. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to update the current practice of pharmacological sedation and analgesia in Italian intensive care units...
  21. doi request reprint Bias reduction in repeated-measures observational studies by the use of propensity score: the case of enteral sedation for critically ill patients
    Michele Umbrello
    Dipartimento di Anestesiologia, Terapia Intensiva e Scienze Dermatologiche, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
    J Crit Care 27:662-72. 2012
    ..Few studies addressed the specific issue of a PS correction of repeated-measures designs...
  22. doi request reprint Tight glycemic control may favor fibrinolysis in patients with sepsis
    Monica Savioli
    Dipartimento di Anestesia, UO di Anestesia e Rianimazione, Rianimazione Intensiva e Subintensiva e Terapia del Dolore, Fondazione IRCCS, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli, Regina Elena di Milano, Milan, Italy
    Crit Care Med 37:424-31. 2009
    ..To investigate whether tight glycemic control, in patients with sepsis, may restore a normal fibrinolysis by lowering plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 levels...
  23. ncbi request reprint Sedation in the critically ill ventilated patient: possible role of enteral drugs
    Marco Cigada
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera Polo Universitario San Paolo, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 31:482-6. 2005
    ..Sedation by the enteral route is unusual in intensive medicine. We analysed the feasibility/efficacy of long-term enteral sedation in ventilated critically ill patients...
  24. doi request reprint Conscious sedation in the critically ill ventilated patient
    Marco Cigada
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo di Milano, 20142 Milano, Italy
    J Crit Care 23:349-53. 2008
    ..We analyzed if a level 2 on the Ramsay Scale (ie, awake, cooperative, oriented, tranquil patient) is suitable for an invasive therapeutic approach...
  25. doi request reprint Noninvasive CPAP with face mask: comparison among new air-entrainment masks and the Boussignac valve
    Giovanni Mistraletti
    Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico Chirurgica e dei Trapianti, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milan, Italy
    Respir Care 58:305-12. 2013
    ..The performances of 2 noninvasive CPAP systems (high flow and low flow air-entrainment masks) were compared to the Boussignac valve in 3 different scenarios...
  26. ncbi request reprint Severe water intoxication secondary to the concomitant intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and desmopressin: a case report and review of the literature
    Elisa Verrua
    Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Endocrinology and Diabetology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
    Hormones (Athens) 12:135-41. 2013
    ..Risks and benefits of co-treatment should be carefully considered and therapeutic alternatives to NSAIDs should be recommended to patients with central DI in order to improve DDAVP safety...
  27. ncbi request reprint Variable costs of ICU patients: a multicenter prospective study
    Carlotta Rossi
    Centro di Ricerche Cliniche per le Malattie Rare Aldo e Cele Daccò, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Ranica, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 32:545-52. 2006
    ..To analyze the costs of treating critically ill patients...
  28. ncbi request reprint Early enteral immunonutrition in patients with severe sepsis: results of an interim analysis of a randomized multicentre clinical trial
    Guido Bertolini
    GiViTI Coordinating Center, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Centro di Ricerche Cliniche per le Malattie Rare Aldo e Cele Daccò, Ranica, Bergamo, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 29:834-40. 2003
    ..We report the results of a planned interim analysis on patients with severe sepsis which was undertaken earlier than planned once a meta-analysis suggested excess mortality in patients with severe sepsis given enteral immunonutrition...
  29. doi request reprint Pharmacokinetics of orally administered melatonin in critically ill patients
    Giovanni Mistraletti
    Dipartimento di Anestesiologia, Terapia Intensiva e Scienze Dermatologiche, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pineal Res 48:142-7. 2010
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Actigraphic monitoring in critically ill patients: preliminary results toward an "observation-guided sedation"
    Giovanni Mistraletti
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo Polo Universitario, 20142 Milano, Italy
    J Crit Care 24:563-7. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to evaluate continuous wrist actigraphy (measurement of limb movements) in intensive care unit patients as a neurologic status monitoring...
  31. doi request reprint Noninvasive CPAP With Face Mask: Comparison Among New Air-Entrainment Masks and the Boussignac Valve
    Giovanni Mistraletti
    Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico Chirurgica e dei Trapianti, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milan, Italy
    Respir Care 58:305-12. 2013
    ..The performances of 2 noninvasive CPAP systems (high flow and low flow air-entrainment masks) were compared to the Boussignac valve in 3 different scenarios...
  32. ncbi request reprint Scoring system for the selection of high-risk patients in the intensive care unit
    Gaetano Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
    Crit Care Med 34:1039-43. 2006
    ..We devised a system for selecting high-risk patients that reduces bias by excluding low-risk patients and patients with an early death irrespective of the treatment...
  33. doi request reprint Impact of antibiotics on the gut microbiota of critically ill patients
    Gaetano Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi, Polo San Paolo, Via di Rudini 8, I 20142 Milano, Italy
    J Med Microbiol 57:1007-14. 2008
    ..A statistically significant link between these two ecological traits and the use of clindamycin was also found...
  34. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of oxidative stress in serum of critically ill patients by a commercial assay and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Giuliana Cighetti
    Department of Medical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Clin Chem 51:1515-7. 2005
  35. ncbi request reprint Daily classification of complexity/level of intensive medical care. Does it allow the monitoring of the managerial process in ICU?
    G Iapichino
    Chair of Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 68:71-5. 2002
  36. ncbi request reprint Performance determinants and flexible ICU organisation
    G Iapichino
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera, Polo Universitario San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 71:273-80. 2005
    ....
  37. pmc Enteral vs. intravenous ICU sedation management: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Giovanni Mistraletti
    Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico Chirurgica e dei Trapianti, Universita degli Studi di Milano, A O San Paolo Polo Universitario, Via A Di Rudini, 8 20142, Milan, Italy
    Trials 14:92. 2013
    ..The enteral approach cannot produce deep sedation; however, it is as adequate as the intravenous one, if the target is to keep patients awake and adapted to the environment, and has fewer side effects and lower costs...
  38. doi request reprint Pulse and systolic pressure variation assessment in partially assisted ventilatory support
    Matteo Zaniboni
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi, Polo San Paolo, Via di Rudinì, Milan, Italy
    J Clin Monit Comput 22:355-9. 2008
    ..We tested if PPV and SPV during flow triggered synchronized intermittent mechanical ventilation (SIMV) could be as accurate as in controlled MV...
  39. ncbi request reprint Short-term noninvasive pressure support ventilation prevents ICU admittance in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema
    Matteo Giacomini
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione dell Università degli Studi di Milano, Azienda Ospedaliera, Polo Universitario Ospedale San Paolo, Milan, Italy
    Chest 123:2057-61. 2003
    ..The aim of the study was to determine whether a short attempt at noninvasive pressure support ventilation avoids ICU admittance and to identify lack of response prediction variables...
  40. ncbi request reprint The Competency-Based Training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe (CoBaTrICE) Italian collaborative: national results from the Picker survey
    F Rubulotta
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Polyclinic, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 75:117-24. 2009
    ..The CoBaTrICE Project has performed a survey, in collaboration with the Picker institute, United Kingdom, to identify desirable characteristics of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) specialists, as expressed by patients and their relatives...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effects of recombinant human activated protein C on the fibrinolytic system of patients undergoing conventional or tight glycemic control
    F Polli
    Institute of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 75:417-26. 2009
    ..Our aim was to evaluate the effects on the fibrinolytic system after the administration of rh-APC in septic patients undergoing conventional or TGC...
  42. ncbi request reprint Severe water intoxication secondary to the concomitant intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and desmopressin: a case report and review of the literature
    Elisa Verrua
    Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Endocrinology and Diabetology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
    Hormones (Athens) 12:135-41. 2013
    ..Risks and benefits of co-treatment should be carefully considered and therapeutic alternatives to NSAIDs should be recommended to patients with central DI in order to improve DDAVP safety...
  43. ncbi request reprint Early enteral immunonutrition vs. parenteral nutrition in critically ill patients without severe sepsis: a randomized clinical trial
    D Radrizzani
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, GiViTI Scientific Committee, 24020 Ranica, Italy
    Intensive Care Med 32:1191-8. 2006
    ..We compared early parenteral nutrition (PN) and early enteral immunonutrition (iEN) in critically ill patients, distinguishing those with and without severe sepsis or septic shock (SS) on admission to intensive care units (ICUs)...
  44. ncbi request reprint Sleep and delirium in the intensive care unit
    G Mistraletti
    Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 74:329-33. 2008
    ..Further studies are needed on the effects of strategies to promote sleep and on the evaluation of better sleep in clinical outcomes, particularly on the development of delirium...
  45. ncbi request reprint [The assessment of nursing workload]
    A Guccione
    Istituto di Anestesiologia e Rianimazione, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Polo Universitario Ospedale San Paolo, Milano, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 70:411-6. 2004
    ..These scores represent the instruments to assess the correct use of ICU resources...
  46. ncbi request reprint Vardenafil and weaning from inhaled nitric oxide: effect on pulmonary hypertension in ARDS
    M Giacomini
    Anesthesia and Intensive Care Department, Cardiology Department and Pneumology Unit, Milan University, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Anaesth Intensive Care 35:91-3. 2007
    ....
  47. pmc SAPS 3--From evaluation of the patient to evaluation of the intensive care unit. Part 1: Objectives, methods and cohort description
    Philipp G H Metnitz
    Dept of Anesthesiology and General Intensive Care, University Hospital of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Intensive Care Med 31:1336-44. 2005
    ..Objective of the SAPS 3 study was to collect data about risk factors and outcomes in a heterogeneous cohort of intensive care unit (ICU) patients, in order to develop a new, improved model for risk adjustment...
  48. pmc SAPS 3--From evaluation of the patient to evaluation of the intensive care unit. Part 2: Development of a prognostic model for hospital mortality at ICU admission
    Rui P Moreno
    Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos Polivalente, Hospital de St António dos Capuchos, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa zona central, Lisbon, Portugal
    Intensive Care Med 31:1345-55. 2005
    ..To develop a model to assess severity of illness and predict vital status at hospital discharge based on ICU admission data...
  49. ncbi request reprint Nursing activities score
    Dinis Reis Miranda
    University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands
    Crit Care Med 31:374-82. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint On-line measurement of systolic pressure variation and pulse pressure variation on a multiparametric monitor
    Michele Umbrello
    Intensive Care Med 34:386-7. 2008
  51. doi request reprint Treating hyperglycemia improves skeletal muscle protein metabolism in cancer patients after major surgery
    Gianni Biolo
    Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical, Morphological and Technological Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
    Crit Care Med 36:1768-75. 2008
    ..We compared the effects of insulin-mediated euglycemia and moderate hyperglycemia on kinetics of protein and selected amino acids in skeletal muscle of female cancer patients after major surgery...